|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Italian Wikipedia. (November 2012)|
|Native speakers||~300,000 (date missing)|
Tarantino of the southeastern Italian region of Apulia is a dialect of Southern Italian / Sicilian. Most of the speakers live in the Apulian town of Taranto. The dialect is also spoken by a few Italian immigrants in the United States, especially in California. Tarantino is closely related to Italian, especially neighboring Neapolitan.
The Tarantino dialect traces its origins into ancient times, when the territory was dominated by Messapii populations.
The colonization of the Greeks founded Taranto not only as the capital of Magna Graecia but as a center of poetry and theatre. The Greeks had left considerable influence on Tarantino, both lexical and morpho-syntax, and a very peculiar accent that scholars had to correspond to it with Doric. These influences are still found in many Tarantino words of Greek origin.
During the Byzantine and Lombard periods, Tarantino acquired a unique approach to the time period: the o pronunciation changed to ue and the e pronunciation changed to ie; thus Tarantino vocabulary was further enriched with new words.
In 1801 the city was once again under the dominion of French troops, who left their mark with their Franco-Provençal language.
Taranto has long been linked to the Kingdom of Naples, which would explain some words in common with the Neapolitan language. The Arab influences, combined with the French and Latin, have led to a massive de-sonorisation of voice, turning them into semi-mutations, which can cause a significant increase in phonetics of the consonant links .
Notes and references 
- ^ Tarantino words with Greek origins:
- celóne < χελώνη (kelóne) [It. tartaruga, Eng. tortoise];
- cèndre < κέντρον (kèntron) [It. chiodo, Eng. nail];
- ceráse < κεράσιον (keròsion) [It. ciliegia, Eng. cherry];
- mesále < μεσάλον (mesálon) [It. tovaglia, Eng. tablecloth];
- àpule < απαλός (apalós) [It. molle, Eng. soft];
- tràscene < δράκαινα (drákaina) [tipo di pesce/ kind of fish].
- ^ Tarantino Vocabulary with Latin origins:
- dìleche < delicus [It. mingherlino, Eng. skinny];
- descetáre < oscitare [It. svegliare, Eng. to wake up];
- gramáre < clamare [It. lamentarsi, Eng. to bemoan];
- 'mbise < impensa [It. cattivo, malvagio, Eng. bad, cruel];
- sdevacáre < devacare [It. svuotare, Eng. to empty, deprive];
- aláre < halare [It. sbadigliare, Eng. to yawn].
- ^ Tarantino Vocabulary of Germanic Lombard origin:
- sckife < skif [It. piccola barca, Eng. skiff];
- ualáne < gualane [It. bifolco, Eng. yokel].
- ^ Tarantino Vocabulary of French origin:
- fesciùdde < fichu [It. coprispalle, Eng. fichu];
- accattáre < acheter [It. comprare, Eng. to buy];
- pote < poche [It. tasca, Eng. pocket];
- 'ndráme < entrailles [It. interiora, Eng. guts].
- ^ Tarantino Vocabulary of Arabic origin:
- chiaúte < tabut [It. bara, Eng. coffin];
- masckaráte < mascharat [It. risata, Eng. laughter].
|Tarantino dialect edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia|