List of chief ministers of Andhra Pradesh

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Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh
Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy.jpg
ResidenceAmaravati
AppointerGovernor of Andhra Pradesh
Inaugural holderTanguturi Prakasam
Formation1 October 1953
Unofficial namesSunny
WebsiteOfficial website

The Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh is the chief executive of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. As per the Constitution of India, the Governor of Andhra Pradesh is the state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]

Andhra Pradesh was created in 1956 by the merger of the Telangana region of Hyderabad State into Andhra State. Two chief ministers each from the Indian National Congress party had served these predecessor states. The first Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh was Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, later the sixth President of India. Including him, 13 out of 16 chief ministers belonged to the Congress party. Among these P. V. Narasimha Rao, who went on to become the ninth Prime Minister of India. The remaining three chief ministers were from the Telugu Desam Party, including N. Chandrababu Naidu the longest-serving Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh (over eleven years). Naidu is also the current incumbent, serving since 8 June 2014, a few days after Telangana was officially carved out of Andhra Pradesh into a separate state.

Chief Ministers of Andhra State[edit]

Andhra State consisted of Kosta and Rayalaseema regions. This state was carved out of Madras state in 1953.

No Name Portrait Term of office Party[a] Days in office
1 T. Prakasam Tanguturi Prakasam 1972 stamp of India.jpg 1 October 1953 15 November 1954 Indian National Congress 410
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
15 November 1954 28 March 1955 N/A 135
2 B. Gopala Reddy
MLA for Atmakur
Bezawada Gopal Reddy.png 28 March 1955 1 November 1956 Indian National Congress 584

Chief Ministers of Andhra Pradesh[edit]

Before bifurcation (1956–2014)[edit]

Map of India showing Combined Andhra Pradesh state after the States Reorganisation Act

On 1 November 1956, Hyderabad State ceased to exist; its Gulbarga and Aurangabad divisions were merged into Mysore State and Bombay State respectively. Its remaining Telugu-speaking portion, Telangana, was added to Andhra State to form the new state of combined Andhra Pradesh. After 58 years, the state was bifurcated into Andhra Pradesh & Telangana states on 2 June 2014 by Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014.

No Name Portrait Term of office Party[a] Days in office
1 Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
MLA for Kalahasti
NeelamSanjeevaReddy.jpg 1 November 1956 11 January 1960 Indian National Congress 1167
2 Damodaram Sanjivayya
MLA from Kurnool
Damodaram Sanjivayya 2008 stamp of India.jpg 11 January 1960 12 March 1962 790
3 Neelam Sanjiva Reddy [2]
MLA from Dhone
NeelamSanjeevaReddy.jpg 12 March 1962 20 February 1964 719
4 Kasu Brahmananda Reddy
MLA from Narasaraopet
Kasu Brahmananda Reddy 2011 stamp of India.jpg
21 February 1964 30 September 1971 2777
5 P. V. Narasimha Rao
MLA from Manthani
Pumapaparti.N.rao.jpg 30 September 1971 10 January 1973 468
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
11 Jan 1973 10 December 1973 N/A 335
6 Jalagam Vengala Rao
MLA for Vemsoor
10 December 1973 6 March 1978 Indian National Congress 1547
7 Marri Chenna Reddy
MLA from Medchal
6 March 1978 11 October 1980 950
8 Tanguturi Anjaiah
MLC, Hyderabad
11 October 1980 24 February 1982 501
9 Bhavanam Venkatarami Reddy
MLC, Guntur
24 February 1982 20 September 1982 208
10 Kotla Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy
MLA from Kurnool
20 September 1982 9 January 1983 111
11 N. T. Rama Rao
MLA from Tirupati
NT Rama Rao 2000 stamp of India.jpg 9 January 1983 16 August 1984 Telugu Desam Party 585
12 Nadendla Bhaskara Rao
MLA from Vemuru
16 August 1984 16 September 1984 Indian National Congress 31
13 N. T. Rama Rao [2]
MLA from Hindupur
NT Rama Rao 2000 stamp of India.jpg 16 September 1984 2 December 1989 Telugu Desam Party 1903
14 Marri Chenna Reddy [2]
MLA from Sanathnagar
3 December 1989 17 December 1990 Indian National Congress 379
15 N. Janardhana Reddy
MLA from Venkatagiri
17 December 1990 9 October 1992 662
16 Kotla Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy [2]
MLA from Panyam
9 October 1992 12 December 1994 794
17 N. T. Rama Rao [3]
MLA from Hindupur
NT Rama Rao 2000 stamp of India.jpg 12 December 1994 1 September 1995 Telugu Desam Party 263
18 N. Chandrababu Naidu
MLA from Kuppam
Chandrababu Naidu 2017.jpg 1 September 1995 14 May 2004 3178
19 Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy
MLA from Pulivendla
Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy, 2008.jpg 14 May 2004 2 September 2009 Indian National Congress 1938
20 K. Rosaiah
MLC, Guntur
Konijeti Rosaiah BNC.jpg 3 September 2009 24 November 2010 448
21 N. Kiran Kumar Reddy
MLA from Pileru
Kiran Kumar Reddy.JPG 25 November 2010 1 March 2014 1193
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
1 March 2014 8 June 2014 N/A 98

After bifurcation (2014–present)[edit]

Map of India highlighting Andhra Pradesh state following the secession of Telangana
No Name Portrait Term of office Party[a] Days in office
1 Y. S. Jagan Mohan Reddy
MLA from Pulivendula
Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy.jpg 30 May 2019 Incumbent YSR Congress NA

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he headed may have been a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  2. ^ a b c President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Andhra Pradesh as well.
  2. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005.

External links[edit]