Bharat Heavy Electricals

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Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited
Type State-owned enterprise
Public (BSE500103, NSEBHEL)
BSE SENSEX Constituent
CNX Nifty Constituent
Industry Electrical equipment
Founded 1964
Headquarters New Delhi, India
Area served Worldwide
Key people B.Prasada Rao, (Chairman & MD)
Products Includes (Gas and Steam Turbines), Boilers, generators, Heat Exchangers, Pumps, programmable logic controllers, sensors, variable frequency drives, uninterruptible power supplies, circuit breakers, switchgear, switchboards, motor controllers
Revenue Increase INR 50,156 Crores (US$ 9.23 billion) (2012-13)[1]
Net income Increase INR 06,615 Crores (US$ 1.22 billion) (2012-13)[1]
Total assets Increase INR 71,753 Crores (US$ 13.21 billion) (2012-13)[1]
Total equity Increase INR 30,533 Crores (US$ 05.62 billion) (2012-13)[1]
Employees 48,399 (March 2013)[1]

Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) owned by Government of India, is a power plant equipment manufacturer and operates as an engineering and manufacturing company based in New Delhi, India. BHEL was established in 1964, ushering in the indigenous Heavy Electrical Equipment industry in India.[2][3] The company has been earning profits continuously since 1971-72[2] and paying dividends since 1976-77.[2] One of the five Maharatna Companies declared by Govt. of India and celebrating 50 years (1964-2014) of engineering excellence. Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) of India clubbed under the esteemed "Maharatna" status, which it received in February 2013.[4][5][6]


BHEL was established in 1964. Heavy Electrical (India) Ltd was merged with BHEL in 1974.[7] In 1982, it entered into power equipments, to reduce its dependence on the power sector. It developed the capability to produce a variety of electrical, electronic and mechanical equipments for all sectors, including transmission, transportation, oil and gas and other allied industries.[7] In 1991, it was converted into a public limited company. By the end of 1996, the company had handed over 100 Electric Locomotives to Indian Railway and installed 250 Hydro-sets across India.[7] As of June 2011, it had cumulatively installed generating capacity of over 8,500 MW outside of India in 21 countries, including Malaysia, Iraq, UAE, Egypt and New Zealand.[8]


It is engaged in the design, engineering, manufacture, construction, testing, commissioning and servicing of a wide range of products and services for the core sectors of Indian economy, viz. Power, Transmission, Industry, Transportation, Renewable Energy, Oil & Gas and Defence. It has 17 manufacturing divisions, two repair units, four regional offices, eight service centres, eight overseas offices and 15 regional centres and currently operates at more than 150 project sites across India and abroad. Most of its manufacturing units and other entities have been accredited to Quality Management Systems (ISO 9001:2008), Environmental Management Systems (ISO 14001:2004) and Occupational Health & Safety Management Systems (OHSAS 18001:2007).[2]

BHEL has a share of 57% in India's total installed generating capacity contributing 69% (approx.) to the total power generated from utility sets (excluding non-conventional capacity) as of March 31, 2013. The company has been exporting its power and industry segment products and services for over 40 years. BHEL’s global references are spread across 76 countries. The cumulative overseas installed capacity of BHEL manufactured power plants exceeds 9,000 MW across 21 countries including Malaysia, Oman, Iraq, the UAE, Bhutan, Egypt and New Zealand. Its physical exports range from turnkey projects to after sales services.

Main manufacturing facilities[edit]

Entrance to BHEL Ranipur, Haridwar plant.
  • Corporate Research and Development Division, Hyderabad.
  • Electro-Porcelains Division, Bangalore.
  • Heavy Electrical Plant, Bhopal.
  • Electrical machine repair plant, Mumbai.
  • Heavy Power Equipment Plant, Hyderabad,
  • Transformer Plant, BHEL Jhansi/Uttar Pradesh
  • High Pressure Boiler Plant Trichy, Tamil Nadu


  • Boiler Auxiliaries Plant, Ranipet, Tamil Nadu
  • Bharat Heavy electrical Equipment plant narwana.
  • Bharat Heavy electrical Equipment plant JMIT Radaur.
  • Electronics Division.Bangalore
  • Power Plant Piping unit, Thirumayam, (Tamil Nadu)
  • Component Fabrication Plant, Rudrapur (Uttrakhand)
  • Heavy electrical Equipment plant, Haridwar.
  • Central foundry forge plant, Haridwar.
  • Heavy Plates and Vessels Plant, Visakhapatnam.
  • Amorphous Silicon Solar cell plant,Gurgaon.
  • Centralised Stamping unit and Fabrication plant,Jagdishpur.
  • Heavy equipment repair plant,Varanasi.
  • Project Engineering and Systems Division,Hyderabad

Besides these manufacturing units there are four power sectors (PSNR-Noida, PSWR-Nagpur, PSER-Kolkata and PSSR-Chennai) which undertake EPC contract from various customers and are responsible for erection and commissioning of various BHEL and bought out equipments. BHEL has two repair shops: HERP (Heavy Equipment Repair Plant), Varanasi[10] and EMRP (Electric Machines Repair Plant), Mumbai. Further, BHEL is planning to enter solar manufacturing in a big scale, as it has announced its plans for a 600 MW Solar Module Factory.[11]

Products and services[edit]

Indian Railways WCAM 3 manufactured by BHEL


BHEL's equity shares are listed on Bombay Stock Exchange and National Stock Exchange of India.
Central Government of India and State governments in India hold majority of the shares of BHEL.[12]

