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|1635 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|State leaders – Colonial & territorial governors – Religious leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2388|
|English Regnal year||10 Cha. 1 – 11 Cha. 1|
|Chinese calendar||甲戌年 (Wood Dog)
4331 or 4271
— to —
乙亥年 (Wood Pig)
4332 or 4272
|- Vikram Samvat||1691–1692|
|- Shaka Samvat||1556–1557|
|- Kali Yuga||4735–4736|
|Japanese calendar||Kan'ei 12
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||277 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2177–2178|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1635.|
1635 (MDCXXXV) was a common year starting on Monday (dominical letter G) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday (dominical letter D) of the Julian calendar, the 1635th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 635th year of the 2nd millennium, the 35th year of the 17th century, and the 6th year of the 1630s decade. As of the start of 1635, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
- February 22 – The Académie française in Paris is formally constituted as the national academy for the preservation of the French language.
- April 13 – Druze warlord Fakhr-al-Din II is executed in Constantinople.
- May – France declares war on Spain.
- May 30 – Thirty Years' War – The Peace of Prague is signed, which ends the German civil war aspect of the conflict.
- July 31 – The Royal Mail service is made available to the public by Charles I of England.
- August 25 – The Great Colonial Hurricane strikes Narragansett Bay as a possible Category 3 hurricane, killing over 46 people.
- September 12 – The Treaty of Sztumska Wieś is signed between Sweden and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
- October 9 – Rhode Island founder Roger Williams is banished from Massachusetts Bay Colony as a religious dissident, after speaking out against punishments for religious offenses and giving away Native American land.
- November 15 – Thomas Parr, dead at the alleged age of 152, is buried in Westminster Abbey.
- November 22 – Dutch pacification campaign on Formosa against Taiwanese aborigines begins.
- Guadeloupe and Martinique are colonized by France.
- Dominica is claimed by France.
- The Ottomans are expelled from Yemen.
- In the Mughal Empire, Shah Jahan's Pearl Mosque at Lahore Fort is completed.
- Nagyszombat University (predecessor of Budapest University) is established.
- Boston Latin School, the oldest school in the United States of America, is founded in Boston, Massachusetts.
- Japan forbids merchants to travel abroad under penalty of death.
- A Japanese imperial memorandum decrees: "Hereafter entry by the Portuguese galeota is forbidden. If they insist on coming, the ships must be destroyed and anyone aboard those ships must be beheaded."
- Willem and Joan Blaeu publish the first edition of their Atlas Novus in Amsterdam.
- January 2 – Wilhelmus à Brakel, Dutch theologian (d. 1711)
- January 6 – Charles Fane, 3rd Earl of Westmorland, Member of Parliament and House of Lords (d. 1691)
- January 8 – Luis Manuel Fernández de Portocarrero, Spanish Archbishop of Toledo (d. 1709)
- January 10 – Alexander Farnese, Prince of Parma, Italian military leader (d. 1689)
- January 13 – Philipp Spener, German Christian theologian known as the "Father of Pietism (d. 1705)
- January 25 – Daniel Casper von Lohenstein, German writer, diplomat and lawyer (d. 1683)
- February 1 – Marquard Gude, German archaeologist and classical scholar (d. 1689)
- February 2 – William Godolphin, English politician (d. 1696)
- February 18 – Johan Göransson Gyllenstierna, Swedish statesman (d. 1680)
- February 21 – Thomas Flatman, British artist (d. 1688)
- February 25 – Walrad, Prince of Nassau-Usingen, German prince and founder of the line of Nassau-Usingen (d. 1702)
- March 2 – Eugene Maurice, Count of Soissons, Italian noble (d. 1673)
- March 4 – Emilia Butler, Countess of Ossory, English countess (d. 1688)
