Edwards County, Kansas
|Edwards County, Kansas|
Location in the state of Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
|Founded||March 18, 1874|
|• Total||622.10 sq mi (1,611 km2)|
|• Land||622.02 sq mi (1,611 km2)|
|• Water||0.08 sq mi (0 km2), 0.01%|
|• Density||5.0/sq mi (1.9/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Edwards County (county code ED) is a county located in Southwest Kansas, in the Central United States. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 3,037. Its county seat and most populous city is Kinsley.
- 1 History
- 2 Law and government
- 3 Geography
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Cities and towns
- 6 Townships
- 7 Education
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 Further reading
- 11 External links
Edwards County was founded in 1874. Edwards County is named for W. C. Edwards, of Hutchinson, a pioneer settler, who played an active role in its organization.
Law and government
Edwards County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 622.10 square miles (1,611.2 km2), of which 622.02 square miles (1,611.0 km2) (or 99.99%) is land and 0.08 square miles (0.21 km2) (or 0.01%) is water.
The Arkansas River flows through Edwards County from the southwest corner to the Pawnee County line near U.S. Route 56. Since the early 1990s, however, the riverbed has contained little to no water, and can be waded across in most places.
Three U.S. Routes run through Edwards County, all meeting in Kinsley. An east-west route, U.S. Route 50 circumvents Belpre and Lewis before joining with westbound U.S. Route 56 in Kinsley. The single road then passes through Offerle and west into Ford County. U.S. Route 183 runs from Kiowa County in the south to Kinsley, where it joins eastbound U.S. 56, running as a single highway to Pawnee County. K-19 starts at U.S. Route 50 near Belpre, and travels north into Pawnee County.
- Pawnee County (north)
- Stafford County (east)
- Pratt County (southeast)
- Kiowa County (south)
- Ford County (southwest)
- Hodgeman County (northwest)
As of the U.S. Census in 2000, there were 3,449 people, 1,455 households, and 955 families residing in the county. The population density was 6 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 1,754 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.52% White, 0.32% Black or African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 5.57% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.71% of the population.
There were 1,455 households out of which 28.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.30% were married couples living together, 6.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.30% were non-families. 32.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 25.10% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 20.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 97.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.80 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $30,530, and the median income for a family was $38,250. Males had a median income of $27,050 versus $20,132 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,586. About 7.00% of families and 10.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.40% of those under age 18 and 8.00% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns
Name and population (2004 estimate):
Edwards County is divided into ten townships. The city of Kinsley is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.
/km² (/sq mi)
km² (sq mi)
km² (sq mi)
|Water %||Geographic coordinates|
|Belpre||05850||186||1 (3)||140 (54)||0 (0)||0.01%|
|Franklin||24350||93||0 (1)||191 (74)||0 (0)||0%|
|Jackson||34750||98||1 (1)||187 (72)||0 (0)||0.05%|
|Kinsley||37100||160||1 (3)||121 (47)||0 (0)||0.01%|
|Lincoln||40650||143||1 (2)||193 (74)||0 (0)||0%|
|Logan||41875||42||0 (1)||93 (36)||0 (0)||0%|
|North Brown||51100||67||0 (1)||163 (63)||0 (0)||0.05%|
|South Brown||66550||90||0 (1)||251 (97)||0 (0)||0%|
|Trenton||71400||306||2 (6)||136 (53)||0 (0)||0%|
|Wayne||76125||606||5 (12)||132 (51)||0 (0)||0%|
|Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division.|
Unified school districts
Information on this and other counties in Kansas
- List of counties in Kansas
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Kansas
- Kansas locations by per capita income
Other information for Kansas
- List of cities in Kansas
- List of unified school districts in Kansas
- List of colleges and universities in Kansas
- "2010 County Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 115.
- "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-28.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- The 1880 census population includes areas that were organized into Kiowa County in 1886.
- U.S. County 2012 Estimated Census; census.gov
- U.S. Decennial Census; census.gov
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
- Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Download 54MB PDF eBook),(Volume2 - Download 53MB PDF eBook), (Volume3 - Download 33MB PDF eBook)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Edwards County, Kansas.|
- Official sites
- Additional information
- Edwards County Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
- Kansas Highway Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
- Kansas Railroad Maps: Current, 1996, 1915, KDOT and Kansas Historical Society
||Hodgeman County||Pawnee County||Stafford County|
|Ford County||Kiowa County||Pratt County|