British Academy of Film and Television Arts
|British Academy of Film and Television Arts|
|Type||Film, television and video games organisation|
|Purpose/focus||"supports, promotes and develops the art forms of the moving image - film, television and video games - by identifying and rewarding excellence, inspiring practitioners and benefiting the public."|
|Location||195 Piccadilly London W1J 9LN|
|Region served||England, Wales, Scotland and Los Angeles|
|President||HRH The Duke of Cambridge|
The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) is a charity in the United Kingdom that hosts annual awards shows for excellence in cinema, television, television craft, video games and forms of animation.
The British Film Academy was initiated during 1947 by directors Sir Alexander Korda, David Lean, Roger Manvell, Laurence Olivier, Emeric Pressburger, Michael Powell, Carol Reed (later Sir Carol Reed), and other major people of the British movie industry. During 1958, the Academy merged with the Guild of Television Producers and Directors to form the Society of Film and Television Arts, which eventually became the British Academy of Film and Television Arts during 1976.
BAFTA is an independent charity with a mission to "support, develop and promote the art forms of the moving image, by identifying and rewarding excellence, inspiring practitioners and benefiting the public". They have frequently received funding from the National Lottery as well as giving funding to British educational institutions. In addition to high-profile awards ceremonies BAFTA manages a year-round programme of educational events including movie screenings, tribute evenings, interviews, lectures and debates with major industry people. BAFTA is funded by a membership of about 6500 people from the movie, television and video game industries. BAFTA's main headquarters is on Piccadilly in London, but it also has regional offices in Scotland, in Wales, in New York and in Los Angeles.
These four parts of the Academy operated initially with their own brands (BAFTA Scotland, BAFTA Cymru, BAFTA East Coast and BAFTA Los Angeles). During July 2010, all parts of the Academy were brought together as one fully affiliated BAFTA.
The Academy's awards are in the form of a theatrical mask designed by American sculptor Mitzi Cunliffe, which was commissioned by the Guild of Television Producers and Directors during 1955. It has since become an internationally-recognised symbol.
During November 2007 a special tribute programme was shown on ITV in the UK celebrating 60 years of the organisation named 'Happy Birthday BAFTA'.
The Academy has been associated with the British monarchy since Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh became the British Film Academy's first president during the 1940s. The Earl Mountbatten of Burma and The Princess Royal have since had this position, and during 2010 Prince William became the newest Academy president.
Since 1948, BAFTA have presented awards for cinema, television, video games and children's entertainment in England (London),Scotland (Glasgow), Wales (Cymru) and America (Los Angeles.)
BAFTA's annual movie awards ceremony is known as the British Academy Film Awards. It is granted to reward the best work of any nationality seen on British cinema screens during the year preceding. Since 2008 the ceremony has been performed at the Royal Opera House in London’s Covent Garden, having previously been performed in the famous Odeon cinema on Leicester Square since 2000. The ceremony previously was performed during April or May of each year, but from 2002 since it has been performed during February, in order to precede the Academy Awards.
In order for a movie to be considered for a BAFTA nomination its first public exhibition must be displayed in a cinema and it must have a UK theatrical release for no fewer than seven days of the calendar year that corresponds to the upcoming awards. A movie must be of feature length and movies from all countries are eligible in all categories, with the exception of Outstanding British Film, Outstanding Debut, Short Film and Short Animation which are for British movies only.
The British Academy Television Awards usually occur during April or May, with craft awards having a separate ceremony slightly later in the year.
The awards are also often referred to simply as "the BAFTAs" or, to differentiate them from the movie awards, the "BAFTA Television Awards". They have been awarded annually since 1954. The first ever ceremony consisted of six categories. Until 1958, they were awarded by the Guild of Television Producers and Directors.
From 1968 until 1997, the BAFTA Film and Television awards were presented in one joint ceremony known simply as the BAFTA Awards, but for convenience the ceremonies from 1998 onwards were divided into two separate ceremonies. The Television Craft Awards are presented for technical topics of the industry, such as visual effects, production, and costume design.
Only British programmes are eligible — with the exception of the audience-voted YouTube Audience Award — but any cable, satellite, terrestrial or digital television stations broadcasting in the UK are eligible to submit entries, as are independent production companies who have produced programming for the channels. Individual performances can either be entered by the performers themselves or by the broadcasters. The programmes being entered must have been broadcast on or between 1 January and 31 December of the year preceding the awards ceremony.
The British Academy Children's Awards are presented annually during November to reward excellence in the art forms of the moving image intended for children. They have been awarded annually since 1969.
The Academy has a long history of recognising and rewarding children's programming, presenting two awards at the 1969 ceremony – The Flame of Knowledge Award for Schools Programmes and the Harlequin Award for Children's Programmes.
As of 2010 the Awards ceremony includes 19 categories across movies, television, video games and online content.
