Jewell County, Kansas

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Jewell County, Kansas
Map of Kansas highlighting Jewell County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded February 26, 1887
Named for Lieutenant-Colonel Lewis R. Jewell
Seat Mankato
Largest city Mankato
Area
 • Total 914.47 sq mi (2,368 km2)
 • Land 909.18 sq mi (2,355 km2)
 • Water 5.29 sq mi (14 km2), 0.58%
Population
 • (2010) 3,077
 • Density 3.7/sq mi (1.4/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Coordinates: 39°48′N 98°14′W / 39.800°N 98.233°W / 39.800; -98.233

Jewell County (county code JW) is a county located in North Central Kansas, in the Central United States. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 3,077.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Mankato.[2]

History[edit]

19th century[edit]

In 1887, Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway built a branch line from Neva (3 miles west of Strong City) to Superior, Nebraska. This branch line connected Strong City, Neva, Rockland, Diamond Springs, Burdick, Lost Springs, Jacobs, Hope, Navarre, Enterprise, Abilene, Talmage, Manchester, Longford, Oak Hill, Miltonvale, Aurora, Huscher, Concordia, Kackley, Courtland, Webber, Superior. At some point, the line from Neva to Lost Springs was pulled but the right of way has not been abandoned. This branch line was originally called "Strong City and Superior line" but later the name was shortened to the "Strong City line". In 1996, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway merged with Burlington Northern Railroad and renamed to the current BNSF Railway. Most locals still refer to this railroad as the "Santa Fe".

Law and government[edit]

Although the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 to allow the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with the approval of voters, Jewell County has remained a prohibition, or "dry", county.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 914.47 square miles (2,368.5 km2), of which 909.18 square miles (2,354.8 km2) (or 99.42%) is land and 5.29 square miles (13.7 km2) (or 0.58%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 207
1880 17,475 8,342.0%
1890 19,349 10.7%
1900 19,420 0.4%
1910 18,148 −6.5%
1920 16,240 −10.5%
1930 14,462 −10.9%
1940 11,970 −17.2%
1950 9,698 −19.0%
1960 7,217 −25.6%
1970 6,099 −15.5%
1980 5,241 −14.1%
1990 4,251 −18.9%
2000 3,791 −10.8%
2010 3,077 −18.8%
Est. 2012 3,046 [5] −1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
June 24, 1947 flood of the Republican River on the border of Jewell County, Kansas and Republic County, Kansas near Hardy, Nebraska and Webber, Kansas, just south of Nebraska NE-8 on Kansas 1 Rd/CR-1 bridge over the Republican River. The normal flood stage for the river is at the tree line in the foreground.

Jewell County's population was estimated to be 3,324 in the year 2006, a decrease of 440, or -11.7%, over the previous six years.[7]

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[8] there were 3,791 people, 1,695 households, and 1,098 families residing in the county. The population density was 4 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 2,103 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.79% White, 0.34% Native American, 0.05% Asian, 0.03% Black or African American, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.05% from other races, and 0.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.71% of the population.

There were 1,695 households out of which 23.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.10% were married couples living together, 4.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.20% were non-families. 32.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.80.

In the county the population was spread out with 21.90% under the age of 18, 4.40% from 18 to 24, 21.50% from 25 to 44, 26.20% from 45 to 64, and 25.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 97.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,538, and the median income for a family was $36,953. Males had a median income of $24,821 versus $18,170 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,644. About 8.40% of families and 11.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.80% of those under age 18 and 10.90% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Incorporated cities[edit]

Name and population (2004 estimate):

