Mayabazar

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This article is about 1957 Telugu film. For the 2008 Malayalam film of the same name starring Mammootty, see Mayabazar (2008 film).
Mayabazar
Mayabazar.jpg
Film poster
Directed by Kadri Venkata Reddy
Produced by B.Nagi Reddy
Aluri Chakrapani
Screenplay by Kadri Venkata Reddy
Story by Pingali Nagendra Rao
Music by Ghantasala
Saluri Rajeswara Rao
Pingali Nagendra Rao (Lyrics)
Cinematography Marcus Bartley
Distributed by Vijaya Vahini Studios
Release dates
  • 27 March 1957 (1957-03-27) (Original Telugu release)
  • 12 April 1957 (1957-04-12) (Original Tamil release)
Running time 181 min. (approx)
Country India
Language Telugu
Tamil
Budget INR33,00,000 (estimated)
Box office INR1,10,00,000 (estimated)

Mayabazar (English:The Wizardly Mart) is a 1957 Indian epic-mythological bilingual film. Primarily made in Telugu and released in Andhra Pradesh on 27 March 1957, the Tamil version was released a month later in Tamil Nadu. The Telugu version was later dubbed into Kannada. The story, dialogues, and song lyrics (in Telugu) were written by Pingali Nagendra Rao. Both the versions were produced by Bommireddy Nagi Reddy. Considered as one of the enduring classics of Indian Cinema,[1][2] The film was featured at the 1957 International Film Festival of India and Indonesian Film Festival.[3] CNN IBN listed the film as the greatest Indian film of all time.[4] The film has received the Filmfare Award for Best Film - Telugu.[5]

The film is touted as a landmark in Indian film's cinematography, art direction and visual effects with the technology available at the time.[6] The music delivered by Saluri Rajeswara Rao (uncredited) and Ghantasala has been extremely popular. The film stars Gummadi Venkateswara Rao as Balarama, NTR as Krishna, ANR (Telugu version); Gemini Ganesan (Tamil Version) as Abhimanyu, S. V. Ranga Rao as Ghatotkacha, and Savitri as Sasirekha. A digitally remastered colour version was released in 2010.

Plot[edit]

During the Pandava Aranyavasa (period of disguised exile), Arjuna sends his wife Subhadra (Rushyendramani) and their son Abhimanyu (A. Nageswara Rao/Gemini Ganesan) to Dwaraka to stay at her maternal home with her brothers, Krishna (N. T. Rama Rao) and Balarama (Gummadi Venkateswara Rao/D. Balasubramaniam). Sasirekha (Savithri), Balarama's daughter and Abhimanyu are deeply in love, apart from that at the time of Sasirekha's birth Balarama would have promised to marry her to Abhimanyu when they grow up.

However, Balarama's wife Revathi (Chaya Devi/C. K. Saraswathi) refuses to honour that commitment, as the Pandavas lose their kingdom and wealth in a gamble with Kauravas and are sent to exile. Balarama instead, on the face of Shakuni's (C. S. R. Anjaneyulu/M. N. Nambiar) and the Kauravas' cunning persuasion, decides to marry Sasirekha to Lakshmana Kumara (Relangi Venkata Ramaiah/K. A. Thangavelu), who is the son of his favourite disciple, Duryodhana (Mukkamala/R. Balasubramaniam). Krishna advises Subhadra and Abhimanyu to approach Ghatotkacha (S. V. Ranga Rao). Initially, Ghatotkacha assumes them to be intruders in his forest and attacks them, but later apologizes for his misunderstanding. When Subhadra narrates about what happened of her son and Sasirekha, Ghatotkacha decides to play some trickery in Dwaraka. He first, with the knowledge of Krishna and a servant girl, flies the sleeping Sasirekha along with her bed, from Dwaraka to his forest.

