Washington Township, Morris County, New Jersey

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Washington Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Washington
Washington Township highlighted in Morris County. Inset map: Morris County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Washington Township highlighted in Morris County. Inset map: Morris County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Washington Township, Morris County, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Washington Township, Morris County, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°47′05″N 74°47′52″W / 40.784634°N 74.797766°W / 40.784634; -74.797766Coordinates: 40°47′05″N 74°47′52″W / 40.784634°N 74.797766°W / 40.784634; -74.797766[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Morris
Incorporated April 2, 1798
Government[5]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor Kenneth W. Short (term ends December 31, 2016)[3]
 • Administrator / Clerk (acting) Deborah A. Burd[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 44.771 sq mi (115.957 km2)
 • Land 44.387 sq mi (114.963 km2)
 • Water 0.384 sq mi (0.994 km2)  0.86%
Area rank 42nd of 566 in state
2nd of 39 in county[2]
Elevation[6] 988 ft (301 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 18,533
 • Estimate (2012[10]) 18,725
 • Rank 138th of 566 in state
9th of 39 in county[11]
 • Density 417.5/sq mi (161.2/km2)
 • Density rank 457th of 566 in state
36th of 39 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07853 - Long Valley[12]
Area code(s) 908
FIPS code 3402777240[13][2][14]
GNIS feature ID 0882198[15][2]
Website http://www.washtwpmorris.org

Washington Township is a township in Morris County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 18,533,[7][8][9] reflecting an increase of 941 (+5.3%) from the 17,592 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 2,000 (+12.8%) from the 15,592 counted in the 1990 Census.[16]

It is one of six municipalities (five of which are townships) in the state of New Jersey with the name "Washington".[17] Washington Borough, in fact is only 10 miles (16 km) away. To add to the confusion, Washington Borough is surrounded by another municipality that is also called Washington Township.

Washington Township was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 2, 1798, from portions of Roxbury Township. Portions of the township were taken to form Chester Township as of April 1, 1799.[18] U.S. Route 46, County Route 513, and County Route 517 pass through town. It is only minutes away from Interstate 80 in the neighboring community of Mount Olive and U.S. Route 206 in Chester.

Long Valley (2010 population of 1,879[19]) is a census-designated place and unincorporated area located within Washington Township.[20][21][22] The Long Valley section — the heart of the township — was called German Valley when it was first settled in the 18th century by people from Saxony, in Germany,[23] until its name was changed around 1917 in the wake of anti-German sentiment following World War I.[24]

Schooley's Mountain is an unincorporated community in Washington Township named for the Schooley family, who owned a considerable amount of land there during the 1790s. The natural springs in the area helped attract visitors to the Schooley's Mountain section in the 1800s.[25]

Geography[edit]

Washington Township is located at 40°47′05″N 74°47′52″W / 40.784634°N 74.797766°W / 40.784634; -74.797766 (40.784634,-74.797766). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 44.771 square miles (115.957 km2), of which, 44.387 square miles (114.963 km2) of it is land and 0.384 square miles (0.994 km2) of it (0.86%) is water.[1][2]

Demographics[edit]

The Zion Lutheran Church in Washington Township located near the intersection of Route 513 and Route 517.
Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,793
1820 1,876 4.6%
1830 2,188 16.6%
1840 2,451 12.0%
1850 2,502 2.1%
1860 2,504 0.1%
1870 2,484 −0.8%
1880 2,681 7.9%
1890 2,367 −11.7%
1900 2,220 −6.2%
1910 1,900 −14.4%
1920 1,779 −6.4%
1930 1,615 −9.2%
1940 1,870 15.8%
1950 2,147 14.8%
1960 3,330 55.1%
1970 6,962 109.1%
1980 11,402 63.8%
1990 15,592 36.7%
2000 17,592 12.8%
2010 18,533 5.3%
Est. 2012 18,725 [10] 1.0%
Population sources:
1810-1920[26] 1840[27] 1850-1870[28]
1850[29] 1870[30] 1880-1890[31]
1890-1910[32] 1910-1930[33]
1930-1990[34] 2000[19][35] 2010[7][8][9]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 18,533 people, 6,237 households, and 5,195 families residing in the township. The population density was 417.5 per square mile (161.2 /km2). There were 6,488 housing units at an average density of 146.2 per square mile (56.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 93.06% (17,247) White, 1.39% (257) Black or African American, 0.06% (11) Native American, 3.30% (612) Asian, 0.01% (2) Pacific Islander, 0.69% (127) from other races, and 1.49% (277) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 4.57% (847) of the population.[7]

There were 6,237 households, of which 43.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.7% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.7% were non-families. 13.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.95 and the average family size was 3.27.[7]

