The following is a
timeline of the , history of the city of Philadelphia Pennsylvania, USA.
17th-18th centuries [ edit ]
19th century [ edit ]
1800s-1840s [ edit ]
1850s-1890s [ edit ]
1850 – Population: 121,376.
AME Christian Recorder newspaper begins publication.  [5 ] 1854
National Women's Rights Convention held. City
expands to include: Aramingo Borough, Belmont District, Blockley Township, Bridesburg Borough, Bristol Township, Byberry Township, Delaware Township, Frankford Borough, Germantown Borough, Germantown Township, Kensington District, Kingsessing Township, Lower Dublin Township, Manayunk Borough, Moreland Township, Moyamensing District, Northern Liberties District, Northern Liberties Township, Oxford Township, Passyunk Township, Penn District, Penn Township, Philadelphia City, Roxborough Township, Richmond District, Southwark District, Spring Garden District, West Philadelphia Borough, and Whitehall Borough.
YMCA Philadelphia and Western Library Association of Philadelphia founded. [31 ] 1855 –
Girard Avenue Bridge built. 1856 – June:
Republican National Convention held. 1857
Mütter Museum established. 1860
Strawbridge & Clothier in business. 1869
Philadelphia Zoo opens. 1876
Pennsylvania Museum and School of Industrial Art opens. [44 ] 1878 – October 24: Storm.
[1 ] 1882 – Philadelphia Association of Textile Manufacturers formed.
[44 ] 1883 –
Philadelphia Phillies baseball team formed. 1884
Starr Centre founded.
[13 ] Post Office opens on 9th Street.
[15 ] 1887 – September: U.S. Constitution centennial.
[45 ] 1890
Free Library of Philadelphia and Geographical Club of Philadelphia established. [47 ] 1892
1897 – American Negro Historical Society
and Berean Manual Training and Industrial School [41 ] established. [13 ] 1898 – October: Peace Jubilee held.
[49 ] 1899 –
Penn Museum building constructed.
20th century [ edit ]
1900s-1940s [ edit ]
This section requires expansion. (October 2013)
1950s-1990s [ edit ]
This section requires expansion. (October 2013)
1955 – Philadelphia Historical Commission and
Foreign Policy Research Institute established. 1956 –
Independence National Historical Park established. 1958
JFK Plaza constructed. Society Hill Civic Association formed.
[64 ] 1966 - Sister city relationship established with
Tel Aviv, Israel. [63 ] 1968
September: Revolutionary People's Constitutional Convention held in city.
Le Bec-Fin restaurant in business. Population: 1,948,609.
1971 – Mariposa Food Co-op established.
[66 ] [67 ] 1972
Philadelphia Green launched. 1975
The Gallery at Market East shopping mall opens. 1980
On March 21, 1980, Angelo Bruno was assassinated outside his home. The murder was orchestrated by his
consigliere, Antonio Caponigro, who was unhappy with Bruno's conservative leadership style and had been led to believe that, if he attempted a coup, he would have the support of the Genovese crime family. That April, Caponigro visited New York City, apparently under the assumption he was about to be confirmed as boss. Instead, he was tortured and murdered. [68 ] [69 ] Sister city relationship established with
Tianjin, China. [63 ] 1981 –
begins publication. Philadelphia City Paper 1983 –
SEPTA Regional Rail begins operating. 1984
1985 – The
MOVE bombing in West Philadelphia kills 11 people and destroys about 60 homes. 1986
Wood Turning Center founded.
[50 ] Sister city relationship established with
Douala, Cameroon. [63 ] 1987
1988 – Vox Populi founded.
[71 ] 1989 –
Dock Street Brewing Company pub in business. 1992
Pennsylvania Convention Center opens. 1995 –
Chaka Fattah becomes Pennsylvania's 2nd congressional district representative. [72 ] 1996 –
Wilma Theater and CoreStates Center (arena) open. 1998 –
Bob Brady becomes Pennsylvania's 1st congressional district representative. [72 ]
21st century [ edit ]
This section requires expansion. (October 2013)
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ a b c Benjamin Vincent (1910), "Philadelphia", (25th ed.), London: Ward, Lock & Co. Haydn's Dictionary of Dates
^ , Philadelphia: C.G. Childs, 1827, Views in Philadelphia and its Vicinity OCLC 9146906
^ Markman Ellis (2004). The Coffee-House: a Cultural History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0297843192.
