Tadeus Reichstein

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Tadeusz Reichstein
Thadeus Reichstein ETH-Bib Portr 10137.jpg
Born (1897-07-20)July 20, 1897
Włocławek, Congress Poland
Died 1 August 1996(1996-08-01) (aged 99)
Basel, Switzerland
Citizenship Switzerland
Nationality Polish
Known for cortisone
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1950
Spouse Henriette Louise Quarles van Ufford (m. 1927; 1 child)

Tadeusz Reichstein (20 July 1897 – 1 August 1996) was a Polish-born Swiss chemist and Nobel laureate.[1][2][3]

Life and career[edit]

Reichstein was born into a Jewish family at Włocławek, Congress Poland. His parents were Gastava (Brockmann) and Isidor Reichstein.[4] He spent his early childhood at Kiev, where his father was an engineer. He began his education at boarding-school in Jena, Germany.

In 1933, working in Zürich, Switzerland, Reichstein succeeded, independently of Sir Norman Haworth and his collaborators in the United Kingdom, in synthesizing vitamin C (ascorbic acid) in what is now called the Reichstein process.

Together with E. C. Kendall and P. S. Hench, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1950 for their work on hormones of the adrenal cortex which culminated in the isolation of cortisone.

He died in Basel, Switzerland. The principal industrial process for the artificial synthesis of Vitamin C still bears his name. Reichstein was the longest-lived Nobel laureate at the time of his death, but was surpassed in 2008 by Rita Levi-Montalcini.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rothschild, M. (1999). "Tadeus Reichstein. 20 July 1897 -- 1 August 1996: Elected For.Mem.R.S. 1952". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 45: 449–467. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1999.0030.  edit
  2. ^ Sterkowicz, S. (1999). "On the hundredth birthday of the first scientist of Polish ancestry to receive the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine: Tadeusz Reichstein". Przeglad lekarski 56 (3): 245–246. PMID 10442018.  edit
  3. ^ Wincewicz, A.; Sulkowska, M.; Sulkowski, S. (2007). "Tadeus Reichstein, co-winner of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine: On the occasion of the 110th anniversary of his birth in Poland". Hormones (Athens, Greece) 6 (4): 341–343. PMID 18055426.  edit
  4. ^ http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1950/reichstein-bio.html?print=1
  5. ^ "Author Query for 'Reichst.'". International Plant Names Index. 

External links[edit]