1244

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1244 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1244
MCCXLIV
Ab urbe condita1997
Armenian calendar693
ԹՎ ՈՂԳ
Assyrian calendar5994
Balinese saka calendar1165–1166
Bengali calendar651
Berber calendar2194
English Regnal year28 Hen. 3 – 29 Hen. 3
Buddhist calendar1788
Burmese calendar606
Byzantine calendar6752–6753
Chinese calendar癸卯年 (Water Rabbit)
3940 or 3880
    — to —
甲辰年 (Wood Dragon)
3941 or 3881
Coptic calendar960–961
Discordian calendar2410
Ethiopian calendar1236–1237
Hebrew calendar5004–5005
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1300–1301
 - Shaka Samvat1165–1166
 - Kali Yuga4344–4345
Holocene calendar11244
Igbo calendar244–245
Iranian calendar622–623
Islamic calendar641–642
Japanese calendarKangen 2
(寛元2年)
Javanese calendar1153–1154
Julian calendar1244
MCCXLIV
Korean calendar3577
Minguo calendar668 before ROC
民前668年
Nanakshahi calendar−224
Thai solar calendar1786–1787
Tibetan calendar阴水兔年
(female Water-Rabbit)
1370 or 989 or 217
    — to —
阳木龙年
(male Wood-Dragon)
1371 or 990 or 218

Year 1244 (MCCXLIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Events[edit]

By place[edit]

Europe[edit]

Levant[edit]

  • June – Khwarazmian forces (some 10,000 men) invade Syrian territory, ravaging the land and burning the villages. As Damascus is too strong for a siege, they attack Galilee, past the town of Tiberias – which they capture. The Khwarazmians attack further southward through Nablus towards Jerusalem.[4]
  • July 15Siege of Jerusalem: Khwarazmian horsemen attack and sack the 'holy city' of Jerusalem. There is bloody fighting in the streets, the Khwarazmian force their way into the Armenian Quarter, where they decimate the Christian population, and drive out the Jews. The city is left in a state of ruin.[5]
  • August 23 – The Tower of David surrenders to the Khwarazmian forces, some 6,000 Christian men, women and children march out of Jerusalem. As they move along the road toward Jaffa, they see crusader flags waving on the Walls of Jerusalem. Returning back, some 2,000 of them are massacred.[6]
  • October 4 – The Crusaders assemble a force of some 1,000 cavalry and 6,000 men outside Acre, after hearing that Jerusalem is sacked by the Khwarazmians. They are joined by the Ayyubid forces (some 4,000 men) of Damascus and Homs – while Emir An-Nasir Dawud brings his army from Kerak.[7]
  • October 17Battle of La Forbie: A Crusader army (some 10,000 men) under Walter IV of Brienne and Ayyubid allies are defeated near Hiribya (or La Forbie) by Egyptian and Khwarazmian forces. The army is destroyed, with about 7,500 men killed. Walter and William of Chastelneuf are captured.[8]

By topic[edit]

Religion[edit]


Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hywel Williams (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History, p. 140. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  2. ^ de Epalza, Miguel (1999). Negotiating cultures: bilingual surrender treaties in Muslim-Crusader Spain under James the Conqueror. Brill. p. 96. ISBN 90-04-11244-8.
  3. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, p. 214. ISBN 978-0-241-29877-0.
  4. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, p. 187. ISBN 978-0-241-29877-0.
  5. ^ Gilbert, Martin (1978). Jerusalem: Illustrated History Atlas, p. 25. New York: Macmillan Publishing.
  6. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, p. 188. ISBN 978-0-241-29877-0.
  7. ^ Dougherty, Martin J. (2007). Battles of the Crusades, pp. 176–77. ISBN 978-1-905704-58-3.
  8. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, p. 189. ISBN 978-0-241-29877-0.