- March 10 – Jan van Buken, painter (d. 1690)
- March 15 – Sulaiman Shikoh, Mughal Empire emperor (d. 1662)
- March 31 – Patrick Gordon, general and rear admiral in Russia (d. 1699)
- April 16 – Frans van Mieris the Elder, Dutch Golden Age genre and portrait painter (d. 1681)
- April 17 – Edward Stillingfleet, British theologian and scholar (d. 1699)
- April 25 – William Harbord, British politician (d. 1692)
- May 4 – Willem van Outhoorn, Dutch colonial governor (d. 1720)
- May 6 – Johann Joachim Becher, German chemist (d. 1682)
- May 9 – Augustus, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön-Norburg (d. 1699)
- May 26 – Sir Thomas Lee, 1st Baronet, English politician (d. 1691)
- June 3 – Philippe Quinault, French writer (d. 1688)
- June 10 – Federico Caccia, Cardinal Archbishop of Milan (d. 1699)
- June 15 – Theodor Undereyk, German theologian (d. 1693)
- June 20 – Patrick Chaworth, 3rd Viscount Chaworth, Irish politician (d. 1693)
- June 21 – Laurent d'Arvieux, French traveler (d. 1702)
- July 11 – Gottfried Wilhelm Sacer, German jurist (d. 1699)
- July 13 – Jacques Bruyas, French missionary (d. 1712)
- July 18 – Robert Hooke, English scientist (d. 1703)
- July 19 – Francine Descartes (d. 1640)
- July 23 – Adam Dollard des Ormeaux, iconic figure in the history of New France (d. 1660)
- July 29 – Christian Louis, Count of Waldeck-Wildungen (1645–1692) and Count of Waldeck and Pyrmont (1692–1706) (d. 1706)
- August 9 – Philip Traherne, British book collector (d. 1686)
- August 24 – Peder Griffenfeld, Danish statesman and royal favourite (d. 1699)
- August 30 – Pieter Spierinckx, painter (d. 1711)
- September 1 – Armand de Camboust, duc de Coislin, French lieutenant général (d. 1702)
- September 5 – Joseph Mezger, Austrian Benedictine (d. 1683)
- September 7 – Paul I, Prince Esterházy, Hungarian prince (d. 1713)
- September 9 – Andrzej Stech, Polish painter (d. 1697)
- September 17 – Peter Colleton, English politician (d. 1694)
- September 18 – Joana, Princess of Beira, Portuguese infanta (princess) (d. 1653)
- October 7
- October 28 – Constantin Ranst de Jonge, son of Hieronimus Rans(t) (1607–1660) (d. 1714)
- November 1 – Johann Michael Vansleb, German theologian (d. 1679)
- November 3 – Johann Sturm, German philosopher (d. 1703)
- November 6 – Sir John Carew, 3rd Baronet, Member of Parliament of England (d. 1692)
- November 11 – Justus Danckerts, Dutch artist (d. 1701)
- November 15 – Princess Margaret Yolande of Savoy, Duchess consort of Parma (d. 1663)
- November 19 – Mingju, Qing dynasty statesman (d. 1708)
- November 22 – Francis Willughby, English biologist (d. 1672)
- November 27 – Françoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de Maintenon, second wife of Louis XIV of France (d. 1719)
- December 11 – Sir William Twysden, 3rd Baronet, English politician (d. 1697)
- December 15 – Valentin Alberti, Philosopher, theologian (d. 1697)
- December 23 – Ottaviano Jannella, Italian sculptor (d. 1661)
- December 28 – Elizabeth Stuart, second daughter of King Charles I of England (d. 1650)
- December 31 – Sir Robert Southwell, English diplomat (d. 1702)
- March – Thomas Randolph, poet
- March 27 – Robert Naunton, English politician (b. 1563)
- July 10 – Alonso Jerónimo de Salas Barbadillo, Spanish novelist and dramatist (b. c. 1580)
- August (bur.) – Richard Whitbourne, English colonist of Newfoundland (b. 1561)
- August 7 – Friedrich von Spee, German writer (b. 1591)
- August 27 – Lope de Vega, Spanish poet and playwright (b. 1562)
- September 6 – Metius, Dutch mathematician and astronomer (b. 1571)
- November 15 – Thomas Parr, English alleged oldest living man (b. 1483)
- November 25 – John Hall, English physician, son-in-law of William Shakespeare
- December 25 – Samuel de Champlain, French explorer and founder of Quebec (b. c.1567)
- date unknown – Iravikkutti Pillai, Venad leader (b. 1603)
- probable – Anthony Shirley, English traveller (b. 1565)
- "Les grandes dates". Académie française. Retrieved 2011-02-04.