||This article may require copy editing for grammar. (April 2014)|
|• Municipal chairman||G.Baskaran|
|Elevation||171 m (561 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||04146(STD Code)|
|Vehicle registration||TN 32,TN 15, TN 16|
|Sex ratio||985 ♂/♀|
Viluppuram (also spelled Villupuram) is the capital of Viluppuram district, the largest district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. National Highway No. 45 goes through the town and there is a major railway junction there. The town's main source of income is agriculture. Its literacy rate improved since the early 1980s to about 75%. In 2011, Viluppuram 's population was 96,253.
Viluppuram is in the far southeast of India. It is 40 kilometers inland, west of the Bay of Bengal. The area contains metamorphic rocks formed by pressure and heat belonging to the granite-like gneiss family. There are also three major groups of sedimentary rocks, layers of particles that settled in different geological periods. Kalrayan Hills forest park is 116 km to the west. Gingee Hills forest park is 50 km to the north. Thatagiri Murugan Temple is 191 km southeast, in Senthamangalam, and Lord Siva temple in Koppampatti is 153 kilometers southwest of the town of Viluppuram. Viluppuram is 11o 56' N. and 79o 29' E. 
Politically, Viluppuram is part of the Villuppuram Lok Sabha constituency and the Viluppuram State Assembly constituency. The municipality was established in 1919 and was subsequently upgraded to a second grade municipality in 1953, a first grade municipality in 1973 and a selection grade municipality in 1988. It has a population of 95,459 (2001 census) and an area of 8.36 km2. The town is divided into 42 wards. The municipal council, with 42 ward councillors, is headed by the chairperson, who is elected by voters of the town. The councillors elect a vice-chairperson among them. The executive wing is headed by a commissioner, who is assisted by a team of officials including the health officer, municipal engineer, town planning officer, manager, revenue officer and other officers.
Places of interest
Gingee Fort is well known for its history and stone architecture. Lakshmi Narasimar Temple, Parikkal 27 km, Arulmigu Vakrakaliamman, Tiruvakkarai 25 km, Angalamman Temple, Mel Malayanur 50 km, Ramar Temple(1500 years), Kappiyampuliyur, Murugan Temple, Mailam, Lakshmi Narasimar Temple, Abishekapakkam, panayapuram panagaateswan temple (10 km), Lakshmi Narasimar Temple, Poovarasankuppam, Saneeswaran & Anjaneyar Temple, Kalpattu, Ulagalantha Perumal (Sri Trivikraman temple) – Tirukoilur (37 km), Chinnamailam (New ottananthal)arulmigu subramaniya temple-(Tirukoilur) 16 km Sivan Temple, Porur (Thirkkai Atthiyur), Nagamman Temple, Thumbur, Sivan Temple, Thiruvennai Nallur, Sivan Temple, Vllupuram and Sivan Temple, Thiruvamathur are the most common temples in the town. Umiya Jamia Pallivasal, Thowheeth mosque, Ahle hadees Pallivasal, Haj Mansoorsha Jumma Mosque and St. James Church are other worship places.
Viluppuram is well connected by road to major cities and to the rest of the state. Villupuram district is first in the state in its road network. It has the longest National roads of any district in Tamil Nadu:
- NH 45, which connects Chennai to Theni, via Viluppuram–Tiruchirapalli–Dindigul-Periyakulam (four-lane)
- NH 45A, which connects Viluppuram to Nagapattinam via Pondicherry and Cuddalore (two-lane)
- NH 234, which Connects Villupuram to Mangalore via Thiruvannaamalai-Vellore–Gudiyatham (two-lane)
- NH 45C, which connects (Villupuram) Vikravandi to Thanjavur via Panruti–Neyveli–Kumbakonam and intersects with NH 45A in Koliyanur, about 5 km from Viluppuram
These are the major national highways of the town. Besides the above-mentioned national highways, several state highways also run through the district and town.
Viluppuram is also the headquarters of the Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation (TNSTC) – Villuppuram division (the erstwhile Thanthai Periyar Transport Corporation [TPTC]). It is one of the four Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation divisions serving the state.
Viluppuram has a well-known railway station. The Viluppuram Railway Junction at Viluppuram serves as the distribution point of rail traffic from Chennai, the state capital of Tamil Nadu, towards the southern part of the state. It is one of the important junctions in Tamil Nadu. Five railway lines branch out of Viluppuram:
- Electrified BG (Broad Gauge) line towards Chennai Beach and Electrified MG (Metre Gauge) line (via – Tindivanam) towards Tambaram (closed for traffic now for Unigauge gauge conversion)
- Electrified BG (Broad Gauge) line towards Tiruchirapalli Junction via Vriddachalam Junction and Ariyalur. Electrification work was completed in 2009. Also called "Chord line" to Tiruchirapalli.
- Non electrified BG (Broad gauge) line towards Tiruchirapalli Junction via Cuddalore Port Junction, Mayiladuthurai Junction, Kumbakonam and Thanjavur
- Under electrification BG (Broad gauge) line towards Katpadi Junction via Tiruvannamalai and Vellore Cantonment
- Electrified BG (Broad Gauge) line to Pondicherry. Gauge conversion was underway in 2010, making rail traffic even heavier.
Viluppuram railway station is undergoing a massive infrastructure upgrade to handle this traffic.
Since the town is landlocked, climate in Viluppuram is mostly humid and hot. It relies on the monsoon for rain during the months of October, November and December. Summers are very hot and temperatures can get up to 40 °C. Winters are moderate with temperatures ranging between 30 °C and 35 °C.
According to the 2011 census, Viluppuram had a population of 96,253, with a sex-ratio of 1,019 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929. A total of 10,217 were under the age of six, including 5,133 males and 5,084 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 12.53% and .29% of the population respectively. The literacy of the town was 80.59%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. The town had a total of 22,832 households. There were a total of 33,597 workers, comprising 315 cultivators, 388 main agricultural labourers, 964 working in house hold industries, 27,123 other workers, and 4,807 marginal workers, composed of 65 marginal cultivators, 344 marginal agricultural labourers, 616 marginal workers in household industries and 3,782 other marginal workers.
- Gyan Publishing House, 2006. Encyclopaedia of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, p. 2579
- Google Map, Villupuram, Tamil Nadu, India
- Villupuram District Profile by Tamil Nadu Water Supply and Drainage Board, retrieved 06 Aug 2014
- Google Map, Villupuram, Tamil Nadu, India
- Clarendon Press, 1908. Imperial Gazetteer of India, page 314.
- "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "Census Info 2011 Final population totals – Viluppuram". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
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