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Jewell County is divided into twenty-five townships. None of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the townships include those of the cities. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Allen 01225 43 0 (1) 90 (35) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°36′46″N 97°59′49″W / 39.61278°N 97.99694°W / 39.61278; -97.99694
Athens 02975 74 1 (2) 102 (39) 0 (0) 0% 39°36′13″N 98°20′7″W / 39.60361°N 98.33528°W / 39.60361; -98.33528
Browns Creek 08725 64 1 (2) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°36′13″N 98°13′33″W / 39.60361°N 98.22583°W / 39.60361; -98.22583
Buffalo 09125 574 5 (14) 105 (41) 0 (0) 0.07% 39°40′23″N 98°8′38″W / 39.67306°N 98.14389°W / 39.67306; -98.14389
Burr Oak 09550 338 3 (9) 102 (39) 0 (0) 0% 39°52′9″N 98°18′36″W / 39.86917°N 98.31000°W / 39.86917; -98.31000
Calvin 10075 65 1 (2) 81 (31) 0 (0) 0.04% 39°42′19″N 98°12′51″W / 39.70528°N 98.21417°W / 39.70528; -98.21417
Center 11750 1,100 12 (31) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.07% 39°47′15″N 98°12′38″W / 39.78750°N 98.21056°W / 39.78750; -98.21056
Erving 21575 60 1 (2) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.08% 39°36′13″N 98°26′21″W / 39.60361°N 98.43917°W / 39.60361; -98.43917
Esbon 21625 222 2 (6) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.08% 39°48′15″N 98°26′41″W / 39.80417°N 98.44472°W / 39.80417; -98.44472
Grant 27725 220 2 (6) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°46′58″N 97°59′28″W / 39.78278°N 97.99111°W / 39.78278; -97.99111
Harrison 30350 52 1 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°57′58″N 98°13′19″W / 39.96611°N 98.22194°W / 39.96611; -98.22194
Highland 31900 49 1 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.03% 39°57′49″N 98°26′42″W / 39.96361°N 98.44500°W / 39.96361; -98.44500
Holmwood 32800 49 1 (1) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.05% 39°51′43″N 98°12′24″W / 39.86194°N 98.20667°W / 39.86194; -98.20667
Ionia 34375 100 1 (3) 102 (39) 0 (0) 0.11% 39°40′55″N 98°19′55″W / 39.68194°N 98.33194°W / 39.68194; -98.33194
Jackson 34800 123 1 (3) 92 (35) 1 (0) 0.90% 39°56′52″N 97°59′53″W / 39.94778°N 97.99806°W / 39.94778; -97.99806
Limestone 40450 49 0 (1) 102 (39) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°47′38″N 98°18′45″W / 39.79389°N 98.31250°W / 39.79389; -98.31250
Montana 47800 93 1 (3) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.14% 39°57′55″N 98°5′21″W / 39.96528°N 98.08917°W / 39.96528; -98.08917
Odessa 52125 34 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°41′52″N 98°27′29″W / 39.69778°N 98.45806°W / 39.69778; -98.45806
Prairie 57400 172 2 (5) 96 (37) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°37′40″N 98°4′12″W / 39.62778°N 98.07000°W / 39.62778; -98.07000
Richland 59375 36 0 (1) 83 (32) 9 (4) 10.13% 39°53′41″N 98°5′40″W / 39.89472°N 98.09444°W / 39.89472; -98.09444
Sinclair 65675 67 1 (2) 89 (34) 3 (1) 2.81% 39°52′41″N 97°59′52″W / 39.87806°N 97.99778°W / 39.87806; -97.99778
Vicksburg 73725 28 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°42′4″N 97°58′45″W / 39.70111°N 97.97917°W / 39.70111; -97.97917
Walnut 75000 80 1 (2) 102 (39) 0 (0) 0.07% 39°57′58″N 98°20′12″W / 39.96611°N 98.33667°W / 39.96611; -98.33667
Washington 75650 50 1 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°47′3″N 98°5′36″W / 39.78417°N 98.09333°W / 39.78417; -98.09333
White Mound 77925 49 1 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.12% 39°51′53″N 98°26′21″W / 39.86472°N 98.43917°W / 39.86472; -98.43917
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

Education[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Jewell County (map legend)

Unified school districts[edit]

See also[edit]

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2010 County Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 31, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2004. Retrieved 2007-01-21. 
  4. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  5. ^ U.S. County 2012 Estimated Census; census.gov
  6. ^ U.S. Decennial Census; census.gov
  7. ^ "Population Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division.  Annual estimates of the population to 2006-07-01. Released 2007-03-22. Six year change is from 2000-07-01 to 2006-07-01.
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

County
Historical
Maps