Belleville, New Jersey

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Belleville, New Jersey
Township
Township of Belleville
Nickname(s): Cherry Blossom Capital of America
Map of Essex County showing the location of Belleville Township. Inset: Location of Essex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Essex County showing the location of Belleville Township. Inset: Location of Essex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Belleville, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Belleville, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°47′44″N 74°09′43″W / 40.795515°N 74.16185°W / 40.795515; -74.16185Coordinates: 40°47′44″N 74°09′43″W / 40.795515°N 74.16185°W / 40.795515; -74.16185[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Essex
Incorporated April 8, 1839
Government[6]
 • Type Faulkner Act (Council-Manager)
 • Mayor Raymond Kimble (term ends June 30, 2014)[3]
 • Manager Kevin M. Esposito (interim)[4]
 • Clerk Kelly Cavanagh[5]
Area[2]
 • Total 3.399 sq mi (8.805 km2)
 • Land 3.340 sq mi (8.651 km2)
 • Water 0.059 sq mi (0.154 km2)  1.74%
Area rank 317th of 566 in state
14th of 22 in county[2]
Elevation [7] 161 ft (49 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10][11]
 • Total 35,926
 • Estimate (2013[12]) 36,168
 • Rank 64th of 566 in state
7th of 22 in county[13]
 • Density 10,755.7/sq mi (4,152.8/km2)
 • Density rank 31st of 566 in state
5th of 22 in county[13]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07109[14][15]
Area code(s) 862/973
FIPS code 3401304695[16][2][17]
GNIS feature ID 1729713[18][2]
Website www.bellevillenj.org

Belleville (French: "Belle ville" meaning "Beautiful town"[19]) is a township in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 35,926,[9][10][20] reflecting a decline of 2 (0.0%) from the 35,928 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,715 (+5.0%) from the 34,213 counted in the 1990 Census.[21]

Silver Lake (2010 total population of 4,243[22]) is a census-designated place and unincorporated area defined by the United States Census Bureau as of the 2010 Census that is split between Belleville (with 3,769 of the CDP's residents) and Bloomfield (474 of the total).[23]

History[edit]

Originally known as "Second River" or "Washington", the inhabitants renamed the settlement "Belleville" in 1797.[24] Belleville was originally incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 8, 1839, from portions of Bloomfield. Portions of the township were taken to create Woodside Township (March 24, 1869, now defunct) and Franklin Township (February 18, 1874, now known as Nutley). The independent municipality of Belleville city was created within the township on March 27, 1874, and was dissolved on February 22, 1876. On November 16, 1910, Belleville was reincorporated as a town, based on the results of a referendum held eight days earlier.[25] Belleville adopted its current township form of government in 1981.[26]

Frankie Valli and the band The Four Seasons formed in Belleville.[27]

Geography[edit]

Belleville is located at 40°47′44″N 74°09′43″W / 40.795515°N 74.16185°W / 40.795515; -74.16185 (40.795515,-74.16185). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 3.399 square miles (8.805 km2), of which, 3.340 square miles (8.651 km2) of it was land and 0.059 square miles (0.154 km2) of it (1.74%) was water.[1][2] Today, the Second River forms much of the border between Belleville and Newark as it runs through Branch Brook Park.

The township of Belleville has given itself the nickname the Cherry Blossom Capital of America, with an annual display that is larger than the famed Tidal Basin in Washington, D.C., site of the National Cherry Blossom Festival.[28][29]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 2,466
1850 3,514 42.5%
1860 3,969 12.9%
1870 3,644 * −8.2%
1880 3,004 * −17.6%
1890 3,487 16.1%
1900 5,987 71.7%
1910 9,891 65.2%
1920 15,660 58.3%
1930 26,974 72.2%
1940 28,167 4.4%
1950 32,019 13.7%
1960 35,005 9.3%
1970 37,629 7.5%
1980 35,367 −6.0%
1990 34,213 −3.3%
2000 35,928 5.0%
2010 35,926 0.0%
Est. 2013 36,168 [12] 0.7%
Population sources:
1840-1920[30] 1840[31] 1850-1870[32]
1850[33] 1870[34] 1880-1890[35]
1890-1910[36] 1910-1930[37]
1930-1990[38] 2000[20][39] 2010[8][9][10]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[25]

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 35,926 people, 13,395 households, and 9,001 families residing in the township. The population density was 10,755.7 per square mile (4,152.8 /km2). There were 14,327 housing units at an average density of 4,289.3 per square mile (1,656.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 60.55% (21,753) White, 9.12% (3,277) Black or African American, 0.35% (126) Native American, 12.00% (4,312) Asian, 0.05% (18) Pacific Islander, 13.97% (5,018) from other races, and 3.96% (1,422) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 39.34% (14,133) of the population.[8]

