N. Chandrababu Naidu

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Nara Chandrababu Naidu
N. Chandrababu Naidu.jpg
N. Chandrababu Naidu
13th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh
Assumed office
8 June 2014
Governor E. S. L. Narasimhan
Preceded by N. Kiran Kumar Reddy
In office
1 September 1995 – 13 May 2004
Governor Krishan Kant
G. Ramanujam
C. Rangarajan
Surjit Singh Barnala
Preceded by N. T. Rama Rao
Succeeded by Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy
Member of the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly for Kuppam
Assumed office
1989
Preceded by N. Rangaswamy Naidu
Personal details
Born (1951-04-20) 20 April 1951 (age 66)
Naravari Palle, Chandragiri, Madras State, India
(now in Andhra Pradesh, India)
Political party Telugu Desam Party
Spouse(s) Nara Bhuvaneshwari
Children Nara Lokesh (one son)
Relatives N.T. Rama Rao (father-in-law)
Nandamuri Balakrishna (brother-in-law)
Nandamuri Harikrishna (brother-in-law)
Daggubati Purandeswari (sister-in-law)
Jr. NTR (nephew)
Nandamuri Kalyan Ram (nephew)
Taraka Ratna (nephew)
Nara Rohith (nephew)
Residence Amaravati, Andhra Pradesh, India
Hyderabad, Telangana, India
Alma mater Sri Venkateswara University
Website Government Site
Official Site

Nara Chandrababu Naidu (born 20 April 1951) is an Indian politician who has been Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh since 2014. He is the first chief minister of the state since it was divided. Previously he served as Chief Minister of united Andhra Pradesh from 1994 to 2004, before the state was divided, and as the Leader of the opposition in the united Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly from 2004 to 2014. He is currently the National President of Telugu Desam Party.[1][2][3][4]

Naidu has won a number of awards, including IT Indian of the Millennium from India Today, Business Person of the Year by The Economic Times, South Asian of the Year from Time Asia and membership in the World Economic Forum's Dream Cabinet.[5][6][7][8] Naidu chaired the National IT Panel under the NDA government and was described as one of the "hidden seven", working wonders around the world, by Profit (Oracle Corporation's monthly magazine).[9][10]

Early life and education[edit]

Naidu was born on 20 April 1951 at Naravari Palle, Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh in an agricultural family.[11][12] His father, N. Kharjura Naidu, worked in agriculture and his mother Amanamma was a housewife.[13] Since his village had no school, Naidu attended primary school in Seshapuram until class five and the Chandragiri Government High School until class nine.[14] He went to Tirupati for his higher education, studying there from class 10 until he received his master's degree. Naidu completed his BA degree in 1972 and before enrolling in an MA program in economics at S. V. College of Arts. In 1974, he began work towards a PhD under D. L. Narayana (Andhra Pradesh Finance Commission chairman), researching the economic ideas of N. G. Ranga. Naidu did not complete his PhD, instead becoming involved in politics.[14][15][16] Chandrababu Naidu was also offered honorary professorship by Kellogg School of Management in 2000.[17]

Early political career[edit]

Naidu was drawn to politics at an early age, and joined Youth Congress as a student leader in Chandragiri, near Tirupati. After emergency was imposed on the country in 1975, he became close supporter of Youth Congress president, Sanjay Gandhi.[14]

Legislative career, 1978–1983[edit]

Naidu became a Congress (I) member of the Andhra Pradesh legislative assembly (MLA) for Chandragiri constituency in 1978. The party's 20% quota for youth to run for the office was beneficial for Naidu on that occasion. Not long afterwards, he was appointed as technical education and cinematography minister in T .Anjaiah's government at the age of 28.[18] He was the youngest minister in the Congress(I) cabinet.[19]

As the cinematography minister, Naidu came in contact with N. T. Rama Rao, popularly known as NTR, a popular film star in Telugu cinema. In 1980, he married Bhuvaneswari, NTR's third daughter.[20]

Telugu Desam Party[edit]

In 1982, NTR formed the Telugu Desam Party (TDP) and swept the assembly polls held in 1983. Naidu, who was then still in the INC, was defeated by a TDP candidate in Chandragiri. He joined the TDP soon after.[20]

Rise in the party[edit]

Naidu got the chance to show his political skills in August 1984, when Nadendla Bhaskara Rao staged a coup against NTR. He rallied the TDP MLAs together, and paraded them before the President of India. NTR was reinstated as the chief minister of Andhra Pradesh 31 days later. Impressed with his son-in-law's manoeuvres, NTR appointed Naidu general secretary of the party and he began playing an important role in the TDP after Rao's coup attempt.[20]

Legislative career, 1989–1994[edit]

In the 1989 assembly election, Chandrababu Naidu contested from Kuppam and won by 5,000 votes.[21] INC however had regained power in the election so Naidu had to sit in the Opposition.[22] He served as coordinator of the Telugu Desam Party, in which capacity he effectively handled the party's role of main opposition in the assembly which won him wide appreciation from both the party and the public. His role during this phase both inside the Legislative Assembly and outside was a critical factor for the subsequent success of the party at the hustings.[21]

Revolt against NTR[edit]

In 1994 the TDP regained power following an anti-Congress wave triggered by anti-liquor, anti-incumbency factions, and he was re-elected to the Assembly from Kuppam Assembly constituency with a majority of 57,000 votes and held the important portfolios of Revenue and Finance. During this tenure, Mr. Naidu systematically introduced transparency in Government, thus breaking the tradition of inordinate secrecy in the Finance department.[21] However, in August 1995, Naidu staged a revolt against NTR, in an apparent attempt to own Telugu Desam party (TDP) and succeeded. NTR died within months after the coup. The NTR faction after his death was led by his wife, Lakshmi Parvathi.[21]

As Chief Minister (1995–2004)[edit]

Dark-haired man giving gifts to grey-haired man
Naidu greets Bill Clinton in 2000

As chief minister, Naidu advocated short-term sacrifice to turn Andhra Pradesh into an Asian tiger over the next 20 years.[23] He slashed food subsidies (among other things), and raised power tariffs.[24] Both Bill Clinton (President of the United States at the time) and Tony Blair (Prime Minister of the United Kingdom at the time) visited Hyderabad and met with Naidu whilst he was chief minister.[6]

Aparisim Ghosh of the American news magazine, Time commented, "In just five years, he has turned an impoverished, rural backwater place into India's new information-technology hub",[5] and the magazine named him South Asian of the Year.[25]

Vision 2020[edit]

Naidu produced a vision statement, "Vision 2020", with US consultants McKinsey & Company[6] which proposed:

  • Universal, low-cost education and healthcare
  • Rural employment
  • Replacement of small investors with large corporations

By Implementing Vision 2020, Naidu has privatised the health care and education of the state and has also indirectly did his best to drive out the small farmers from the farmlands so that the big corporations can do large scale farming similar to western countries. He literally said agriculture is not sustainable / profitable in current conditions and farmers have to find other options for living. This is one of the major reasons for losing elections in 2004.[26]

Middle-aged man listening to two younger men
Naidu in discussion with students as chief minister of Andhra Pradesh

1999 election victory[edit]

The Telugu Desam Party, led by Naidu, won a majority in the state legislature: 185 of 294 seats in the Assembly and 29 of 42 in the 1999 general election, making it the second-largest party in the BJP-led NDA coalition government.[citation needed]

Hyderabad development[edit]

Naidu discussed his plan to develop the state of Andhra Pradesh by making the major cities showpieces for foreign investment especially in "key sectors such as information technology, biotechnology, healthcare and various outsourcing services".[27] He coined the slogan "Bye-bye Bangalore, hello Hyderabad" to further this aim.[5] Microsoft Corporation has established a software-development centre in Hyderabad, the second such centre outside Seattle. Naidu encouraged other global IT companies (IBM, Dell, Deloitte, Computer Associates and Oracle) to move to Hyderabad, making presentations to global CEOs convincing them to invest in his state.[7][28]

Large round building, with cross-hatched superstructure
Hi-Tech City, the crown jewel of Naidu, in Hyderabad

In his tenure by end of financial year 2003–04 software exports from Hyderabad reached $1 billion.[29] and it become fourth largest exporting city in the country. By 2013–14 exports had grown by more than 10 times,[30] employing about 320,000 people directly working in this IT & ITES fields in Hyderabad alone.