^ Michael P. McCarthy (1990). "Traditions in Conflict: The Philadelphia City Hall Site Controversy". Pennsylvania History 57. JSTOR 27773404.
^ a b c d e f g "U.S. Newspaper Directory". Chronicling America. Library of Congress . Retrieved . October 4, 2013
^ a b c John Van Ness Ingram (1912). "(Philadelphia)". A Check List of American Eighteenth Century Newspapers in the Library of Congress . Retrieved . October 2, 2013
^ "Life and Times of Benjamin Franklin (timeline)", Ben Franklin: Glimpses of the Man (Franklin Institute), 1994 , retrieved July 2014
^ a b c d e f g h i S.S. Moore; T.W. Jones (1804), (2nd ed.), Philadelphia: Mathew Carey, Traveller's Directory... Philadelphia to New York OCLC 9501780
^ a b Carl Bridenbaugh (1971), , London: Oxford University Press, Cities in Revolt: Urban Life in America, 1743–1776 OL 16383796M
^ a b c d e Davies Project. "American Libraries before 1876". Princeton University . Retrieved . October 2, 2013
^ a b c d e f g h i j k , Philadelphia: E.L. Carey and A. Hart, 1830 Philadelphia in 1830-1
^ Dennis Clark (1973), The Irish in Philadelphia, Philadelphia: Temple University Press, ISBN 0877220573
^ a b c d e R.R. Wright, ed. (1907). . Philadelphia Colored Directory
^ Quintard Taylor (ed.), BlackPast.org , retrieved October 10, 2013
^ a b c d e f "Philadelphia", Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.), New York, 1910, OCLC 14782424
^ "History of the Court". Washington, D.C.: Supreme Court Historical Society.
^ "History and Timeline". Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts . Retrieved . October 15, 2013
^ "United States and Canada, 1800–1900 A.D.: Key Events". Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art . Retrieved July 2014.
^ . Philadelphia: Joseph Jackson. 1918. Market Street, Philadelphia: The Most Historic Highway in America, Its Merchants and Its Story
^ Albert H. Smyth (1892). . Philadelphia: R.M. Lindsay. The Philadelphia magazines and their contributors, 1741–1850
^ James T. Haley, ed. (1895), , Nashville: Haley & Florida Afro-American Encyclopaedia
^ George Alter; Claudia Goldin; Elyce Rotella (1994). "The Savings of Ordinary Americans: The Philadelphia Saving Fund Society in the Mid-Nineteenth Century". Journal of Economic History 54.
^ . Boston: Charles Bowen. 1836. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge
^ , Philadelphia, 1826 The Casket, or, Flowers of Literature, Wit & Sentiment
^ Samuel Hazard, ed. (1828), Register of Pennsylvania 1, Philadelphia
^ "Conventions Organized by Year". Colored Conventions. University of Delaware . Retrieved April 2014.
^ , Philadelphia: The Edgell company, 1903 History of the Baldwin Locomotive Works
^ , Philadelphia: P.J. Gray, 1834 Philadelphia As It Is
^ Frank Luther Mott (1930). History of American Magazines: 1741–1850. Harvard University Press.
^ . McElroy's Philadelphia City Directory for 1867
^ James G. Barnwell (April 1900), "Proprietary Libraries in Philadelphia", Library Journal 25
^ "Great Japanese Embassy of 1860". Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 49. 1910.
^ "About". Photographic Society of Philadelphia . Retrieved . October 2, 2013
^ John Russell Young, ed. (1898), Memorial History of the City of Philadelphia 2, New York City: New-York History Company
^ Joe Trotter and Eric Ledell Smith, ed. (1997). African Americans in Pennsylvania. Penn State Press. ISBN 0271016868.
^ a b c d "Print and Photograph Collections". ImPAC: Digital Collections. Library Company of Philadelphia . Retrieved July 2014.
^  Benjamin Guggenheim was an American businessman who was born in Philadelphia and died aboard RMS Titanic
^ "Benjamin Guggenheim". biography.com . Retrieved . February 16, 2012
^ a b c d e f g h Federal Writers' Project (1937), "Chronology", Philadelphia, a Guide to the Nation's Birthplace, American Guide Series, Philadelphia: William Penn Association of Philadelphia
^ William Dwight Porter Bliss, ed. (1897). . New York: Funk & Wagnells Company. Encyclopedia of Social Reform
^ a b c "African American Collections". Subject Guides. Historical Society of Pennsylvania . Retrieved . October 2, 2013
^ William Dwight Porter Bliss; Rudolph Michael Binder (1910). "Socialist Party". New Encyclopedia of Social Reform. Funk & Wagnalls.