There were 13,395 households, of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.3% were married couples living together, 16.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.8% were non-families. 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.29.[8]

In the township, 21.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 31.1% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.2 years. For every 100 females there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.0 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $60,127 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,658) and the median family income was $69,181 (+/- $4,525). Males had a median income of $46,656 (+/- $2,959) versus $42,237 (+/- $2,818) for females. The per capita income for the township was $2,668 (+/- $1,357). About 3.7% of families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.0% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over.[40]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 35,928 people, 13,731 households, and 9,089 families residing in the township. The population density was 10,744.3 people per square mile (4,153.3/km2). There were 14,144 housing units at an average density of 4,229.8 per square mile (1,635.0/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 69.44% White, 5.36% African American, 0.17% Native American, 11.31% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 9.83% from other races, and 3.82% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23.68% of the population.[20][39]

As of the 2000 Census, the most common ancestries listed were Italian (30.9%), Irish (9.4%), German (6.9%), Polish (4.5%), United States (2.6%) and English (2.2%).[20][41]

There were 13,731 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.0% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.8% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.23.[20][39]

In the township the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 33.9% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.[20][39]

The median income for a household in the township was $48,576, and the median income for a family was $55,212. Males had a median income of $38,074 versus $31,729 for females. The per capita income for the township was $22,093. About 6.3% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.[20][39]

Government[edit]

Town hall

Local government[edit]

Belleville is governed under the Faulkner Act (Council-Manager) form of New Jersey municipal government by a seven-member Township Council. Two members of the council are elected at-large, one is elected as a mayor, and one each from four wards. Members are elected to serve four-year terms of office on a staggered basis.[6]

As of 2013, members of the Belleville Township Council are Mayor Raymond Kimble (term ends June 30, 2014), Deputy Mayor Michael Nicosia (at-large; 2014), Marie Burke (Ward 1; 2016), Vincent Cozzarelli (Ward 3; 2016), Kevin G. Kennedy (at-large; 2014), John Notari (Ward 4; 2016) and Steven Rovell (Ward 2; 2016).[42] The Interim Township Manager is Kevin M. Esposito.[4][43]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Belleville is located in the 8th Congressional District[44] and is part of New Jersey's 29th state legislative district.[9][45][46] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Belleville had been in the 28th state legislative district.[47]

New Jersey's Eighth Congressional District is represented by Albio Sires (D, West New York).[48] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[49][50] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[51][52]

The 29th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Teresa Ruiz (D, Newark) and in the General Assembly by Eliana Pintor-Marin (D, Newark) and L. Grace Spencer (D, Newark).[53] Pintor-Marin was named to fill the vacant seat of Alberto Coutinho, who resigned from office on September 11, 2013.[54] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[55] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[56]

Essex County is governed by a directly-elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by the Board of Chosen Freeholders.[57] As of 2014, the County Executive is Joseph N. DiVincenzo, Jr.[58] The county's Board of Chosen Freeholders consists of nine members, four elected on an at-large basis and one from each of five wards, who serve three-year terms of office on a concurrent basis, all of which end December 31, 2014.[57][59][60] Essex County's Freeholders are Freeholder President Blonnie R. Watson (at large; Newark)[61], Freeholder Vice President Patricia Sebold (at large; Livingston)[62], Rufus I. Johnson (at large; Newark)[63], Gerald W. Owens (At large; South Orange, filling the vacant seat after the resignation of Donald Payne, Jr.)[64] Rolando Bobadilla (District 1 - Newark's North and East Wards, parts of Central and West Wards; Newark)[65], D. Bilal Beasley (District 2 - Irvington, Maplewood and Newark's South Ward and parts of West Ward; Irvington)[66], Carol Y. Clark (District 3 - East Orange, Newark's West and Central Wards, Orange and South Orange; East Orange)[67] and Leonard M. Luciano (District 4 - Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Fairfield, Livingston, Millburn, North Caldwell, Roseland, Verona, West Caldwell and West Orange; West Caldwell),[68] and Brendan W. Gill (District 5 - Belleville, Bloomfield, Glen Ridge, Montclair and Nutley; Montclair).[69][70][71] Constitutional elected countywide are County Clerk Christopher J. Durkin (West Caldwell, 2015),[72] Sheriff Armando B. Fontoura (2015)[73] and Surrogate Theodore N. Stephens, II (2016).[74][59][75]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 19,684 registered voters in Belleville, of which 7,241 (36.8%) were registered as Democrats, 2,708 (13.8%) were registered as Republicans and 9,729 (49.4%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 6 voters registered to other parties.[76]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 56.9% of the vote here (7,475 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 41.4% (5,444 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (110 votes), among the 13,135 ballots cast by the township's 19,378 registered voters, for a turnout of 67.8%.[77] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 50.6% of the vote here (6,046 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 48.0% (5,728 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (130 votes), among the 11,940 ballots cast by the township's 17,411 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 68.6.[78]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 50.7% of the vote here (3,626 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 42.6% (3,041 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 4.6% (329 votes) and other candidates with 1.0% (72 votes), among the 7,146 ballots cast by the Township's 19,313 registered voters, yielding a 37.0% turnout.[79]

