Tiruchirappalli railway division

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Tiruchirappalli railway division
Headquarters
Office of the Divisional Headquarters
Reporting mark TPJ
Locale Tamil Nadu and Puducherry
Dates of operation 16 May 1956; 58 years ago (1956-05-16)–present
Predecessor South Indian Railway
Track gauge 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)
Previous gauge 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
Electrification 25 kV AC, 50 Hz
Length 1,026.55 km (637.87 mi)
Headquarters Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India
Website www.sr.indianrailways.gov.in

Tiruchirappalli railway division (Tamil: திருச்சிராப்பள்ளி இரயில்வே கோட்டம்), is one of the seven railway divisions of Southern Railway Zone (SR) of India. It has its administrative headquarters located at Tiruchirappalli. It serves most of the districts of delta region and Central Tamil Nadu.[1][2]

History and background[edit]

The history of division dates long back to 1853, when the Great Southern of India Railway Company was established with its headquarters at England and first line was constructed between Negapatnam and Trichinopoly in 1859.[3] Tiruchirappalli railway division was formed while consolidating all other railways of pre-independence era on 16 May 1956. It is the second largest division of the zone having a route length of about 1,026.55 km (637.87 mi),[4] spread over 13 districts of Tamil Nadu.[5] Also this could be the only division in the world that is serving the railway lines of erstwhile South Indian Railway Company and Pondicherry Railway Company developed by the British empire and French empire respectively.[6][7][8]

Administration[edit]

The division comes under Southern Railway zone, which is headed by General Manager, Rakesh Mishra.[9] The division is headed by Divisional Railway Manager(DRM), Manjula Rangarajan,[10] an 1983 batch Indian Railway Accounts Service officer, became the first woman to head the division in its 150-year history.[11][a] The divisional railway office (DRO) is located close to Tiruchirappalli Junction,[12] which is one of the busiest railway junctions in India and second biggest railway station in Tamil Nadu only next to Chennai Central.[13]

Jurisdiction[edit]

The division spans to Tiruchirappalli, Thanjavur, Nagappattinam, Vellore, Tiruvannamalai, Ariyalur, Villupuram, Tiruvarur, Perambalur and Ariyalur districts of Tamil Nadu state and Union Territory of Pondicherry including Karaikal. The total area covered by the division is about 1,026.55 km (637.87 mi), of which BG accounts to 843.26 km (523.98 mi) (including electrified lines) and MG is 183.29 km (113.89 mi), which are all under Gauge conversion.[1]

Except the 2.8 km (1.7 mi) stretch between Ponmalai (Golden Rock) and Tiruchirappalli Junction, which has double line for extensive shunting and maintenance purpose due to the proximity of Central Workshop, Diesel loco shed[14] and a newly established electric locomotive trip shed,[15] the entire division has single lines only.[10]

Routes[edit]

From To Line Gauge
(BG/MG)
Track Traction Distance
(in km) [b]
Tiruchirappalli Jn Villupuram Jn Chord line BG Single/Double[c] Diesel/Electric[16] 178
Villupuram Jn Vellore Town Branch line BG Single Diesel 152
Villupuram Jn Puducherry Branch line BG Single Diesel/Electric[17] 37
Tiruchirappalli Jn Villupuram Jn Main line BG Single Diesel 240
Vridhachalam Jn Cuddalore Port Jn Branch line BG Single Diesel 57
Thanjavur Jn Karaikal Branch line BG Single Diesel 96
Nagapattinam Jn Velankanni Spur line BG Single Diesel 10
Tiruvarur Jn Mayiladuthurai Jn Branch line BG Single Diesel 38
Nidamangalam Jn Mannargudi Spur line BG Single Diesel 14

Operations[edit]

Passenger services[edit]

The division involves in operating about 150 trains per day,[18] of which the 178 km (111 mi) stretch chord line experiences heaviest traffic[19] handling about 30 passenger and 56 express trains passing through everyday in addition to goods train, particularly during night.[20][21]

The division operates about 30 Passenger Reservation System (PRS) centers[22] which includes six post offices at Villianur, Tiruvettipuram, Peravurani, Muthupet, Srirangam, and Ponmalai under the 1,000 PRS scheme, as a part of improving passenger amenities. At the headquarters station, plasma screen electronic display boards, electronic train arrival/departure boards were installed along with a renovated linen room and Integrated Security System to enhance security.[23]

The division became the first in the Southern Railway zone to install multi-coloured LED coach indication boards at Kumbakonam railway station during November 2013 and at Tiruchirappalli junction during January 2014, for Platform.no.1 alone which is supposed to be extended till Platform no.5 and also at about 17 other stations including Villupuram, Puducherry, Thanjavur, Mayiladuthurai and Mannargudi within the division.[24]

Freight services[edit]

The division has provided team tracks for a number of Industrial establishments[6] adjoining the railway lines utilising the nearby railway stations for their logistics and transports such as Central Workshop (Golden Rock), Cement and gypsum factories (Trichy, Perambalur and Ariyalur),[25][26][27] Lignite industries (Neyveli),[28] Sugar factories (Villupuram and Vridhachalam),[29] FCI and Civil supplies (Cauvery delta districts)[30][31] also BHEL (Tiruverumbur),[32] and ports (Cuddalore and Karaikal).[26][33][34][35]

