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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1198 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1198
Ab urbe condita1951
Armenian calendar647
Assyrian calendar5948
Balinese saka calendar1119–1120
Bengali calendar605
Berber calendar2148
English Regnal yearRic. 1 – 10 Ric. 1
Buddhist calendar1742
Burmese calendar560
Byzantine calendar6706–6707
Chinese calendar丁巳年 (Fire Snake)
3895 or 3688
    — to —
戊午年 (Earth Horse)
3896 or 3689
Coptic calendar914–915
Discordian calendar2364
Ethiopian calendar1190–1191
Hebrew calendar4958–4959
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1254–1255
 - Shaka Samvat1119–1120
 - Kali Yuga4298–4299
Holocene calendar11198
Igbo calendar198–199
Iranian calendar576–577
Islamic calendar594–595
Japanese calendarKenkyū 9
Javanese calendar1106–1107
Julian calendar1198
Korean calendar3531
Minguo calendar714 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−270
Seleucid era1509/1510 AG
Thai solar calendar1740–1741
Tibetan calendar阴火蛇年
(female Fire-Snake)
1324 or 943 or 171
    — to —
(male Earth-Horse)
1325 or 944 or 172
Pope Innocent III (r. 1198–1216)

Year 1198 (MCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.


By place[edit]



  • John of England captures a party of 18 French knights and many men-at-arms, in the ongoing conflict against France.[1] His brother, King Richard I (the Lionheart) introduces a new Great Seal – in an attempt to keep the war against France funded. The government proclaims that charters previously struck with the old seal are no longer valid and must be renewed with a fresh payment.[2] The office of Lord Warden of the Stannaries is also introduced, to tax the produce of tin mines in Cornwall and Devon.[3]
  • September 27Battle of Gisors: Richard I defeats the French forces led by Philip II (Augustus) at Courcelles-lès-Gisors, in Picardy. Richard captures three castles on the border of the Vexin. The French troops, many of them mounted, crowd the bridge leading into Gisors Castle but it collapses beneath them. The French king is among those who plunge into the water in his armor. Many French knights drown, but Philip is pulled to safety.



By topic[edit]


  • December 11Averroes (or Ibn Rushd), Arab polymath and physician, dies. He is the author of more than 100 books, for which he is known in the western world as The Commentator and Father of Rationalism.[5]





  1. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 47
  2. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 62
  3. ^ King John by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 124
  4. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, pp. 79–82. ISBN 978-0-241-29877-0.
  5. ^ Gill, John (2009). Andalucía: A Cultural History, pp. 108–110. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-537610-4.