Frick Collection

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This article is about the New York museum. For the Pittsburgh museums, see Frick Art & Historical Center and Frick Fine Arts Building.
The Frick Collection
Henry C Frick House 001.JPG
Frick Collection is located in Manhattan
Frick Collection
Location in Manhattan
Established 1935
Location 1 East 70th Street, at Fifth Avenue, New York
Coordinates 40°46′16″N 73°58′02″W / 40.7712°N 73.9673°W / 40.7712; -73.9673Coordinates: 40°46′16″N 73°58′02″W / 40.7712°N 73.9673°W / 40.7712; -73.9673
Type Art[1]
Director Ian Wardropper
Public transit access Subways: NYCS 6 NYCS 6d at 68th Street – Hunter College station
Buses: M1, M2, M3, M4, M66, M72, M98, M101, M102, and M103
Website http://www.frick.org

The Frick Collection is an art museum located in the Henry Clay Frick House on the Upper East Side in New York City on Fifth Avenue between 70th and 71st Streets. It houses the collection of industrialist Henry Clay Frick.

History[edit]

Henry Frick started his substantial art collection as soon as he started amassing his fortunes. A substantial amount of his art collection is located in his former residence "Clayton" in Pittsburgh, which is today a part of the Frick Art & Historical Center. Another part was given by his daughter and heiress Helen to the Frick Fine Arts Building, which is on the campus of the University of Pittsburgh.

The family did not permanently move from Pittsburgh to New York until 1905. Henry Frick initially leased the Vanderbilt house at 640 Fifth Avenue, to which he moved a substantial amount of his collection. He had his permanent residence constructed from 1912 to 1914 by Thomas Hastings of Carrère and Hastings. He stayed in the house until his death in 1919. He willed the house and all of its contents, including art, furniture, and decorative objects, as a public museum. His widow Adelaide Howard Childs Frick, however, retained the right of residence and continued living in the mansion with her daughter Helen. After Adelaide Frick passed away in 1931, the conversion of the house into a public museum started.

John Russell Pope altered and enlarged the building in the early 1930s to adapt it to use as a public institution. It opened to the public on December 16, 1935.

Further expansions of the museum took place in 1977 and in 2011.

Collection[edit]

The Frick is one of the pre-eminent small art museums in the United States, with a high-quality collection of old master paintings and fine furniture housed in six galleries within the former residence. Frick had intended the mansion to eventually become a museum. Many of the paintings are still arranged according to Frick's design. Besides its permanent collection, the Frick has always organized small, focused temporary exhibitions.[2]

The collection features some of the best-known paintings by major European artists, as well as numerous works of sculpture and porcelain. It also has 18th century French furniture, Limoges enamel, and Oriental rugs.[1] After Frick's death, his daughter, Helen Clay Frick, expanded the collection, with a third of its artworks acquired since 1919. Although the museum cannot lend the two-thirds that belonged to Frick, as stipulated in his will, the Frick Collection does lend artworks and objects acquired since his death.[3]

Included in the collection are Jean-Honoré Fragonard's masterpiece, The Progress of Love, three paintings by Johannes Vermeer including Mistress and Maid, and Piero della Francesca's St. John the Evangelist.

Frick Art Reference Library[edit]

The Frick Collection oversees the nearby Frick Art Reference Library. The collections held at the library focus on art of the Western tradition from the fourth century to the mid-twentieth century, and chiefly include information about paintings, drawings, sculpture, prints, and illuminated manuscripts. Archival materials augment its research collections. Opened in 1924, the library quickly became a prime resource for students.[4]

Management[edit]

Attendance[edit]

According to The Art Newspaper, the Frick Collection has a typical annual attendance of 275,000 to 300,000.[5] About 35 percent of the visitors are non-English speaking.[6]

Governance[edit]

In 2011, Ian Wardropper succeeded Anne L. Poulet, who had run the Frick Collection as director since 2003.[7] When Poulet was appointed to replace Samuel Sachs II, who stepped down after running the institution for six years, she was the first female director in the Frick’s history.[8]

During her time at the Frick Collection, Poulet increased the museum’s notably small board of trustees, adding 10 new members. She also introduced the Director’s Circle, a group of 44 members who each give a minimum of $25,000 a year to the Frick Collection, although many have made significantly larger contributions.[9]

Funding[edit]

The Frick Collection has an operating budget of $10 million and an endowment of $170 million.[10] Despite its large endowment, the institution still needs money to preserve the building.[11]

List of artworks[edit]

This is an incomplete list of the artworks of the collection, which mainly holds European artworks from before the 20th century.

