Roseland, New Jersey

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Roseland, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Roseland
Map of Roseland in Essex County. Inset: Location of Essex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Roseland in Essex County. Inset: Location of Essex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Roseland, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Roseland, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°49′11″N 74°18′37″W / 40.819861°N 74.310168°W / 40.819861; -74.310168Coordinates: 40°49′11″N 74°18′37″W / 40.819861°N 74.310168°W / 40.819861; -74.310168[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Essex
Incorporated March 10, 1908
Government[6]
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor John Duthie (term ends December 31, 2014)[3]
 • Administrator Thomas P. Kaczynski[4]
 • Clerk Margaret McCormack (acting)[5]
Area[1]
 • Total 3.560 sq mi (9.219 km2)
 • Land 3.539 sq mi (9.165 km2)
 • Water 0.021 sq mi (0.054 km2)  0.58%
Area rank 311th of 566 in state
12th of 22 in county[1]
Elevation[7] 239 ft (73 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10][11]
 • Total 5,819
 • Estimate (2013)[12] 5,799
 • Rank 354th of 566 in state
21st of 22 in county[13]
 • Density 1,644.4/sq mi (634.9/km2)
 • Density rank 319th of 566 in state
20th of 22 in county[13]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07068[14][15]
Area code(s) 973[16]
FIPS code 3401364590[1][17][18]
GNIS feature ID 0885378[1][19]
Website www.roselandnj.org

Roseland is a borough in western Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 5,819,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 521 (+9.8%) from the 5,298 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 451 (+9.3%) from the 4,847 counted in the 1990 Census.[20]

Roseland was incorporated as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 10, 1908, from portions of Livingston Township.[21]

New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Roseland as its 14th best place to live in its 2008 rankings of the "Best Places To Live" in New Jersey.[22]

Geography[edit]

Roseland is located at 40°49′11″N 74°18′37″W / 40.819861°N 74.310168°W / 40.819861; -74.310168 (40.819861,-74.310168). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 3.560 square miles (9.219 km2), of which, 3.539 square miles (9.165 km2) of it was land and 0.021 square miles (0.054 km2) of it (0.58%) of it was water.[1][2] Roseland is located about 20 miles (30 km) west of New York City. Roseland is part of the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 486
1920 609 25.3%
1930 1,058 73.7%
1940 1,556 47.1%
1950 2,019 29.8%
1960 2,804 38.9%
1970 4,453 58.8%
1980 5,330 19.7%
1990 4,847 −9.1%
2000 5,298 9.3%
2010 5,819 9.8%
Est. 2013 5,799 [12] −0.3%
Population sources:
1910-1920[23] 1910[24] 1910-1930[25]
1930-1990[26] 2000[27][28] 2010[8][9][10]

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 5,819 people, 2,345 households, and 1,667 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,644.4 per square mile (634.9/km2). There were 2,432 housing units at an average density of 687.3 per square mile (265.4/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 90.74% (5,280) White, 1.82% (106) Black or African American, 0.07% (4) Native American, 5.79% (337) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.50% (29) from other races, and 1.08% (63) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 4.50% (262) of the population.[8]

There were 2,345 households, of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.4% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.9% were non-families. 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.00.[8]

In the borough, 21.0% of the population were under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 20.8% from 25 to 44, 31.1% from 45 to 64, and 22.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46.7 years. For every 100 females there were 90.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.4 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $100,289 (with a margin of error of +/- $10,283) and the median family income was $116,118 (+/- $20,786). Males had a median income of $83,864 (+/- $16,862) versus $58,611 (+/- $12,592) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $53,042 (+/- $7,511). About 1.9% of families and 1.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.8% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.[29]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[17] there were 5,298 people, 2,142 households, and 1,525 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,463.6 people per square mile (565.1/km2). There were 2,187 housing units at an average density of 604.2 per square mile (233.3/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 93.43% White, 0.72% African American, 0.04% Native American, 4.72% Asian, 0.43% from other races, and 0.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.28% of the population.[27][28]

As of the 2000 Census, 32.0% of Roseland residents were of Italian ancestry, the 27th-highest percentage of any municipality in the United States, and 10th-highest in New Jersey, among all places with more than 1,000 residents identifying their ancestry.[30]

There were 2,142 households out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.8% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.8% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.99.[27][28]

In the borough the population was spread out with 20.6% under the age of 18, 4.2% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 29.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 85.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.6 males.[27][28]

The median income for a household in the borough was $82,499, and the median income for a family was $93,957. Males had a median income of $61,049 versus $41,688 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $41,415. None of the families and 1.7% of the population were living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 2.7% of those over 64.[27][28]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Roseland is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[6] The Borough form of government used by Roseland, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.[31][32][33]

