The Fifth Element

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The Fifth Element
Fifth element poster (1997).jpg
International release poster
Directed by Luc Besson
Produced by Patrice Ledoux
Screenplay by Luc Besson
Robert Mark Kamen
Story by Luc Besson
Starring Bruce Willis
Gary Oldman
Milla Jovovich
Music by Éric Serra
Cinematography Thierry Arbogast
Editing by Sylvie Landra
Studio Gaumont
Distributed by Gaumont Film Company[1]
Columbia Pictures (United States)
Release dates
  • 7 May 1997 (1997-05-07)
Running time 126 minutes
Country France
Language English
Budget $90 million[2][3][4][5]
Box office $263,920,180[6]

The Fifth Element (French: Le Cinquième Élément) is a 1997 English-language French science fiction film directed, co-written, and based on a story by Luc Besson. The film stars Bruce Willis, Gary Oldman, and Milla Jovovich. Mostly set during the twenty-third century, the film's central plot involves the survival of planet Earth, which becomes the duty of Korben Dallas (Willis), a taxicab driver and former special forces Major, when a young woman (Jovovich) falls into his taxicab. Upon learning about her significance, Dallas must join forces with her to recover four mystical stones essential to defending Earth from an impending attack.

Besson started writing the story that would become The Fifth Element when he was 16 years old; he was 38 when the film opened in cinemas.[7] Comic book writers Jean Giraud and Jean-Claude Mézières were hired for the film's production design, and costume design was done by Jean-Paul Gaultier.

The Fifth Element received mainly positive reviews, though it tended to polarize critics. It has been called both the best and worst summer blockbuster of all time. The film was a financial success, earning over $263 million at the box office on a $90 million budget. It was the most expensive European film ever made at the time of its release,[8] and remained the most financially successful French film until the release of The Intouchables in 2011.[9]

Plot[edit]

In 1914, aliens known as Mondoshawans arrive at an ancient Egyptian temple to collect the only weapon capable of defeating a Great Evil, which appears every 5,000 years. The weapon consists of four stones, representing the four classical elements, and a sarcophagus that contains a Fifth Element in the form of a human, which combines the power of the other four elements into a "Divine Light" that can defeat the evil. The Mondoshawans promise their contact, a human priest, that they will return with the Elements in time to stop the Great Evil, which will occur in three centuries.

In 2263, the Great Evil appears in space in the form of a giant ball of black fire and destroys an Earth battleship that attacks it. The current Mondoshawan contact, priest Vito Cornelius, informs President Lindberg of the history of the Great Evil and the weapon that can stop it. As the Mondoshawans return to Earth, they are ambushed by Mangalores, a race hired by the industrialist Jean-Baptiste Emanuel Zorg, who was hired by the Great Evil to acquire the stones.

The Mondoshawan's spacecraft is destroyed; the only thing Earth scientists recover is the hand of the Fifth Element, consisting of over 200,000 chromosomes. The scientists take the hand to a New York City laboratory, using it to construct a humanoid woman, known as "Leeloo", which has been described as "perfect". Terrified of her unfamiliar surroundings, she escapes confinement and jumps off a ledge to land in the flying taxicab of Korben Dallas, a divorcee and former major in the Special Forces.

Dallas delivers Leeloo to Cornelius and his apprentice, David, whereupon Cornelius learns that the four Element stones were entrusted to the alien Diva Plavalaguna, an opera singer. Because the Mangalores failed to obtain the stones, Zorg kills them, but their compatriots attempt to obtain the stones for themselves. Upon learning from the Mondoshawans that Plavalaguna has the stones, General Munro, Dallas' former superior, re-enlists Dallas and orders him to travel undercover, as a rigged radio contest winner, to meet the Diva on a luxury cruise in space. The publicity of the contest attracts the Mangalores and Zorg to the space liner. Dallas takes Leeloo with him, while Cornelius instructs David to prepare the temple and stows away aboard the vessel.

