Attacks on U.S. diplomatic facilities

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The United States maintains numerous embassies and consulates around the world, many of which are in war-torn countries or other dangerous areas.

Diplomatic Security[edit]

The Regional Security Office is staffed by Special Agents of the Diplomatic Security Service (DSS), and is responsible for all security, protection, and law enforcement operations in the embassy or consulate. The Regional Security Officer (RSO) is the senior DSS Special Agent in country and is the principal adviser to the Chief of Mission (generally an Ambassador or Consul General) on all security, law-enforcement, and counter-terrorism issues for that country or region. The RSO is responsible for liaising with the host government's security and law enforcement officials. The RSO is supported by a Marine Security Guard (MSG) Detachment, Assistant Regional Security Officers (ARSOs) and local security guards.

Attacks on US diplomatic facilities[edit]

Date Location Details Type of attack Deaths
18 July 1924 Tehran, Sublime State of Persia An angry mob of led by members of the Muslim clergy and including many members of the Iranian Army beat Robert W. Imbrie, United States Consul in Tehran, to death. The mob blamed America for poisoning a well.[1] mob 1
24 May 1957 Taipei, Taiwan Mob attack on embassy chancery (see May 24 Incident) none
27 January 1958 Ankara, Turkey Bombing in embassy compound[2] none
5 March 1964 Libreville, Gabon Two weeks after a failed coup which the U.S. was mistakenly blamed for, a small bomb detonates outside the embassy compound, damaging a sign and cracking windows (see 1964 United States Embassy in Libreville bombings) bombing none
30 March 1965 Saigon, Vietnam Viet Cong agents detonated a car-bomb outside the embassy. bombing 2 Americans (1 CIA employee), 19 Vietnamese and one Filipino
31 January 1968 Saigon, Vietnam As part of the Tet Offensive, Viet Cong commandos forced their way onto the US Embassy grounds and surrounded the building until US reinforcements arrived. armed assault 5 US security
20 attackers
26 September 1971 Phnom Penh, Cambodia Attack on embassy softball game[3] 1 Marine Security Guard

