Strongbow (cider)

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Strongbow
logo
Type Cider
Manufacturer H. P. Bulmer (Heineken)
Stassen (Europe) [Heineken]
SABMiller (Australia)
Distributor Heineken
SABMiller (Australia)
Country of origin England
Introduced 1962
Alcohol by volume 4.5-5%
Colour golden yellow
Flavour Initial strong ‘cidery’ flavour from the fermented bittersweet juice with a hint of ‘appliness’ or cooked apple coming from the culinary fruit.[1]
Variants Strongbow Gold
Website http://strongbow.com/
Draught of Strongbow

Strongbow is a dry cider produced by H.P. Bulmer in England since 1962. It is the world's leading cider with a 15 per cent volume share of the global cider market, and a 29 per cent volume share of the UK cider market.[2][3] Bulmer's is a subsidiary of Heineken, the multinational Dutch brewer.

Strongbow is the highest selling cider in Australia, and the second highest selling cider in North America.[2] In 2011, Strongbow Gold, produced in Belgium, was launched across Europe in response to cider's growing popularity on the continent.

The majority of Strongbow is produced at Bulmer's Hereford plant, although regional variations are also produced at Heineken's cider mill in Belgium, and in Australia, where SABMiller own the rights to the brand.

In 2014, the original Strongbow cider was discontinued in the USA by Heineken after two new, much sweeter variants had been introduced. This has provoked a massive public outcry for the return of the original, similar to the 1985 "New Coke" fiasco. As of September, 2014, the original is still not available in the USA.

Background[edit]

Former product logo

Strongbow is a dry cider launched in England by H.P. Bulmer in 1962.[4] It is named after the Cambro-Norman knight Richard de Clare, later Earl of Pembroke, nicknamed "Strongbow" for relying heavily on Welsh archers during campaigns in Ireland, where at the time the Irish had few bows and relied on javelins. It was initially marketed as "the strong cider for men".[5] By 1970, it was the second highest selling cider in the world after its Bulmer's stablemate Woodpecker.[6] By 2001, Strongbow was among the top ten drinks by sales in English and Welsh pubs and bars.[7] In 2003 Bulmers was purchased by Scottish & Newcastle, who in turn were taken over by Heineken in 2008. In January 2011, Heineken announced their intention to take the Strongbow brand global.[8]

Production methods[edit]

Now-discontinued original United States bottled version.

In the United Kingdom, Strongbow is a blend of bitter-sweet cider and culinary apples, with 50 different varieties of apple used.[9] The apples are grown in England and France. It is mass-produced using modern methods, and contains apple concentrate and sugar. It is fermented with a controlled yeast strain, and at least some varieties are flavoured with artificial sweeteners. The Bulmers Strongbow vat is the largest alcoholic container in the world, with a capacity of 15 million gallons (68 million litres).[10]

Variations[edit]

In the UK, Strongbow is available on draught at 4.5% ABV and in cans and bottles at 5% ABV. In 2012 the UK packaged versions were reduced from 5.3% ABV to 5.0% ABV.[11]

Strongbow Gold is the variant available in mainland Europe and is available only in bottles. It was launched in May 2011, and its major markets include Italy and Hungary. It is 5% ABV and designed to be served over ice. It is over 50% apple juice, making it a similar product to Magners and Stella Cidre.[12] It also contains glucose syrup, glucose-fructose syrup, food acidifier: malic acid, anti-oxidant: sulphur dioxide, colouring agent: cochineal, burned sugar.[12] It is made in Belgium at Heineken's Stassen plant.

Strongbow is exported to numerous overseas markets. Sleeman Breweries took over the distribution rights for Canada in 2001, and is the fifth highest selling cider in the United States, where it was imported by Vermont Hard Cider until August 2012, when Heineken regained the rights.[13] It was launched into the Australian market in 1970, and today still remains as Australia’s most popular cider.[14] Strongbow is available in five varieties in Australia: Dry, Sweet, Original (formerly sold as "Draught"), Clear (a low carbohydrate variety) and Pear.[14] Foster's Group purchased the Strongbow brand in Australia in 2003, and continues to produce, distribute & market the brand.[14] They were themselves purchased by SABMiller in 2011.

In 2012, Heineken launched "Strongbow Pear" in the UK and in 2013 introduced "Strongbow Dark Fruit" which contains blackcurrant and blackberry juices. In 2014, "Strongbow Citrus Edge" was introduced, which contains lemon and lime.

In 2014 in the USA, Heineken launched two new much sweeter flavours, dubbed "Gold Apple" and "Honey & Apple"[15][16] with intent to emphasize their market share with the continued rise in popularity of ciders.[citation needed] Strongbow subsequently discontinued the original Strongbow flavor in the USA.[17][18] The move to discontinue the original recipe in the USA and replace it solely with two new "overly sugared" products is being heavily criticized by previous consumers. A view of the user comments on the Strongbow Facebook page, and the USA Heineken Strongbow web page, will show almost unanimous dissatisfaction, with comparisons to the 1985 "New Coke" fiasco.

