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This article is about the year 1579. For the number, see 1579 (number).
|Centuries:||15th century – 16th century – 17th century|
|Decades:||1540s 1550s 1560s – 1570s – 1580s 1590s 1600s|
|Years:||1576 1577 1578 – 1579 – 1580 1581 1582|
|1579 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2332|
|English Regnal year||21 Eliz. 1 – 22 Eliz. 1|
|Chinese calendar||戊寅年 (Earth Tiger)
4275 or 4215
— to —
己卯年 (Earth Rabbit)
4276 or 4216
|- Vikram Samvat||1635–1636|
|- Shaka Samvat||1501–1502|
|- Kali Yuga||4680–4681|
|Japanese calendar||Tenshō 7
|Minguo calendar||333 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2121–2122|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1579.|
- January 6 – The Union of Atrecht unites the southern Netherlands under the Duke of Parma, governor in the name of king Philip II of Spain.
- January 23 – The Union of Utrecht unites the northern Netherlands in a confederation called the United Provinces. William I of Orange becomes Stadtholder, and the Duc d'Anjou, younger brother of Henry III of France, is invited to become hereditary sovereign.
- March – Maastricht is captured by the Spanish under Parma.
- May 25 – Japan – Battle of Mimaomote: Doi Kiyonaga defeats the forces of Kumu Yorinobu.
- June 17 – Francis Drake, during his circumnavigation of the world, lands in what is now California, which he claims for Queen Elizabeth I. With an English claim here and in Newfoundland, it becomes the basis for English colonial charters which will claim all land from the Atlantic to the Pacific, from "sea to sea." Drake's claim is called "Nova Albion" (New England), and subsequent maps will show all lands north of New Spain and New Mexico under this name.
- July 16 – James FitzMaurice FitzGerald lands with a small force of Irish, Spanish, and Italian troops at Smerwick on the Dingle peninsula in south-western Ireland and commences the Second Desmond Rebellion against the rule in Ireland of Elizabeth I of England.
- February 9 – Johannes Meursius, Dutch classical scholar and antiquary (d. 1639)
- April 12 – François de Bassompierre, French courtier (d. 1646)
- May 2 – Tokugawa Hidetada, Japanese shogun (d. 1632)
- July 2 – Janusz Radziwiłł, Lithuanian and Polish nobleman (d. 1620)
- July 13 – Arthur Dee, English physician and alchemist (d. 1651)
- August 1 – Luis Vélez de Guevara, Spanish dramatist and novelist (d. 1644)
- August 18 – Charlotte Flandrina of Nassau, Roman Catholic nun (d. 1640)
- August 21 – Henri, duc de Rohan (d. 1638)
- August 23 – Thomas Dempster, Scottish scholar and historian (d. 1625)
- October 4 – Guido Bentivoglio, Italian cardinal (d. 1644)
- November 11 – Frans Snyders, Flemish painter (d. 1657)
- December 9 – Martin de Porres, Peruvian monk, Roman Catholic saint (d. 1639)
- December 20 (bapt.) – John Fletcher, English dramatist (d. 1625)
- date unknown
- February 16 – Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada, Spanish explorer (b. 1509)
- February 20 – Nicholas Bacon, English politician (b. 1509)
- April 25 – John Stuart, 4th Earl of Atholl
- May 6 – François de Montmorency, French nobleman (b. 1530)
- June 25 – Hatano Hideharu, Japanese samurai (b. 1541)
- June 30 – Mehmed Pasha Sokolovic, Turkish Janissary (b. 1505)
- August 3 – Katarzyna Ostrogska, Polish noblewoman (b. 1560)
- August 5 – Stanislaus Hosius, Polish cardinal (b. 1504)
- October 12 – Mehmed Sokollu, Grand Vizier of Suleyman the Magnificent and Selim II (b. 1505)
- November 15 – Francis David, Hungarian religious reformer (b. 1510)
- November 21 – Thomas Gresham, English merchant and financier (b. 1519)
- December 21 – Vicente Masip, Spanish painter (b. 1506)
- date unknown
- probable - Hans Staden, German adventurer (b. 1525)