The Diva is killed when the Mangalores attack and take over the ship, but Dallas retrieves the stones from the Diva's body. He fights the Mangalores to liberate the ship, killing their leader. Zorg searches for the stones, shooting and seriously wounding Leeloo before finding a carrying case. Assuming the stones are inside, he takes the case and leaves a time bomb that causes the liner's occupants to evacuate. Zorg departs on his spacecraft but discovers the case to be empty, so he returns to search for the stones. He deactivates the bomb, but a dying Mangalore activates his own bomb, destroying the ship and killing Zorg, while Dallas, Cornelius, Leeloo, and talk-show host Ruby Rhod escape with the stones aboard Zorg's spacecraft.

The four return to the weapon chamber at the Egyptian temple as the Great Evil approaches. The group arranges the stones, but Leeloo has become disenchanted with humanity after witnessing the brutality of war and violence and refuses to release the Divine Light. Dallas confesses his love for Leeloo and kisses her. In response, Leeloo combines the power of the stones and releases the Divine Light, causing the Great Evil to become dormant as a new moon in Earth's orbit.

Earth scientists assure President Lindberg that the Great Evil is dead. Dallas and Leeloo are brought in by scientists and placed together in a healing tank to recuperate. When the President arrives and demands to see them, one of the scientists informs him that "they need ... five more minutes", as Dallas and Leeloo have begun consummating their love.

Cast[edit]

Themes[edit]

In an interview Besson stated The Fifth Element was not a "big theme movie", though the film's theme was an important one. He wanted viewers to reach the point where Leeloo states "What's the use of saving life when you see what you do with it?", and agree with her.[10] One review stated the film relied on the broad themes of "human fallibility and perfection, evil, and the all-conquering power of love."[11] The film has also been credited with exploring the theme of political corruption.[12]

Production[edit]

Besson envisioned the entire world of The Fifth Element as a teenager to escape boredom. He states he was waiting to build a reputation for himself as a filmmaker before he commenced production of the film, so that he would be able to make it with creative control.[10]

Besson met Bruce Willis a few years before production started and talked about the project, though he later decided to instead search for a relatively unknown young actor for the role of Korben, so as to spend less on actors and more on sets, costumes and special effects. Willis approached Besson expressing he was still interested in the film, and after Besson explained the issue, Willis responded "You know, Luc, if I like it, we will find a way." Willis made a deal with the production team for the role, a move which greatly pleased Besson. A casting call of 8,000 went out for the character Leeloo, and Besson chose Milla Jovovich from the 200–300 applicants he met in person.[10]

Milla has this physical thing, she can be from the past or the future. She can be an Egyptian or a Roman. She can be Nefertiti and she can be from outer space. That was one thing I liked physically about her.

—Luc Besson[10]

Besson was in a relationship with Maïwenn Le Besco, who played the role of Diva Plavalaguna, for 6 years when filming commenced; however, he left her for Jovovich during filming.[13] Jovovich and Besson were later married though they divorced in 1999.[14]

Besson chose to hire Gary Oldman, who had starred in his previous film, Léon: The Professional, for the role of Zorg, describing Oldman as "one of the top five actors in the world".[10]

The film was a French production,[15] and was the most expensive European film ever made at the time of its release.[8] Investors were reportedly uninterested in financing the film when pre-production first commenced in the early 90s. Investor interest only came after Besson made the successful 1994 film, Léon: The Professional, having suspended pre-production of The Fifth Element to make the film.[3]

Korben's flying taxicab next to a police car in the futuristic New York City

The production design for the film was developed by French comics creators Jean Giraud[16] and Jean-Claude Mézières.[17] Mézières wrote the book The Circles of Power, which features a character named S'Traks, who drives a flying taxicab through the congested air traffic of the vast metropolis on the planet Rubanis. Besson read the book and was inspired to change the Dallas character to a taxicab driver who flies through a futuristic New York City. The costume design was created by French fashion designer Jean-Paul Gaultier.[18][19]

The original name of the character Ruby Rhod was Loc Rhod. The name appears in both the original script and in the novelization of the film.[20]