Discontinued brand extensions[edit]

Previously available, now discontinued, United States canned version.

Previously Strongbow White was available in Australia, which had a much higher alcohol content (8.5%). It ceased production sometime after 2000.

Strongbow Sirrus (5% ABV), was launched in summer 2005 to compete with C&C's Magners Original Irish Cider. Sirrus was formulated as a 'smooth' cider designed to be poured over ice, and was only available in bottles; it has since been discontinued.

In 2007, the company began trials of Strongbow On Ice, a competitor to other ciders that are served over ice. This uses a specially designed pump that creates a "head" of ice made from cider on the top of the pint.[19] Trials were unsuccessful however, and the product was discontinued.

Strongbow Black (previously Strongbow Super) at 7.5% ABV, was delisted by Heineken in 2011 on social responsibility grounds.[20]

Advertising[edit]

The original Norman archer logo was designed by artist Barney Bubbles. The "thudding arrows" have been a signature of the brand's television advertising since the 1960s.[21] Towards the end of the advertisement, two arrows thud into a bar counter near a glass of Strongbow, or its bar pump.

Advertisements from 1998 to 2002 featured Johnny Vaughan and the "live to loaf" line.[22] The campaign focused on Vaughan's character, who was always finding new ways to get the most out of life with the minimum effort.[22] Vaughan was credited by Bulmers with giving credibility to the Strongbow brand among the key 18 to 24-year-old group.[22] Between 1998 and 2000 Strongbow sales rose by 30 per cent.[23]

In 2010 TV adverts in the UK were based on the "medal ceremony" scene at the end of the Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope movie: three men walk down an aisle flanked by large numbers of men; step up a raised podium at the far end; and receive a reward - a pint of Strongbow - for their "heroic deeds" ( i.e.: performing their ordinary jobs ). New adverts show fanciful representations of normal situations (goalkeeping, potting a black ball, best man's speech) where those seen in the advert would be next seen drinking Strongbow having "earnt it" for accomplishing such situations.

Sponsorship[edit]

Strongbow were official shirt sponsors of Edinburgh football club Heart of Midlothian from 1992-2002.[24] Strongbow also sponsored Leeds United Football Club from 2000-2003.[25] Strongbow reputedly paid £3 million a year for the rights.[26]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1][dead link]
  2. ^ a b Alcoholic Drinks: Euromonitor from trade sources/national statistics (2012)
  3. ^ Our first ever UK cider can ‘challenge’ mainstream brands: Carlsberg
  4. ^ Strongbow.com[dead link]
  5. ^ The Times, Friday, 13 July 1962; p. 14; Issue 55442; col A
  6. ^ The Times, Monday, 7 December 1970; p. 22; Issue 58042; col A H.P. Bulmer Limited
  7. ^ The Times (London) 27 March 2001, Tuesday Cider joins favourite pub drinks
  8. ^ Hall, James (2011-01-27). "Heineken plans to take Strongbow cider global". The Daily Telegraph (London). 
  9. ^ GAB Brands - Strongbow
  10. ^ Christopher Winn (1 September 2010). I Never Knew That About the English. Ebury Publishing. p. 207. ISBN 978-1-4090-7805-0. Retrieved 11 July 2012. 
  11. ^ Heineken weakens Strongbow with abv cut | FMCG News | The Grocer
  12. ^ a b Welkom bij Strongbowgold.com
  13. ^ CANADA: Strongbow enters Canadian market in Sleeman tie-up
  14. ^ a b c Strongbow Cider
  15. ^ http://heinekenusa.com/2014/03/bulls-eye-strongbow-hits-mark-new-hard-apple-ciders/
  16. ^ http://www.brewbound.com/news/strongbow-hard-cider-launches-two-new-brands
  17. ^ http://www.chicagonow.com/hoppy-times/2014/04/strongbow-discontinues-their-original-recipe/
  18. ^ http://www.bevindustry.com/articles/87301-heineken-phases-out-original-strongbow-hard-cider-recipe-with-new-flavors
  19. ^ morningadvertiser.co.uk
  20. ^ Heineken: beer and cider down in UK
  21. ^ "Strongbow adverts: strong, true... and funny". The Daily Telegraph (London). 27 January 2011. 
  22. ^ a b c Strongbow drops Vaughan from advertising | Archive | Marketing Week
  23. ^ Johnny Vaughan teams up with gorillas in latest Strongbow ad | Advertising news | Campaign
  24. ^ Irvine, Neil (4 December 2001). "Thomas loses St Johnstone appeal". The Daily Telegraph (London). 
  25. ^ Leeds United - Historical Football Kits
  26. ^ STOP PRESS: Strongbow and Leeds Utd set to end association - Brand Republic News

External links[edit]