^ James C. Docherty; Peter Lamb (2006). "Chronology". Historical Dictionary of Socialism (2nd ed.). Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-6477-1.
^ a b c "UArts Name Changes". Philadelphia: University of the Arts . Retrieved . October 2, 2013
^ Hampton L. Carson (1889), , Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Co. History of the Celebration of the One Hundredth Anniversary of the Promulgation of the Constitution of the United States
^ "American and Western Photographic Societies", International Annual of Anthony's Photographic Bulletin, New York: E. & H. T. Anthony & Company, 1890
^ "History", Geographical Club of Philadelphia: Charter, 1895
^ Fairmount Park Guard Pension Fund Association (1915), , Philadelphia: Reichert and Co. Descriptive souvenir of Fairmount Park, Philadelphia, Pa.
^ "Philadelphia Peace Jubilee of 1898". Philly History Blog. City of Philadelphia . Retrieved . October 2, 2013
^ a b c "Four Square Blocks: Philadelphia", New York Times, October 9, 2013
^ , Chicago: City Club of Chicago, 1922 City Clubs in America
^ "History". Economy League of Greater Philadelphia . Retrieved . November 21, 2013
^ a b c "Movie Theaters in Philadelphia, PA". CinemaTreasures.org. Los Angeles: Cinema Treasures LLC . Retrieved . October 2, 2013
^ Goodale, Gloria (June 17, 2011). "Superhero summer: Behind 'Green Lantern' and the rest, an American story". : The Christian Science Monitor 2. Archived from the original on June 23, 2011 . Retrieved . December 14, 2011
^ Walter S. Hayward; Percival White (1922), , New York: McGraw-Hill Chain Stores: their Management and Operation
^ "Colored Dunbar Theatre". (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) The Crisis 19 (6). April 1920.
^ Bruce J. Evensen (1993). " 'Saving the City's Reputation': Philadelphia's Struggle over Self-Identity, Sabbath-Breaking and Boxing in America's Sesquicentennial Year". Pennsylvania History 60. JSTOR 27773587.
^ "Historic Theatre Inventory". Maryland, USA: League of Historic American Theatres . Retrieved . October 4, 2013
^ a b Nina Mjagkij, ed. (2001), Organizing Black America: an Encyclopedia of African American Associations, Garland, ISBN 9780815323099
^ "Philadelphia, Pennsylvania". Global Nonviolent Action Database. Pennsylvania: Swarthmore College . Retrieved . October 10, 2013
^ Richard Kurin (2013). Smithsonian's History of America in 101 Objects. Penguin. ISBN 978-1-101-63877-4.
^ "Timeline: Local Events with National Significance". Civil Rights in a Northern City: Philadelphia. Temple University . Retrieved . October 15, 2013
^ a b c d e f g "Sister Cities". Citizen Diplomacy International - Philadelphia . Retrieved December 2014.
^ "About SHCA". Philadelphia: Society Hill Civic Association . Retrieved . October 2, 2013
^ Robin D. G. Kelley and Earl Lewis, ed. (2005). "Chronology". To Make Our World Anew: a History of African Americans. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-983893-6.
^ "Mariposa FAQ". Philadelphia: Mariposa Food Co-op . Retrieved . November 5, 2013
^ "NCGA Co-ops: Pennsylvania". Iowa: National Cooperative Grocers Association . Retrieved . November 5, 2013
^ Anastasia, George (1991). Blood and Honor: Inside the Scarfo Mob – The Mafia's Most Violent Family. New York: William Morrow and Company Inc. pp. 86–88. ISBN 0-688-09260-8.
^ Anastasia (1991), pp. 91-92
^ Pluralism Project. "Hinduism in America". America's Many Religions: Timelines. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University . Retrieved . October 4, 2013
^ a b "United States". Art Spaces Directory. New York: New Museum . Retrieved . October 2, 2013
^ a b Michael Barone; Chuck McCutcheon (2011). . Washington, D.C.: National Journal Group. Almanac of American Politics 2012 ISBN 978-0-226-03807-0.
^ "History: IVAW Timeline". Iraq Veterans Against the War . Retrieved February 2015.
