|Transit type||Straddle-beam monorail|
|Number of lines||1|
|Number of stations||11|
|Daily ridership||311,856 (FY2010, weekdays)|
|Began operation||September 17, 1964|
|Operator(s)||Tokyo Monorail Co., Ltd.|
|Headway||3 min 20 sec. (peak), 4 min (off peak)|
|System length||17.8 km (11.1 mi)|
|Average speed||45 km/h (28 mph)|
|Top speed||80 km/h (50 mph)|
Tokyo Monorail (東京モノレール Tōkyō Monorēru ), officially the Tokyo Monorail Haneda Airport Line (東京モノレール羽田空港線 Tōkyō Monorēru Haneda Kūkō sen ), is a monorail system connecting Haneda Airport in Ōta, Tokyo, Japan, to Hamamatsuchō Station in Minato, Tokyo. The trains operate along an elevated line that follows the coast of Tokyo Bay. The trip from the airport to Hamamatsuchō costs ¥470 each way.
The line opened in 1964 to coincide with the 1964 Summer Olympics. Built by Hitachi Monorail, the first cars were made in Japan from the German ALWEG design (also used in the Seattle Center Monorail and the original Disneyland Monorail), and were replaced by newer models in 1969, 1977, 1982, and 1989.
Originally, the monorail only served Hamamatsuchō and the airport. The first station added in between was the Ōi Race Track in 1965, followed by Seibijō in 1967.
When the monorail began operation, the passenger terminal at Haneda Airport was located on the west side of the airfield, south of Seibijō, and this was the southern terminus of the monorail. Upon the opening of the new passenger terminal (now Terminal 1) in 1993, the monorail was extended to a new platform, and the former passenger terminal was razed to make room for an extension of Runway B. The now-unused monorail tunnel leading to the old station was leased from the Transport Ministry and therefore had to be restored to its original state prior to its handover. Although the rails were removed from the tunnel and its entrance walled off, the tunnel remains otherwise intact today below the extension of Runway B.
A single-station, 0.9-km extension to Haneda's new Terminal 2 opened on December 1, 2004, and the opening of a passing loop at Showajima allowed express services from March 18, 2007. A new station to serve the airport's new International Terminal was opened on 21 October 2010.
The Tokyo Monorail serves eleven stations and operates from around 5:00 a.m. to midnight with over 500 trains. Often cited as the busiest and most profitable monorail line in the world, it carried its 1.5 billionth passenger on January 24, 2007.
The line is operated by the Tokyo Monorail Co., Ltd. (東京モノレール株式会社 Tōkyō Monorēru Kabushiki-gaisha ). JR East purchased stock in the company in 2002, currently owning 70%; the remainder being divided between Hitachi (12%), Japan Airlines (9%), and All Nippon Airways (9%).
In June 2009, Tokyo Monorail Co., Ltd., formally notified the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of its intent to convert the present single-track terminal at Hamamatsucho, which has rested unchanged for 45 years, into a dual-track, dual-platform structure. To be built in 6.5 years at an estimated cost of 26 billion yen, this will increase the line's capacity from 18 to 24 trains per hour and lay the groundwork for a long-mooted extension to Shimbashi Station.
Services are operated using six-car 1000 and 2000 series trains, running at speeds of up to 80 km/h (50 mph). Each car has a combination of aisle-facing bench seats, forward and rear-facing seats, and seats in the center of the aisle. The trains also feature extra space for hand luggage, as a convenience for air travelers. These trains are stored at Shōwajima Depot beside Shōwajima Station during off-service hours. The 1000 series trains were introduced from 1989, and the 2000 series trains were introduced from 1997.
From July 2014, new 10000 series 6-car trains are scheduled to be introduced, replacing the older 1000 series trains.
Former rolling stock
Former rolling stock once used on Tokyo Monorail include the 100/200/300/350 series (from 1964 until 1978), 500 series (from 1969 until 1991), 600 series (from 1977 until 1997), and 700/800 series (from 1982 until 1998).
Ticketing and operating hours
The first departure towards the airport leaves at 04:58 and the last departure is at 00:01. Towards Hamamatsuchō, the first departure is at 05:11 and the final departure is at 00:05 (final departure serving all stations at 23:38).
Stations and service patterns
|Tokyo Monorail route map|
● Stops at this station
― Does not stop at this station
|Haneda Airport International Terminal||羽田空港国際線ビル||●||●||●|
|Haneda Airport Terminal 1||羽田空港第１ビル||●||●||●|
|Haneda Airport Terminal 2||羽田空港第２ビル||●||●||●|
1Haneda Express trains make the nonstop run between Hamamatsuchō and Haneda Airport in 13 minutes.
Passengers using the monorail to travel to the airport can take advantage of check-in facilities at Hamamatsuchō. Japan's domestic airlines (JAL, ANA, Skymark Airlines, and Air Do) have check-in counters and ticket machines right at the station. Tokyo Monorail tickets can also be purchased on the lower level of Kansai International Airport in Osaka, Itami Airport (also in Osaka), as well as Naha Airport in Okinawa and departure gate area at Hiroshima Airport.
- "Tokyo Monorail Co., Ltd.". Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- Naoki Kuwayama, 丸の内線・都営浅草線・そしてモノレールの謎
- "1.5 billionth rides monorail to Haneda". The Japan Times (The Japan Times Ltd.). 2007-01-24. Retrieved 2007-01-24.
- 「東京モノレール／浜松町駅を複線化／事業費２６０億円、東京駅延伸も視野」。 2009年6月24日 日刊建設工業新聞
- "東京モノレール開業５０年 新型車両、車内は「和風」 ２６年導入". MSN Sankei News (in Japanese). Japan: The Sankei Shimbun & Sankei Digital. 10 September 2013. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
- L.W. Demery, R. Forty, R. DeGroote and J.W. Higgins, Electric Railways of Japan (Interurbans- Tramways-Metros) Vol.1: Tokyo and Northern Japan. Light Rail Transit Association, 1983.
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