2003 assassination attempt[edit]

On 1 October 2003 Naidu survived a land-mine blast, escaping with a fractured left collarbone and hairline fractures of two right ribs. The blast occurred about 16:00 IST when Naidu was travelling in a convoy to the Lord Venkateswara temple in the Tirumala hills for the annual Brahmotsavam festival.[31] State Information Minister B. Gopalakrishna Reddy, Telugu Desam legislator and Ch. Krishnamurthy and driver Srinivasa Raju were also injured. Telugu Desam legislator Bojjala Gopala Krishan Reddy was seriously injured.

2004 election defeat[edit]

The Telugu Desam Party (led by Naidu) failed to retain power after two successive wins, winning 47 of 294 seats in the state assembly and five of 42 in the Lok Sabha. While many of his ministers lost, Naidu won decisively in Kuppam.[32]

Reasons[edit]

According to Naidu, the 2004 election loss was primarily due to a severe drought and anti-incumbency sentiment. He was seen to have ignored the large rural population with his policies, failing to reach poor voters. Years of drought and increasing debt had increased the suicide rate among the rural population.[33][34]

2014 Elections Victory[edit]

The Telugu Desam Party (led by Naidu) returned to power, in the state of Andhra Pradesh winning 102 seats out of 175 seats.[35] Naidu led TDP to an outright majority in the state of Andhra Pradesh, but lost to TRS in the region of Telangana which had earlier become the newest state of India on 2 June as per the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014.[36] Chandrababu Naidu took oath as the first Chief Minister of the residuary state of Andhra Pradesh at Mangalgiri in the grounds of Acharya Nagarjuna University near Guntur.[37]

Personal life[edit]

Chandrababu Naidu is married to N.T. Rama Rao's 3rd daughter, Bhuvaneswari.[38] The couple have a son, Lokesh, who is married to Brahmani (eldest daughter of Nandamuri Balakrishna, N.T. Rama Rao's son).[39]

Achievements[edit]

  • At 28, the state's youngest assembly member and minister[18]
  • Longest serving Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh before the formation of the new Indian State Telangana.
  • First Chief Minister of the newly formed state of Andhra Pradesh from 8 June 2014.
  • Longest-serving opposition leader of opposition in the Andhra Pradesh assembly[40]
  • Voted IT Indian of the Millennium in a poll by India Today and 20:20 Media[41]
  • He was named "SOUTH ASIAN OF THE YEAR" by the TIME Magazine, USA[42]
  • He was described as one of the Hidden Seven working wonders around the world, by Profit, a monthly magazine published by Oracle Corporation, US.
  • Business Person of the Year by Economic Times
  • He was called as "CEO of Andhra Pradesh".
  • The Pune-based organisation, Bharatiya Chatra Sansad, in partnership with MIT School of Governance, has honoured him with "Aadarsh Mukhyamantri Puraskar" (Model CM Award) in its 6th annual session on 30 January 2016.[43]
  • Transformative Chief Minister Award’ in May 2017

Controversy[edit]

