|— City —|
|• Municipal chairman||G. Baskaran|
|Elevation||171 m (561 ft)|
|• Density||406/km2 (1,050/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||04146(STD Code)|
|Vehicle registration||TN 32|
|Sex ratio||985 ♂/♀|
Villuppuram is a municipality in the Villuppuram district of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It serves as the headquarters of the district, the second largest in the state. National Highway No. 45, from Chennai to Dindigul via Tiruchirapalli, goes through the town. Viluppuram also has a major train station. The town's main source of income is agriculture. Its literacy rate was low until the early 1980s, but has since improved constantly and is currently about 75%.
The area contains metamorphic rocks belonging to the Genesis family. There are also three major groups of sedimentary rocks belonging to different geological periods. The Kalvarayan Hills in the north, nearly 40 kilometres from Kallakurichi, represent a continuous range of hills covered with some thorny forests and vegetation. The Gingee Hills offer some of the most beautiful scenery in the district. The "Lord Siva" in the name of "Abath hayeswarar Temple" is located in the entrance of "Sendamangalam village". This temple is part of the Sendamangalam Koperunchingan kadavarayan king fort.
About municipality 
The Municipality was constituted in the year 1919 and was subsequently upgraded as IInd Grade Municipality from 01.10.1953. Ist Grade Municipality from 01.04.1973 and Selection Grade Municipality from 02.03.1988. It has a population of 95459 (2001 census) and an extent of 8.36 km2., The town is divided was 42 wards.
The Municipal Council, with 42 ward Councillors, is headed by Chairperson, who is elected by voters of the town. The Councillors elect a Vice-Chairperson among them.
The executive wing is headed by a commissioner and he is assisted by a team of officials like Health Officer, Municipal Engineer, Town Planning Officer, Manager, Revenue officer and other officers.
Places of interest 
- Gingee Fort well known for its history and stone architecture
- Lakshmi Narasimar Temple, Parikkal 27 km
- Arulmigu Vetukaliamman, Tiruvakkarai 25 km – during full moon day a large gathering can be seen
- Angalamman Temple, Mel Malayanur 50 km – during Ammavasai a huge gathering can be seen
- Auroville, Marakkanam
- Tiruvannamalai- Arunachaleshwarar Temple
- Murugan Temple, Mailam
- Lakshmi Narasimar Temple, Abishekapakkam
- Lakshmi Narasimar Temple, Poovarasankuppam.
- Saneeswaran & Anjaneyar Temple, Kalpattu
- Nagamman Temple, Thumbur
- Sivan Temple, Thiruvennai Nallur
- Sivan Temple, Vllupuram
- Sivan Temple, Thiruvamathur
- Umiya Jamia Pallivasal, Villupuram
- Thowheeth mosque, Villupuram
- Ahle hadees Pallivasal, Villupuram
- Haj Mansoorsha Jumma Mosque, Villupuram
- St. James Church, Villupuram
Villuppuram is well connected by road to major cities and to the rest of the state. Villupuram district is first in state by road network, It has longest National structure than any other district in Tamil Nadu. City alone connected with 3 national highways given below. 2 of them either originate or terminate in the city.
List of national highways in and around district 
- NH 45: Which connects Chennai to Theni, Via; Tindivanam–Viluppuram–Tiruchirapalli–Dindigul (four-lane)
- NH 45A: Which connects Viluppuram to Pondicherry (city)—Nagapattinam
- NH 234: Which Connects Mangalore to Villupuram, Via; Sira–Gudiyatham–Vellore–Thiruvannaamalai
- NH 45C: which connects Vikravandi with Thanjavur via Panruti–Neyveli–Kumbakonam; intersects with NH 45A in Koliyanur, about 5 km from Viluppuram
Other than the above mentioned national highways, several state highways also run through the district and town.
Government Road Transport Corporation 
Villuppuram is also the headquarters of the Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation (TNSTC) - Villuppuram division ( the erstwhile Thanthai Periyar Transport Corporation (TPTC)).
It is one among the 4 Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation divisions serving the state. Viluppuram division covers a vast area comprising the revenue districts of
Distances from some important cities 
From Villuppuram to
- Chennai - 162 km
- Trichy - 166 km
- Salem - 178 km
- Pondicherry - 38 km
- Kumbakonam - 120 km
- Vellore - 130 km
- Tirupati - 227 km
- Bangalore - 268 km
- Coimbatore - 334 km
- Hyderabad - 737 km
- Thiruvananthapuram - 609 km
- Alangkuppam - 16 km
Viluppuram has a well-known railway station. The railway junction at Viluppuram serves as the distribution point of rail traffic from Chennai, the state capital of Tamil Nadu, towards the southern part of the state. It is one of the important junctions in Tamil Nadu. Five railway lines branch out of Viluppuram.
- 1) Electrified BG (Broad Gauge) line towards Chennai Beach and 2) Electrified MG (Metre Gauge) line towards (Via - Tindivanam) Tambaram (closed for traffic now for Unigauge gauge conversion).
