Montclair, New Jersey

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Montclair, New Jersey
Township
Township of Montclair
Panoramic view of Montclair, New Jersey
Panoramic view of Montclair, New Jersey
Official seal of Montclair, New Jersey
Seal
Map of Montclair in Essex County. Inset: Location of Essex County in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Montclair in Essex County. Inset: Location of Essex County in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Montclair, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Montclair, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°49′28″N 74°12′44″W / 40.824415°N 74.212352°W / 40.824415; -74.212352Coordinates: 40°49′28″N 74°12′44″W / 40.824415°N 74.212352°W / 40.824415; -74.212352[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Essex
Incorporated April 15, 1868 (as township)
Reincorporated February 24, 1894 (as town)
Government[6]
 • Type Faulkner Act (Council-Manager)
 • Mayor Robert D. Jackson (term ends June 30, 2016)[3]
 • Manager Marc D. Dashield[4]
 • Clerk Linda S. Wanat[5]
Area[2]
 • Total 6.315 sq mi (16.357 km2)
 • Land 6.308 sq mi (16.339 km2)
 • Water 0.007 sq mi (0.018 km2)  0.11%
Area rank 250th of 566 in state
6th of 22 in county[2]
Elevation[7] 299 ft (91 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 37,669
 • Estimate (2012[11]) 37,851
 • Rank 60th of 566 in state
6th of 22 in county[12]
 • Density 5,971.2/sq mi (2,305.5/km2)
 • Density rank 85th of 566 in state
10th of 22 in county[12]
Demonym Montclarian
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 07042-07044[13][14]
Area code(s) 973[15]
FIPS code 3401347500[16][2][17]
GNIS feature ID 1729720[18][2]
Website www.montclairnjusa.org

Montclair (/mɒntˈklɛər/ or /mɒŋˈklɛər/) is a suburban township in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 37,669,[8][9][10] reflecting a decline of 1,308 (-3.4%) from the 38,977 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,248 (+3.3%) from the 37,729 counted in the 1990 Census.[19] As of 2010 it was the 60th-most-populous municipality by population in New Jersey.[20]

Montclair was first formed as a Township on April 15, 1868, from portions of Bloomfield Township,[21] so that a railroad could be built to Montclair. After a referendum held on February 21, 1894, Montclair was reincorporated as a Town, effective February 24, 1894.[22] In the late 1970s, after protesting for years at the inequities built into the formulas, Montclair joined several other communities to qualify for a pool of federal aid allocated only to Townships, that allowed townships to receive as much as double the revenue-sharing aid per capita received by the four other types of New Jersey municipalities — Borough, City, Town or Village.[23][24]

Climate[edit]

Montclair has a temperate climate, with warm / hot humid summers and cool / cold winters, according to the Köppen climate classification humid subtropical climate. January tends to be the coldest month, with average high temperatures in the upper 30s Fahrenheit and lows averaging 21. July, the warmest month, features high temperatures in the mid 80s and lows in the 70s, the average high is at 86 Fahrenheit. From April to June and from September to early November, Montclair experiences temperatures from the lower 60s to the lower 70s.

Montclair gets on average 44 inches (1,100 mm) of rain per year, above the US average of 37 inches (940 mm). Snowfall is common from December to early March, at about 30 inches (760 mm) annually. The number of days each year in Montclair with any measurable precipitation is 90; the area has an average of 202 sunny days.

Montclair is one or two degrees warmer than the neighboring towns of Verona and Cedar Grove because of the mountain between them, which sometimes blocks winds and clouds, including warmer air from the ocean to the east.

Geography[edit]

Skyline of New York City from Montclair at the start of the Watchung Mountains
A mural of the road map of Montclair from 1857, when it was known as West Bloomfield.

Montclair is located at 40°49′28″N 74°12′44″W / 40.824415°N 74.212352°W / 40.824415; -74.212352 (40.824415,-74.212352). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 6.315 square miles (16.357 km2), of which, 6.308 square miles (16.339 km2) of it was land and 0.007 square mile (0.018 km2) of it (0.11%) was water.[1][2]

Montclair is located on the First Mountain of the Watchung Mountains. Most of the township stands on the east side of this ridge. Thus, many locations provide excellent views of the surrounding area and of the New York City skyline about 12 miles (19 km) away. Since the formation of Montclair, the western border on that mountain with Verona, West Orange, and Cedar Grove has moved slightly eastward, making the township slightly smaller.

