List of European Council meetings

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with Euro summit.

This is a list of European Councils (also referred to as EU summits); the meetings of the European Council, an institution of the European Union (EU) comprising heads of state or government of EU member states. They started in 1975 as tri-annual meetings. Since 1996 the number of meetings were minimum four per year, and the meeting frequency grew to an average of seven meetings per year between 2008 and 2014 (see list below). In parallel to the 2008–2014 "EU summits", an average of two special Euro summits per year were also organized, with an agenda solely dedicated to discuss issues for the eurozone.

List[edit]

The first seven summit meetings were held between 1961 and 1974, but this was before the formal establishment of the European Council. Some sources however consider them to be the informal seven first meetings of the European Council.[1]

1975–2009[edit]

# Year Date Type EU Council presidency President-in-Office Commission President Host city Notes
1 1975 10–11 March  Ireland Liam Cosgrave François-Xavier Ortoli Dublin [1] Inaugural formal Council
2 16–17 July  Italy Aldo Moro Brussels [2]
3 1–2 December Rome [3] Established TREVI
4 1976 1–2 April  Luxembourg Gaston Thorn Luxembourg

[4]

5 12–13 July  Netherlands Joop den Uyl Brussels [5]
6 29–30 November The Hague [6]
7 1977 25–27 March  UK James Callaghan Roy Jenkins Rome [7]
8 29–30 June London [8]
9 5–6 December  Belgium Leo Tindemans Brussels [9]
10 1978 7–8 April  Denmark Anker Jørgensen Copenhagen [10]
11 6–7 July  Germany Helmut Schmidt Bremen [11]
12 4–5 December Brussels [12]
13 1979 12–13 March  France Valéry Giscard d'Estaing Paris [13]
14 21–22 June Strasbourg [14]
15 29–30 November  Ireland Jack Lynch Dublin [15]
16 1980 17–18 April  Italy Francesco Cossiga Luxembourg [16]
17 12–13 June Venice [17]
18 1–2 December  Luxembourg Pierre Werner Luxembourg [18]
19 1981 23–24 March  Netherlands Dries van Agt Gaston Thorn Maastricht [19]
20 29–30 June Luxembourg [20]
21 26–27 November  UK Margaret Thatcher London [21]
22 1982 29–30 March  Belgium Wilfried Martens Brussels [22]
23 28–29 June Brussels [23]
24 3–4 December  Denmark Poul Schlüter Copenhagen [24]
25 1983 21–22 March  Germany Helmut Kohl Brussels [25]
26 17–19 June Stuttgart [26]
27 4–6 December  Greece Andreas Papandreou Athens [27]
28 1984 19–20 March  France François Mitterrand Brussels [28][29]
29 25–26 June Fontainebleau [30] British rebate agreed
30 3–4 December  Ireland Garret FitzGerald Dublin [31]
31 1985 29–30 March  Italy Bettino Craxi Jacques Delors Brussels [32] Initiated the IGC leading to the Single European Act
32 28–29 June Milan [33]
33 2–3 December  Luxembourg Jacques Santer Luxembourg [34]
34 1986 26–27 June  Netherlands Ruud Lubbers The Hague [35]
35 5–6 December  UK Margaret Thatcher London [36]
36 1987 29–30 June  Belgium Wilfried Martens Brussels [37]
37 4–5 December  Denmark Poul Schlüter Copenhagen [38]
38 1988 11–13 February  Germany Helmut Kohl Brussels [39]
39 27–28 June Hanover [40]
40 2–3 December  Greece Andreas Papandreou Rhodes [41]
41 1989 26–27 June  Spain Felipe González Madrid [42]
42 18 November Informal  France François Mitterrand Paris [43]
43 8–9 December Strasbourg [44][45]European Council endorses German reunification
despite some Anglo-French opposition.
44 1990 28 April Extraordinary  Ireland Charles Haughey Dublin [46]
45 25–26 June Dublin [47]
46 27–28 October  Italy Giulio Andreotti Rome [48]
47 14–15 December Rome [49]
48 1991 8 April Informal  Luxembourg Jacques Santer Luxembourg [50]
49 28–29 June Luxembourg [51]
50 9–10 December  Netherlands Ruud Lubbers Maastricht [52] Signing of the Treaty of Maastricht