In the township, 28.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 19.6% from 25 to 44, 34.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.0 years. For every 100 females there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.3 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $112,651 (with a margin of error of +/- $7,207) and the median family income was $124,818 (+/- $8,669). Males had a median income of $92,019 (+/- $5,016) versus $66,302 (+/- $11,089) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $49,154 (+/- $2,492). About 0.1% of families and 0.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.2% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.[36]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[13] there were 17,592 people, 5,755 households, and 4,874 families residing in the township. The population density was 392.1 people per square mile (151.4/km²). There were 5,890 housing units at an average density of 131.3 per square mile (50.7/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 96.16% White, 0.83% African American, 0.09% Native American, 1.87% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, and 0.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.21% of the population.[19][35]

There were 5,755 households, out of which 47.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 76.1% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.3% were non-families. 12.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.31.[19][35]

In the township the population was spread out with 30.2% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 28.1% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.5 males.[19][35]

The median income for a household in the township was $97,763, and the median income for a family was $104,926. Males had a median income of $76,791 versus $41,759 for females. The per capita income for the township was $37,489. About 1.8% of families and 2.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.0% of those under age 18 and 4.0% of those age 65 or over.[19][35]

Schooley's Mountain in Washington Township.

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Washington Township is governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year.[5] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Vice Mayor.

As of 2013, the members of the Washington Township Committee are Mayor Kenneth Short (R, term on committee ends December 31, 2015; term as mayor ends 2013), Vice Mayor Bill Roehrich (R, term on committee ends 2015; term as deputy mayor ends 2013), David Kennedy (R, 2013), James LiaBraaten (R, 2013) and Tracy Tobin (R, 2014).[37][38]

The 2012 property tax rate for Washington Township was $2.336 per $100 of assessed value, with an equalization ratio of 92.62%.[39]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Washington Township is located in the 5th Congressional District[40] and is part of New Jersey's 23rd state legislative district.[8][41][42]

New Jersey's Fifth Congressional District is represented by Scott Garrett (R, Wantage Township).[43] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[44][45] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[46][47]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 23rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Michael J. Doherty (R, Washington Township, Warren County) and in the General Assembly by John DiMaio (R, Hackettstown) and Erik Peterson (R, Franklin Township, Hunterdon County).[48][49] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[50] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[51]

Morris County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year.[52] As of 2011, Morris County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director William J. Chegwidden (Wharton),[53] Deputy Freeholder Director Douglas R. Cabana (Boonton Township),[54] Gene F. Feyl (Denville),[55] Ann F. Grassi (Parsippany-Troy Hills),[56] Thomas J. Mastrangelo (Montville),[57] John J. Murphy (Morris Township)[58] and Hank Lyon (Montville Township),[59][60]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 12,709 registered voters in Washington Township, of which 1,999 (15.7%) were registered as Democrats, 5,295 (41.7%) were registered as Republicans and 5,401 (42.5%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 14 voters registered to other parties.[61]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 61.1% of the vote here (6,323 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 37.6% (3,887 votes) and other candidates with 0.9% (94 votes), among the 10,342 ballots cast by the township's 13,315 registered voters, for a turnout of 77.7%.[62] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 64.7% of the vote here (6,402 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 34.1% (3,377 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (79 votes), among the 9,894 ballots cast by the township's 13,048 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 75.8.[63]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 69.1% of the vote here (5,076 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 21.5% (1,582 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 8.4% (618 votes) and other candidates with 0.5% (39 votes), among the 7,348 ballots cast by the township's 13,037 registered voters, yielding a 56.4% turnout.[64]

Education[edit]

The Washington Township Schools is a public school district that includes five schools and a central office. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[65]) are Benedict A. Cucinella Elementary School[66] (653 students), Flocktown-Kossmann School[67] (574) and Old Farmers Road School[68] (419) for grades K-5, along with Long Valley Middle School[69] for grades 6-8 (996).[70]

Students in grades 9-12 attend West Morris Central High School, which is located in the township (but has a Chester mailing address) and is part of the West Morris Regional High School District. Students in the district come from the surrounding Morris County school districts of Chester Borough, Chester Township, Mendham Borough, Mendham Township and from Washington Township.[71]

Transportation[edit]

New Jersey Transit offers local bus service on the MCM5 route.[72]

U.S. Route 46 passes through in the northwestern area.

The closest limited access roads are at least 20 minutes away in neighboring Tewksbury and Mount Olive: Interstates 78 and 80, respectively.

Local media[edit]

Radio station WRNJ has studios, offices and its transmitter in Washington Township, broadcasting at 1510 AM. The station is licensed to nearby Hackettstown.