Artist Span Work Date Medium Size Purchase date Accession number Link
Lazzaro Bastiani active c. 1425-1512 Adoration of the Magi 1470-1479 tempera on poplar panel 52.1 x 27.9 cm 1935 1935.1.130 [12]
Giovanni Bellini c. 1430–1516 St. Francis in Ecstasy 1475–78 oil on panel 124.1 x 140.5 cm 1915 1915.1.03 [13]
Gentile Bellini c. 1429-1507 Doge Giovanni Mocenigo 1478-1485 tempera on poplar panel
Francesco Botticini or Andrea Castagna 15th century The Resurrection c.1440-1457 tempera on poplar panel, cradled
Agnolo di Cosimo (Bronzino) 1503-1572 Lodovico Capponi 1550-1555 oil on poplar panel
Cimabue c. 1240-c. 1302 The Flagellation of Christ c. 1280 tempera on poplar panel
Barna da Siena active c.1330-1350 Christ Bearing the Cross, with a Dominican Friar c.1350-1360 tempera on panel, cradled
Duccio di Buoninsegna c.1255-c.1319 Temptation of Christ on the Mountain 1308-1311 tempera on poplar panel
Gentile da Fabriano c.1385-before 1427 Madonna and Child with Saints Lawrence and Julian 1423-1425 tempera on panel, cradled
Francesco Guardi 1712-1793 View of Venice 18th century oil on canvas
Francisco Goya 1746-1828 Portrait of a Lady (María Martínez de Puga?) 1824 oil on canvas
El Greco 1541-1614 Purification of the Temple c.1600 oil on canvas
Francisco Goya 1746-1828 The Forge c.1815-1820 oil on canvas
Francisco Goya 1746-1828 Don Pedro, Duque de Osuna c.1790s oil on canvas
Francisco Goya 1746-1828 An Officer (Conde de Teba?) c.1804 ?)
El Greco 1541-1614 St. Jerome 1590-1600
Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres 1780-1867 Louise de Broglie, Countess d'Haussonville 1845 oil on canvas
Diego Velázquez 1599-1660 King Philip IV of Spain 1644 oil on canvas
El Greco 1541-1614 Portrait of Vincenzo Anastagi 1571-1576 oil on canvas
François Boucher, workshop of 1703-1770 Girl with Roses 1760s oil on canvas
François Boucher 1703-1770 A Lady on Her Day Bed 1743 oil on canvas
François Boucher 1703-1770 Arts and Sciences: Fishing and Hunting 1750-1753 oil on canvas
François Boucher 1703-1770 Arts & Sciences: Poetry and Music 1750-1753 oil on canvas
François Boucher 1703-1770 Arts & Sciences: Painting and Sculpture 1750-1753 oil on canvas
François Boucher 1703-1770 Arts & Sciences: Architecture and Chemistry 1750-1753 oil on canvas
François Boucher 1703-1770 Arts & Sciences: Comedy and Tragedy 1750-1753 oil on canvas
François Boucher 1703-1770 Arts & Sciences: Fowling and Horticulture 1750-1753 oil on canvas
François Boucher 1703-1770 Arts & Sciences: Astronomy and Hydraulics 1750-1753 oil on canvas
François Boucher 1703-1770 Arts & Sciences: Singing and Dancing 1750-1753 oil on canvas
Gerard ter Borch 1617-1681 Portrait of a Young Lady c.1665-1670 oil on canvas
Hendrick van der Burgh, attributed active c.1627-after 1666 Drinkers before the Fireplace c. 1660 oil on canvas
Jan van de Cappelle, follower of c.1624-c.1679 View of the River Maas Before Rotterdam c.1645-1665 oil on oak panel, cradled
Aelbert Cuyp 1620-1691 River Scene date unknown oil on oak panel
Aelbert Cuyp 1620-1691 Cows and Herdsman by a River After 1650 oil on oak panel
