Location of Uxbridge within Durham Region.
|• Mayor||Gerri Lynn O'Connor|
|• Governing body||Uxbridge Township Council|
|• Land||420.65 km2 (162.41 sq mi)|
|Elevation||273 m (896 ft)|
|• Density||45.6/km2 (118/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC−5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC−4)|
The main centre in the township is the namesake community of Uxbridge. Other communities within the township include Coppins Corners, Goodwood, Leaskdale, Sandford, Siloam, Victoria's Corner, and Zephyr.
It was named for Uxbridge, England, of which the name is derived from "Wixan's Bridge". The Wixan were a 7th-century Saxon tribe from Lincolnshire who also began to settle in what became Middlesex. Anglo-Saxons began to settle and farm in the area of Uxbridge, England in the 5th century, clearing the dense woodland and remaining there for around 500 years. Uxbridge, UK became part of the Elthorne Hundred with other villages in the area. The town later appears in records from 1107 as "Woxbrigge".
The first settlers in the area were Quakers who started arriving in 1806 from the Catawissa area of Pennsylvania. The community's oldest building, the Uxbridge Friends Meeting House, was built in 1820 and overlooks the town from Quaker Hill, a kilometre to the west.
The township was incorporated as a municipality in 1850 and became part of the newly formed Ontario County two years later.
The first passenger carrying narrow gauge railway in North America, the Toronto and Nipissing Railway arrived in Uxbridge in June 1871, and for over a decade Uxbridge was the headquarters of the railway. In 1872, the Village of Uxbridge was separated from the Township and incorporated as a separate entity.
With the creation of the Regional Municipality of Durham in 1974, Uxbridge Township was amalgamated with the Town of Uxbridge and Scott Township to create an expanded Township of Uxbridge.
Today, Uxbridge serves as a mostly suburban community in northern Durham Region. Major manufacturing employers include Pine Valley Packaging (packaging, containers and portable shelters), Koch-Glitsch Canada (mass transfer systems) and Hela Canada (spice and ingredient manufacture). Many residents commute to other centres in Durham and York Regions and beyond.
Uxbridge has two community newspapers, the Uxbridge Times Journal and the Cosmos. It is also served by a monthly community magazine and events guide, Uxbridge Town Talk.
|Canada 2006 Census||Population||% of Total Population|
|Visible minority group
|Mixed visible minority||20||0.1|
|Other visible minority||20||0.1|
|Total visible minority population||445||2.3|
|Total Aboriginal population||120||0.6|
According to the 2011 Census, the township has a population of 20,623 over an area of 420.65 km². The population has increased 7.6% since 2006 and has a density of 49.0 people per square kilometre.
The urban centre of Uxbridge has a population of 11,531 as of 2011, up from 10,175 in 2006. This is a growth rate of 13.3%.
Major hurdles must be jumped if the town wishes to continue on this level of growth. Uxbridge's sewage system is reaching its maximum capacity, and with the exception of a couple small developments, the system must be expanded if the town wishes to continue to grow.
English is the mother tongue of 91.7% of the population, whereas French, the other official language, of 1.0%. German is the mother tongue of 1.4% of the residents of Uxbridge, while native speakers of Italian make up exactly 1.0% of the population.
In 2009 Uxbridge Township received federal designation by Industry Canada as The Trail Capital of Canada, resulting from the over 220 kilometers of managed trails on over 8,000 acres (32 km2) of protected greenspace within its borders. Uxbridge trails run through and alongside historic villages, mixed forests, meadows, ponds, streams, and wetlands. A number of major trail systems run through the Township, including the Oak Ridges Trail and the Trans-Canada Trail.
The Uxbridge-Scott Museum and Archives possesses a number of artifacts, mostly related to the township's agricultural heritage and the genealogy of its residents. The Museum also includes nine heritage buildings as well as heritage herb and flower gardens. During the annual Heritage Days festival, the museum grounds are host to the "Steam Show" featuring steam-engines and steam-based agricultural machinery, among other attractions.
