Breza, Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Breza
View of the town.
View of the town.
Official seal of Breza
Seal
Location of Breza within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Location of Breza within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Country  Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity The Federation
Canton Zenica-Doboj Canton
Government
 • Municipality president Halil Tuzlić (Independent)[1]
Area
 • Total 72,9 km2 (281 sq mi)
Population (2013 census)
 • Total 14,564[2]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) 032[3]
Website http://www.opcinabreza.com/

Breza is a town and municipality in central Bosnia and Herzegovina, famous for the local mining activities and production of coal. It covers an area of 73 km2 (28 sq mi) and is part of the Zenica-Doboj Canton in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Total area of municipality of Breza is 83 square kilometers. It is located in the Zenica-Doboj Canton and it borders with four municipalities: Ilijaš, Kakanj, Vareš and Visoko. Its economic environment is based on coalmine, which was established in year 1907.

History[edit]

Breza as a settlement was first time mentioned in documents dating from the 2nd Century as Hedum Kastelum (Inhabited Castle). The ancient town was the capital of the infamous Daesitiates, an Ilyrian tribe which had most of the territory of modern central Bosnia under control before being crushed by the Romans.

Geography[edit]

Information from the last census held in October 2013 tell that the municipality has a population of 14,564 inhabitants.[4] Breza is sometimes visited from tourists who usually visit the old town or explore the hills surrounding the town. The whole municipality is wanted by foreign investors mainly because of its mining activities.

Education[edit]

The municipality has 3 primary schools and two secondary schools of which one is a Gymnasium and the other one is a technical/vocational school.[5][6]

Sport[edit]

Breza is famous for having one of the oldest clubs formed in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the football club "Rudar" was formed in 1924. The town is also famous for many local volleyball and basketball clubs.[7]

Places in the municipality[edit]

BanjevacBrezaBukovikBulbušićiGornja BrezaIzbodKameniceKoritnikMahalaMahmutovića RijekaNasićiOčevljeOrahovoPodgoraPotkrajPrhinjeSeoceSlivnoSmailbegovićiSmrekovicaSutješćicaTrtorićiVardišteVijesolićiVlahinjeVrbovikZaložjeŽupča.

Demographics[edit]

1971[edit]

In the 1971 census:

Ethnicity Population  %
Bosniaks 10,659 71.90%
Serbs 2,333 15.73%
Croats 1,446 9.75%
Yugoslavs 225 1.51%
Others 161 1.11%
Total: 14,824 100%

1991[edit]

In the 1991 census, the municipality of Breza had 17,317 residents:

Ethnicity Population  %
Bosniaks 13,079
Serbs 2,122
Croats 851
Others 1,265
Total: 17,317 100%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°01′16″N 18°15′40″E / 44.021°N 18.261°E / 44.021; 18.261