51 1992 27 June  Portugal Aníbal Cavaco Silva Lisbon [53]
52 16 October  UK John Major Birmingham [54]
53 11–12 December Edinburgh [55]
54 1993 21–22 June  Denmark Poul Nyrup Rasmussen Copenhagen [56] Copenhagen criteria agreed
55 29 October  Belgium Jean-Luc Dehaene Brussels [57]
56 10–11 December Brussels [58]
57 1994 24–25 June  Greece Andreas Papandreou Corfu [59] Signing of the Accession Treaty of Austria, Finland,
Sweden and Norway (Norway did not ratify)
58 15 July  Germany Helmut Kohl Brussels
59 9–10 December Essen [60]
60 1995 26–27 June  France Jacques Chirac Jacques Santer Cannes [61]
61 22–23 October Extraordinary  Spain Felipe González Majorca
62 15–16 December Madrid [62]
63 1996 29–30 March  Italy Lamberto Dini Turin
64 21–22 June Romano Prodi Florence
65 5 October Extraordinary  Ireland John Bruton Dublin
66 13–14 December Dublin
67 1997 23 May Informal  Netherlands Wim Kok Noordwijk
68 16–17 June Amsterdam Signed Treaty of Amsterdam
69 20–21 November Extraordinary  Luxembourg Jean-Claude Juncker Luxembourg Special council on Employment
70 12–13 December Luxembourg
71 1998 3 May  UK Tony Blair Brussels Special Council on the Euro decides the 11 states
which would enter the third stage of EMU
72 15–16 June Cardiff
73 24–25 October Informal  Austria Viktor Klima Pörtschach
74 11–12 December Vienna
75 1999 26 February Informal  Germany Gerhard Schröder Königswinter
76 25–26 March Manuel Marin (Interim) Berlin
77 14 April Informal Brussels
78 3–4 June Cologne Details below table
79 15–16 October  Finland Paavo Lipponen Romano Prodi Tampere Agreement on institutional reform
80 10–11 December Helsinki
81 2000 23–24 March  Portugal António Guterres Lisbon Agreed Lisbon Strategy
82 19–20 June Santa Maria da Feira Agreement to allow entry of Greece to the Eurozone
83 13–14 October Informal  France Jacques Chirac Biarritz
84 7–9 December Nice Signed Treaty of Nice
85 2001 23–24 March  Sweden Göran Persson Stockholm
86 15–16 June Gothenburg Enlargement, sustainable development, economic growth
and structural reform, in addition to an EU-US summit
87 21 September Informal  Belgium Guy Verhofstadt Brussels Emergency council – Terrorism
88 19 October Informal Ghent
89 14–15 December Laeken Details below table
90 2002 15–16 March  Spain José María Aznar López Barcelona
91 21–22 June Seville Decided to reorganise the Council formations
to achieve greater focus and efficiency
92 24–25 October  Denmark Anders Fogh Rasmussen Brussels
93 12–13 December Copenhagen
94 2003 17 February Extraordinary  Greece Costas Simitis Brussels Iraq crisis - Presidency conclusions
95 20–21 March Brussels Presidency conclusions
96 16–17 April Informal Athens Signing of the Treaty of Accession 2003,[2]
Declaration on Iraq European Convention
97 20 June Thessaloniki Presidency conclusions of the June 2003 meeting
98 4 October Extraordinary  Italy Silvio Berlusconi Rome Beginning of IGC on EU Constitution
99 16–17 October Brussels Presidency conclusions of the October 2003 meeting
100 12–13 December Brussels Presidency conclusions of the December 2003 meeting
101 2004 25–26 March  Ireland Bertie Ahern Brussels Declaration on combating terrorism
Presidency conclusions of the March 2004 meeting
102 17–18 June Brussels Presidency conclusions of the June 2004 meeting
103 4–5 November  Netherlands Jan Peter Balkenende Brussels Presidency conclusions of the November 2004 meeting
104 16–17 December José Manuel Barroso Brussels Presidency conclusions of the December 2004 meeting
105 2005 22–23 March  Luxembourg Jean-Claude Juncker Brussels Presidency conclusions of the March 2005 meeting
106 16–17 June Brussels Declaration on the ratification of
the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe

Presidency conclusions of the June 2005 meeting
107 27 October Informal  UK Tony Blair Hampton Court Globalisation
108 15–16 December Brussels Presidency conclusions of the December 2005 meeting
109 2006 23–24 March  Austria Wolfgang Schüssel Brussels Presidency conclusions of the March 2006 meeting
110 15–16 June Brussels Agreement to allow entry of Slovenia to the Eurozone
Presidency conclusions of the June 2006 meeting
111 20 October Informal  Finland Matti Vanhanen Lahti Meeting with Vladimir Putin held in Sibelius Hall
112 14–15 December Brussels Presidency conclusions of the December 2006 meeting
113 2007 8–9 March  Germany Angela Merkel Brussels Presidency conclusions of the March 2007 meeting
114 21–22 June Brussels Agreement on basis for the Treaty of Lisbon
Agreement to allow entry of Malta and Cyprus to the Eurozone
Presidency conclusions of the June 2007 meeting
115 18–19 October Informal  Portugal José Sócrates Lisbon Agreement reached on the Reform Treaty
Discussed climate change and the US economic crisis.[3]
116 14 December Brussels Signature of Reform Treaty in Lisbon on 13/12
European Council in Brussels the next day
Presidency conclusions of the December 2007 meeting
117 2008 13–14 March  Slovenia Janez Janša Brussels Agreed timeframe and principles of energy/climate change policy
Presidency conclusions of the March 2008 meeting
118 19–20 June Brussels Presidency conclusions of the June 2008 meeting
119 13–14 July Extraordinary  France Nicolas Sarkozy Paris Barcelona process for the Mediterranean
120 1 September Extraordinary Brussels Extraordinary summit on EU-Russia relations (Georgia crisis)[4]
Presidency conclusions of the September 2008 meeting
12 October Euro summit Paris Eurozone summit conclusions of October 2008 meeting
121 15–16 October Brussels Presidency conclusions of the October 2008 meeting
122 7 November Informal Brussels Informal summit on the global financial crisis
Conclusions from meeting on the Global Financial Crisis
123 11–12 December Brussels Presidency conclusions of the December 2008 meeting
124 2009 1 March Informal  Czech Republic Mirek Topolánek Brussels Informal summit on the global financial crisis
Conclusions of the Global Financial Crisis meeting on 1 March 2009
125 19–20 March Brussels Presidency conclusions of the March 2009 meeting
126 5 April Informal
(EU-USA summit)
Jan Fischer Prague US President Barack Obama in Prague
Conclusions of the EU-USA relations meeting in April 2009
127 18–19 June Brussels Icelandic application accepted
Presidency conclusions of the June 2009 meeting
Press conference video: 1 and 2
128 17 September Informal  Sweden Fredrik Reinfeldt Brussels Preparation for the 2009 G-20 Pittsburgh summit
[5] Presidency conclusions of the September 2009 meeting
Press conference video
129 29–30 October Brussels Presidency conclusions of the October 2009 meeting
Press conference video
130 19 November Informal Brussels Chose the first President of the European Council (Herman Van Rompuy) and the first
High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (Catherine Ashton)
Presidency conclusions of the November 2009 meeting
Press conference video
131 10–11 December Brussels Presidency conclusions of the December 2009 meeting
Press conference video: 1 and 2