Notable people[edit]

Notable current and former residents of Washington Township include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 13, 2013.
  4. ^ Clerk's Office. Washington Township. Accessed October 20, 2012.
  5. ^ a b 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 110.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Washington, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Washington township, Morris County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 20, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 10. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Washington township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed October 20, 2012.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 7, 2013.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 20, 2012.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Long Valley, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed October 20, 2012.
  13. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  14. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 20, 2012.
  15. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed October 20, 2012.
  17. ^ Wilk, Tom. "Awash in Washingtons: New Jersey has six towns named for the father of our country.", New Jersey Monthly, January 17, 2011. Accessed November 8, 2011. "In New Jersey, Washington can lay claim to another first. He’s number one in names selected for the state’s 566 municipalities. Bergen, Burlington, Gloucester, Morris and Warren counties all have a Washington Township. Warren also has a Washington Borough surrounded—naturally—by Washington Township. The largest is Gloucester County’s Washington, with 52,096 people; the smallest is the Washington in Burlington, with a population of 649. New Jersey had a sixth Washington Township in Mercer County until 2008, when voters there approved a name change to Robbinsville."
  18. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 197. Accessed October 21, 2012.
  19. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 from the Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Long Valley CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 16, 2012.
  20. ^ GCT-PH1 - Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for Morris County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 23, 2012.
  21. ^ 2006-2010 American Community Survey Geography for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 23, 2012.
  22. ^ New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed December 23, 2012.
  23. ^ Staff. "MCWTW: Washington Township", Daily Record (Morristown), August 6, 2008. Accessed December 23, 2012. "The heart of town, the Long Valley section, was called German Valley when it was first settled in the 1700s by people from Saxony, a region of Germany near the Polish border."
  24. ^ Karcher, Alan J. "MORRIS COUNTY'S MUNICIPAL MADNESS", Daily Record (Morristown), February 7, 1999. Accessed December 23, 2012. "However, the strong anti-German sentiment generated during World War I caused the name to be changed to Long Valley around 1917."
  25. ^ a b Staff. "Washington Township", Daily Record (Morristown), July 16, 2009. Accessed July 30, 2013.
  26. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 22, 2013.
  27. ^ Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 231, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed July 22, 2013.
  28. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 269, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed December 23, 2012. "Washington adjoins Roxbury on the south. Its population in 1850 was 2,502; in 1860, 2,504; and in 1870, 2,484."
  29. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 140. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed December 23, 2012.
  30. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 260. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed December 23, 2012.
  31. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 99. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed December 23, 2012.
  32. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 338. Accessed December 23, 2012.
  33. ^ "Fifteenth Census of the United States: 1930 - Population Volume I", United States Census Bureau, p. 717. Accessed December 23, 2012.
  34. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed December 23, 2012.
  35. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Washington township, Morris County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 20, 2012.
  36. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Washington township, Morris County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 20, 2012. Note that small sample sizes for poverty statistics fall below the margin of error.
  37. ^ Local Government, Washington Township. Accessed July 30, 2013.
  38. ^ Morris County Manual 2013, p. 62. Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed July 30, 2013.
  39. ^ Tax Assessor, Washington Township. Accessed July 30, 2013. "The 2012 equalization ratio is 92.62% and the 2012 tax rate is $2.336 per hundred."
  40. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  41. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 66, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  42. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  43. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  44. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  45. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  46. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  47. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  48. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 7, 2014.
  49. ^ District 23 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 7, 2014.
  50. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  51. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  52. ^ What is a Freeholder?, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed January 5, 2011.
  53. ^ William J. Chegwidden, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2011.
  54. ^ Douglas R. Cabana, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2011.
  55. ^ Gene F. Feyl, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2011.
  56. ^ Ann F. Grossi, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2011.
  57. ^ Thomas J. Mastrangelo, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2011.
  58. ^ John J. Murphy, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2011.
  59. ^ Hank Lyon, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2011.
  60. ^ Meet the Freeholders, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2011.
  61. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Morris, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed December 23, 2012.
  62. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Morris County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed December 23, 2012.
  63. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Morris County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed December 23, 2012.
  64. ^ 2009 Governor: Morris County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed December 23, 2012.
  65. ^ Data for the Washington Township Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed October 20, 2012.
  66. ^ Benedict A. Cucinella Elementary School, Washington Township Schools. Accessed July 30, 2013.
  67. ^ Flocktown-Kossmann School, Washington Township Schools. Accessed July 30, 2013.
  68. ^ Old Farmers Road School, Washington Township Schools. Accessed July 30, 2013.
  69. ^ Long Valley Middle School, Washington Township Schools. Accessed July 30, 2013.
  70. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Washington Township Schools, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed July 30, 2013.
  71. ^ West Morris Regional High School District 2011 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed October 20, 2012. "Established in 1958, the West Morris Regional High School District operates two schools, West Morris Central High School and West Morris Mendham High School. The district serves the students of five Morris County communities, Chester Borough, Chester Township, Mendham Borough, Mendham Township and Washington Township, in grades 9 through 12."
  72. ^ Morris County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed December 23, 2012.
  73. ^ Koestenblatt, Jason. "'Jersey' Mike Rossi Aims For Gold in 2014 Olympics; Long Valley teen on fast track to world competition.", LongValleyPatch, June 14, 2011. Accessed January 22, 2014.

External links[edit]