There are also a number of attractions related to the history of the area. Uxbridge's Elgin Park, named after Lord Elgin, was the site of a picnic held by 19th century Prime Minister John A. Macdonald in a re-election bid. In addition, the Thomas Foster Memorial Temple, erected in 1935-36 by the former mayor of Toronto, is situated a short distance north of town. Inspired by Foster's visit to India, the Temple was designed by architects J.H. Craig (1889–1954) and H.H. Madrill (1889–1998). Finally, the former home of famed author Lucy Maud Montgomery of Anne of Green Gables fame is situated in Leaskdale. Montgomery lived in the area from 1911 to 1926, and wrote half of her books at what is now the site of the Leaskdale Manse Museum.
Since 1995, the Lions Club has hosted Art in the Park, held the second week in August. Also known as Summerfest, this juried art show attracts artists from across the province.
Starting in 1886, the Uxbridge Fall Fair has been held annually and in 2014 will be celebrating its 150th anniversary the weekend after Labour Day in Elgin Park. Attractions include home craft, vegetable and flower exhibits, cattle, goat, sheep, poultry and rabbit shows, the midway, tractor pull, demolition derby, heavy horse pull and barnyard rodeo.
The Uxbridge Studio Tour and Sale is also held in September, giving visitors an opportunity to meet with local artists in their studios and explore the creative process.
Since 1988, Uxbridge has hosted an annual Heritage Christmas Craft Show, held the second Saturday in November. A Santa Claus Parade is also held annually in late November.
The York Durham Heritage Railway, opened in 1996, is a tourist train operating between Stouffville and Uxbridge. The train is pulled by first generation diesel locomotives which directly replaced the steam locomotives. They have recently purchase 5 Budd RDC railcars from the now defunct Guelph Junction Express.
Throughout the year, a number of theatrical and musical productions are held at the Music Hall. Movies are shown at a local unique movie theatre, named The Roxy.
The Highlands of Durham Games are held in Elgin Park near the end of July. These games focus on Celtic traditions and offer a variety of entertainments.
Uxbridge station is the northern terminus of the York Durham Heritage Railway, which runs from Stouffville. The Stouffville line of GO Transit is proposed to be extended to Uxbridge (As part of MoveOntario 2020 plan), but is currently served by buses to the GO Transit station at Lincolnville. The expansion is currently unfunded, and could cost as much as $350 million. Durham Region Transit also runs buses through Uxbridge every hour.
Public elementary schools
- Joseph Gould Public School
- Quaker Village Public School
- Scott Township Central School
- Uxbridge Public School
- Goodwood Public School
Separate elementary schools
- St. Joseph's Catholic School
- Uxbridge Montessori School
- Durham College (North Campus Uxbridge)
- Joseph Gould farmer, businessman and political figure in Ontario, Canada
- Lucy Maud Montgomery Canadian author, best known for a series of novels beginning with Anne of Green Gables, published in 1908.
- Laura Secord Canadian hero during the War of 1812, was granted 172 acres (0.70 km2) of land in Uxbridge
- Hayden Christensen, Canadian actor
- Kenneth Welsh, Canadian actor
- Graham Greene, Canadian actor
- Chris Begg, pitched for Canada's baseball team at the 2008 Olympics.
- Ted Barris, Canadian Author and CBC Radio Host.
- Gary Roberts, NHL player who enjoyed success with the Calgary Flames and the Toronto Maple Leafs, currently resides in Uxbridge.
- Mike Holmes, a Canadian professional contractor best known for his television show Holmes on Homes
- Jeff Keeping, professional Canadian football defensive tackle and offensive lineman for the Toronto Argonauts of the Canadian Football League.
- Bill Starke, professional Canadian football WR for the Edmonton Eskimos of the Canadian Football League.
- Bryan Marchment, professional hockey player. Played for the Chicago Blackhawks, Hartford Whalers, Toronto Maple Leafs, the original Winnipeg Jets, Edmonton Oilers, Tampa Bay Lightning, Colorado Avalanche, San Jose Sharks, and Calgary Flames. Now a scout for the San Jose Sharks.
