Gray County, Kansas

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Gray County, Kansas
Map of Kansas highlighting Gray County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded March 13, 1881
Named for Alfred Gray
Seat Cimarron
Largest city Cimarron
Area
 • Total 869.34 sq mi (2,252 km2)
 • Land 868.90 sq mi (2,250 km2)
 • Water 0.44 sq mi (1 km2), 0.05%
Population
 • Total 6,006
 • Density 6.7/sq mi (2.6/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.grayco.org

Coordinates: 37°44′N 100°26′W / 37.733°N 100.433°W / 37.733; -100.433

Gray County (county code GY) is a county located in Southwest Kansas, in the Central United States. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 6,006.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Cimarron.[2]

History[edit]

Gray County was founded in 1881 and named for Alfred Gray.[3] Between 1887 and 1893, a county seat war took place in Gray County that involved several notable Old West figures, such as Bat Masterson, Bill Tilghman, and Ben Daniels. As a result of the dispute, Cimarron became the permanent county seat of Gray County.[4]

Law and government[edit]

Although the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 to allow the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with the approval of voters, Gray County has remained a prohibition, or "dry", county.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 869.34 square miles (2,251.6 km2), of which 868.90 square miles (2,250.4 km2) (or 99.95%) is land and 0.44 square miles (1.1 km2) (or 0.05%) is water.[6]

Since 2001, Next Era Energy Resources has operated the largest wind farm in Kansas—170 turbines with a generating capacity of 110 megawatts—on a 12,000-acre (49 km2) site near Montezuma.[7]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 2,415
1900 1,264 −47.7%
1910 3,121 146.9%
1920 4,711 50.9%
1930 6,211 31.8%
1940 4,773 −23.2%
1950 4,894 2.5%
1960 4,380 −10.5%
1970 4,516 3.1%
1980 5,138 13.8%
1990 5,396 5.0%
2000 5,904 9.4%
2010 6,006 1.7%
Est. 2012 6,030 [8] 0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
2012 estimate

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[10] there were 5,904 people, 2,045 households, and 1,556 families residing in the county. The population density was 7 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 2,181 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.31% White, 0.46% Native American, 0.19% Black or African American, 0.10% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 5.42% from other races, and 1.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.81% of the population.

There were 2,045 households out of which 42.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.70% were married couples living together, 5.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.90% were non-families. 21.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.31.

In the county the population was spread out with 31.60% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 27.30% from 25 to 44, 20.20% from 45 to 64, and 12.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 100.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,000, and the median income for a family was $45,299. Males had a median income of $31,519 versus $21,563 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,632. About 6.50% of families and 9.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.80% of those under age 18 and 8.00% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Incorporated cities[edit]

Name and population (2004 estimate):

Unincorporated places[edit]

Townships[edit]

Gray County is divided into seven townships. None of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the townships include those of the cities. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Cimarron 13300 Cimarron 2,379 9 (24) 254 (98) 0 (0) 0.03% 37°48′22″N 100°20′52″W / 37.80611°N 100.34778°W / 37.80611; -100.34778
Copeland 15500 540 2 (6) 233 (90) 0 (0) 0.15% 37°33′57″N 100°37′14″W / 37.56583°N 100.62056°W / 37.56583; -100.62056
East Hess 19525 372 1 (3) 281 (108) 0 (0) 0.03% 37°37′45″N 100°15′39″W / 37.62917°N 100.26083°W / 37.62917; -100.26083
Foote 23675 126 0 (1) 310 (120) 0 (0) 0.02% 37°55′44″N 100°20′46″W / 37.92889°N 100.34611°W / 37.92889; -100.34611
Ingalls 34250 646 2 (5) 349 (135) 0 (0) 0.03% 37°47′43″N 100°30′23″W / 37.79528°N 100.50639°W / 37.79528; -100.50639
Logan 41900 216 1 (2) 309 (119) 0 (0) 0.04% 37°55′20″N 100°33′52″W / 37.92222°N 100.56444°W / 37.92222; -100.56444
Montezuma 47900 Montezuma 1,625 3 (8) 514 (198) 0 (0) 0.07% 37°35′56″N 100°26′11″W / 37.59889°N 100.43639°W / 37.59889; -100.43639
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

Education[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Gray County (map legend)

Unified school districts[edit]

See also[edit]

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2010 County Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 31, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 142. 
  4. ^ "Feudin' and Fightin' Friday: County Seat Wars - Diggin' History". Retrieved 2014-04-06. 
  5. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2004. Retrieved 2007-01-21. 
  6. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  7. ^ "Gray County Wind Farm". Aquila, Inc. Retrieved 2007-06-02. 
  8. ^ U.S. County 2012 Estimated Census; census.gov
  9. ^ U.S. Decennial Census; census.gov
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Official
Additional information
Maps