Aelbert Cuyp 1620-1691 Dordrecht: Sunrise c. 1650 oil on canvas
Frans Hals 1581/1585-1666 Portrait of a Woman 1635 oil on canvas
Frans Hals 1581/1585-1666 Portrait of a Man c.1660 oil on canvas
Frans Hals 1581/1585-1666 Portrait of a Painter early 1650s oil on canvas
Frans Hals 1581/1585-1666 Portrait of an Elderly Man 1627-1630 oil on canvas
Pieter Bruegel the Elder active 1551-1569 The Three Soldiers 1568 oil on oak panel
Gerard David active c. 1460-1523 The Deposition c. 1510-1515 oil on linen
Anthony van Dyck 1599-1641 Sir John Suckling 1632-1641 oil on canvas
Anthony van Dyck 1599-1641 Anne, Countess of Clanbrassil 1636 oil on canvas
Anthony van Dyck 1599-1641 Frans Snyders c.1620 oil on canvas
Anthony van Dyck 1599-1641 Margareta Snyders c.1620 oil on canvas
Anthony van Dyck 1599-1641 James, Seventh Earl of Derby, His Lady and Child 1632-1641 oil on canvas
Anthony van Dyck 1599-1641 Portrait of a Genoese Noblewoman 1622-1627 oil on canvas
Anthony van Dyck 1599-1641 Ottaviano Canevari 1627 oil on canvas
Anthony van Dyck 1599-1641 Marchesa Giovanna Cattaneo 1622-1627 oil on canvas
Hans Holbein the Younger 1497/1498-1543 Sir Thomas More 1527 oil on oak panel
Hans Holbein the Younger 1497/1498-1543 Thomas Cromwell 1532-1533 oil on oak panel
Konrad Witz, circle of c.1400-c.1447 Pietà c.1440 tempera and oil on panel
John Constable, Attributed 1776-1837 Salisbury Cathedral from the Bishop's Garden 1826 oil on canvas
John Constable 1776-1837 The White Horse 1819 oil on canvas
Francis Cotes 1726-1770 Francis Vernon 1757 pastel on paper affixed to canvas
Thomas Gainsborough 1727-1788 Sarah, Lady Innes c.1757 oil on canvas
Thomas Gainsborough 1727-1788 Grace Dalrymple Elliott c.1782 oil on canvas
Thomas Gainsborough 1727-1788 Mrs. Peter William Baker 1781 oil on canvas
Thomas Gainsborough 1727-1788 The Hon. Frances Duncombe c.1777 oil on canvas
Thomas Gainsborough, attributed 1727-1788 'Mrs.Charles Hatchett c.1786 oil on canvas
Thomas Gainsborough 1727-1788 Richard Paul Jodrell c.1774 oil on canvas
Thomas Gainsborough 1727-1788 Mall in St. James's Park c. 1783 oil on canvas
Gilbert Stuart 1755-1828 George Washington 1795-1796 oil on canvas
James McNeill Whistler 1834-1903 Symphony in Flesh Colour and Pink: Portrait of Mrs. Frances Leyland 1872-1873 oil on canvas
James McNeill Whistler 1834-1903 Arrangement in Black and Gold: Comte Robert de Montesquiou-Fezensac 1891-1892 oil on canvas
James McNeill Whistler 1834-1903 The Ocean 1866 oil on canvas
James McNeill Whistler 1834-1903 Arrangement in Brown and Black: Portrait of Miss Rosa Corder 1876-1878 oil on canvas
James McNeill Whistler 1834-1903 Harmony in Pink and Grey: Portrait of Lady Meux 1881-1882 oil on canvas
Jean-Louis Lemoyne 1665-1755 Garden Vase 1727-1728 marble
Étienne-Maurice Falconet 1716-1791 Fidelity Crowning Love c. 1760 marble
John Lochee 1751-c. 1791 Bust of a Lady, Perhaps Mrs. Mary Robinson 1775-1790 marble
Francesco Laurana c.1430-c.1502 Bust of a Lady c.1430-1502 marble