Since 2007 the Children's Awards have included a Kids Vote Award voted by children younger than age 14 and a CBBC Me and My Movie award, a children's filmmaking initiative to inspire and enable children to make their own movies and tell their own stories.
Video games 
BAFTA first recognised video games and other interactive media at its inaugural BAFTA Interactive Entertainment Awards ceremony during 1998, the first major change of its rules since the admittance of television thirty years earlier. Among the first winning games were GoldenEye 007, Gran Turismo and interactive comedy MindGym, sharing the spotlight with the BBC News Online website which won the news category four years consecutively. These awards allowed the Academy to recognise new forms of entertainment that were engaging new audiences and challenging traditional expressions of creativity.
During 2003, the sheer ubiquity of interactive forms of entertainment and the breadth of genres and types of video games outgrew the combined ceremony, and the event was divided into the BAFTA Video Games Awards and the BAFTA Interactive Awards] Despite making headlines with high profile winners like Halo 2 and Half-Life 2 the interactive division was discontinued and disappeared from BAFTA's publicity material after only two ceremonies.
During 2006, BAFTA announced its decision "to give video games equal status with film and television", and the Academy now advertises video games as its third major topic in recognition of its importance as an art form of moving images. The same year the ceremony was performed at The Roundhouse by Chalk Farm Road in North London on 5 October and was televised for the first time on 17 October and was broadcasted on the digital channel E4.
The 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2012 ceremonies occurred at the London Hilton Park Lane and were hosted by Dara Ó Briain. They were fully filmed and streamed live online at the official BAFTA website.
Britannia Awards 
The BAFTA Los Angeles Britannia Awards started during 1989 and are performed during October/November each year. The ceremony is described as being "a bridge between the Hollywood and British production and entertainment business communities." There are no awards given to specific movies or TV programmes, only to individuals. During the first ten years, one award was given at each event, named the "Britannia Award for Excellence in Film", but since 1999 the number of awards has increased.
Awards given include 'The Stanley Kubrick Britannia Award for Excellence in Film' (the original award was renamed during 2000 to honour director Stanley Kubrick), 'The John Schlesinger Britannia Award for Artistic Excellence in Directing' (added during 2003 in honour of John Schlesinger), the ‘Britannia Award for British Artist of the Year’, and the ‘Albert R. Broccoli Britannia Award for Worldwide Contribution to Filmed Entertainment’. In select years, the evening has included the ‘BAFTA Los Angeles Humanitarian Award’.
The show has been broadcast on TV around the world, including the TV Guide Network in the United States.
BAFTA in Scotland 
BAFTA in Scotland is the branch of the Academy located in Glasgow, Scotland, funded mainly by the principal Scottish broadcasters. Formed during 1997, BAFTA in Scotland has an annual awards ceremony to recognise achievement by performers and production staff in Scottish cinema and television. The BAFTA Scotland Awards are separate from the UK-wide British Academy Television Awards and British Academy Film Awards, although movies and programmes recognised by BAFTA in Scotland can also sometimes feature at BAFTA's UK awards.
BAFTA in Scotland also performs an annual New Talent Awards ceremony emphasizing new & emerging Scottish talent in the art forms of moving image.
BAFTA Cymru 
BAFTA in Wales or BAFTA Cymru is the part of the Academy located in Wales. Formed during 1991, it performs an annual awards ceremony to recognise achievement by performers and production staff in movies and television programmes made in Wales. The BAFTA Cymru Awards are separate from the UK-wide British Academy Television Awards and British Academy Film Awards, although movies and programmes recognised by BAFTA Cymru may also feature at BAFTA's national awards.
Presidents and Vice Presidents 
- HRH Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (1959–1965)
- The Rt Hon Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma (1966–1972)
- HRH Anne, Princess Royal (1973–2001)
- The Rt Hon Richard The Lord Attenborough (2001–2010)
- HRH Prince William, Duke of Cambridge (2010–present)
- The Rt Hon The Lord Attenborough (1973–1995)
- The Rt Hon David The Lord Puttnam (1995–2004)
- Michael Grade (2004–2009)
- Duncan Kenworthy (2009–present)
- Sophie Turner Laing (2010–present)
See also 
- Lean's Letter to the Academy
- Prince William Appointed Academy President
- Multimedia's best in Bafta battle – BBC News announces BAFTA Interactive Entertainment Award split; 1 December 2003
- About BAFTA Los Angeles
- BAFTA Scotland Awards Winners in 2009
- New Talent Awards Winners in 2010
- "Officers of the Academy". BAFTA. 28 June 12. Retrieved 19 December 2012.
Media related to BAFTA Awards at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website
- BAFTA Los Angeles site
- BAFTA in Wales site
- BAFTA in Scotland site
- BAFTA in New York site
- IMDB: BAFTA
- Official Collaborator