Montclair citizens use two main ZIP codes. The central and southern parts of the township are designated 07042. The portion of Montclair north of Watchung Avenue has a separate ZIP code, 07043, and is known as Upper Montclair. Because the ZIP codes do not exactly match municipal boundaries, a few homes near the borders with neighboring towns fall into the ZIP codes for those communities. A few homes in some adjoining municipalities use one of the two ZIP codes assigned to Montclair, as does HackensackUMC Mountainside (07042, formerly known as Mountainside Hospital), whose campus straddles the border with Glen Ridge.[25][26] Small areas in the southeast of the township fall into the Glen Ridge ZIP code 07028.

Several streams flow eastward through Montclair: Toney's Brook in the center, Nishuane Brook in the southeast, the Wigwam Brook in the southwest, the Pearl Brook in the northwest, and the Yantacaw Brook in the northeast - all in the Passaic River watershed. The Yantacaw and Toney's brooks are dammed in parks to create ponds. The Wigwam, Nishuane, and Toney's brook flow into the Second River, and the others flow into the Third River. Formerly, north of Bloomfield Avenue between Grove Street and Pine Street there was another dam and another pond, powering a factory. Montclair lies just north of the northernmost extent of the Rahway River watershed.

The Southern border of Montclair is a straight line between the Eagle Rock, on the ridge of the First Watchung Mountain, and the point where Orange Road crosses the Nishuane Brook. The western border runs roughly along the ridge of the First Watchung Mountain between the Eagle Rock and the Essex County/Passaic County Border. The northern border is the same as the border between those two counties.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 2,853
1880 5,147 80.4%
1890 8,636 67.8%
1900 13,962 61.7%
1910 21,550 54.3%
1920 28,810 33.7%
1930 42,017 45.8%
1940 39,807 −5.3%
1950 43,927 10.3%
1960 43,129 −1.8%
1970 44,043 2.1%
1980 38,321 −13.0%
1990 37,729 −1.5%
2000 38,977 3.3%
2010 37,669 −3.4%
Est. 2012 37,851 [11] 0.5%
Population sources: 1870-1920[27]
1870-1910[28] 1870[29][30] 1880-1890[31]
1890-1910[32] 1900-1930[33]
1930-1990[34] 2000[35][36] 2010[8][9][10]

Montclair has long highlighted its diversity, a feature that has attracted many to the community.[37]

As of 2012, 32.61% of the population are Catholic, 8.35% in Montclair are Jewish and 2.43% affiliate with Islam, with a small percentage of other denominations.[38] Proportionally, there are more Muslims, Jews, and Catholics than the country's average.

Montclair has attracted many who work for major media organizations in New York City, including The New York Times and Newsweek. A March 11, 2007, posting in the blog Gawker.com listed some of those who work in the media and live in Montclair.[39] In it also live many commuters to New York City and the Metro Area.

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 37,669 people, 15,089 households, and 9,446 families residing in the township. The population density was 5,971.2 per square mile (2,305.5 /km2). There were 15,911 housing units at an average density of 2,522.2 per square mile (973.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 62.16% (23,416) White, 27.16% (10,230) Black or African American, 0.16% (59) Native American, 3.81% (1,434) Asian, 0.02% (9) Pacific Islander, 2.19% (826) from other races, and 4.50% (1,695) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 7.46% (2,810) of the population.[8]

There were 15,089 households, of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.15.[8]

In the township, 25.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 30.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.9 years. For every 100 females there were 87.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.2 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $95,696 (with a margin of error of +/- $5,396) and the median family income was $126,983 (+/- $8,950). Males had a median income of $83,589 (+/- $5,955) versus $66,063 (+/- $3,616) for females. The per capita income for the township was $53,572 (+/- $2,671). About 4.6% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.0% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.[40]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 38,977 people, 15,020 households, and 9,687 families residing in the township. The population density was 6,183.6 people per square mile (2,388.7/km2). There were 15,531 housing units at an average density of 2,464.0 per square mile (951.8/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 59.77% White, 32.06% African American, 3.15% Asian,0.19% Native American, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.77% from other races, and 3.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.12% of the population.[35][36]

