PlayStation 3 technical specifications

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A PlayStation 3 console with a Sixaxis controller

The PlayStation 3 technical specifications describe the various components of the PlayStation 3 (PS3) video game console.

Unless otherwise noted, the following specifications are based on a press release by Sony at the E3 2005 conference,[1] and slides from a Sony presentation at the 2006 Game Developer's Conference.[2]

Central processing unit[edit]

Main article: Cell (microprocessor)
PS3 CPU-Cell Broadband Engine

The PS3 uses the Cell microprocessor, which is made up of one 3.2 GHz PowerPC-based "Power Processing Element" (PPE) and six accessible Synergistic Processing Elements (SPEs). A seventh runs in a special mode and is dedicated to aspects of the OS and security, and an eighth is a spare to improve production yields. PlayStation 3's Cell CPU achieves a theoretical maximum of 230.4 GFLOPS[3] in single precision floating point operations and up to 100 GFLOPS double precision using iterative refinement for the solution of linear equations.[4] The PS3 has 256 MB of Rambus XDR DRAM, clocked at CPU die speed.[3]

Graphics processing unit[edit]

PS3 GPU-RSX 'Reality Synthesizer'

According to Nvidia, the RSX - the graphics processing unit (GPU) - is based on the NVIDIA G70 (previously known as NV47) architecture. The GPU is clocked at 550 MHz and makes use of 256 MB GDDR3 RAM clocked at 650 MHz with an effective transmission rate of 1.3 GHz.[5]

Configurations[edit]

PS3 NTSC COK-001 motherboard (60 GB version)
PS3 PAL COK-002 Motherboard

To date, the PS3 has had several component revisions which serve to reduce power consumption. This in turn results in production savings, lower heat production, lower cooling requirements and quieter running. Since launch, the Cell processor has shrunk from 90 nm to 45 nm. The RSX GPU has also seen reduction in size over periodic revisions of the PS3.

Major improvements were introduced with the PS3 Slim. It utilized a 45 nm Cell which resulted in a 34% reduction in power consumption over the previous 65 nm Cell model;[6] the latest Slim model further decreases power consumption with the move to a 40 nm RSX.

Generation Features[7][8] Model number(s)[9] GPU process CPU process PS2 compatibility Front USB Power supply
1st 60 GB (NTSC) CECHAxx 90 nm 90 nm Full (Hardware) 4+flash 380 W
20 GB (NTSC) CECHBxx 90 nm 90 nm Full (Hardware) 4 380 W
2nd 60 GB (PAL) CECHCxx 90 nm 90 nm Partial (Software emulation) 4+flash 380 W
80 GB (NTSC) CECHExx 90 nm 90 nm Partial (Software emulation) 4+flash 380 W
3rd 40 GB (PAL, NTSC) CECHGxx
CECHHxx
90 nm 65 nm No 2 280 W
40 GB (PAL, NTSC) CECHJxx 65 nm 65 nm No 2 280 W
80 GB (PAL, NTSC) CECHKxx
CECHLxx
CECHMxx
65 nm 65 nm No 2 280 W
160 GB (PAL, NTSC) CECHPxx
CECHQxx
65 nm 65 nm No 2 280 W
4th "Slim" 120/250 GB (PAL, NTSC) CECH-20xxA
CECH-20xxB
65 nm 45 nm No 2 250 W
120/250 GB (PAL, NTSC) CECH-21xxA
CECH-21xxB
40 nm 45 nm No 2 230 W
160/320 GB (PAL, NTSC) CECH-25xxA
CECH-25xxB
40 nm 45 nm No 2 230 W
160/320 GB (PAL, NTSC) CECH-30xxA
CECH-30xxB
40 nm 45 nm No 2 200 W
5th "Super Slim" 12/250/500 GB (PAL, NTSC) CECH-40xxA
CECH-40xxB
CECH-40xxC
40 nm 45 nm No 2 190 W
12/250/500 GB (PAL, NTSC) CECH-42xxA
CECH-42xxB
CECH-42xxC
40 nm 45 nm No 2 190 W
12/250/500 GB (PAL, NTSC) CECH-43xxA
CECH-43xxB
CECH-43xxC
40 nm 45 nm No 2 190 W

Model numbers[edit]

On all models of the PS3, the last seven characters of the serial number make up the console's model number. This begins with "CECH", followed by a letter indicating what model the system is. The last two characters of the model number indicate what region the system is from.