Education[edit]

School Number 7

The Belleville School District serves public school students in kindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[80]) are seven elementary schools — School 3[81] (grades K-6; 426 students), School 4[82] (PreK-6; 431), School 5[83] (K-6; 444) School 7[84] (PreK-6; 408), School 8[85] (K-6; 589), School 9[86] (K-6; 171) and School 10[87] (198) — Belleville Middle School[88] for grades 7&8 (676), and Belleville High School[89] for grades 9–12 (1,395).[90][91]

The Belleville Public Library and Information Center had a collection of 105,452 volumes and is a member of the Bergen County Cooperative Library System, a consortium of municipal libraries in the northeastern New Jersey counties of Bergen, Hudson, Passaic and Essex.[92]

Transportation[edit]

Route 7 and New Jersey Route 21 as well as County Route 506 all pass through Belleville. The Belleville Turnpike Bridge (also known as the Rutgers Street Bridge) crosses the Passaic River, connecting Belleville to North Arlington. The bridge was formally renamed on July 4, 2013, as the "Lance Corporal Osbrany Montes de Oca Memorial Bridge" in memory of a United States Marine Corps soldier killed in February 2012 while serving in Afghanistan.[93][94]

The Silver Lake station on the Newark City Subway provides service to Newark Penn Station. Until 1966, the Newark Branch of the Erie-Lackawanna Railroad (EL) provided stations at Belleville and Cleveland Street. The New York and Greenwood Lake Railway, later the Boonton Line, also served the township.[95]

New Jersey Transit bus service is available to and from Newark on the 13, 27, 72, 74, 90, 92, 93 and 94 bus lines.[96]

Places of interest[edit]

Military monument, Second River Dutch Church
  • Clara Maass Medical Center is a 469-bed teaching hospital that is part of the Barnabas Health system, originally founded in 1868 as Newark German Hospital, and named for Clara Maass, a nurse who died after volunteering for medical experiments to study yellow fever[97]
  • Reformed Dutch Church of Second River - The church's original building was constructed in 1697 and replaced in 1725. A new structure was erected in 1807 after a tornado destroyed the previous church building, and the current church dates to 1853. More than 60 Continental Army soldiers are buried in the cemetery that adjoins the church.[98][99]

Belleville locations in The Sopranos[edit]

  • Episode 3 ("Denial, Anger, Acceptance"): Christopher Moltisanti's "mock execution" is on the pier in the Passaic River used by Belleville High School's crew team.
  • Episode 28 ("Proshai, Livushka"): Livia Soprano's funeral is held at the Irvine-Cozzarelli Memorial Home, across the street from Belleville Middle School on Washington Avenue.
  • Season 4- Even though Furio Giunta's house was stated to be in Nutley, its actual location was Belleville on Essex Street.
  • Episode 54 ("Rat Pack"): Junior gets lost and tells the policemen who find him that he lives in Belleville.
  • Episode 76 ("Cold Stones"): Rosalie Aprile briefly dates a much younger French motorcyclist named Michel, who hails from Belleville, Paris. Ro expresses a particular sense of kinship with Michel given his connection to a town with the same name as the New Jersey town where members of her inner circle live (e.g., Corrado Soprano) and do business (e.g., the Irvine-Cozzarelli Memorial Home).

1996 Torch Relay[edit]

On June 18, 1996, the Olympic Torch Relay came through the township of Belleville. The relay entered Belleville from Rutgers, made a left onto Washington Avenue, passing the Belleville Town Hall, a right onto Belleville Avenue and stayed on Belleville into the township of Bloomfield. The torch relay ended at Atlanta, Georgia for the 1996 Summer Olympics.