There were 15,020 households out of which 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.5% were non-families. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.16.[35][36]

In the township the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 86.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.7 males.[35][36]

The median income for a household in the township was $74,894, and the median income for a family was $96,252. Males had a median income of $64,151 versus $43,520 for females. The per capita income for the township was $44,870. About 3.9% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.[35][36]

Government[edit]

Montclair Municipal Building, the town's government building

Local government[edit]

Montclair is governed under the Council-Manager plan 13 form of municipal government under the Faulkner Act, whose originator was a former mayor of Montclair, as implemented on July 1, 1988, by council-implemented action.[41] The government consists of a mayor and a six-member Township Council. The mayor and council are all elected to four-year terms in nonpartisan elections on a concurrent basis. The mayor and two council seats are elected at-large, with four council seats elected from each of four wards.[6] A deputy mayor is selected from the six council members, and this position is largely ceremonial.

Though the Mayor has no executive powers, the Mayor presides over council meetings and has both a voice and vote in its proceedings. The Mayor appoints members to many local governing groups, most notably the board of education.[42]

As of 2013, members of the Montclair Township Council are Mayor Robert D. Jackson, Deputy Mayor Robert J. Russo (At-Large), Dr. Renée E. Baskerville (Fourth Ward), William L. Hurlock (First Ward), Rich McMahon (At-Large), Robin Schlager (Second Ward) and Sean Spiller (Third Ward), all of whom serve terms of office that end on June 30, 2016.[43]

In elections held on May 8, 2012, Robert D. Jackson won election as mayor, defeating Karen Turner and Harvey Susswein.[44] Almost all of Jackson's Montclair 2012 slate also won office, with Rich McMahon and former Mayor Robert Russo winning the two at-large seats, Robin Schlager winning the Second Ward and Sean Spiller taking the Third Ward. For Montclair's Bill Hurlock won the First Ward seat and incumbent councilwoman Dr. Renée Baskerville, who ran as an independent, won the Fourth Ward seat. The new council took office on July 1, 2012. Russo was chosen by the council to be deputy mayor, succeeding Kathryn Weller-Demming.[45]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Logo of Montclair, depicting the letter 'l' as the memorial obelisk in Edgemont Memorial Park.

Montclair is split between the 10th and 11th Congressional Districts[46] and is part of New Jersey's 34th state legislative district.[9][47][48] Prior to the 2010 Census, Montclair had been part of the 8th Congressional District and the 10th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[49] The split that took effect in 2013 placed 26,730 residents living in the township's southern section in the 10th District, while 11,299 residents in the northern portions of the township were placed in the 11th District.[46][50]

New Jersey's Tenth Congressional District is represented by Donald Payne, Jr. (D, Newark).[51] New Jersey's Eleventh Congressional District is represented by Rodney Frelinghuysen (R, Harding Township).[52] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[53][54] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[55][56]

The 34th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nia Gill (D, Montclair) and in the General Assembly by Thomas P. Giblin (D, Montclair) and Sheila Y. Oliver (D, East Orange).[57] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[58] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[59]

