Edwards County, Kansas

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Edwards County, Kansas
Map of Kansas highlighting Edwards County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded March 18, 1874
Seat Kinsley
Largest city Kinsley
Area
 • Total 622 sq mi (1,611 km2)
 • Land 622 sq mi (1,611 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0 km2), 0.01%
Population
 • (2010) 3,037
 • Density 4.9/sq mi (2/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website edwardscounty.org

Coordinates: 37°53′N 99°16′W / 37.883°N 99.267°W / 37.883; -99.267

Edwards County (county code ED) is a county located in the U.S. states of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 3,037,[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Kinsley.[2] The county was founded in 1874 and named for W. C. Edwards, of Hutchinson, a pioneer settler, who played an active role in its organization.[3]

Law and government[edit]

Edwards County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 622 square miles (1,610 km2), of which 622 square miles (1,610 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.01%) is water.[5]

Geographic Features[edit]

The Arkansas River flows through Edwards County from the southwest corner to the Pawnee County line near U.S. Route 56. Since the early 1990s, however, the riverbed has contained little to no water, and can be waded across in most places.[citation needed]

Major highways[edit]

Three U.S. Routes run through Edwards County, all meeting in Kinsley. An east-west route, U.S. Route 50 circumvents Belpre and Lewis before joining with westbound U.S. Route 56 in Kinsley. The single road then passes through Offerle and west into Ford County. U.S. Route 183 runs from Kiowa County in the south to Kinsley, where it joins eastbound U.S. 56, running as a single highway to Pawnee County. K-19 starts at U.S. Route 50 near Belpre, and travels north into Pawnee County.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 2,409 [6]
1890 3,600 49.4%
1900 3,682 2.3%
1910 7,033 91.0%
1920 7,057 0.3%
1930 7,295 3.4%
1940 6,377 −12.6%
1950 5,936 −6.9%
1960 5,118 −13.8%
1970 4,581 −10.5%
1980 4,271 −6.8%
1990 3,787 −11.3%
2000 3,449 −8.9%
2010 3,037 −11.9%
Est. 2013 2,945 −3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[11] there were 3,449 people, 1,455 households, and 955 families residing in the county. The population density was 6 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 1,754 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.52% White, 0.32% Black or African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 5.57% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.71% of the population.

There were 1,455 households out of which 28.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.30% were married couples living together, 6.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.30% were non-families. 32.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 25.10% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 20.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 97.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,530, and the median income for a family was $38,250. Males had a median income of $27,050 versus $20,132 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,586. About 7.00% of families and 10.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.40% of those under age 18 and 8.00% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Unified school districts[edit]

Communities[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Edwards County (map legend)

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Edwards County is divided into ten townships. The city of Kinsley is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Belpre 05850 186 1 (3) 140 (54) 0 (0) 0.01% 37°57′14″N 99°6′12″W / 37.95389°N 99.10333°W / 37.95389; -99.10333
Franklin 24350 93 0 (1) 191 (74) 0 (0) 0% 37°48′55″N 99°11′12″W / 37.81528°N 99.18667°W / 37.81528; -99.18667
Jackson 34750 98 1 (1) 187 (72) 0 (0) 0.05% 37°59′35″N 99°30′18″W / 37.99306°N 99.50500°W / 37.99306; -99.50500
Kinsley 37100 160 1 (3) 121 (47) 0 (0) 0.01% 37°56′27″N 99°24′0″W / 37.94083°N 99.40000°W / 37.94083; -99.40000
Lincoln 40650 143 1 (2) 193 (74) 0 (0) 0% 37°49′17″N 99°4′39″W / 37.82139°N 99.07750°W / 37.82139; -99.07750
Logan 41875 42 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 38°3′5″N 99°23′47″W / 38.05139°N 99.39639°W / 38.05139; -99.39639
North Brown 51100 67 0 (1) 163 (63) 0 (0) 0.05% 37°51′43″N 99°21′34″W / 37.86194°N 99.35944°W / 37.86194; -99.35944
South Brown 66550 90 0 (1) 251 (97) 0 (0) 0% 37°47′5″N 99°22′5″W / 37.78472°N 99.36806°W / 37.78472; -99.36806
Trenton 71400 306 2 (6) 136 (53) 0 (0) 0% 37°52′50″N 99°32′31″W / 37.88056°N 99.54194°W / 37.88056; -99.54194
Wayne 76125 606 5 (12) 132 (51) 0 (0) 0% 37°56′28″N 99°15′30″W / 37.94111°N 99.25833°W / 37.94111; -99.25833
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

See also[edit]

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 115. 
  4. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ The 1880 census population includes areas that were organized into Kiowa County in 1886.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Official sites
Additional information
Maps