Sushilkumar Sambhaji Shinde (born 4 September 1941) is an Indian politician from the state of Maharashtra. He was the Minister of Home Affairs, Minister of Power in the Manmohan Singh government, and the Leader of the House in Lok Sabha until 26 May 2014. He previously served as the Chief Minister of the state of Maharashtra during 18 January 2003 to October 2004.
Early life and education
Shinde was born on 4 September 1941 at Solapur in a Dhor caste to Sambhaji Rao Shinde and Sakhu Bai. Shinde completed his education with an honours degree in Arts from Dayanand College, Solapur and LLB from Shivaji University. and New Law College, University of Bombay, Maharashtra.
Sushilkumar Shinde started his career as a bailiff in the session's court of Solapur where he worked from 1957 - 1965. He then joined the Maharashtra Police as a constable. Subsequently, he served in the Maharashtra CID for six years., as a sub-inspector of police, under Amukuraj Patil, his CID mentor.
In the year 1971, Shinde became a member of the Congress Party. He won the Maharashtra state assembly elections in 1974, 1980, 1985, 1990,1992, 24 May 2003 to August 2004-(General) by-election, September 2004 to 2 October 2004-(General) Shinde was elected to Rajya Sabha from Maharashtra during July 1992 to March 1998. In 1999, he acted as campaign manager of the Congress chairperson Sonia Gandhi in Amethi, Uttar Pradesh. In 2002, Shinde lost the election for the post of Vice-President of India contesting against the National Democratic Alliance candidate Bhairon Singh Shekhawat. He served as the chief minister of Maharashtra from 2003 to 2004. He was appointed as the Governor of Andhra Pradesh on 30 October 2004 replacing Surjit Singh Barnala, who became the Governor of Tamil Nadu. He left the office on 29 January 2006.
Shinde was elected unopposed to the Rajya Sabha for the second time from Maharashtra on 20 March 2006. Shinde became the Leader of Lok Sabha after his predecessor Pranab Mukherjee was elected President of India. Shinde served as Power minister of India from 2006–2012. Later, he was appointed Home Minister of India in 2012. His tenure as a Home Minister saw two major decisions of hanging the terrorists Afzal Guru and Ajmal Kasab.
Sushilkumar Shinde contested the 2019 Lok Sabha Elections from Solapur. Shinde was the Congress party nominee. He was defeated by BJP Candidate Mr. Siddheshwar Maharaj by a margin of 156,261 votes. 
Awards & Honours
- 15 January 1977: Selected in Ten Noteworthy Youth of the country by Indian Jaycees.
- 1978: Second choice as most popular Minister in the survey by 'Manohar' a weekly.
- 1981: Honoured with Basav Bhushan Award as "Ideal Youth" by Congress Party.
- 9 March 1996: "National Citizen Award" as a Best Member of Parliament at the hands of Mother Teresa.
- 2003: Bhai Bagal Award 2003, Third place at India Today - Reader's Choice The Best Chief Minister.
- 2005: Guruvarya Shankarrao Kanitkar Award at the hands of senior journalist Arun Tikekar.
- 22 September 2005 to 21 September 2007 & 21 November 2007 to 24 December 2009: Tilak Maharashtra Vidhyapeeth Chancellor.
- 23 January 2007: First D Lit. awarded by D Y Patil University. (Subject - Literature)
- 9 September 2007: Second D Lit. degree awarded by Srikrishna Devrai University, Andhra Pradesh. (Subject - Literature)
- 18 February 2009: Third D Lit. awarded by Rajiv Gandhi Technical University, Bhopal. (Subject - Science)
- 9 May 2009: "Navshakti Jeevan Gaurav Puraskar" awarded by Navshakti Times.
- 19 July 2009: Government Award of "Ideal Teacher" in memory of Education Officer Hon. B.C. Dhegale.
