||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (August 2011)|
|Church||Serbian Orthodox Church|
|Born||20 July 1785
|Died||1 December 1861
|Occupation||Administrator of Serbian Vojvodina|
Josif Rajačić (July 20, 1785– December 1, 1861, Serbian Cyrillic: Јосиф Рајачић, also known as Josif Rajačić-Brinski) was a metropolitan of Sremski Karlovci, Serbian Patriarch, administrator of Serbian Vojvodina and baron.
Rajačić was born in Lučani, a former village near Brinje in Lika (then Habsburg Monarchy, today Croatia). He studied in Zagreb, Karlovci, Segedin and Vienna before dropping out to join the army in 1809 during the War of the Fifth Coalition. On April 10, 1810 he became a monk of the Serb Orthodox Church in Gomirje Monastery.
At the May Assembly of Serbs in Sremski Karlovci in 1848, from the balcony of the Sremski Karlovci town hall, he was appointed Patriarch of the Serbs, while Stevan Šupljikac was chosen as the first Duke (Voivode) of Serbian Vojvodina. Apart from being a spiritual leader, Rajačić also shared political and military leadership of Serbs at the time of war.
He became administrator of Serbian Vojvodina, and was head of the new Serb government (praviteljstvo) of Vojvodina. Rajačić formed an alliance with the House of Habsburg so as to silence the 1848 Hungarian Revolution. After the Hungarians were defeated, Rajačić was nominated civil commissioner of Vojvodina by the Austrian Empire.
Rajačić assisted the educational development of the Serb people in the Austrian Empire. In the time when he was metropolitan of Sremski Karlovci, many new Serbian schools were opened. He also opened the Patriarchal Library and Print Works. Rajačić spent much of his energy attempting to bring Vojvodina under Serbian administration.
- Jovan Mirosavljević, Brevijar ulica Novog Sada 1745-2001, Novi Sad, 2002.
- Drago Njegovan, Prisajedinjenje Vojvodine Srbiji, Novi Sad, 2004.
- "Episkop JOSIF (Rajačić) patrijarh srpski (1848 - 1861)" (in Serbian). Serb Orthodox Church Eparchy of Dalmatia. 2004, 2007. Retrieved 2011-09-01. Check date values in:
- Unity, Concord, and Homelands Defence
|Commissioner of Serbian Vojvodina
December 15, 1848 – 1849
as Grand Duke
as Governor of the
Voivodeship of Serbia and
Banat of Temeschwar
|Orthodox Church titles|
Title last held byKalinik II
as Patriarch of Serbs
(Patriarch of Peć)
|Patriarch of Serbs
(Patriarchate of Karlovci)
May 1, 1848 - December 13, 1861
|Metropolitan of Karlovci
1842 - 1848
|Raising to Patriarchate|
|Bishop of Vršac
1833 - 1842
|Bishop of Dalmatia
1829 - 1833