Next, using his magical powers, he assumes the form of Sasirekha (Ghatotkacha becomes Maya Sasirekha) and goes back to Dwaraka and wrecks her wedding with Lakshmana Kumara. He also performs a few practical jokes and comical acts while in disguise. His retinues act as wedding planners and provide comic relief as well. To further break-up the wedding, Ghatotkacha's follower's (Ramana Reddy- Played a magician role) enter the Bridegroom's guest house (Vididi griha) and draws hilarious comedy to the audience with Balaiah and Allu Rama Lingaiah. They also create a magical market(Mayabazar) in Dwaraka to gift the Kauravas and their relatives who come to the marriage with valuable gifts. Meanwhile, back in the forest, the real Sasirekha is married to Abhimanyu. When all goes to plan, Ghatothkacha reveals his true identity and further unveils the true colours of Shakuni and Kauravas. At this point, Sasirekha's parents accept her wedding and bless the newlyweds back at the forest.

Cast[edit]

Character Telugu Tamil
Krishna N. T. Rama Rao N. T. Rama Rao
Abhimanyu A. Nageswara Rao Gemini Ganesan
Ghatotkacha S. V. Ranga Rao S. V. Ranga Rao
Sasirekha Savithri Savithri
Balarama Gummadi Venkateswara Rao D. Balasubramaniam
Subhadra Rushyendramani Rushyendramani
Revati Chaya Devi Laksmiprabha
Rukmini Sandhya Sandhya
Lakshmana Kumara Relangi Venkata Ramaiah K. A. Thangavelu
Duryodhana Mukkamala R. Balasubramaniam
Shakuni C. S. R. Anjaneyulu M. N. Nambiar
Karna Mikkilineni Radhakrishna Murthy V K Srinivasan
Dushasana R. Nageswara Rao E. R. Sahadevan
Hidimbi Suryakantham C. T. Rajakantham
Chinnamaya Ramana Reddy V. M. Ezhumalai
Sarma Allu Ramalingaiah Sayeeram
Sastry Vangara Venkata Subbaiah
Satyaki Nagabhushanam
Daaruka Madhavapeddi Satyam

Crew[edit]

Songs[edit]

Maya Bazaar's songs are considered legendary in Telugu cinema, and are also best remembered in Tamil as well. The titles of almost all the songs have been reused as movie names in later years.

Music composed by Ghantasala Venkateswara Rao and S. Rajeswara Rao

Telugu songs:

Song Title Singers Notes
Ahana Pellianta P. Susheela, Ghantasala Actress Savtri's stunning dual portrayal of a princess and a monster-prince cemented her acting prowess in Telugu Cinema
Alli Billi Ammayiki P. Leela
Bhali Bhali Bhali Bhali Deva Madhavapeddi Satyam
Chinnari Sasirekha Vardhillavamma M. L. Vasantha Kumari
Choopulu Kalisina Subhavela Ghantasala
Lahiri Lahiri Lahirilo P. Leela and Ghantasala A great portrayal of romance spanning three generations
Nee Kosame Ne Jeevinchunadi P. Leela and Ghantasala
Nevena Nanu Pilichinadi Ghantasala
Sundari Oho Sundari Ghantasala and Savitri Relangi's humorous song that makes many people still laugh when they see some one clap hands behind their back
Vinnava Yashodamma P. Leela
Vivaha Bhojanambu Madhavapeddi Satyam S V Ranga Rao's portrayal of Ghatotkacha and some state of the art cinematic effects

Tamil songs:

Song Title Singers Notes
Dum Dum Kalyaanam P. Susheela, Ghantasala Actress Savtri's stunning dual portrayal of a princess and a monster-prince cemented her acting prowess in Telugu Cinema
Alli Billi Ammayiki P. Leela
Bale Bale Bale Dheva Seerkazhi Govindarajan
Chinnari Sasirekha Vardhillavamma M. L. Vasantha Kumari
Kannudan Kalandhidum Subadhiname Ghantasala and P. Leela
Aaha Inba Nilavibile P. Leela and Ghantasala A great portrayal of romance spanning three generations
Unakkagave Naan Uyir Vaazhvene P. Leela and Ghantasala
Needhaana Ennai Ninaitthadhu Ghantasala and P. Leela
Thangame Unpoela Thangapdhumaiyai S. C. Krishnan and Savitri K. A. Thangavelu's humorous song that makes many people still laugh when they see some one clap hands behind their back
Vinnava Yashodamma P. Leela
Kalyana Samayal Saadham Thiruchi Loganathan S V Ranga Rao's portrayal of Ghatotkacha and some state of the art cinematic effects
Lalli Lalla.... Pambaramai Aadalam Jikki & P. Suseela