Model number Release date[8] Model Regions
CECHAxx Nov 2006 60 GB 00 01 06 07 12
(JP, NA)
CECHBxx Nov 2006 20 GB 00 01 07 12
(JP, NA)
CECHCxx Mar 2007 60 GB 02 03 04 08
(EU/PAL)
CECHDxx (Unreleased) 20 GB (EU/PAL)
CECHExx Aug 2007 80 GB 01 05 06 11 12
(NA)
CECHFxx (Unreleased) 80 GB (NA)
CECHGxx Oct 2007 40 GB 01 04 05 06 07 08 11 12
(NA, EU/PAL)
CECHHxx Oct 2007 40 GB 00 01 04 05 06 07 08 11 12
(JP, NA, EU/PAL)
CECHIxx (Unreleased) 40 GB[a]
CECHJxx Aug 2008 40 GB[b] 00 02 03 04
(JP, EU/PAL)
CECHKxx Aug 2008 80 GB 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 11 12
(NA, EU/PAL)
CECHLxx Oct 2008 80 GB[c] 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 11 12
(JP, NA, EU/PAL)
CECHMxx Oct 2008 80 GB 03 (UK)
CECHNxx (Unreleased) 80 GB
CECHOxx (Unreleased) 80 GB
CECHPxx Oct 2008 160 GB 00 01 04 05 06 07 12
(JP, NA, EU/PAL)
CECHQxx Apr 2009 160 GB 00 (JP)
CECH-20xxA Sep 2009 120 GB 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 11 12
(JP, NA, EU/PAL)
CECH-20xxB Oct 2009 250 GB 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 11 12
(JP, NA, EU/PAL)
CECH-21xxA Mar 2010 120 GB 00 01 03 04 05 07 12
(JP, NA, EU/PAL)
CECH-21xxB Mar 2010 250 GB 00 01 03 04 05 07 12
(JP, NA, EU/PAL)
CECH-25xxA[d] July 2010 160 GB 00 01 02 04 05 06 07 08 12
(JP, NA, EU/PAL)
CECH-25xxB[d] July 2010 320 GB 00 01 02 04 05 06 07 08 11 12
(JP, NA, EU/PAL)
CECH-30xxA July 2011 160 GB 00 01 02 04 05 06 07 08 11 12
(JP, NA, EU/PAL)
CECH-30xxB July 2011 320 GB 00 01 02 04 05 06 07 08 11 12
(JP, NA, EU/PAL)
CECH-40xxA Oct 2012 12 GB 00 01 04 05 07 08 11 12
CECH-40xxB Sep 2012 250 GB 01
(NA)
CECH-40xxC Sep 2012 500 GB 02
(EU/PAL)
CECH-42xxA June 2013 12 GB 00 01 04 05 07 08 11 12
CECH-42xxB June 2013 250 GB 01
(NA)
CECH-42xxC June 2013 500 GB 02
(EU/PAL)
CECH-43xxABC May 2014 12/250/500 GB 02
(EU/PAL)
Key: NA - North America, EU/PAL - Europe/PAL region, JP - Japan, UK - United Kingdom

Notes:

^ a Registered with FCC on January 31, 2008 with request for confidentiality[10]
^ b Registered with FCC on January 31, 2008 with request for confidentiality[11]
^ c Registered with FCC on July 3, 2008 with request for confidentiality[12]
^ d Registered with FCC on June 10, 2010 with request for confidentiality[13]

Region codes[edit]