The "Divine Language" spoken in the film is a fictional language with only 400 words, invented by Besson and Jovovich.[14] Jovovich stated that she and Besson wrote letters to each other in the Divine Language as practice.[21]

Soundtrack[edit]

The Fifth Element: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
Soundtrack album by Éric Serra
Released 6 May 1997
Genre Film score
Label Virgin
Éric Serra chronology
Goldeneye
(1995)
The Fifth Element
(1997)
The Messenger: The Story of Joan of Arc
(1999)
Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 3/5 stars[22]
Filmtracks.com 3/5 stars[23]

The films score was composed by Éric Serra. Released as an album under Virgin Records, it peaked at No. 99 on the Billboard 200.[24] The music used for the taxicab chase scene, titled "Alech Taadi" by Algerian performer Khaled,[25] is excluded from the film soundtrack, but it is available on Khaled's album N'ssi N'ssi.

The Diva Dance opera performance featured music from Gaetano Donizetti's Lucia di Lammermoor: "Il dolce suono",[26] the mad scene of Act III, Scene 2, and was sung by Albanian soprano Inva Mula,[27] while the role of Plavalaguna was played by French actress Maïwenn Le Besco. Part One (titled Lucia di Lammermoor) and Part Two (titled The Diva Dance) of this piece are included as separate tracks on The Fifth Element soundtrack, but are sequenced to create the effect of the entire performance seen in the film.

Release[edit]

Initial screening[edit]

The film premiered at the 1997 Cannes Film Festival, where it was selected as the opening film.[28] Gaumont built an area for the screening that was over 100,000 square feet. Guests were given a "Fifth Element" Swatch, which was used as their ticket for entry. The event featured a futuristic ballet, a fashion show by Jean-Paul Gaultier, and fireworks. Gaumont spent between $1 million and $3 million on the event, a record cost at the time.[29]

Box office[edit]

The film debuted at No. 1 in the US, earning $17 million on its opening weekend.[15] It went on to become a box office success, grossing over US$263 million, almost three times its budget of US$90 million.[6] 76% of the receipts for The Fifth Element were from markets outside of the United States. It was the 9th highest-grossing film of the year worldwide.[6] In Germany the film was awarded the Goldene Leinwand, a sales certification award for selling more than 3 million tickets at the box office,[30] and also a Bogey Award in Silver, which certifies 2 million people viewing a film within twenty days.[31] It went on to become the most financially successful French film made to that point,[8] a record it held for 16 years until the release of The Intouchables in 2011.[9] As of 2011 it was still considered to be France's most successful exported film.[32]

Critical reaction and legacy[edit]

The Fifth Element holds a "fresh" 71% approval rating at Rotten Tomatoes based on 56 reviews, with the consensus, "Visually inventive and gleefully over the top, Luc Besson's The Fifth Element is a fantastic piece of pop sci-fi that never takes itself too seriously."[33] It has a weighted score of 52/100 at Metacritic based on 22 professional reviews.[34]

The Fifth Element polarized critics on release. Kevin Thomas of the Los Angeles Times described the film as an "elaborate, even campy sci-fi extravaganza, which is nearly as hard to follow as last year's Mission: Impossible." He concluded that The Fifth Element was "a lot warmer, more fun and boasts some of the most sophisticated, witty production and costume design you could ever hope to see."[35] On film review show At the Movies, both Roger Ebert and Gene Siskel gave the film a "thumbs up";[36] in his own review for the Chicago Sun-Times, Ebert gave the film 3 stars out of 4, calling it "One of the great goofy movies", and concluding, "I would not have missed seeing this film, and I recommend it for its richness of imagery. But at 127 minutes, which seems a reasonable length, it plays long."[4]

The film was, however, subject to a number of harsh reviews which expressed disapproval of its overblown style. Todd McCarthy of Variety wrote, "A largely misfired European attempt to make an American-style sci-fi spectacular, The Fifth Element consists of a hodgepodge of elements that don't comfortably coalesce."[37] David Edelstein of Slate was even more critical, saying, "It may or may not be the worst movie ever made, but it is one of the most unhinged."[5]