- Electrified BG (Broad Gauge) line towards Tiruchirapalli Junction via Vriddachalam Junction and Ariyalur. Electrification work was completed in 2009. Also called "Chord line" to Tiruchirapalli.
- Non electrified BG (Broad gauge) line towards Tiruchirapalli Junction via Cuddalore Port Junction, Mayiladuthurai Junction, Kumbakonam and Thanjavur.
- Under electrification BG (Broad gauge) line towards Katpadi Junction via Tiruvannamalai and Vellore Cantonment.
- Electrified BG (Broad Gauge) line to Pondicherry.
Gauge conversion was underway in 2010, making rail traffic even heavier. Viluppuram railway station is undergoing a massive infrastructure upgrade to handle this traffic.
List of some of the trains passing through Viluppuram Junction 
|Train No.||Train Name|
|06046||Nagercoil Chennai Exp Spl|
|12794||Madurai ChennaiEgmore Exp|
|16178||Rock Fort (Malai Kotai Exp)|
|16702||Chennai Egmore Express|
|16128||Guruvayur Chennai Exp|
|56860||Viluppuram Tambaram Pass|
|06020||Rameswaram ChennaiCentral Spl|
|06018||Nagercoil - Chennai Spl|
|06618||Coimbatore Chennai Express Spl|
|16854||Cholan Express (Day Train) Exp|
|06014||Madurai Chennai Central Spl|
|14259||Rameswaram Varanasi Exp|
|12651||Tamil Nadu Sampark Kranti Express|
|12694||Pearl City (MuthuNagar) Exp|
|16108||Mangalore–Chennai Egmore Exp|
|22603||Viluppuram Kharagpur exp (via tnm, vlr, kpd) (Monday)|
|22606||Viluppuram–Purulia Weekly SuperFast Express (via Thirukovilur, tnm, arni road, vlr, kpd, tiruttani) (Saturday)|
|16780||Madurai–Tirupati Bi-weekly Express (via tnm, kpd)(Friday, Sunday)|
|12868||Pondicherry—Howrah Superfast Express (via vlr, kpd) (Wednesday)|
|11006||Pondicherry—Mumbai Dadar Chalukya Express|
|16779||tirupati - rameswaram meenakshi express|
|17408||tirupati- mannargudi panmai express|
School academics 
Viluppuram has several primary, secondary and tertiary educational institutions. Different schools in Viluppuram follow the curricula set by their board of choice, such as the Tamil Nadu State Board or the CBSE.
List of some important schools in Viluppuram
- Ramakrishna Vidyaalaya Higher Secondary School
- Sacred Heart Convent Anglo Indian Higher Secondary School
- Srijayendra Saraswathi Vidhyalaya Matric School
- Government Boys Higher Secondary School - Viluppuram
- Government Girls Higher Secondary School - Viluppuram
- Government Higher Secondary School - Keelperumbakkam
- E S Matriculation Higher Secondary School
- Saradha Vidhyalaya Matriculation Higher Secondary School - Viluppuram
- John Dewey Matriculation Higher Secondary School
- SIGA Higher Secondary School, Kappiyampuliyur, Viluppuram
- Naahar public school-NH45, Chennai - Trichy Highway, Ayyur Agaram, Viluppuram
- Vruksha International School of Montessori, Dhanalakshmi Garden, Viluppuram
- Sri Gnanananda Matriculation Higher Secondary school- Tirukkoyilur
- MRIC RC High School - Viluppuram.
- University College of Engineering – a constituent college of Anna University, Chennai
- Government Viluppuram Medical College
- Dr. Pauls Engineering College
- Mailam Engineering College
- Arignar Anna Govt. Arts College, Viluppuram
- E.S. College of Engineering & Technology
- IFET College of Engineering
- Theivanai Ammal College for Women
- V.R.S. College of Engineering & Technology
- Siga College of Management and Computer Science
- SURYA Group of Educational Institutions
Since the town is landlocked, climate in Viluppuram is mostly humid and hot. It relies on the monsoon for rain during the months of October November and December. Summers are very hot and temperatures can get up to 40 °C. Winters are moderate with temperatures ranging between 30 °C and 35 °C.
Notable residents 
||This article's list of people may not follow Wikipedia's verifiability or notability policies. (May 2012)|
- G. Baskaran Villupuram Chairman
- C. V. Shanmugam ADMK Minister
- Chandrasekharendra Saraswati, Kanchi Periavar
- Sivaji Ganesan, Tamil movie actor
- Ponmudi- Current Assembly Representative and Ex-State Minister.
As of the 2001 India census, Viluppuram 's population was 96,373, with males constituting 50% of the population and females 50%. Viluppuram has an average literacy rate of 64.7%, above the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 70.5%, and female literacy is 52.5%. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- விழுப்புரம் About Viluppuram District
- விழுப்புரம் Viluppuram website
- Viluppuram District Official Government Website
|Next station northbound:
|South Line, Chennai Suburban||Next station southbound:
|Stop number: 46||KM from start: 162.76|
|Next station east/north-east:
|West South Line, Chennai Suburban||Next station west/west-south:
|Stop number: 61||KM from start: 289.5|