Essex County is governed by a directly-elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by the Board of Chosen Freeholders.[60] As of 2014, the County Executive is Joseph N. DiVincenzo, Jr.[61] The county's Board of Chosen Freeholders consists of nine members, four elected on an at-large basis and one from each of five wards, who serve three-year terms of office on a concurrent basis, all of which end December 31, 2014.[60][62][63] Essex County's Freeholders are Freeholder President Blonnie R. Watson (at large; Newark)[64], Freeholder Vice President Patricia Sebold (at large; Livingston)[65], Rufus I. Johnson (at large; Newark)[66], Gerald W. Owens (At large; South Orange, filling the vacant seat after the resignation of Donald Payne, Jr.)[67] Rolando Bobadilla (District 1 - Newark's North and East Wards, parts of Central and West Wards; Newark)[68], D. Bilal Beasley (District 2 - Irvington, Maplewood and Newark's South Ward and parts of West Ward; Irvington)[69], Carol Y. Clark (District 3 - East Orange, Newark's West and Central Wards, Orange and South Orange; East Orange)[70] and Leonard M. Luciano (District 4 - Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Fairfield, Livingston, Millburn, North Caldwell, Roseland, Verona, West Caldwell and West Orange; West Caldwell),[71] and Brendan W. Gill (District 5 - Belleville, Bloomfield, Glen Ridge, Montclair and Nutley; Montclair).[72][73][74] Constitutional elected countywide are County Clerk Christopher J. Durkin (West Caldwell, 2015),[75] Sheriff Armando B. Fontoura (2015)[76] and Surrogate Theodore N. Stephens, II (2016).[77][62][78]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 27,289 registered voters in Montclair, of which 14,782 (54.2%) were registered as Democrats, 2,581 (9.5%) were registered as Republicans and 9,903 (36.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 23 voters registered to other parties.[79]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 83.0% of the vote here (17,396 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 15.7% (3,294 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (132 votes), among the 20,951 ballots cast by the township's 27,476 registered voters, for a turnout of 76.3%.[80] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 78.8% of the vote here (15,597 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 20.2% (3,995 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (157 votes), among the 19,804 ballots cast by the township's 25,762 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 76.9.[81]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 73.9% of the vote here (10,139 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 18.7% (2,573 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 5.8% (801 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (104 votes), among the 13,723 ballots cast by the township's 26,843 registered voters, yielding a 51.1% turnout.[82]

Arts[edit]

Montclair hosts many art institutions and theaters, and despite its relatively small size, has many art venues. It has its own art museum, the Montclair Art Museum and several small galleries.

Montclair also hosts two theaters that showcase movies and films, both originally live theaters, having been later converted. Clearview Cinemas has two locations in Montclair, the Bellevue Theater located in Upper Montclair and the Clairidge Cinema, located on Bloomfield Avenue. While the Bellevue Cinema mostly shows main-stream Hollywood films, the Clairidge Cinema shows different types of movies from documentaries to small scale indie films. The township hosted its first annual film festival in 2012 to provide a platform for filmmakers from New Jersey, US and the world.[83]

Live theaters include The Montclair Operetta Company, the Wellmont Theatre, Montclair State University's Kasser Theater, Montclair State University's theater in Life Hall, and the Studio Playhouse. On Bloomfield Avenue there is a public stage used for concerts and other events. Dotted around Montclair there are also many art galleries, though most are centered in the Bloomfield Avenue Downtown Area.[84] Concerts are held at the Wellmont Theatre and at several churches and auditoriums sponsored by Outpost in the Burbs, a community-based organization.

Montclair was the setting for some of the stories in the HBO television series The Sopranos, and many Montclair streets, locations and businesses were featured in the show, such as Bloomfield Avenue.[85]

Commerce[edit]

Montclair has six distinct commercial zones:

  • Montclair Center, centered on the intersection of Bloomfield Avenue, South Fullerton Avenue, Glen Ridge Avenue and Church Street. This intersection is also known as Six Corners. Montclair Center is the main commercial zone of Montclair and has the largest stores such as furniture stores and large restaurants which are more upscale near the center, which has many restaurants and boutiques. Near the eastern end of this business area is Lackawanna Plaza, a shopping center with about ten stores built inside the former Lackawana railway station. There is a post office one block to the north of this area.
  • Upper Montclair in the north of the town, the second largest commercial zone. The center is the intersection of Valley Road and Bellevue Avenue, with surrounding areas as well. The Upper Montclair Business District is home to several restaurants and shops. Unlike many of Montclair's other commercial zones, it has chain stores like Starbucks, Talbots, Williams-Sonoma, Gap, Cold Stone Creamery, Supercuts and CVS. Despite the recession, the area in 2009-2010 saw the opening of several new national and local merchants. Upper Montclair also has both a park, Anderson Park, and a railway station, Upper Montclair, nearby. There is a post office here.
  • Watchung Plaza, around the intersection of Watchung Avenue and Park Street. It is home to many "Mom and Pop Stores" and other small businesses and is located on the divide Montclair's two ZIP Codes, 07042 and 07043. Watchung Plaza has its own post office. It is served by the Watchung Avenue train station.
  • Walnut Street, built around the Walnut Street train station. In the Spring, Summer, and Fall it is home to the Montclair Farmer's Market.
  • South End, in the south of town, at the intersection of Cedar Avenue and Orange Road.
  • Valley Road between Chestnut Street and Claremont Avenue. Known locally as "Frog Hollow", this area has some strip-mall style shops on one side of Valley Road, and on the other side window shops with residential apartments on top of them.