Chris Tucker's performance as Ruby Rhod also polarized critics.[38] He was praised in the Los Angeles Times[39] and in Time, who called him "the summer's most outrageous special effect",[40] though Josh Winning of Total Film singled out his performance as the low point of the film, ranking it as No. 20 on his 2011 list, "50 Performances That Ruined Movies".[41]

Mixed opinion of the film continues to date. It has been described in various publications as a science fiction cult classic,[18][42][43] however, others have commented that Besson should "should stay the hell away from sci-fi".[44] Film critic Mark Kermode reported that The Fifth Element was one of the most divisive films among his readers, being regarded as the best and worst summer blockbuster of all time. Kermode recalled his own experience, "I remember very clearly being in Cannes when The Fifth Element was first played, and it really divided the audience."[45] Stephen Cass of Discover ranked the film the third-best science fiction movie on subscription service Hulu, writing, "People seem to either like or loathe The Fifth Element... Lavish visuals and entertaining performances from Bruce Willis, Milla Jovovich, and Gary Oldman make this movie worth watching."[46] In some circles the film has gained a "so-bad-it's-good" status; Meredith Woerner of io9 listed The Fifth Element as one of "The 20 Best Worst Science Fiction Movies of All Time".[47] The Visual Effects Society voted The Fifth Element among the 50 most influential visual effects films of all time.[48]

Alejandro Jodorowsky and Jean Giraud sued Luc Besson after the film was released, claiming The Fifth Element had plagiarized their comic The Incal. Giraud sued for 13.1 million euros for unfair competition, 9 million euros in damages and interest and for 2–5% of the net operating revenues of the film. Jodorowsky sued for 700,000 euros. The case was dismissed in 2004 on the grounds that only "tiny fragments" of Giraud's artwork had been used[49] and also due to the fact that Giraud had been hired by Besson to work on the film before the allegations were made.[16]

Rumors after the film's release reported a sequel, tentatively titled Mr. Shadow, in development. In 2011, Besson stated a sequel was never planned, and he has no desire to make one.[50]

Awards[edit]

The Fifth Element was nominated for Best Sound Editing at the 70th Academy Awards,[51] and for Best Sound Editing at the 1998 Golden Reel Awards,[52] but lost to Titanic in both cases. It won the BAFTA Award for Best Special Visual Effects,[53][54] and the Prix Lumière award for Best Director.[55] It was nominated for seven César awards[31][52] and won three for Best Director,[56] Best Cinematography,[57] and Best Production Design.[54] It was nominated for Film of the Year at the 1997 European Film Awards.[58] It was also nominated for the Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation,[59] and for the Satellite Award for Best Visual Effects.[60] Thierry Arbogast was awarded the Technical Grand Prize at the 1997 Cannes Film Festival for his work on both The Fifth Element and She's So Lovely.[54] The film received four Saturn Award nominations: Best Science Fiction Film,[61] Best Costume,[62] Best Special Effects,[63] and Best Supporting Actress for Milla Jovovich.[64] Jovovich's fight against the Mangalores was nominated for the MTV Movie Award for Best Fight,[64][65] and she was also nominated for Best Actress – Newcomer at the Blockbuster Entertainment Awards.[66]

Conversely, Jovovich received a Razzie nomination for Worst Supporting Actress, and Chris Tucker was nominated for Worst New Star for both The Fifth Element and Money Talks.[67]