- Dan Pollard, broadcaster for NHL network and CBC Radio, and commentator for the Peterborough Petes.
- Leah Daniels, country singer/song writer, raised in Uxbridge .
- Jessica Phoenix, born and raised in Uxbridge Ontario, competed in the 2012 London Summer Olympics.
Bryan Fumerton Competitive swimming qualified for the Olympic trials ranking 18th in 200 back stroke
- The 1972 film The House Without a Christmas Tree starring Jason Robards was filmed in Uxbridge at Peel and Victoria.
- The show 'The Littlest Hobo' (a show about a lone dog's travails) was one of the first shows to use Uxbridge for on location shooting in the 1980s (GGL).
- The CBC's series Road to Avonlea was shot on location at an exterior village set located in Uxbridge.
- The 1996 film Christmas in My Hometown, starring Tim Matheson and Melissa Gilbert, was partially filmed in Uxbridge.
- The 1996 film The Long Kiss Goodnight starring Geena Davis and Samuel L. Jackson was partially filmed in Uxbridge.
- The 1996 film The Stupids starring Tom Arnold was partially filmed in Uxbridge.
- The 1998 film Jerry and Tom starring Joe Mantegna and Sam Rockwell was partially filmed in Uxbridge.
- The 1999 film A Map of the World starring Sigourney Weaver and Julianne Moore was partially filmed in Uxbridge.
- The 2001 film Driven starring Sylvester Stallone and Burt Reynolds was partially filmed in Uxbridge.
- The 2001 film Serendipity starring John Cusack, Kate Beckinsale, and Jeremy Piven was partially filmed in Uxbridge.
- The 2001 film Prancer Returns starring John Corbett, Stacy Edwards, Michael O'Keefe, Jack Palance, and Gavin Fink was partially filmed in Uxbridge.
- The 2002 film Undercover Brother starring Eddie Griffin, Denise Richards, and Dave Chappelle was partially filmed in Uxbridge.
- The 2002 film Men With Brooms with Paul Gross, Leslie Nielsen, and Connor Price was partially filmed in Uxbridge
- The 2004 film The Prince & Me starring Julia Stiles was partially filmed in Uxbridge.
- The 2005 film A History of Violence starring Viggo Mortensen was partially filmed in Uxbridge.
- The 2007 film Lars and the Real Girl starring Ryan Gosling was partially filmed in Uxbridge.
- The 2009 film Grey Gardens starring Drew Barrymore and Jessica Lange was partially filmed in Uxbridge.*
- Statistics Canada 2006 Census - Uxbridge community profile
- For a complete history of Goodwood, see Eleanor Todd, Burrs and Blackberries from Goodwood (Goodwood, ON: 1980).
- Uxbridge, English Place-Name Society database at Nottingham University
- Cotton 1994, p.8
- Sherwood 2007, p.5
- , Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
- , Aboriginal Peoples - Data table
- "Statistics Canada - Data Table". Retrieved 5 August 2012.
- "Statistics Canada - About". Retrieved 5 August 2012.
- "Census Profile for the Census Subvision of Uxbridge (Township), Ontario". Retrieved 26 October 2012.
- "40th Annual Heritage Days". Uxbridge Historical Centre. Retrieved 2011-06-14.
- "The Uxbridge Fall Fair". Retrieved March 7, 2011.
- "Roxy Theatres". Retrieved March 7, 2011.
- Foran, Tim (July 27, 2001). "Going from Uxbridge to Toronto". Retrieved 5 August 2012.
- http://www.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/story/RTGAM.20090310.wsptroberts0310/BNStory/Sports/?page=rss&id=wsptroberts0310. Missing or empty
- Uxbridge times journal Cosmos Swim Canada magazine
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Uxbridge, Ontario.|
- Township of Uxbridge
- Downloadable 1:50 000 topographical map of Uxbridge (map 31D03), by the Ministry of Natural Resources