Transportation[edit]

New Jersey Transit and DeCamp Bus Lines are the providers of public transportation in Montclair. Montclair is considered a commuter suburb of New York City. The average Montclair commute is 38 minutes each way. 24% of commuters take mass transit, while 59% drive alone. Twelve times more Montclair commuters take mass transit than the national average.[citation needed]

Bus[edit]

NJ Transit buses 11, 28, 29, 34, 97, 191 and 705 run through Montclair, most going along the main street, Bloomfield Avenue.[86] The New Jersey transit bus routes are:

All of these routes except #97, #191, and #705 were trolley lines originally, operated by the Public Service Railway. A trolley Garage existed on Bloomfield Avenue. In the 1930s and 1950s the trolleys were destroyed and replaced with buses.

DeCamp Bus Lines routes 33 and 66 run through Montclair to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in New York City, carrying primarily commuters.

  • #33 goes along Bloomfield Avenue, with some buses going onto Grove Street
  • #66 goes along Orange Road, Park Street, Valley Road, and Mt. Hebron Road

Montclair State University has shuttle buses going around its campus.

The township of Montclair operates a jitney in the evening from the Bay Street train station to the southern end of Montclair.[87]

Rail[edit]

Running through Montclair is the Montclair-Boonton Line, serving New York Penn Station via Hoboken Terminal to the east, and Hackettstown to the west. Seven NJ Transit Rail stations serve Montclair: Bay Street, Walnut Street, Watchung Avenue, Upper Montclair, Mountain Avenue, and Montclair Heights in Montclair, and Montclair State University Station in the Great Notch area of Little Falls, New Jersey. Of these seven stations, only Bay Street station has weekend train service.

Montclair has a long history of railroads. The first railroad to Montclair was built in 1856 by the Newark and Bloomfield Railroad. It terminated at a station in Downtown Montclair. First the Morris and Essex Railroad, then the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad leased the line.

In 1868, the Montclair Railway built another line through Montclair, which caused disputes leading to Montclair's separation from Bloomfield. Shortly afterward it was taken over by the New York and Greenwood Lake Railway, a subsidiary of the Erie Railroad. A third railroad to Morristown was planned in 1860 and construction began, but the Panic of 1873 ended the project. In 1912 the Lackawanna Railroad built a large terminal at the end of their line. The Erie and Lackawanna Railroads later merged, forming the Erie-Lackawanna Railroad, which operated both lines for many decades. They were next operated by Conrail for approximately one year, after which NJ Transit took over passenger operations and Conrail continued freight operations. Meanwhile, the 1912 terminal was closed in 1981 and converted into shops. This station was replaced by the Bay Street station. In 2002, the two railway lines were connected with the construction of the Montclair Connection.[88]

Air and road[edit]

Montclair is 13 miles (21 km) from Newark Liberty International Airport, 42 miles (68 km) from JFK Airport and 31 miles (50 km) from LaGuardia Airport. Newark Liberty is accessible indirectly by NJ Transit Rail, by transferring from the Montclair-Boonton Line to the Northeast Corridor Line or the North Jersey Coast Line at Secaucus Junction; JFK is accessible by New York City Subway after disembarking the Montclair-Boonton Line at New York Penn Station. The Garden State Parkway to the east, U.S. Route 46 and New Jersey Route 3 to the north, and New Jersey Route 23 to the west are slightly past the town's borders. The main road through Montclair is Bloomfield Avenue.

There is a taxi stand off of Bloomfield Avenue in eastern Montclair, in front of Lackawanna Plaza, formerly the Montclair train station.