Year Event Award Nominee Result
1998 Academy Awards Best Sound Editing The Fifth Element Nominated
1998 Blockbuster Entertainment Awards Best Actress – Newcomer Milla Jovovich Nominated
1997 British Academy of Film and Television Arts Best Special Visual Effects Mark A. Mangini Won
1997 Cannes Film Festival Technical Grand Prize Thierry Arbogast Won
1998 César Award Best Cinematography Thierry Arbogast Won
Best Director Luc Besson Won
Best Production Design Dan Weil Won
Best Costume Design Jean-Paul Gaultier Nominated
Best Editing Sylvie Landra Nominated
Best Film Luc Besson Nominated
Best Music Written for a Film Eric Serra Nominated
Best Sound Daniel Brisseau Nominated
1997 European Film Awards Film of the Year Patrice Ledoux Nominated
1998 Golden Raspberry Awards Worst Supporting Actress Milla Jovovich Nominated
Worst New Star Chris Tucker Nominated
1998 Golden Reel Awards Best Sound Editing Sound editing team Nominated
1998 Hugo Awards Best Dramatic Presentation The Fifth Element Nominated
1998 MTV Movie Awards Best Fight Milla Jovovich vs. Aliens Nominated
1997 Prix Lumière Best Director Luc Besson Won
1998 Satellite Award Best Visual Effects Mark Stetson Nominated
1998 Saturn Award Best Science Fiction Film The Fifth Element Nominated
Best Costumes Jean-Paul Gaultier Nominated
Best Special Effects Special effects team Nominated
Best Supporting Actress Milla Jovovich Nominated

Home media [edit]

The original home video release of The Fifth Element took place in North America on 10 December 1997, on VHS, LaserDisc, and DVD.[68] The original DVD was in its original 2.39:1 anamorphic widescreen format, had English and Spanish audio and subtitling, and carried no special features.

The film was released in Sony's Superbit format[69] on 9 October 2001.[2] In their review, IGN gave the DVD release 9 out of 10, but noting the enhanced quality of the Superbit format, awarded the Superbit version a perfect score.[69] The Superbit release was presented in anamorphic widescreen 2.35:1 format, used a higher data rate for a better picture, and featured subtitling in six languages (English, Spanish, French, Portuguese, Chinese and Thai) but only English audio[2] and no special features.[69]

An "Ultimate Edition" DVD was released on 11 January 2005.[68][70] The edition contained two discs. The first contained the Superbit quality version of the film along with subtitles in the same six languages. The only difference between the Superbit version and the Ultimate Edition disc one is the addition of a "fact track", which when turned on displays trivia about the film, cast and crew as the film plays. The second disc provides various special features, focusing on visual production, special effects, fashion in the film, featurettes and interviews with Willis, Jovovich and Tucker, featurettes on the four different alien races in the film, and a featurette on Diva Plavalaguna. The Ultimate Edition was praised for its special features.[3][70]

The first Blu-ray Disc release of the film occurred on 20 June 2006. It was criticized as having poor picture quality by Blu-ray standards, and was also criticized for its lack of special features.[71] In what has been called "an extremely rare move", Sony responded to complaints by making a remastered Blu-ray version available, released on 17 July 2007, and also offered a replacement exchange program for customers unhappy with the original Blu-ray release.[72] Blu-ray.com stated the remastered version "absolutely" made up for the lacklustre initial release, praising its high video and audio quality, yet still criticising its lack of special features.[71]

Related media[edit]

A novel adaptation by Terry Bisson was published by HarperPrism in 1997.[73][74]

A video game adaptation of the same name was created by Activision for the PlayStation game console and PC in 1998. It was generally met with negative reviews.[75] One reviewer commented "Take Tomb Raider, add in Leeloo Multipass and boring puzzles, and you've got Fifth Element."[76] A racing game based on the film, New York Race, was released in 2001.[77]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