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Belleville include:

Belleville characters in The Sopranos[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 6, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ a b Elected Officials, Township of Belleville. Accessed August 21, 2013.
  5. ^ Township Ordinances, Township of Belleville. Accessed July 11, 2012.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 128.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Belleville, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 4, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Belleville township, Essex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 1, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 13. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Belleville township, Essex County, New Jersey, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed March 3, 2012.
  11. ^ Census 2010: Essex County, Asbury Park Press. Accessed June 3, 2011.
  12. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  13. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 4, 2012.
  14. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Belleville, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 8, 2011.
  15. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 21, 2013.
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  19. ^ BELLEVILLE HISTORY: PEOPLE AND EVENTS , Westfield Historical Society. Accessed November 8, 2011. "Belleville, a place carrying the French name for 'beautiful town,' stands on the west bank of the Passaic River in Essex County, New Jersey."
  20. ^ a b c d e f g Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Belleville township, Essex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 3, 2012.
  21. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 11, 2012.
  22. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Silver Lake - Essex CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 4, 2012.
  23. ^ New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), United States Census Bureau, August 2012, p. III-3. Accessed November 4, 2012. "Silver Lake (formed from parts of deleted whole-township Belleville and Bloomfield CDPs)"
  24. ^ "BELLEVILLE HISTORY: PEOPLE AND EVENTS - A TOWN GETS ITS NAME", Belleville Public Library and Information Center, last updated July 9, 2007. Accessed November 8, 2011.
  25. ^ a b "The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606–1968", John P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 125.
  26. ^ Karcher, Alan J. (1998). New Jersey's Multiple Municipal Madness. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press. p. 120. ISBN 978-0-8135-2566-2. 
  27. ^ Rotella, Mark. "Straight Out of Newark", The New York Times, October 2, 2005. Accessed March 3, 2012. "You remember the Four Seasons, right? Their sound, the wail of Frankie Valli - "She-e-e-e-e-e-ry baby" - layered over solid three-part harmonies, was the music of the streets of urban New Jersey and New York. It was the sound of the projects of Newark and the poor Italian neighborhoods of Belleville... Sitting in the Waldorf-Astoria in a polo shirt and leather loafers, he was describing his neighborhood in Belleville in the 1950's when he, his brother Nick, and a friend named Nick Massi first formed the Variety Trio, then the Varietones." During World War II Belleville was a major supporter to the German, Nazi party. The town held rallies and fund raisers and was actually threatened with war by the United States to cease all political activity. The current Mayor John Gibbin outlawed any political movement for the remaineder of the war.
  28. ^ A HISTORY OF BRANCH BROOK'S CHERRY BLOSSOMS - Belleville: The Cherry Blossom Capital of America, Belleville Public Library and Information Center. Accessed November 8, 2011.
  29. ^ Staff. "Editorial: Give Belleville tourists reason to stay", Belleville Times, April 21, 2011. Accessed April 21, 2011. Accessed November 8, 2011. "Each spring, people flock to Essex County's Cherry Blossom Festival in Branch Brook Park. The county park system has the largest variety of blossoms in the world.... Belleville already promotes itself as a cherry blossom capital, but perhaps more could be done, especially this time of year, when so many people descend on Branch Brook Park. It's one of the few major events attracting people outside the area to Belleville."
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  51. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
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  54. ^ Giambusso, David. "Eliana Pintor Marin will replace Essex Assemblyman Coutinho", The Star-Ledger, September 11, 2013. Accessed October 3, 2013. "Hours after state Assemblyman Al Coutinho (D-Essex) tendered his resignation today, party leaders gathered in Newark's ornate Mediterranean Manor to vote for his replacement, Eliana Pintor Marin.... Coutinho stepped down abruptly today amid an investigation into a family foundation started by his father Bernardino Coutinho. Pintor Marin will fill out the remainder of his term in the Assembly and will replace him on the ballot in November."
  55. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  56. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  57. ^ a b General Information, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 9, 2014. "The Board of Chosen Freeholders consists of nine members, five of whom are elected from districts and four of whom are elected at-large. They are elected for three-year concurrent terms and may be re-elected to successive terms at the annual election in November."
  58. ^ Essex County Executive, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 9, 2014.
  59. ^ a b Essex County Elected Officials, Essex County Clerk, as of February 2012. Accessed July 9, 2014.
  60. ^ Definition of a Freeholder, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 9, 2014.
  61. ^ Blonnie R. Watson, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 9, 2014.
  62. ^ Patricia Sebold, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 9, 2014.
  63. ^ Rufus I. Johnson, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 9, 2014.
  64. ^ Lee, Eunice. "Labor leader from South Orange tapped as new Essex County freeholder", The Star-Ledger, December 19, 2012. Accessed July 9, 2014. "A longtime labor union leader from South Orange was sworn in this afternoon as the newest Essex County freeholder.Gerald Owens, 74, is a general organizer for the International Longshoremen's Association.... Owens is filling the seat vacated by former at-large freeholder Donald Payne Jr., who stepped down from the post last month after securing the 10th Congressional District seat left open by his late father."
  65. ^ Rolando Bobadilla, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 9, 2014.
  66. ^ D. Bilal Beasley, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 9, 2014.
  67. ^ Carol Y. Clark, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 9, 2014.
  68. ^ Leonard M. Luciano, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 9, 2014.
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