Shareholders (as on 30-Jun-2013) Shareholding[12]
Central Government of India and State governments 62.72%
Foreign Institutional Investors (FII) 14.98%
Insurance companies 06.86%
Banks, Financial Institutions and Mutual Funds 10.37%
Individual shareholders 03.24%
Others 01.83%
Total 100.00%


BHEL had a total of 48,399 employees as on 31 March 2013, of which 5.52% were women.[1] In June 2012, the company informed that its attrition rate was 0.4%.[13] The company incurred INR 5,824 Crores (US$ 1.07 billion) on Employee benefits in the financial year 2012-13.[1]
During 2012-13, 7 of its employees won the Prime Minister's 'Shram' Awards and 13 employees won the 'Vishwakarma Rashtriya Puraskar'.[1]
B.P. Rao, the CMD of BHEL, won Power Man of the Year Award in 2012 for individual contribution to the power sector in India.[14]

Awards and recognitions[edit]

  • It is the 7th largest power equipment manufacturer in the world.
  • In 2013, BHEL won ICAI National Award for Excellence in Cost Management for the eighth consecutive year.[15]
  • BHEL received two awards in CII-ITC Sustainability Awards 2012 from the President of India.[16]
  • In the year 2011, it was ranked ninth most innovative company in the world by US business magazine Forbes.[17]
  • The company won the prestigious ‘Golden Peacock Award for Occupational Health & Safety 2011’ for significant achievements in the field of Occupational Health & Safety.[1]
  • It is also placed at 4th place in Forbes Asia's Fabulous 50 List of 2010.[18]


Research and development[edit]

The company's Corporate R&D division at Hyderabad leads BHEL's research efforts in a number of areas of importance to its product range. Research and Product Development (RPD) centres at all its manufacturing divisions play a complementary role. BHEL has introduced, in the recent past, several state of the art products. Commercialisation of products and systems developed by way of in-house Research and Development contributed Rs.95,120 Million corresponding to around 19.3% of the company's total turnover in 2011-12. In 2011-12, BHEL filed 351 patents and copyrights, enhancing the company's intellectual capital to 1,786 patents and copyrights filed, which are in productive use in the company's business. The company established four new Centres of Excellence, taking the total tally to 13. Significantly, BHEL is one of the only four Indian companies and the only Indian Public Sector Enterprise figuring in 'The Global Innovation 1000' of Booz & Co., a list of 1,000 publicly traded companies which are the biggest spenders on R&D in the world.[19]

Corporate social responsibility[edit]

BHEL works along a pre-determined CSR Scheme and its Mission Statement on CSR is "Be a Committed Corporate Citizen, alive towards its Corporate Social Responsibility". BHEL's contributions towards Corporate Social Responsibility till date include adoption of villages, free medical camps/charitable dispensaries, schools for the underprivileged and handicapped children, ban on child labour, disaster/natural calamity aid, employment for the differently abled, widow resettlement, employment for ex-serviceman, irrigation using treated sewage, pollution checking camps, plantation of millions of trees, energy saving and conservation of natural resources through environmental management. As part of social commitment, BHEL provides financial assistance to various NGOs/Trusts/Social Welfare Societies that are engaged in social welfare activities throughout the country. 56 villages having nearly 80,000 inhabitants have been adopted.[20]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Annual Report 2012-13". BHEL. 14 Aug 2013. Retrieved 29 September 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d "About us". 31 March 2013. Retrieved 29 September 2013. 
  3. ^ Heavy Electrical Industry & Major Players. Indian Power Sector. Retrieved on 2013-07-29.
  4. ^ Dept.of Public Enterprises' list of Maharatna, Navaratna & Miniratna PSUs
  5. ^ "BHEL to be categorised as Maharatna". Retrieved 2013-01-17. 
  6. ^
  7. ^ a b c "Company History - Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd.". Economic Times. Retrieved 29 September 2013. 
  8. ^ "Overseas business". BHEL. Retrieved 29 September 2013. 
  9. ^ BHEL Tiruchirappalli BHEL Tiruchirappalli, Official Website.
  10. ^ HERP Varanasi HERP Varanasi BHEL, Official Website.
  11. ^ BHEL Planning 600MW Solar Module Manufacturing Facility - Renew India Campaign - solar photovoltaic, Indian Solar News, Indian Wind News, Indian Wind Market. (2012-12-10). Retrieved on 2013-07-29.
  12. ^ a b "Distribution of Shareholding as on 30.06.2013". 30 June 2013. Retrieved 29 September 2013. 
  13. ^ "BHEL to cut its hirings by half". India Today. 9 April 2012. Retrieved 29 September 2013. 
  14. ^ "BHEL - CMD bags Power Man of the year". Freepress Journal. 28 November 2012. Retrieved 29 September 2013. 
  15. ^ "BHEL wins ICAI National Award for Excellence in cost management". Economic Times. 28 August 2013. Retrieved 29 September 2013. 
  16. ^ "BHEL bags CII-ITC sustainability award". The Hindu. 18 January 2013. Retrieved 29 September 2013. 
  17. ^ Forbes. "The world's most innovative companies". Student. 
  18. ^ "Outlook". Retrieved 2010-12-22. 
  19. ^ "Research & Development". BHEL. Retrieved 29 September 2013. 
  20. ^ "HSE and Global Compact program". BHEL. Retrieved 29 September 2013. 

18. ^ BHEL Varanasi

External links[edit]