Number Region
00[14] Japan
01[15] North America
02[16] Australia & New Zealand
03[17] United Kingdom & Ireland
04[18] Europe, Middle East, and Africa
05[19] Korea
06[20] Southeast Asia
07[21] Taiwan
08[22] Russia & India
09 China
10 (Unused)
11[23] Latin America
12[24] Hong Kong

Connectivity[edit]

The PS3 supports numerous SDTV and HDTV resolutions (from 480i/576i up to 1080p) and connectivity options (such as HDMI 1.3a and component video).[25][26] In terms of audio, the PS3 supports a number of formats, including 7.1 digital audio, Dolby TrueHD, DTS-HD Master Audio and others; audio output is possible over stereo RCA cables (analog), optical digital cables, or HDMI. The PS3 slim features an upgraded HDMI chip that allows bitstreaming of lossless audio codecs to an external receiver (earlier versions had to decode the signal internally before outputting it via LPCM).[27] For the optical disc drive, a wide variety of DVD and CD formats are supported, as well as Blu-ray Discs. A 20, 40, 60, 80, 120, 160, 250, 320 or 500 GB 2.5-inch SATA 150 hard disk is pre-installed. In the 60 GB and 80 GB configurations, flash memory can also be used, either Memory Sticks; CompactFlash cards; or SD/MMC cards. All models support USB memory devices; flash drives and external hard drives are both automatically recognized. However, they must be formatted with the FAT32 file system. [28] For communication, the system sported four USB 2.0 ports at the front on the 20 and 60 GB models as well as the NTSC 80 GB model, but the 40 GB and 80 GB PAL models only have 2 USB ports. All models (80 and 160 GB) released after August 2008 have been reduced to two USB ports, as well as dropping CompactFlash and SD card support. One Gigabit Ethernet port, Bluetooth 2.0 support, and built-in Wi-Fi (except CECHBxx).

Form and power consumption[edit]

The original PlayStation 3 console is approximately 5 kg (11 lb), 325 mm (W) × 98 mm (H) × 274 mm (D).[29] The case was designed by Teiyu Goto of Sony, and uses the Spider-man font.[30]

The PlayStation 3 slim weighs 3.2 kg (7.1 lb) and the dimensions are approximately 290 mm (W) x 65 mm (H) x 290 mm (D).

The PlayStation 3 super slim is said to weigh 25% less than PS3 slim, i.e. 2.1 kg (4.6 lb) and measure 290 mm (W) x 60 mm (H) x 230 mm (D) when laid flat.[31]

The power consumption of the initial PlayStation 3 units based on 90 nm Cell CPU ranges from 170–200 W during normal use, despite having a 380 W power supply.[32] The power consumption of newer 40 GB PlayStation 3 (65 nm process Cell/90 nm RSX) units ranges from 120-140 W during normal use.[33] The latest 80 GB units use both 65 nm Cell and 65 nm RSX, and have further lowered power consumption to between 90–120 W. The PS3 Slim reduces this power consumption by another 34% with the use of a 45 nm Cell, to around 76 W.

Universal power supply[edit]

The power supply can operate on both 60 Hz and 50 Hz power grids. It uses a standard IEC 60320 C14 (IEC 60320 C8 for the PS3 slim) connector and a C13 (C7 for the PS3 slim) power cord appropriate for the region it is being used in. The power supply on the "fat" model is 380 W. This was reduced to 250 W in the 120 GB "Slim" model. PS3 Slim models have labels indicating localized input requirements for power (110 V 60 Hz for North American and Japanese models and 220-240 V 50 Hz for European and Australian models), however teardowns have revealed the power supplies are still universal.[34]

Disc drive[edit]

The PlayStation 3 disc drive is an all-in-one type allowing the use of different formats.

BD[edit]

Blu-ray disc read speed maximum is 2x (72 Mb/s [9 MB/s]), region coded type allowing the use of:

DVD[edit]

DVD disc read speed maximum is 8× (86.40 Mbit/s [10.8 MB/s]), region coded type allowing the use of:

CD[edit]

Compact Disc disc read speed maximum is 24× (29.49 Mbit/s [3.68 MB/s]), region coded type allowing the use of:

Official accessories[edit]

The PlayStation 3 Sixaxis[38] is a controller that is very similar in appearance to that of its predecessors, the DualShock and DualShock 2. The SIXAXIS features finer analog sensitivity;[39] more trigger-like R2 and L2 buttons; a PS (“home”) button; and a USB mini-B port for charging the internal battery and for wired play. The PlayStation 3 supports up to 7 simultaneous controllers over Bluetooth.[1] The Sixaxis is named for its ability to detect motion in the full six degrees. The Sixaxis controller also has no vibration feature.

At its press conference at the 2007 Tokyo Game Show, Sony announced the DualShock 3 (trademarked DUALSHOCK 3), a PlayStation 3 controller with the same function and design as the Sixaxis, but with vibration capability.[40] Hands-on accounts describe the controller as being slightly heavier than the standard Sixaxis controller, and capable of vibration forces comparable to the DualShock 2.[41]

The PlayStation 3 Memory Card Adaptor is a device that allows data to be transferred from PlayStation and PlayStation 2 memory cards to the PlayStation 3's hard disk. The device has a cable that connects to the PS3's USB port on one end, and features a legacy PS2 memory card port on the other end.

Using Bluetooth, the PlayStation 3 BD Remote allows users to control videos and music on Blu-ray Disc and DVD. In Japan, the device was available starting December 7, 2006. The PS3 will accept signals only via its Bluetooth Remote, as the console does not have an infrared receiver; this prevents the use of universal remotes with the system. The Blu-ray Disc movie Talladega Nights: The Ballad of Ricky Bobby was included with the initial 400,000 release copies of the PS3 in North America,[42] while the first 500,000 European PlayStation Network activations after launch received a free copy of the Blu-ray release of Casino Royale.[43]

On April 25, 2007, Sony announced the PlayStation Eye. This is an updated version of the PlayStation 2 peripheral, the EyeToy. The camera is capable of capturing 60 frames per second video at 640×480 resolution and 120  frame/s video at 320×240 resolution. The four-channel microphone on the Eye can block out background noise. The camera supports live video chat and voice chat without a headset, and was launched in the United States on October 23, 2007, for US$39.99,[44] and in Australia on November 8, 2007, for A$79.95.[45] It was also bundled with the card game The Eye of Judgment released in the United States on the same day as the camera itself for US$69.99,[46] and in Japan and Australia on October 25, 2007 for JP¥9,980[47] and A$159.95,[48] respectively.

Official PlayStation 3 HDMI and Component AV cables are also available for retail.

Backward compatibility[edit]

The PlayStation 3 does not include interfaces for legacy PlayStation peripherals, though IGN.com tested a legacy controller using a PS2-to-USB adapter, finding that it is compatible, though most other devices (such as the Guitar Hero controller) may not be compatible.[49] However, with the release of firmware 1.70 for the PlayStation 3, Sony has added support for previous Guitar Hero controllers with generic PS2-to-USB adapters (although the whammy bar is not functional). Nyko started production on the "Play Adaptor", a PS2-to-USB adapter allowing for guitars and other PlayStation 2 peripherals to be used on the PlayStation 3 and was scheduled for release in Q2/2007, but Nyko stated at the end of March that the production of this device had been postponed due to compatibility problems with the PS3.[50] The PS3 supports both the USB EyeToy camera/webcam and SOCOM Headset for video and voice chat. A memory card adapter is available so users can copy their old PS/PS2 game saves to a virtual memory card on the PS3’s hard drive.[51] The PlayStation 3 can also use Memory Sticks to store and save data for PlayStation and PlayStation 2 software.[52] New PlayStation 3 systems no longer support PS2 playback (whether through use of the Emotion Engine & Graphics Synthesizer hardware or through the Graphics Synthesizer and software emulation of the Emotion Engine) or Memory Cards.

References[edit]

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External links[edit]

Official websites

Auxiliary sites by Sony

Directories