||It has been suggested that this article be merged with petasecond. (Discuss) Proposed since May 2016.|
It is sometimes abbreviated Gy, Ga ("giga-annum"), Byr and variants. The abbreviations Gya or bya are for "billion years ago", i.e. billion years before present. The terms are used in geology, paleontology, geophysics, astronomy and physical cosmology.
The prefix giga- is preferred over billion- to avoid confusion in the long and short scales over the meaning of billion; the postfix annum may be further qualified for precision as a sidereal year or Julian year:
- 1 Gaj=76×1016 s, 3.155
- 1 Gas=81×1016 s (epoch 3.155J2000.0).
Byr was formerly used in English-language geology and astronomy as a unit of one billion years. Subsequently the term gigaannum (Ga) has increased in usage, with Gy or Gyr still sometimes used in English-language works, at the risk of confusion with the gray). Astronomers use Gyr or Gy as an abbreviation for gigayear.
- mya (unit)
- Year#SI prefix multipliers
- Orders of magnitude (time)
- Year#Symbols y and yr
- Yarus, Michael (2010). Life from an RNA World: The Ancestor Within. Boston, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. p. 38. ISBN 0-674-05075-4.
- Selsis; Kasting, J. F.; Levrard, B.; Paillet, J.; Ribas, I.; Delfosse, X.; et al. (2007). "Habitable planets around the star Gl 581?". Astronomy and Astrophysics 476 (3): 1373–1387. arXiv:0710.5294. Bibcode:2007A&A...476.1373S. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078091.