As of 2014 The Mayor of Roseland is Republican John Duthie, whose term of office ends December 31, 2014.[34] Members of the Roseland Borough Council (with party, term-end year and committee chairmanships listed in parentheses) are Council President Mark Vidovich (R, 2014; Administration and Finance), David B. Jacobs (R, 2013; Public Safety), Richard Leonard (R, 2013; Capital Improvements), Peter M. Smith (R, 2015; Public Works), Michele Tolli (R, 2014; Public Affairs), Thomas V. Tsilionis (R, 2015; Recreation Committee / Communications & Technology).[35][36][37][38][39][40]

Public access television[edit]

The Borough of Roseland has three different cable television channels. On Comcast cable TV residents have Public-access television TV35. On Verizon FiOS residents have Public-access television TV46 and residents can access TV55on the borough's website.[41]

Communications and technology[edit]

The Communications and Technology Ad Hoc Committee is charged with providing the information technology and communications infrastructure for the Borough of Roseland. The primary focus is delivering communication, technology and network solutions that improve the Borough’s business practices.[42]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Roseland is located in the 11th Congressional District[43] and is part of New Jersey's 27th state legislative district.[9][44][45]

New Jersey's Eleventh Congressional District is represented by Rodney Frelinghuysen (R, Harding Township).[46] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[47][48] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[49][50]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 27th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Richard Codey (D, Roseland) and in the General Assembly by Mila Jasey (D, South Orange) and John F. McKeon (D, West Orange).[51][52] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[53] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[54]

Essex County is governed by a directly-elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by the Board of Chosen Freeholders.[55] As of 2014, the County Executive is Joseph N. DiVincenzo, Jr.[56] The county's Board of Chosen Freeholders consists of nine members, four elected on an at-large basis and one from each of five wards, who serve three-year terms of office on a concurrent basis, all of which end December 31, 2014.[55][57][58] Essex County's Freeholders are Freeholder President Blonnie R. Watson (at large; Newark)[59], Freeholder Vice President Patricia Sebold (at large; Livingston)[60], Rufus I. Johnson (at large; Newark)[61], Gerald W. Owens (At large; South Orange, filling the vacant seat after the resignation of Donald Payne, Jr.)[62] Rolando Bobadilla (District 1 - Newark's North and East Wards, parts of Central and West Wards; Newark)[63], D. Bilal Beasley (District 2 - Irvington, Maplewood and Newark's South Ward and parts of West Ward; Irvington)[64], Carol Y. Clark (District 3 - East Orange, Newark's West and Central Wards, Orange and South Orange; East Orange)[65] and Leonard M. Luciano (District 4 - Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Fairfield, Livingston, Millburn, North Caldwell, Roseland, Verona, West Caldwell and West Orange; West Caldwell),[66] and Brendan W. Gill (District 5 - Belleville, Bloomfield, Glen Ridge, Montclair and Nutley; Montclair).[67][68][69] Constitutional elected countywide are County Clerk Christopher J. Durkin (West Caldwell, 2015),[70] Sheriff Armando B. Fontoura (2015)[71] and Surrogate Theodore N. Stephens, II (2016).[72][57][73]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 4,686 registered voters in Roseland, of which 1,428 (30.5%) were registered as Democrats, 1,499 (32.0%) were registered as Republicans and 1,756 (37.5%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.[74]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 57.5% of the vote here (2,065 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 40.8% (1,466 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (29 votes), among the 3,593 ballots cast by the borough's 4,728 registered voters, for a turnout of 76.0%.[75] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 59.4% of the vote here (2,062 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 39.6% (1,376 votes) and other candidates with 0.5% (24 votes), among the 3,471 ballots cast by the borough's 4,425 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 78.4.[76]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 58.7% of the vote here (1,579 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 33.1% (891 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 7.2% (193 votes) and other candidates with 0.4% (11 votes), among the 2,691 ballots cast by the borough's 4,658 registered voters, yielding a 57.8% turnout.[77]

The dominant political party in Roseland is the Roseland Republican County Committee. The committee has two elected members (one female and one male) from every district.[78]

Education[edit]

The Roseland School District serves public school students in pre-Kindergarten through sixth grade at Lester C. Noecker Elementary School. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's one school had an enrollment of 485 students and 38.1 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.73:1.[79]

Students in public school for seventh through twelfth grades attend the West Essex Regional School District, a regional school district serving students from four municipalities in western Essex County. Communities served by the district's schools are Essex Fells, Fairfield, North Caldwell and Roseland.[80][81] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[82]) are West Essex Junior High School[83] (grades 7-8; 594 students) and West Essex High School[84] (grades 9-12; 1,023 students).[85]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of 2010, the borough had a total of 24.95 miles (40.15 km) of roadways, of which 14.08 miles (22.66 km) were maintained by the municipality, 8.31 miles (13.37 km) by Essex County and 2.56 miles (4.12 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[86]

