Weichang Manchu and Mongol Autonomous County

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Weichang County
围场县
ᠸᡝᡳᠴᠠᠩᠰᡳᠶᠠᠨ

ᠸᠧᠢᠴᠠᠩᠰᡳᠶᠠᠨ
Autonomous county
围场满族蒙古族自治县
ᠸᡝᡳᠴᠠᠩ ᠮᠠᠨᠵᡠ ᠮᠣᠩᡤᠣ ᠪᡝᠶᡝ ᡩᠠᠰᠠᠩᡤᠠ ᠰᡳᠶᠠᠨ
ᠸᠧᠢᠴᠠᠩ ᠮᠠᠨᠵᠤ ᠮᠣᠩᠭ᠋ᠣᠯ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ
Weichang Manchu and Mongol
Autonomous County
Saihanba National Park within the county
Saihanba National Park within the county
Weichang is located in Hebei
Weichang
Weichang
Location of the seat in Hebei
Coordinates: 41°56′N 117°46′E / 41.933°N 117.767°E / 41.933; 117.767Coordinates: 41°56′N 117°46′E / 41.933°N 117.767°E / 41.933; 117.767
Country People's Republic of China
Province Hebei
Prefecture-level city Chengde
County seat Weichang Town (围场镇)
Area
 • Total 9,058 km2 (3,497 sq mi)
Elevation 847 m (2,779 ft)
Population (2004)
 • Total 520,000
 • Density 57/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 068400
Area code(s) 0314

Weichang Manchu and Mongol Autonomous County (simplified Chinese: 围场满族蒙古族自治县; traditional Chinese: 圍場滿族蒙古族自治縣; pinyin: Wéichǎng Mǎnzú Ménggǔzú Zìzhìxiàn) is a Manchu and Mongol autonomous county located in far northeastern Hebei province, China. It lies under the administration of Chengde City, and is the northernmost county of the province, bordering Inner Mongolia to the north. In terms of area, it is the largest county of Hebei, occupying an area of 9,058 km2 (3,497 sq mi), though, as it is located in mountainous terrain, it is rather sparsely populated, as of 2004, housing 520,000 people.

The area has been historically home to Manchu soldiers, and the local dialect of Mandarin is similar to that of Beijing, though there is some Northeastern influence

History[edit]

Geography and climate[edit]

Weichang is located in the northernmost part of Hebei, with a latitude range of 41° 35' to 42° 40' N and longitude range of 116° 32' to 118° 14' E. It borders Inner Mongolia's Chifeng to the east, Hexigten Banner to the north, as well as Duolun County to the northwest, and within the province, borders Fengning County and Longhua County to the southwest and south.

Weichang has a rather dry, monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwb), with long, very cold and dry winters, and very warm, humid summers, and the elevation depresses temperatures. The 24-hour average in January is −12.5 °C (9.5 °F) and the same figure for July is 21.1 °C (70.0 °F), while the annual mean is 5.33 °C (41.6 °F). More than half of the annual precipitation occurs in July and August alone. The coldest temperature recorded in the province was −42.9 °C (−45 °F) on 12 January 1957 at Yudaokou Township (御道口乡).

Climate data for Weichang(1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −5.8
(21.6)
−1.8
(28.8)
5.0
(41)
14.6
(58.3)
21.3
(70.3)
25.2
(77.4)
26.9
(80.4)
25.5
(77.9)
20.5
(68.9)
13.6
(56.5)
3.5
(38.3)
−3.7
(25.3)
12.07
(53.72)
Average low °C (°F) −17.7
(0.1)
−14.7
(5.5)
−7.9
(17.8)
0.6
(33.1)
7.1
(44.8)
12.4
(54.3)
16.0
(60.8)
14.1
(57.4)
7.5
(45.5)
0.6
(33.1)
−8
(18)
−15
(5)
−0.42
(31.28)
Precipitation mm (inches) 1.9
(0.075)
3.0
(0.118)
7.6
(0.299)
16.2
(0.638)
39.2
(1.543)
68.3
(2.689)
135.4
(5.331)
100.3
(3.949)
44.8
(1.764)
20.6
(0.811)
5.3
(0.209)
2.0
(0.079)
444.6
(17.505)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.0 2.8 4.2 5.4 8.3 12.9 15.7 13.0 9.6 5.4 3.2 1.8 84.3
Source: Weather China

Administrative divisions[edit]

There are 7 towns and 30 townships in the county.[1]

Towns:

Townships:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:围场满族蒙古族自治县" (in Simplified Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2012-07-19. 

External links[edit]