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  2. ^ a b c Henkel, Guido. "The Fifth Element: Superbit". dvdreview.com. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c Taylor, Dawn. "The Fifth Element: Ultimate Edition". dvdjournal.com. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Ebert review". Rogerebert.suntimes.com. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  5. ^ a b Edelstein, David (11 May 1997). "Slate magazine review". Slate.msn.com. Retrieved 6 May 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c The Fifth Element at Box Office Mojo
  7. ^ "The Fifth Element (1997)". AllRovi. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c LaPlante, Alice (1999). Playing for Profit: How Digital Entertainment is Making Big Business Out of Child's Play. John Wiley & Sons. p. 58. ISBN 978-0-471-29614-0. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  9. ^ a b ""Intouchables": Plus Gros Succés De L'histoire Pour Un Film Non-Anglohone". ozap.com (in French). 21 March 2012. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  10. ^ a b c d e Schaefer, Stephen. "Filmmaker Luc Besson explains how a childhood fantasy became a hit sci-fi epic.". industrycentral.net. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  11. ^ Scott, Michael (5 March 2013). "The Fifth Element". Letterboxd. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  12. ^ Telotte, J. P (Cambridge University Press). Science Fiction Film. 2001. p. 16. ISBN 978-0-521-59647-3. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  13. ^ Change, Kee (5 May 2012). "Film Critic: Maïwenn's "Polisse"". anthemmagazine.com. Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  14. ^ a b "Milla Jovovich- Biography". Yahoo!. Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  15. ^ a b Drazin, Charles (2011). The Faber Book of French Cinema. Faber and Faber. p. 382. ISBN 978-0-571-21849-3. Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  16. ^ a b Heller, Jason (10 March 2012). "R.I.P. Moebius, comics legend and Métal Hurlant co-founder". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  17. ^ Anders, Charlie (1 July 2012). "Luc Besson adapting classic time-travel comic created by Fifth Element concept artist". io9. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  18. ^ a b Teichner, Martha (22 January 2012). "Jean Paul Gaultier: Fashion's wild child". CBS News. Retrieved 11 May 2013. .
  19. ^ Sehajpal, Ashima (8 July 2011). "FLIRTING with change". The Tribune. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  20. ^ Yu, Justin (28 December 2009). "The 404 Yuletide Mini-sode: Where The 404 is the Fifth Element". CNET. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  21. ^ Interview included in the bonus feature "The Adventure and Discovery of a Film: The Story of the Fifth Element" on the DVD release of The Fifth Element (Ultimate Edition).
  22. ^ The Fifth Element at AllMusic
  23. ^ "The Fifth Element". filmtracks.com. 10 May 1997. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
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  25. ^ Cornea, Christine (2007). Science Fiction Cinema: Between Fantasy and Reality. Rutgers University Press. p. 207. ISBN 978-0-8135-4173-0. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  26. ^ "Gemini Sun Records is Proud to Announce Vitas". Press release. Gemini Sun Records. Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  27. ^ "The Fifth Element [Virgin]". Allmusic. Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  28. ^ "Festival de Cannes: The Fifth Element". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 27 September 2009. 
  29. ^ Gray, Timothy (13 May 2013). "Cannes parties are legendary, but sometimes the shindig can outperform the pic". Variety (magazine). Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  30. ^ "Das fünfte Element". filmecho.de (in German). Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  31. ^ a b "Le cinquième élément (1997)". eofftv.com. Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  32. ^ Palmer, Tim (2011). Brutal Intimacy: Analyzing Contemporary French Cinema. Wesleyan University Press. p. 116. ISBN 978-0-8195-6827-4. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  33. ^ "The Fifth Element Movie Reviews, Pictures". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  34. ^ "The Fifth Element". Metacritic. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  35. ^ Thomas, Kevin (9 May 1997). "'Element': A Voyage as Fun, Stylish as It Is Confusing". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  36. ^ "Week of May 10, 1997: The Fifth Element review". At the Movies. Season 11. Episode 35. 10 May 1997.
  37. ^ McCarthy, Todd (7 May 1997). "Review: "The Fifth Element"". Variety (magazine). Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  38. ^ "Motor Mouth Man". The Daily Beast. 7 September 1997. Retrieved 14 May 2013. 
  39. ^ Smith, Steven. "In His Element". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 14 May 2013. 
