Ravno, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Location of Ravno within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
|Country||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Entity||Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|• Municipality president||Andrija Šimunović (HDZ BiH)|
|• Total||286 km2 (110 sq mi)|
|Population (2013 census)|
|• Density||11,6/km2 (300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Area code(s)||+387 36|
Ravno is a village and the seat of its municipality in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is located in the Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina entity. Ravno was a separate county until 1963, when it became a part of the Trebinje municipality. In 1994, the border changed and Ravno became a municipality again. This time however, part of the frontier lands of Trebinje municipality were added as part of Ravno. When Ravno inherited part of the former Trebinje municipality it has an area of 447 km2 (173 sq mi). These added borderlands went under the title Travunian Marches (Trebinjska Krajina) and were mostly inhabited by Serbs.
The 1991 calculated census data for the municipality of Ravno (not existing at that time) is:
- 917 (51,77%) Serbs
- 800 (45,17%) Croats
- 21 (1,18%) Bosniaks
- 20 (1,12%) Yugoslavs
- 13 (0,73%) others and unknown
(together 1.771 inhabitants)
In 1991 there were 198 inhabitants in the village of Ravno itself, including:
- 173 (87.37%) Croats
- 16 (8.08%) Serbs
- 1 (0.50%) Bosniaks
- 5 (2.52%) Yugoslavs
- 3 (1.51%) others and unknown
Baljivac, Belenići, Bobovišta, Cicrina, Čavaš, Čopice, Čvaljina, Dvrsnica, Glavska, Golubinac, Gorogaše, Grebci, Ivanica, Kalađurđevići, Kijev Do, Kutina, Nenovići, Nevada, Orahov Do, Podosoje, Prosjek, Ravno, Rupni Do, Slavogostići, Slivnica Bobani, Slivnica Površ, Sparožići, Šćenica Bobani, Trebimlja, Trnčina, Uskoplje, Velja Međa, Vlaka, Vukovići, Začula, Zagradinje, Zaplanik and Zavala, and parts of settlements: Baonine, Orašje Popovo and Rapti Bobani.
Ravno during the Yugoslav Wars
Ravno again suffered heavy damage during the War in Bosnia and Herzegovina, when the majority of villages were destroyed. The area around Ravno was used as a corridor from where Dubrovnik county in Croatia was continuously attacked.
- Demografija Trebinja - Nacionalni sastav po naseljenim mjestima, 1991, reproduction of the 1991 census data at the Bosnian Wikipedia