^ "Pennsylvania". CJR's Guide to Online News Startups. New York: Columbia Journalism Review . Retrieved . October 19, 2013
^ "About". Philadelphia: The Hacktory . Retrieved . October 14, 2013
^ "About". Ignite Philly . Retrieved . October 14, 2013
^ "About". Philadelphia: 8static . Retrieved . October 14, 2013
^ "Philadelphia tech site tries to put its news startup theories into practice". Nieman Journalism Lab. Nieman Foundation for Journalism at Harvard University. October 14, 2009 . Retrieved . October 14, 2013
^ "30 Cities: An Introductory Snapshot". American Cities Project. Washington, D.C.: Pew Charitable Trusts. 2013 . Retrieved . March 23, 2014
^ "Open Data Policy Comparison". Local Policy. Washington, D.C.: Sunlight Foundation . Retrieved . October 14, 2013
^ "Transparent or not? It's unclear". Axis Philly. July 11, 2013 . Retrieved . October 14, 2013
^ Christopher Wink (July 22, 2013). "First thoughts on Axis Philly next steps: journalism collab CEO leaves". ChristopherWink.com. Philadelphia . Retrieved . October 14, 2013
Further reading [ edit ]
Published in the 18th century [ edit ]
Published in the 19th century [ edit ]
1800s-1840s [ edit ]
1800; 1801; 1802; 1808; 1810; 1819; 1822; 1825; 1837; 1841; 1849
, Philadelphia: H.C. Carey & I. Lea, 1824 Philadelphia in 1824
John Fanning Watson (1830), , Philadelphia: E.L. Carey & A. Hart Annals of Philadelphia
"Philadelphia", American Advertising Directory, for Manufacturers and Dealers in American Goods, New York: Jocelyn, Darling & Co., 1831, OCLC 1018684
David Brewster, ed. (1832). "Philadelphia". . Philadelphia: Joseph and Edward Parker. Edinburgh Encyclopædia
Thomas Francis Gordon (1833), "Philadelphia", Gazetteer of the state of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia: T. Belknap
, Philadelphia: E.L. Carey and A. Hart, 1835 Picture of Philadelphia
. Thomas T. Ash & Co. 1837. Guide to the Lions of Philadelphia
, Philadelphia: C. P. Fessenden, 1837 Stranger's guide to the city of Philadelphia
, Philadelphia: Daniel Bowen, 1839 History of Philadelphia
"Philadelphia", The North American Tourist, New York: A.T. Goodrich, 1839
1850s-1890s [ edit ]
R.A. Smith (1852), , Philadelphia: Lindsay and Blakiston Philadelphia as it is in 1852 City Directory.
1856; 1857; 1858; 1861; 1866
R.H. Long (1863), "Philadelphia", Hunt's Gazetteer of the Border and Southern States, Pittsburgh, Pa.: John P. Hunt
, Philadelphia: Lindsay & Blakiston, 1864 Stranger's Guide in Philadelphia
, Philadelphia: J.F. Clarke, July 1865 Stranger's Guide of Philadelphia
Edward H. Hall (1867), "Philadelphia", Appletons' Hand-book of American Travel: Northern Tour (9th ed.), New York: D. Appleton & Co., OCLC 2635615
George Henry Townsend (1867), "Philadelphia", A Manual of Dates (2nd ed.), London: Frederick Warne & Co.
. Philadelphia: G. Delp. 1869. Smith's Hand-Book and Guide in Philadelphia
, Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & co., 1876 Stranger's Illustrated Pocket Guide to Philadelphia
"Philadelphia", Appleton's Illustrated Hand-Book of American Cities, New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1876
, Philadelphia: J.P. Hunt, 1882 Hunt's Philadelphia Guide
John Thomas Scharf; Thompson Westcott (1884), History of Philadelphia, 1609–1884 2, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA: L. H. Everts & Co
Rufus C. Hartranft (1884), , Philadelphia, Guide to the City of Philadelphia OCLC 7651947
Joseph Sabin (ed.). "Philadelphia". Bibliotheca Americana. 14-15. New York. OCLC 13972268. + part 2. 1884-85
, J.B. Lippincott, 1889 Philadelphia and its Environs
Carroll D. Wright (1894), , Special Report of the Commissioner of Labor, Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office Slums of Baltimore, Chicago, New York, and Philadelphia
. G.S. Harris & Sons. City of Philadelphia as it Appears in the Year 1894
John Russell Young, ed. (1895), Memorial History of the City of Philadelphia 1, New York: New-York History Company
Charles H. Browning (April 1895), "Philadelphia Business Directory of 1703", American Historical Register
W. E. B. Du Bois (1899). . The Philadelphia Negro