Housing[edit]

Montclair is noted for its historic architecture. It is home to six historic districts listed on the Register of Historic Places of both the state and country as a whole, 92 individually listed landmarks, and two locally designated commercial districts. Works by significant architects include designs by Van Vleck and Goldsmith, Charles Follen McKim, McKim, Mead, and White, Henry Hudson Holly, Charles A. Platt, Alexander Jackson Davis, Dudley Van Antwerp, Effingham R. North, and Frances Nelson, among others.[citation needed]

Montclair has also housed many hotels, like the defunct Hotel Montclair. In 2013, plans were announced to bring a new hotel to Montclair, featuring 100 rooms and a liquor license.[89]

Education[edit]

Board of Education Building

The Montclair Public Schools serve students in kindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[90]) are seven elementary schools (K-5, except as noted, with enrollment and magnet program listed in parentheses) — Bradford School[91] (470 students, Magnet Theme: The University Magnet), Charles H. Bullock School[92] (387, Environmental Science), Edgemont Montessori School[93] (287, Montessori), Hillside School[94] (3-5; 615, Gifted and Talented), Nishuane School[95] (K-2; 478, Gifted and Talented), Northeast School[96] (432, Global Studies) and Watchung School[97] (446, Science and Technology) — Glenfield Middle School[98] (764), Visual and Performing Arts), Mount Hebron Middle School[99] (680), Science, Technology, Engineering & Math) and Renaissance at Rand[100] (245, Liberal Arts) for grades 6-8, along with Montclair High School[101] (2,200) for grades 9-12.[102][103]

Montclair is home to Montclair State University, which was originally founded in 1908 as the New Jersey State Normal School at Montclair.[104]

Immaculate Conception High School (coed) and Lacordaire Academy (for girls) operate under the supervision of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark.[105] Montclair is also home to a host of private and parochial schools, including Montclair Kimberley Academy, Montclair Community Pre-K, St. Cassian's School, Virginia Harkness Sawtelle Learning, Maria Montessori Early Learning, Montclair Cooperative School, Trinity Academy and Deron School II.

Parks[edit]

Montclair is home to many parks and nature reserves.

Montclair's parks include Edgemont Memorial Park, Essex Park, Glenfield Park, Nishuane Park, Erie Park, Tuers Park, Rand Park, Graz Park, Canterbury Park, Watchung Park, Eagle Rock Reservation, Brookdale Park, Anderson Park, Yantacaw Brook Park, the Bonsal Nature Reserve, Mountainside Park, the Presby Memorial Iris Gardens, and Mills Reservation. There are also many sports fields, some public, like in the parks, or some school owned, like the Essex Park fields or Montclair State University's Sprague Field. In total Montclair has 153.86 acres (0.6226 km2) of township park land spread around 18 parks and 123.76 acres (0.5008 km2) of county park land consisting of five parks.[106]

There are 18 public tennis courts, four skating rinks (two of which are indoor) and three public swimming pools, which are the Mountainside pool, the Nishuane pool, and the Essex pool.[107]

In 2007, township residents advocated for the building of a public skatepark.[108] Community members revitalized the effort in 2010 and lobbied the Parks and Recreation Committee for support, then the township council passed a resolution expressing approval of the project, but allocated no funds for it.[109][110][111]

Media[edit]

WNJN-TV transmitter site

Montclair has its own local newspaper, the Montclair Times. In addition, there is a radio station on the campus of Montclair State University, WMSC. Montclair State University is also the major broadcasting site for NJTV in Northern New Jersey. Locals also subscribe to The Star-Ledger of Newark, New Jersey, and The New York Times. The township has a municipal public service television channel, Channel 34, where township council and school board meetings are broadcast. Montclair High School has its own paper the Mountaineer, and Montclair State University has its own student-run paper, the Montclarion. WVRM (Village Radio Montclair) has served the community since 1997 at 1620 AM, 91.9FM and on Comcast 34.

Sports[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Montclair is twinned with the following cities:[114]

Points of interest[edit]

Historic sites[edit]

Montclair is home to the following locations on the National Register of Historic Places:

Seal of Montclair has images for its historic components: a crane for Cranetown, a Lenape for Watchung, and a spear for Speertown.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ Township Manager, Township of Montclair. Accessed July 8, 2012.
  5. ^ Municipal Clerk, Township of Montclair. Accessed October 11, 2012.
  6. ^ a b 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 148.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Montclair, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 8, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Montclair township, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed April 5, 2012.
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