Jean-Antoine Houdon active 1741-1828 The Comtesse du Cayla 1777 marble
French 18th Century Louis XIV 19th century marble
French 18th Century Friendship c. 1770 marble
Jean-Antoine Houdon active 1741-1828 Armand-Thomas Hue, Marquis de Miromesnil 1777 marble
Malvina Hoffman 1887-1966 Primary Bust of Henry Clay Frick 1922 white marble
Francesco Laurana c.1430-c.1502 Beatrice of Aragon 1471-1474 white marble
Early 16th Century She-Wolf early 16th century bronze
Riccio, known as Andrea Briosco, workshop of 1470-1532 Warrior on Horseback early 16th century bronze
Roman Late Sixteenth Century Virtue Overcoming Vice 1550-1600 bronze
Paduan Early 16th Century Cantering Horse early 16th century bronze
Riccio, known as Andrea Briosco,workshop of 1470-1532 Goat 16th century bronze
Venetian Late 18th or Early 19th Century Firedog with a Figure of Venus 1775-1825 bronze
Venetian Late 18th/Early 19th Century Firedog with a Figure of Jupiter 1775-1825 bronze.
Venetian Early 16th Century Naked Youth with Raised Arms early 16th century bronze
Italian 1600-1650 She-Wolf 1st half 16th century bronze
Bertoldo di Giovanni 1420/1430-1491 Heraldic Wild Man 15th century Bronze with extensive traces of gilding on base
Caspar Gras c.1590-1674 Infant Faun early 16th century bronze
Nuremberg 1500-1550 Satyr Mother and Child 1575-1600 bronze
Hubert Gerhard, attributed c.1550-1622/23 Triton and Nereid c. 1620 bronze
Hans Multscher, attributed c.1400-1467 Reliquary Bust of a Female Saint c.1460 bronze
19th Century Reclining Antelope 19th century bronze
François Girardon 1628-1715 The Grand Dauphin 18th century bronze
French Probably 18th century Head of a Girl 18th century(?) bronze
French Probably 18th century Head of a Boy 18th century(?) bronze
French 18th Century Hercules and the Hydra mid 17th century bronze
Jean Barbet active 1475- d.1514 Angel 1475 bronze
Antoine Coysevox 1640-1720 Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, Maréchal Turenne Early 18th century bronze
Antoine Coysevox 1640-1720 Robert de Cotte 1657-1720 bronze
François Girardon 1628-1715 Marie-Therese, Queen of France 1648-1715 bronze
Netherlandish 17th Century Venus 17th century bronze
Jacques Jonghelinck 1530-1606 The Duke of Alba 1571 bronze
Frederic Remington 1861-1909 The Bronco Buster 1919 bronze
Carl Augustus Heber 1875-1956 Medal 1875-1956 bronze
Katherine Ward Lane Weems 1899-1989 Whippet 1925 bronze
Louis-Simon Boizot 1743-1809 Peter Adolf Hall 1775 terracotta
Augustin Pajou 1730-1809 Marie-Adelaide Hall 1775 terracotta
Claude Michel Clodion 1738-1814 Zephyrus and Flora 1799 terracotta
Claude Michel Clodion 1738-1814 Satyr with Two Bacchantes 1799 terracotta
French 18th Century (?) Bust of a Young Girl 18th century ? terracotta
Jean-Antoine Houdon active 1741-1828 Diana the Huntress 1776-1795 terracotta
Gian Lorenzo Bernini 1598-1680 Head of an Angel 17th century terracotta
Joseph Chinard 1756-1813 Portrait of Etienne-Vincent Marniola 1809 terracotta

Other featured artists include:

Selected highlights[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]