Background[edit]

The film is based on a folk tale called Sasirekha Parinayam popular in Andhra Pradesh, based on the Mahabharata but not present in it.[7] In the initial days of the film project, it was decided to name the movie "Sasi Rekha Parinayam". However, at a later time it was finalized as "Mayabazaar".

Box-office[edit]

  • The film had a 175-day run in Durga Kala Mandir theatre, Vijayawada.[8]
  • The film had a 100-day run in 15 centres.[9]

Golden Jubilee Celebrations[edit]

  • A special screening was held at Lalita Kala Thoranam to celebrate the golden jubilee (50 years) run of the film on 7 April 2007.[10]
  • The celebration was jointly organised by the Department of Culture, Andhra Pradesh; Film, TV and Theatre Development Corporation and Kinnera Art Theatres, besides fans.[11]
  • All the artists associated with the film were felicitated on that occasion.[10]

Colour Version[edit]

The film was digitally remastered to add colour and was released to the theaters on January 30, 2010. As many as 165 artists from Goldstone Technologies have worked to transform the film into the colour version.[12] As per the company's head Jagan Mohan, they have used around 16.7 million colour shades for the transformation. Apart from adding colour, it was also converted to a full scope movie and the sound was also remastered to a DTS system from the previous mono track.[12] Two songs, Bhali Bhali Deva and Vinnava Yasodamma, have been removed due to poor quality of the negative film. The colorized version completed 100 days of screening in Prasads Multiplex theatre, Hyderabad.

The list of changes made to the original movie in the 2010 color version:
1. Titles and title music - redone; Result : Visual - Good, Music - Poor
2. Childhood Abhimanyu's show of archery skills - partly cut
3. Song "Lalli lala" partly cut involving Sasirekha's childhood
4. Song "Chupulu kalasina subhavela" - completely removed. Later added in some theatres
5. Song "bhali bhali deva" - completely removed
6. Dance ballet "Mohini Bhasmasura" - completely removed
7. Song "neekosame ne jeevinchunadi" was modified digitally
8. Padyam "Dhurankara Madhandhulai" was removed
9. Padyam by Shakuni - removed
10. Marriage rehearsals by Relangi - removed
11. Song "dayacheyandi" partially cut
12. Padyam "pandava bandhu koti" removed
13. Song "vinnava yashodamma" partially cut

References[edit]

  1. ^ "'Maya Bazaar' forever!". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 21 April 2006. 
  2. ^ Articles : Movie Retrospect : Mayabazar (1957) - Retro
  3. ^ The Times of India directory and year book including who's who. Times of India Press. 1984
  4. ^ 'Mayabazar' is India's greatest film ever: IBNLive poll
  5. ^ The Times of India directory and year book including who's who. Times of India Press. 1984
  6. ^ "Ace lensman recalls magic moments". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 14 April 2006. 
  7. ^ A Study In Folk "Mahabharata": How Balarama Became Abhimanyu's Father-in-law
  8. ^ CineGoer.com - Box-Office Records And Collections - Silver Jubilee Films Of NTR
  9. ^ CineGoer.com - Box-Office Records And Collections - Mayabazar Completes 50 Years
  10. ^ a b "'Mayabazar' artistes felicitated". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 8 April 2007. 
  11. ^ "'Mayabazar' golden jubilee celebrations on April 7". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 5 April 2007. 
  12. ^ a b Maya Bazaar in colour - Telugu Movie News

External links[edit]