2010–present[edit]

Since 2010, all Council meetings took place in Brussels. In February 2010 the exact location was the Solvay Library, while all subsequent meetings took place at the Justus Lipsius building.

# Year Date Type EU Council presidency Council President Commission President Agenda and Conclusions Press conference
132 2010 11 February Informal  Spain Herman Van Rompuy
(1st term)[6]
José Manuel Barroso
(2nd term)
Statement. Video
25 March Euro summit Statement.
133 25-26 March Scheduled Conclusions. Video: 1 and 2
7 May Euro summit Statement. Video
134 17 June Scheduled Conclusions. Video
135 16 September  Belgium Conclusions. Video
136 28-29 October Scheduled Conclusions. Video: 1 and 2
137 16-17 December Scheduled Conclusions. Video
138 2011 4 February Scheduled  Hungary Conclusions. Video
11 March Euro summit Statement. Video
139 11 March Extraordinary Conclusions. Video
140 24-25 March Scheduled Conclusions. Video: 1 and 2
141 23-24 June Scheduled Website, Conclusions. Video: 1 and 2
21 July Euro summit  Poland Statement. Video
142 23 October Scheduled Conclusions. Video
23-26 October Euro summit Statement. Video: 1 and 2
143 26 October Informal Website, Statement.
144 8-9 December Scheduled Website, Conclusions. Video: 1 and 2
9 December Euro summit Statement.
2012 30 January Euro summit  Denmark Agreed lines of communication.
145 30 January Informal Website, Statement on growth and jobs, Growth and competitiveness, Foreign policy issues,Fiscal discipline and convergence, Treaty on Stability, Coordination and Governance. Video
146 1-2 March Scheduled Website, Conclusions, Implementation of the European Semester, Fiscal Compact signed, Van Rompuy re-elected president. Video: 1 and 2
2 March Euro summit Statement.
147 23 May Informal Website 1 and 2, Greece: euro area press lines, Tackling youth unemployment. Video
148 28-29 June Scheduled Herman Van Rompuy
(2nd term)[6]
Website, Conclusions, Towards a genuine EMU (Council edition), European Council programme July 2012 to Dec.2014. Video: 1 and 2
28-29 June Euro summit Statement. Video
149 18-19 October Scheduled  Cyprus Website, Conclusions, Conclusions on completing EMU, Towards a genuine EMU (interim report), Statement on Greece. Video: 1 and 2
150 22‑23 November Scheduled Website, Conclusions, Statement on EU's MFF for 2014-2020. Video
151 13-14 December Scheduled Website, Conclusions, Conclusions on completing EMU, Towards a genuine EMU (final report), Agreed position on bank supervision (SSM). Video 1 and 2
152 2013 7-8 February Scheduled  Ireland Website, Conclusions, Multiannual Financial Framework. Video
14 March Euro summit Adopted rules of procedure for Euro summits, Remarks by President.
153 14-15 March Scheduled Website, Conclusions. Video: 1 and 2
154 22 May Scheduled Website, Conclusions (Taxation and Energy), EC member numbers. Video
155 27-28 June Scheduled Website, Conclusions, EP in 2014-19, Genuine EMU. Video: 1 and 2
156 24-25 October Scheduled  Lithuania Website, Conclusions. Video: 1 and 2
157 19-20 December Scheduled Website, Conclusions, Security & Defense conclusions. Video: 1 and 2
158 2014 6 March Extraordinary  Greece Website, Conclusions, EU stands by Ukraine. Video: Ukrainian PM and Council
159 20-21 March Scheduled Website, Conclusions, Conclusions on Ukraine, EU sanctions against Russia, Signing of EU-Ukraine Association Agreement. Video: 1 and 2
160 27 May Informal Website, Statement on Ukraine. Video
161 26-27 June Scheduled Website, Conclusions, Conclusions on Ukraine, Strategic agenda for the Union, World War I commemoration, Signing of Association Agreements with Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. Video
162 16 July Extraordinary  Italy Website, Conclusions, Conclusions on Ukraine and Gaza. Video
163 30 August Extraordinary Website, Conclusions, Nomination of next European Council president and Foreign Affairs High Representative, Sanctions against Russia over Ukriane crisis. Video: 1 and 2, Ukrainian President 1a and 1b
164 23-24 October Scheduled Website, Conclusions, New Commission appointed, 2030 climate and energy policy framework, EU response on Ebola. Video: 1 and 2
24 October[7] Euro summit Statement
165 18 December Scheduled Donald Tusk Jean-Claude Juncker Website, Conclusions, Crimea and Sevastopol: further EU sanctions. Video
166 2015 12 February Informal  Latvia Website, Results of the informal meeting, Statement on the fight against terrorism, Next Steps on Better Economic Governance in the Euro Area (analytical note), Remarks about Ukrainian ceasefire. Video, Ukrainian ceasefire agreement
167 19-20 March Scheduled Website, Conclusions, Energy Union, Relations with Russia, European Semester 2015, Statement on Tunesia, Statement on Greece. Video: 1 and 2
168 23 April Extraordinary Website, Statement, 10 point action plan to combat Mediterranean migratory pressures Video
169 2015 25-26 June[8] Scheduled  Latvia
170 15-16 October[9] Scheduled  Luxembourg
171 17‑18 December[9] Scheduled
172 2016 18-19 February[10] Scheduled  Netherlands
173 17-18 March[10] Scheduled
174 23-24 June[10] Scheduled
  Upcoming meetings

Details[edit]

European Union
Flag of the European Union

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government
of the European Union

Cologne 1999[edit]

The European Council met in Cologne, Germany, on 3–4 June 1999 to consider issues after the Treaty of Amsterdam came into force. Romano Prodi presented his plan for the future Commission's work and reform program. The Council called for an EU Charter of Fundamental Rights.

The Council designated Javier Solana for the post of Secretary-General of the Council of the European Union (with Pierre de Boissieu as his deputy) and High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP). It decided on a common policy on Russia (first use of the CFSP). Adopted the declaration on Kosovo. In relation to the European Security and Defence Policy, a major element of the CFSP, the council declared that the EU "must have the capacity for autonomous action, backed up by credible military forces, the means to decide to use them, and a readiness to do so, in order to respond to international crises without prejudice to actions by NATO". (Declared in St Malo by France and Great Britain)

Laeken 2001[edit]

The Laeken European Council was held at the royal palace at Laeken, Belgium, on 14–15 December 2001.

The Laeken European Council dealt with:

  • New measures in the area of Justice and Home Affairs: the European arrest warrant, a common definition of "terrorism", and EUROJUST
  • The seats of ten new EU agencies (after hours of disagreement, the European Council failed to reach an agreement and decided to leave the decision until next year)
  • Impending introduction of Euro cash (the European Council met with the Finance ministers to consider this)
  • Progress of EU enlargement
  • The adoption of the Laeken Declaration on the Future of Europe

The Laeken Declaration on the Future of Europe established the European Convention, presided over with former President of France, Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, as President of the Convention, and former Italian Prime Minister Giuliano Amato and former Belgian Prime Minister Jean-Luc Dehaene as Vice-Presidents. The Convention was tasked with drafting the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe, and would have about 60 members, drawn from national governments, national parliamentarians, the European Parliament, and the European Commission, and include representatives from the candidate countries. The declaration reviews the progress of European integration over the last fifty years, tracing it back to its origins in the horrors of World War II, and poses a number of questions to be answered by the Convention.[11][12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]