Previous Congress party Chief Minister Reddy put commissions and cases on Chandra Babu to prove he is corrupted but High Court dismissed all petitions.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "TDP to elect N Chandrababu Naidu as legislature party leader on June 4" – Economic Times. Articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com (31 May 2014). Retrieved on 7 June 2014.
  2. ^ Chandrababu Naidu invites PM Modi to his swearing-in ceremony – IBNLive. Ibnlive.in.com (31 May 2014). Retrieved on 7 June 2014.
  3. ^ "TDP chief Chandrababu to take oath as Andhra CM on June 8" : Andhra Pradesh, News – India Today. Indiatoday.intoday.in (28 May 2014). Retrieved on 7 June 2014.
  4. ^ Naidu to take oath at Mangalagiri. The Hindu (2 June 2014). Retrieved on 7 June 2014.
  5. ^ a b c Ghosh, Aparisim (31 December 1999). "South Asian of the Year: Chandrababu Naidu". TIME Asia. Retrieved 16 January 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c This Is What We Paid For. www.outlookindia.com (20 May 2004). Retrieved on 16 January 2012.
  7. ^ a b Naidu, India's leading reformer. Ia.rediff.com (12 May 2004). Retrieved on 16 January 2012.
  8. ^ With Naidu, Blair and Clinton have also been voted out -DAWN; 19 May 2004. Archives.dawn.com (19 May 2004). Retrieved on 16 January 2012.
  9. ^ IT giant bowled over by Naidu. The Hindu (6 September 2001). Retrieved on 16 January 2012.
  10. ^ "Chandrababu Naidu Haunts Bangalore Yet Again – The Economic Times". cscsarchive.org. Archived from the original on 5 April 2012. 
  11. ^ Devesh Kumar. "Chandrababu Naidu: back in the reckoning, with some help from Narendra Modi". NDTV. Retrieved 17 April 2014. 
  12. ^ Economic times. Articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com (5 March 2004). Retrieved on 7 June 2014.
  13. ^ Rediff On The NeT: The Rediff Election Profile/Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister N Chandrababu Naidu. Rediff.com (23 September 1999). Retrieved on 2016-06-18.
  14. ^ a b c Rediff On The NeT: The Rediff Election Profile/Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister N Chandrababu Naidu. Rediff.com (23 September 1999). Retrieved on 16 January 2012.
  15. ^ "Chandrababu Naidu biography". Archived from the original on 14 July 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2011.  . newsofap.com
  16. ^ Chandra Babu Naidu. Telugudesam. Retrieved on 16 January 2012.
  17. ^ Shankarkumar, Shanthi (3 March 2000) Kellog prof to lead IT revolution in AP. rediff.com
  18. ^ a b A High-Tech Fix for One Corner of India – Page 4 – New York Times. Nytimes.com (27 December 2002). Retrieved on 16 January 2012.
  19. ^ "N. Chandrababu Naidu Profile". Times of India. 
  20. ^ a b c "Chandrababu Naidu: back in the reckoning, with some help from Narendra Modi". NDTV. Retrieved 17 April 2014. 
  21. ^ a b c d "Chandrababu Naidu". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 3 April 2004. 
  22. ^ "Chandrababu Naidu: A desperate fight for survival in a divided state". CNN-IBN. Retrieved 7 April 2014. 
  23. ^ Manor, James. (7 January 1998) A Coming Asian Tiger in India?. NYTimes.com. Retrieved on 16 January 2012.
  24. ^ South Asia | Surprise performance in Andhra Pradesh. BBC News (7 October 1999). Retrieved on 16 January 2012.
  25. ^ Andhra's Vote Is a Test for Reform. TIME (13 September 1999). Retrieved on 16 January 2012.
  26. ^ "This Is What We Paid For | George Monbiot". www.monbiot.com. Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  27. ^ 'Defeat has been an eye-opener'. Rediff.com (11 November 2004). Retrieved on 16 January 2012.
  28. ^ Biswas, Soutik (7 September 1998) Reinventing Chief Ministership. www.outlookindia.com. Retrieved on 16 January 2012.
  29. ^ Hyderabad booms: IT exports top $1 billion. Ia.rediff.com (June 2004). Retrieved on 18 June 2016.
  30. ^ Software exports from Hyderabad may touch Rs 64,000 crore. Deccanchronicle.com. Retrieved on 18 June 2016.
  31. ^ A blast and its shock. Hindu.com. Retrieved on 24 August 2010.
  32. ^ "Naidu wins by a Huge Margin". Rediff. 20 May 2004. Retrieved 20 May 2004. 
  33. ^ South Asia | Defeat for India coalition ally. BBC News (11 May 2004). Retrieved on 16 January 2012.
  34. ^ Sainath, P. (2004). "The globalisation of inequality". India-seminar.com. 
  35. ^ "Election results 2014: Chandrababu Naidu's TDP sweeps Andhra with 102 seats out of 175". deccan-journal.com. 
  36. ^ "Election Results 2014: TDP wins big in Andhra and TRS wins in Telangana". deccan-journal.com. 
  37. ^ CBN to take oath on June 8th. Deccan Journal
  38. ^ Mariet, Shanthie. "Nara Chandrababu Naidu | biography – Indian politician". Encyclopædia Britannica. 
  39. ^ "Family first, always: Andhra Pradesh CM's son Nara Lokesh". Deccanchronicle.com. 25 October 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  40. ^ Chandrababu's chance to equal ND Tiwari's record. timesofap.com. 31 July 2013
  41. ^ "Naidu voted IT Indian of the millennium". The Indian Express. 10 January 2000. Retrieved 18 May 2013. 
  42. ^ [1]
  43. ^ "Chandrababu Naidu receives "Best CM" Award". The Siasat Daily. 31 January 2016. Retrieved 30 January 2016. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao
Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh
1995–2004
Succeeded by
Yeduguri Sandinti Rajasekhara Reddy
Preceded by
President's rule
Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh
28 February 2014 – 8 June 2014
Incumbent