Performance[edit]

Revenue[edit]

The division posted a decent earning of INR733.10 crore (US$120 million) during the financial year during 2012-2013 . It carried 42.5 million passenger and earned INR233.15 crore (US$39 million) from regular and festival special trains and INR449.92 crore (US$75 million), by transporting 9,000,000 metric tons (8,900,000 long tons; 9,900,000 short tons) of freight,[23] of which karaikal port alone contributes about 40% of the revenue.[26]

Awards[edit]

The division won the overall efficiency medical shield, cleanliness shield and electrical conservation shield for 2012-2013 at the zonal level, in addition to the overall safety shield at the Annual Safety Week Celebrations held at Zonal Railway Training Institute.[23]

Towns and places of interest[edit]

On the chord line were Srirangam,[36][37] Ariyalur, Vridhachalam Jn and Villupuram Jn. On the main line and branch lines that traverses through delta districts has a lot of greenery in the form of agriculture and towns of religious importance like Thanjavur, Kumbakonam, Sirkazhi, Chidambaram, Cuddalore,[38] Nagore, Velankanni, Tirunallar.[6][39]

Current projects[edit]

S.No Section Nature of work Status
From Via To
1 Tiruvarur Jn Tiruturaipoondi Jn Karaikkudi Jn Gauge Conversion In progress[40]
2 Tiruturaipoondi Jn Melamarudur → Vedaranyam Agastiyampalli Gauge Conversion In progress[5]
3 Nagapattinam Jn Tirukuvalai Tiruturaipoondi Jn New line[d] In progress[41][42][43]
4 Mannargudi TBA Pattukottai New line In progress[44][45]
5 Villupuram Jn Vridhachalam Jn Tiruchirappalli Jn Doubling In progress[46]
6 Tiruchirappalli Jn Thanjavur Jn Karaikal Electrification Survey completed[16]
7 Thanjavur Jn N/A Ponmalai (Golden Rock) Doubling[e][47] Survey completed[46]
8 Thanjavur Jn TBA Ariyalur New line Survey completed[44]
9 Mayiladuthurai Jn TarangambadiTirunallar Karaikal New line Survey completed[44]
10 Salem Jn Attur → Ariyalur → Jayankondam
Gangaikondacholapuram
Mayiladuturai → Tirunallar
Karaikal New line Survey completed[44]
11 Peralam Jn Tirunallar Karaikal Restoration In progress[48][49]

Employees[edit]

The division has a total workforce of about 11,430 in various ranks.[50]

Welfare[edit]

Healthcare[edit]

The division manages one Divisional Railway Hospital, one Sub-divisional Railway Hospital and seven Health Units/Polyclinics.[51][52] The Divisional Railway Hospital is at Golden Rock, which was established by the then South Indian Railway in 1927, caters exclusively to railway staff of the entire division, has about 297 beds[53][54] including 100 beds in the newly opened surgical ward.[23] Apart from DRH, Golden Rock, the division has 25-bedded Sub-divisional Hospital at Villupuram and eight Railway Health Units at Tiruchirappalli Junction, Tiruchirappalli Fort, Srirangam, Vriddhachalam, Tiruvannamalai, Thanjavur, Mayiladuthurai and Tiruvarur.[55][56]

Education[edit]

The division oversees the management of railway schools within its jurisdictional limit at Tiruchirappalli (SRWWO Matriculation School at Kallukuzhi and RMHSS/GOC) and Villupuram (RMHSS/VM).[57][58]

Security[edit]

Railway Protection Force (RPF)[edit]

About 275 security personnels including 30 commandos,[59] headed by Divisional Security Commissioner, oversee the security arrangements on day-to-day basis round the clock for the entire division which includes protecting railway infrastructure, escorting passengers in trains and operations in all railway stations.[60] Before being put into active service, all security personnel undergo training at Zonal RPF Training Center at Khajamalai, Tiruchirapalli.[61][62]

Government Railway Police (GRP)[edit]

Apart from RPF, the Government Railway Police (GRP), a unit of Tamil Nadu Police also assists in civil and criminal issues at railway stations along with passenger safety. This unit was first established in 1932 with Trichy as its headquarters. Later in 1981, the unit was bifurcated and the headquarters was moved to Chennai.[63] This unit has about 1400 personnel, headed by a Superintendent of Police. The jurisdictional limit starts from Villupuram in the north to Kuzhithurai railway station in the south and Karaikal in the east to Palani in the west.[64] It has about 16 police stations and 14 out-posts along with mobile units in Nellai express and Rameswaram expresses.[65]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The administrators may change from time to time for administrative reasons.
  2. ^ The remaining stretch are in MG and undergoing gauge conversion to BG.
  3. ^ Doubling under progress.
  4. ^ For all new lines, the route and its length are determined only after the completion of the work, since the planned routes may undergo unexpected changes due to various social and economic conditions.
  5. ^ Also includes a 1.13 km (0.70 mi) bypass line connecting main line and the chord line, without touching Ponmalai (Golden Rock) railway station.

References[edit]

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  3. ^ Muthiah, S. (2004). Madras Rediscovered. East West Books (Madras) Pvt Ltd. p. 321. ISBN 81-88661-24-4. 
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External links[edit]