Tuzlanski kanton (bs)
Tuzlanska županija (hr)
Тузлански кантон (sr)
Location of the Tuzla Canton
|Country||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Entity||Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|• Head of canton||Bahrija Umihanić|
|• Total||2,649.0 km2 (1,022.8 sq mi)|
|Population (2013 census)|
|• Density||180,17/km2 (46,660/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||BA-03|
The Tuzla Canton, officially the Tuzla Canton (Bosnian: Tuzlanski kanton) is the third of 10 cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, one of two entities in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The cantonal seat is in Tuzla.
The Tuzla Canton comprises the municipalities of Banovići, Čelić, Doboj Istok (Doboj East), Gradačac, Gračanica, Kladanj, Kalesija, Lukavac, Sapna, Srebrenik, Teočak and Živinice, as well as the city of Tuzla.
Geography and population
The area of the canton is 2,908 km². At the 1991 census, the area was populated by 949,621 people of which 60% were Bosniaks, 28% Serbs, 9% Croats, and the rest belonged to minority groups (Romani, Slovenes, Jews, Ukrainians, and self-proclaimed Yugoslavs, among others).
The second largest ethnic group is the Croat minority living mostly in Tuzla and in Živinice. The Serb minority lives predominantly in Tuzla, and the Romani population is mostly present in Tuzla but also in most of the other municipalities in smaller numbers.
History and culture
The canton was created by the Washington Agreement in 1994, and its boundaries defined by the Dayton Agreement in 1995.
Tuzla is the hip hop center of the Balkans due to Edo Maajka, Frenkie and the first hip hop station in Bosnia, which is located in Tuzla, FMJAM. Music artist guitarist Emir Hot, pianist Bešlić, accordionist Emir Vildić and violinist Selma Dizdarević are also from Tuzla. Famous singers Selma Bajrami and Lepa Brena were both born in Tuzla