Interstate 280 passes through the borough, connecting East Hanover Township and Livingston.[87]

Public transportation[edit]

New Jersey Transit offer bus service to Newark is available on the 71 route.[88]

History[edit]

Roseland was part of the Horseneck Tract, which was an area that consisted of what are now the municipalities of Caldwell, West Caldwell, North Caldwell, Fairfield, Verona, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Roseland, and portions of Livingston and West Orange.[89] In 1702, settlers purchased the 14,000 acres (57 km2) Horseneck Tract — so-called because of its irregular shape that suggested a horse's neck and head — from the Lenni Lenape Native Americans for goods equal to $325. This purchase encompassed much of western Essex County, from the First Mountain to the Passaic River.[90]

Originally named Centerville, the name of the town was changed to Roseland to avoid confusion with the several other Centervilles spread across the state.[91]

One of the most notable places of interest in the town was the Becker Farm Railroad, otherwise known as the Centerville & Southwestern Railroad. Located on the Becker Farm (on what is now a large business complex, which comprises more than half of the total area within the town), a miniature railroad operated from 1938 until 1972. Some vestiges of the railroad still exist.[92]

Corporate residents[edit]

Companies based in Roseland include Automatic Data Processing,[93] law firms Lowenstein Sandler[94] and Connell Foley,[95] Curtiss-Wright, and pharmaceutical company Organon International, which opened its worldwide headquarters here in 2003.[96]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Roseland include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 13, 2013.
  4. ^ Roseland Borough Administration, Borough of Roseland. Accessed August 19, 2013.
  5. ^ Contact Information, Borough of Roseland. Accessed August 19, 2013.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 125.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Roseland, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 11, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Roseland borough, Essex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed April 2, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 13. Accessed January 6, 2013.
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  14. ^ Look Up a ZIP Cod for Roseland, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed January 22, 2012.
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  27. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Roseland borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 17, 2013.
  28. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Roseland borough, Essex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 17, 2013.
  29. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Roseland borough, Essex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed April 2, 2012.
  30. ^ Italian Communities, EPodunk. Accessed June 9, 2007.
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  33. ^ Form of Government, Borough of Roseland. Accessed August 19, 2013.
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  40. ^ Burke, Edward A. "Leonard, Jacobs are sworn in twice in Roseland", The Progress News, January 8, 2014. Accessed August 13, 2014. "With a snowstorm getting under way Thursday evening, Jan. 2, Republican Councilmen Richard N. Leonard and David B. Jacobs, each re-elected to three-year terms, chose two venues for their swearing-in ceremonies: the first was a celebratory site, The Solana senior living center on Eagle Rock Avenue, followed by the official Borough Hall site."
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  63. ^ Rolando Bobadilla, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 9, 2014.
  64. ^ D. Bilal Beasley, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 9, 2014.
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  81. ^ Home page, West Essex Regional School District, backed up by the Internet Archive as of December 24, 2011. Accessed August 13, 2014. "The West Essex Regional School District is proud to celebrate 50 years of providing excellent educational opportunities for the students of Fairfield, Essex Fells, North Caldwell and Roseland. West Essex will be coordinating efforts to celebrate this golden anniversary as we move through 2011."
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  89. ^ Lurie, Maxine N.; and Mappen, Marc. "Essex County", Encyclopedia of New Jersey, p. 256. Rutgers University Press, 2004. ISBN 0-8135-3325-2. Accessed November 10, 2011. "The Horseneck Tract, present-day West Caldwell, North Caldwell, Caldwell, Verona, Cedar Grove, Fairfield, Essex Fells, Roseland and Livingston, separated from Newark in 1798."
  90. ^ Becker Park, Essex County Department of Parks, Recreation, and Cultural Affairs. Accessed November 10, 2011. "Originally a piece of the Horseneck Tract and later part of Caldwell. By the late nineteenth century approximately half of its acreage was covered by the Becker Dairy Farm. It separated from Caldwell during the early 20th century and became a borough in 1908."
  91. ^ Read, Philip. "N.J. man works to bring steam-powered Locomotive 1501 back to Roseland", The Star-Ledger, August 8, 2010. Accessed November 10, 2011. "Much of the railroad in Centerville — which was Roseland’s name until 1908 — is now with the Phillipsburg Rail Road Historians in Warren County, which runs some of the diesels on a short stretch of track."
  92. ^ Annan-Brady, Rita. "Roseland’s Becker Farm Railroad Rolls On In Phillipsburg", The Progress, August 13, 2010. Accessed November 10, 2011. "Area residents who remember fondly the Becker Farm Railroad, also known as the Centerville and Southwestern Railroad, which ran on the Becker Farm in Roseland, may want to travel west for a bit of nostalgia the first Sunday in September."
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  94. ^ Offices, Lowenstein Sandler. Accessed August 13, 2014.
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