  40. ^ "Chris Tucker". Los Angeles (magazine) (November): 96. 1998. Retrieved 14 May 2013. 
  41. ^ Winning, Josh (2 November 2011). "50 Performances That Ruined Movies". Total Film. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  42. ^ Yamato, Jen (13 August 2007). "Milla Jovovich on Resident Evil And Her Ultraviolet Beef". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  43. ^ Woerner, Meredith (14 October 2010). "Luc Besson's next film is "The Fifth Element to the power of ten"". io9. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  44. ^ Huddleston, Mark. "50 essential sci-fi films – part two". Time Out (magazine). Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  45. ^ Kermode, Mark (28 August 2012). "Summer Blockbusters – Your Best and Worst". BBC. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  46. ^ Cass, Stephen (24 December 2008). "5 Best Science Fiction Movies on Hulu: #3, The Fifth Element". Discover (magazine). Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  47. ^ Woerner, Meredith (18 September 2008). "The 20 Best Worst Science Fiction Movies of All Time". io9. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  48. ^ "The Visual Effects Society Unveils "50 Most Influential Visual Effects Films of All Time"". Visual Effects Society. 10 May 2007. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  49. ^ "Moebius perd son procès contre Besson". toutenbd.com (in French). 28 May 2004. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  50. ^ Ryan, Mike (26 August 2011). "Luc Besson Reflects on His Female Leads and Explains Why a 'Fifth Element' Sequel Will Never Happen". Moviefone. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  51. ^ "Nominees & Winners for the 70th Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  52. ^ a b "The Fifth Element → Awards". movie-collection.com. Retrieved 14 May 2013. 
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  54. ^ a b c "The Fifth Element (1997)". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  55. ^ "The Fifth Element:Awards & Nominations". MSN. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  56. ^ Williams, Michael (1 March 1998). "'Chanson' big winner at top French kudos show". Variety (magazine). Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  57. ^ "Awards". thierryarbogast.com. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  58. ^ "1997". European Film Awards. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  59. ^ "1998 Hugo Awards". Hugo Awards. Retrieved 14 May 2013. 
  60. ^ "1998". pressacademy.com. Retrieved 14 May 2013. 
  61. ^ "The Saturn Award for Best Science Fiction Film". allscifimovies.com. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  62. ^ "Jean Paul Gaultier". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  63. ^ "VFX Awards". kegfx.com. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  64. ^ a b Justin, Sarachik (21 October 2011). "Milla Jovovich Blasts Summit Entertainment for Ignoring 'Three Musketeers'". The Christian Post. Retrieved 14 May 2013. 
  65. ^ "1998 MTV Movie Awards". MTV. Retrieved 11 May 2013.  Note: Click on the 'Winners' tab.
  66. ^ "1996 Blockbuster Entertainment Awards Nominees Announced". Billboard (magazine). 17 January 1998. p. 64. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  67. ^ "1997 Archive". Golden Raspberry Award. 23 August 2000. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  68. ^ a b "The Fifth Element (1997)". dvdsreleasedates.com. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  69. ^ a b c Jeremy, Conrad (11 October 2001). "Fifth Element (Superbit), The". IGN. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  70. ^ a b "The Fifth Element – Ultimate Edition". dvdtalk.com. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  71. ^ a b Williams, Ben (5 August 2007). "The Fifth Element Blu-ray". Blu-ray.com. Retrieved 24 August 2009. 
  72. ^ "Sony Offers New 'Fifth Element' Blu-ray Remaster and "Replacement Exchange Program"". highdefdigest.com. 18 June 2007. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  73. ^ "The fifth element : a novel". WorldCat. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  74. ^ Bisson, Terry (1997). The Fifth Element: A Novel. HarperPrism. ISBN 978-0-06-105838-7. 
  75. ^ Fielder, Lauren (21 October 1998). "The Fifth Element (Value Series) Review". GameSpot. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  76. ^ Perry, Doug (1 October 1998). "Fifth Element". IGN. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  77. ^ Taylor, Martin (15 November 2001). "NY Race Review". Eurogamer. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Besson, Luc. (1997) The Story of the Fifth Element: The Adventure and Discovery of a Film, London: Titan. ISBN 1-85286-863-5
  • Bizony, Piers. (2001) Digital Domain: The Leading Edge of Visual Effects, London: Aurum. ISBN 1-85410-707-0
  • Hanson, Matt. (2005) "The Fifth Element", in Building Sci-Fi Moviescapes: The Science Behind the Fiction, Burlington, Massachusetts: Focal Press, pp. 60–66. ISBN 0-240-80772-3.

External links[edit]