469th Flying Training Squadron
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|469th Flying Training Squadron |
469th Flying Training Squadron Patch
|Active||9 July 1942 - 1 April 1944
10 October 1952 - 8 January 1958
13 April 1962 - 31 October 1972
10 April 2009 -present
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Part of||Air Education and Training Command
Nineteenth Air Force
80th Flying Training Wing
80th Operations Group
|Garrison/HQ||Sheppard Air Force Base|
World War II
Established as a B-24 Liberator heavy bomb squadron in 1942. Mission was as an Operational Training Unit (OTU) under Second Air Force training B-24 replacement pilots and aircrew. Inactivated in 1944 when B-24 Liberator crew training was ended.
Korean War era
Reactivated in 1952 as an Air Defense Command Fighter-Interceptor squadron during the Korean War. Squadron initially absorbed personnel, aircraft and equipment of several National Guard fighter-interceptor squadrons when they were relieved from active federal service. Provided Air Defense over Eastern Tennessee, specifically over the Atomic Energy Commission Oak Ridge facilities and numerous Aluminum production facilities in the Knoxville area. Converted to F-86s in 1953 and was operationally ready by July 1953. Utilized all major modifications of the F-86, including the "L" model. Participated in numerous actual and simulated exercises to test alert status and combat readiness until inactivation in 1958.
Activated again in 1962 as a Tactical Air Command fighter squadron at George AFB, California. Equipped with F-105 Thunderchiefs, but remained unmanned from July 1962 through June 1963. Operational in February 1964, temporarily deployed overseas from November 1964 to March 1965, first to Yokota AB, Japan, to augment the 41st Air Division, and then to Kadena AB, Okinawa, in support of the 18th Tactical Fighter Wing.
Reassigned in November 1965 permanently to Thailand, where it prepared for combat fighter operations at Korat RTAFB. Engaged in combat operations over Indochina from November 1965 until inactivated in October 1972, flying F-105s and, after 1968, it flew F-4s.
By January 1969, proliferating antiaircraft defenses in the Barrel Roll area in the Kingdom of Laos were making operations ever riskier for Slow FACs such as the Raven FACs. The concept of stationing FACs at the same base with their strike aircraft was bruited. Volunteers from the 469th Tactical Fighter Squadron were approved for Fast FAC duty under the call sign "Tiger" in February. The inertial guidance systems in their fresh F-4E Phantom IIs would prove consequential for piloting and target location in an environment largely lacking in aerial navigation aids, especially after the 1 March loss of the only TACAN site in northern Laos. On 17 March, the volunteer FACs began supplying the necessary tactical air power for General Vang Pao's Hmong guerrillas to sweep through Operation Raindance. In April, the "Tigers" were considered for night FAC duties, but rejected. By July, the "Tiger" FACs were so immersed in directing close air support, they were allotted four sorties per day. Between July and September 1969, the "Tigers" were credited with 34 enemy killed by air, 12 antiaircraft sites destroyed, 246 interdictory road cuts of enemy supply lines, 15 enemy supply trucks destroyed, 403 structures destroyed, 360 fires caused by explosions, and 681 secondary explosions of munitions and fuel. They accomplished this during 182 FAC missions, during which they directed 2,004 air strikes. In turn, the "Tigers" suffered five F-4E's severely damaged by enemy fire.
The 469th Flying Training Squadron was reactivated in April 2009 as part of the 80th Flying Training Wing to conduct undergraduate flying training for EURO-NATO pilot candidates. The 469 Flying Training Squadron is composed of approximately 60 multinational personnel representing 13 signatory NATO nations supporting Euro-NATO Joint Jet Pilot Training. The squadron employs 46 T-38 aircraft flying over 11,500 training sorties and 13,000 hours while providing undergraduate, pilot instructor and continuation training for over 200 student pilots and instructor trainees annually.
- Constituted as: 469th Bombardment Squadron on 1 July 1942
- Activated on: 15 July 1942
- Inactivated on: 1 April 1944
- Redesignated and Activated as: 469th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron on 13 April 1952
- Inactivated on: 8 January 1958
- Redesignated and Activated as: 469th Tactical Fighter Squadron on 13 April 1962
- Inactivated on: 31 October 1972
- Redesignated and Activated as: 469th Flying Training Squadron, on 10 April 2009
- 333d Bombardment Group, 15 July 1942 – 1 April 1944
- 516th Air Defense Group, 13 April 1952 – 18 August 1955
- 355th Fighter Group, 18 August 1955 – 8 January 1958
- Tactical Air Command, 13 April 1962 – 8 June 1963 (Unmanned)
- 355th Tactical Fighter Wing, 8 June 1963 – 8 November 1965
- 6234th (Provisional) Tactical Fighter Wing, 8 November 1965
- 388th Tactical Fighter Wing, 8 April 1966 – 31 October 1972
- 80th Operations Group, 20 April 2009
- Topeka AAF, KS July 15, 1942
- Dalhart AAF, TX February 22, 1943 – April 1, 1944
- McGhee Tyson AFB, Tennessee, 13 April 1952 – 8 January 1958
- George AFB, California, 13 April 1962 – 21 July 1964
- McConnell AFB, Kansas, 21 July 1964-October 1965
- Korat Royal Thai Air Force Base, Thailand, 8 November 1965 – 31 October 1972
- Sheppard AFB, Texas, 10 April 2009 – Present
- B-24 Liberator, 1942–1944
- F-47D/N Thunderbolt, 1952
- F-86D Sabre Interceptor, 1953–1958
- F-105 Thunderchief, 1962–1968
- F-4 Phantom II, 1968–1972
- T-38C Talon, 2009–present
- Robertson, Patsy. "469 FLYING TRAINING SQUADRON (AETC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
- Rowley, Ralph A. (1975). The Air Force in Southeast Asia: FAC Operations 1965-1970. U.S. Office of Air Force History. Military Bookshop (2011 reprint). ISBNs 1780396562, 978-1780396569. Pages 193 - 194.
- Schlight, John (1969). Project CHECO Report: JET FORWARD AIR CONTROLLERS IN SEASIA." Headquarters Pacific Air Force. ASIN B00ARRLMEY. Pages 26 - 29.
- 82 Training Wing Public Affairs. "80th Operations Group". Sheppard Air Force Base. Sheppard Air Force Base. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
- Cornett, Lloyd H. and Mildred W. Johnson. A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization 1946 - 1980. Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center, Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado
- Maurer, Maurer (1982). Combat Squadrons of the Air Force: World War II. Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama: Office of Air Force History.
- Rowley, Ralph A. (1975). The Air Force in Southeast Asia: FAC Operations 1965-1970. U.S. Office of Air Force History. Military Bookshop (2011 reprint). ISBNs 1780396562, 978-1780396569.
- Schlight, John (1969). Project CHECO Report: JET FORWARD AIR CONTROLLERS IN SEASIA." Headquarters Pacific Air Force. ASIN B00ARRLMEY.
- USAF Aerospace Defense Command publication, The Interceptor, January 1979 (Volume 21, Number 1).