- 1974 - 1992: Member, Maharashtra Legislative Assembly
- 1974 - 1975: Minister of State for Sports and Cultural Affairs, Government of Maharashtra
- 1975 - 1977: Minister of State for Finance, Family Welfare, Sports and Cultural Affairs, Government of Maharashtra
- 1978: Cabinet Minister for Labour and Tourism, Government of Maharashtra
- 1983 - 1985: Cabinet Minister for Finance, Planning, Sports and Cultural Affairs, Government of Maharashtra
- 1985: Cabinet Minister for Finance, Planning, Environment, Government of Maharashtra
- 1986: Cabinet Minister for Finance, Planning, Industry, Law and Judiciary, Social Welfare, Government of Maharashtra
- 1988 - 1990: Cabinet Minister for Finance, Cultural Affairs, Sports and Planning, Government of Maharashtra
- 1990: Cabinet Minister for Urban Development, Government of Maharashtra
- 1991: Cabinet Minister for Urban Development, Law and Judiciary, Government of Maharashtra
- 1992: Elected to Rajya Sabha
- 1998 - 1999: Member, Twelfth Lok Sabha
- 1999 - 2003: Member, Thirteenth Lok Sabha
- 2003 - 2004: Member, Maharashtra Legislative Assembly
- 2004: Chief Minister, Maharashtra
- 2004 - 2006: Governor of Andhra Pradesh
- 2006: Member, Rajya Sabha and Union Cabinet Minister of Power
- 2009: Re-elected to 15th Lok Sabha
- 31 May - 31 July: Union Cabinet Minister, Power
- Aug 2012: Union Cabinet Minister, Home Affairs
- 30 Aug 2012: Leader of the House, Lok Sabha
Theatre & Films
He has also acted in 8 Marathi dramas,
1) Mumbai chi Manse
2) Karayla Gelo Yek
3) Bebandh Shahi
4) Minuchi Mavshi
5) Vegla Vhaichy Mala
6) Ghara Baher
7) Lagnachi Bedi
8) Prema Tuzha Rang Kasa
Criticisms and controversies
North India power failure
During the 2012 northern India power grid failure, Shinde deflected criticism by observing that India was not alone in suffering major power outages, as the United States and Brazil had both experienced similar blackouts within the previous few years. Officials in Uttar Pradesh, where the problem was believed to have begun, said the grid could not keep up with the huge demand for power in the hot summer. Uttar Pradesh power corporation chief Awanish Kumar Awasthi stated that the grid collapse was due to the states drawing more than their allotted power to meet the summer demand.
- World, Republic. "Here's what Sushil Kumar Shinde said on Sadhvi Pragya getting BJP ticket, six years after he alleged 'Hindu terror' as Home Minister". Republic World. Retrieved 15 September 2020.
- "Shinde is new Leader of Lok Sabha". 4 August 2012.
- "Council of Ministers – Who's Who – Government: National Portal of India". http://india.gov.in. Government of India. Archived from the original on 13 August 2010. Retrieved 11 August 2010. External link in
- DelhiAugust 5, Krishna Kumar New; August 6, 2012UPDATED; Ist, 2012 08:47. "Family retainer with Dalit card". India Today. Retrieved 16 March 2019.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
- "Rahul Gandhi's Successor: Sushil Kumar Shinde the New Favourite?". The Quint. 1 July 2019. Retrieved 14 June 2020.
- "Bio data Of Shri Sushilkumar Shinde". Archived from the original on 12 October 2013. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
- "Lok Sabha Data".
- Be more sensitive towards people's needs: Sushilkumar Shinde to police – India – DNA. Dnaindia.com. Retrieved on 17 August 2013.
- "Shri Sushilkumar Shinde biography". Archived from the original on 9 October 2012. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
- "Rise from Peon to Home Minister".
- "State Elections 2004 – Partywise Comparison for 218-North Solapur Constituency of Maharashtra". Eci.nic.in. Retrieved 26 August 2010.
- "Rajya Sabha members". Retrieved 31 December 2009.
- "Arjun, Bhardwaj, Shinde elected unopposed to Rajya Sabha", Tribuneindia.com, 20 March 2006.
- "We are talking of a lifestyle sans God – Lifestyle – DNA". Dnaindia.com. 24 December 2009. Retrieved 26 August 2010.
- "The News International: Latest News Breaking, Pakistan News". www.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- Shinde to be new Leader of House in Lok Sabha. Firstpost. Retrieved 12 August 2012.
- Home minister Shinde to visit Pune blast sites today. Firstpost. Retrieved 12 August 2012.
- "Chidambaram appointed as FM, Sushil Kumar Shinde to be Home Minister". Retrieved 31 July 2012.
- "Home Minister Sushilkumar Shinde scores with hangings, says govt recommended death sentence for Afzal Guru on February 3". India Today.
- "Neta Info".
- "CNBC TV18".
- "This is going to be my last election, says Sushilkumar Shinde". The Economic Times. 17 April 2019.
- "Detailed Profile – Shri. Sushil Kumar Sambhajirao Shinde – Members of Parliament (Lok Sabha) – Who's Who". Government: National Portal of India. Retrieved 9 January 2014.
- "Archive India".
- "Power cut causes major disruption in northern India". BBC News. 30 July 2012. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
- "Power grid failure makes 370M swelter in dark as India struggles to meet its vast energy needs". The Washington Post. Associated Press. 30 July 2012. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
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