Talcott Williams (1899), "Philadelphia", in Lyman P. Powell, Historic Towns of the Middle States, New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, OCLC 248109
Published in the 20th century [ edit ]
1900s-1940s [ edit ]
H.V.B. Osbourn (1900), "Philadelphia: What Are its Needs?", Proceedings of the Engineers' Club of Philadelphia (17)
Robert C. Brooks (1901), "Philadelphia", Bibliography of Municipal Problems and City Conditions, Municipal Affairs 5 (2nd ed.), New York: Reform Club, OCLC 1855351
Lincoln Steffens (1904), "Philadelphia", , New York: McClure, Phillips The Shame of the Cities
Ellis Paxson Oberholtzer (1906), , Philadelphia: George W. Jacobs & Co Literary History of Philadelphia
"Philadelphia", Jewish Encyclopedia 9, New York, 1907
"Philadelphia", United States (4th ed.), Leipzig: K. Baedeker, 1909, OCLC 02338437
Andrew Wright Crawford (1910), "What Has Been Accomplished in City Planning. Philadelphia", Hearing Before the Committee on the District of Columbia United States Senate on the Subject of City Planning. 61st Congress, 2nd Session, Senate Document No. 422 (Washington: Government Printing Office)
Albert Cook Myers (1912), Narratives of Early Pennsylvania, West New Jersey and Delaware, 1630–1707 12, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons Ellis Oberholtzer. Philadelphia: A History of the City and Its People. 1912
Edward Hungerford (1913), "William Penn's Town", The Personality of American Cities, New York: McBride, Nast & Company
Andrew Cunningham McLaughlin and Albert Bushnell Hart, ed. (1914). "Philadelphia". Cyclopedia of American Government 2. D. Appleton and Company.
Charles Morris (1916), , Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Co. Visitors' Guide Book to Philadelphia
Publications of the City History Society of Philadelphia 1, Philadelphia: City History Society of Philadelphia, 1917
"(Philadelphia)". Automobile Blue Book 3. 1918.
, New York: Rand McNally & Company, 1920 Rand McNally Philadelphia Guide
Gertrude Van Duyn Southworth; Stephen Elliott Kramer (1922). "Philadelphia". Great Cities of the United States. Syracuse, New York: Iroquois Publishing Company. Joseph Jackson. Encyclopedia of Philadelphia. 1931
"Historic City of Brotherly Love", (Washington, D.C.) National Geographic Magazine 62, 1932 Herman Collins. Philadelphia: A Story of Progress. 1941
"Philadelphia". . 1949. p. 63. The Negro Motorist Green Book
1950s-1990s [ edit ]
Sam Bass Warner, Jr. (1971), , Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, The private city: Philadelphia in three periods of its growth OL 22085452M
Adrienne Siegel (1975), Howard B. Furer, ed., Philadelphia: a Chronological & Documentary History, 1615–1970, American Cities Chronology Series, Dobbs Ferry, N.Y.: Oceana Publications, ISBN 0379006219 Philadelphia the Fabulous City of Firsts. 1976.
RF Weigley et al., eds. (1982), Philadelphia: A 300-Year History, New York and London: W. W. Norton & Company, ISBN 0-393-01610-2
John Francis Marion (1984), , Philadelphia: Institute for the Study of Human Issues, Walking Tours of Historic Philadelphia ISBN 089727055X
M.S. Gillam & J.B. Toll, ed. (1995). Invisible Philadelphia: Community through voluntary organizations. Philadelphia: Atwater Kent Museum. ISBN 0964107406.
Ron Avery (1999), A Concise History of Philadelphia, Philadelphia: Otis Books, ISBN 0-9658825-1-9
Published in the 21st century [ edit ]
David Patrick Geggus, ed. (2001). "Saint-Domingue Refugees of Color in Philadelphia". The Impact of the Haitian Revolution in the Atlantic World. University of South Carolina. ISBN 978-1-57003-416-9.
David Levinson, ed. (2004). "Philadelphia". Encyclopedia of Homelessness. Sage Publications. ISBN 978-0-7619-2751-8.
David Marley (2005), "United States: Philadelphia", Historic Cities of the Americas 2, Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, p. 604+, ISBN 1576070271
American Cities Project (November 11, 2013). "Philadelphia". America's Big Cities in Volatile Times: City Profiles. Washington, D.C.: Pew Charitable Trusts.
External links [ edit ]
Coordinates: 39°57′N 75°10′W / 39.95°N 75.17°W