Renewable energy in Italy
Renewable energy primary consumption in Italy was 11.2 Mtoe of hydroelectricity:36 and 5.6 Mtoe (or 3.5% of world total) of other renewables in 2010, according to BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2011.:38 This was an increase of 22% over the previous year for renewables other than hydro.
Renewable electricity accounted for the 24.5% of all electric energy produced in Italy in 2011. This percentage is growing rapidly and reached 38.5% in 2013, when a spike in hydroelectric production contributed with more than 9 TWh. During the first quarter of 2014, renewables already generated 39,8% of all electric energy produced, and 49,1% during April.
Italy is experiencing a surge in renewable energy investments and production in latest years, especially in wind and solar energy. Total electricity produced from solar PV quintupled in 2011 compared to the previous year. This was mainly due to a drop in costs and to high incentives introduced since 2005. The Italian fossil fuel electricity generation sector is undergoing a profound crisis. Many Italian power plants burning fossil fuels are now running at half capacity and others are in the process of being shut down.
Current targets and progress
Italy has a 17 percent target in its total energy use set by the European Union for 2020. Italy may have to import renewable energy to meet these targets.
Italy has planned to subsidize electric cars. Transport accounts for a large amount of fossil fuel use so a quick transition to sustainable transport such as electric cars and trams will be a key element of transition to renewable energy use.
The Italian National Renewable Energy Action Plan has a target to reach the total share of renewable energies to 26%. 39% in the electricity sector, 17,09% in the heating/cooling sector and 14% in the transport sector by 2020.
On June 16, 2013, renewables covered 100% of the entire Italian electricity demand for 2 hours.
- "BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2011". BP. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
- The figure is based on gross generation from hydroelectric plants, converted on the basis of thermal equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency.
- The figure is based on gross generation from renewable sources including wind, geothermal, solar, biomass and waste produced in the country, converted on the basis of thermal equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency.
- "Rapporto Statistico 2011". Statistiche sulle fonti rinnovabili (in Italian). Gestore Servizi Energetici (GSE). Retrieved 28 March 2012.
- See also (in Italian): Conto energia.
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- Gestore dei Servizi Energetici (GSE) (Italian)