1 Army master sergeant

1 Young Cambodian girl

1972 Manila, Philippines Attack by communist group, Marine guard wounded[3] none
19 August 1974 Nicosia, Cyprus Riot outside embassy; ambassador and assistant shot by sniper mob 2
14 November 1974 Tokyo, Japan Several Japanese youth attack the embassy with Molotov cocktails, throwing them from a nearby hotel. Afterwards, five stormed the compound where they were arrested. Seven local guards were injured.[4] armed assault none
22 November 1974 Fukuoka, Japan Three men wearing red helmets from the Marxist Youth League broke windows and threw an explosive device at the U.S. Consulate. The men then attacked a consulate employee, injuring him[5] armed assault none
4 August 1975 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Japanese Red Army gunmen raid Embassy none
17 February 1976 Caracas, Venezuela Gunmen in a car fire at the U.S. Embassy causing minimal damage.[6] shooting none
1979 Tehran, Iran Iran hostage crisis
21 November 1979 Islamabad, Pakistan Islamist riots destroy Embassy (see 1979 U.S. Embassy Burning in Islamabad) mob 2 US security
2 Pakistani personnel
2 attackers
2 December 1979 Tripoli, Libya Islamist riots destroy Embassy (see 1979 U.S. Embassy Burning in Libya) mob none
18 April 1983 Beirut, Lebanon Islamic Jihad car bomb destroys Embassy (see April 1983 U.S. Embassy bombing) bombing 63 (of which 17 were Americans)
12 December 1983 Kuwait City, Kuwait al-Dawa truck bomb outside Embassy bombing 6
20 September 1984 Beirut, Lebanon Hezbollah car bomb outside embassy (see 1984 United States embassy annex bombing) bombing 24
November 1984 Bogota, Colombia Car bomb outside Embassy planted by drug cartel bombing 1
February 1986 Lisbon, Portugal Popular Forces of 25 April car bomb outside Embassy bombing none
14 May 1986 Jakarta, Indonesia Japanese Red Army mortar barrage bombing none
9 June 1987 Rome, Italy Japanese Red Army mortar barrage bombing none
17 September 1989 Bogota, Colombia RPG fired on Embassy by unknown assailant bombing none
27 July 1993 Lima, Peru Car bomb outside Embassy planted by Shining Path bombing none
13 September 1995 Moscow, Russia RPG fired on Embassy by unknown assailant bombing none
21 June 1998 Beirut, Lebanon RPGs fired at Embassy by Hezbollah, an Iran-supported religious organization bombing none
7 August 1998 Nairobi, Kenya al-Qaeda simultaneously attacked both Embassies with truck bombs (more details) bombing 213, including 10 US personnel and 2 US security
Dar es Salaam, Tanzania 11
22 January 2002 Calcutta, India Harkat-ul-Jihad al-Islami gunmen attacked American cultural centre, which included public affairs office of nearby US Consulate (more details) armed assault 5 Indian security
14 June 2002 Karachi, Pakistan al-Qaeda truck bomb detonated outside Consulate (more details) bombing 12 Pakistani civilians
12 October 2002 Denpasar, Indonesia Consular Office bombed by Jemaah Islamiyah as part of the Bali bombings bombing none
28 February 2003 Karachi, Pakistan Unknown gunmen attack US Consulate (more details) armed assault 2 Pakistani security
30 June 2004 Tashkent, Uzbekistan Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan bombs US Embassy bombing none
6 December 2004 Jeddah, Saudi Arabia al-Qaeda gunmen raid diplomatic compound[7] armed assault 5 Saudi personnel
4 attackers
2 March 2006 Karachi, Pakistan Car bomb explodes outside Consulate, killing a US diplomat (more details) bombing 1 US personnel
1 Pakistani personnel
1 Pakistani security
1 attacker
12 September 2006 Damascus, Syria Gunmen raid US Embassy armed assault 1 Syrian security
3 attackers
12 January 2007 Athens, Greece RPG Fired at Embassy by Revolutionary Struggle bombing none
18 March 2008 Sana'a, Yemen Mortar rounds missed US Embassy, hitting nearby school bombing 2 Yemeni civilians
9 July 2008 Istanbul, Turkey Armed attack against Consulate (more details) armed assault 3 Turkish security
3 attackers
17 September 2008 Sana'a, Yemen A coordinated attack resulted in a 20-minute battle with security (more details) armed assault 6 Yemeni security
5 Yemeni civilians
1 US civilian
6 attackers
30 October 2009 Managua, Nicaragua Several hundred supporters from the Sandinista National Liberation Front protesting "U.S. interventionism" swarm the embassy compound, attacking personnel and vandalizing property for four hours.[8] mob none
5 April 2010 Peshawar, Pakistan An attack near the U.S. Consulate in Peshawar, Pakistan, kills two consulate security guards and at least six others (more details) armed assault 2 Pakistani personnel
1 Pakistani security
1 Pakistani civilian
4 attackers
28 October 2011 Sarajevo, Bosnia & Herzegovina A gunman, a Wahhabi Islamist, fired on the embassy on 28 October 2011, resulting in one local policeman guarding the embassy being wounded in the arm by the gunman, while the shooter was wounded by a police sniper. armed assault none
11 September 2012 Cairo, Egypt Protestors scaled the walls of the Consulate and replaced the US flag with an Islamist banner before being driven back by Egyptian security (more details) mob none
Benghazi, Libya A group of terrorists storm the US Consulate in Benghazi, Libya—killing the U.S. Ambassador, one staff member, and two security contractors (more details) armed assault 4 US personnel
14 September 2012 Sana'a, Yemen Protestors stormed the US Embassy and set fire to several vehicles before being driven back by Yemeni security (more details) mob 5 attackers
Tunis, Tunisia Tunisian police fought back protestors who attacked the US Embassy in Tunis (more details) mob 2 attackers
1 February 2013 Ankara, Turkey A suicide bomber attacked the US Embassy in the Turkish capital, Ankara, on Friday, detonating himself inside a security entrance to the compound (more details) bombing 1 Turkish security
1 attacker
13 September 2013 Herat, Afghanistan A group of 7 Taliban militants attacked the US Consulate in Herat, Afghanistan using truck bombs, assault rifles, and rocket-propelled grenades, killing 2 Afghan security guards and wounding 20 others (more details) armed assault 2 Afghan security
28 September 2015 Tashkent, Uzbekistan Unidentified man threw two Molotov cocktails or similar improvised explosives over the wall of the US Embassy Tashkent bombing none
21 February 2018 Podgorica, Montenegro A pro-Russian and Serbian-born assailant threw a hand grenade over the wall of the US Embassy in Podgorica. Reporting indicated the grenade appeared to detonate as it was thrown into the air, and the man detonated a second device that killed him. The man's body was found 100 feet from the embassy's wall. bombing 1 attacker
26 July 2018 Beijing, China Unidentified 26-year-old Chinese man set off explosive device outside the U.S. Embassy in Beijing.[9] bombing none
1 December 2018 Guadalajara, Mexico Unidentified assailant threw a grenade at the U.S. consulate.[10] bombing none
31 December 2019 Baghdad, Iraq 2019 attack on the United States embassy in Iraq mob

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Zirinsky, Michael (August 1986). "Blood, Power, and Hypocrisy: The Murder of Robert Imbrie and American Relations with Pahlavi Iran, 1924". International Journal of Middle East Studies. Cambridge University Press. 18 (3): 275–292. doi:10.1017/S0020743800030488. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
  2. ^ Video: Baghdad pact. Unified Military Command Seen, 1958/01/30 (1958) (B&W video). Universal Newsreel. 1958. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Casualties: U. S. Navy and Marine Corps Personnel Killed and Wounded in Wars, Conflicts, Terrorist Acts, and Other Hostile Incidents". Naval History and Heritage Command.
  4. ^ WikiLeaks cable: 1974TOKYO15242_b
  5. ^ WikiLeaks cable
  6. ^ WikiLeaks cable: 1976CARACA01899_b
  7. ^ Sturcke, James (7 December 2004). "Nine killed as US consulate in Jeddah attacked". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved 4 October 2015.
  8. ^ WikiLeaks cable: 09MANAGUA1090_a
  9. ^ Buckley, Chris (26 July 2018). "U.S. Embassy Street in Beijing Is Rocked by Blast". New York Times. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  10. ^ O'Boyle, Michael (1 December 2018). "U.S. consulate in Mexico attacked with grenade, no injuries". Reuters. Retrieved 2 December 2018.