Charles County, Maryland
|Charles County, Maryland|
Location in the U.S. state of Maryland
Maryland's location in the U.S.
|Founded||April 13, 1658|
|Named for||Charles Calvert|
|• Total||643 sq mi (1,665 km2)|
|• Land||458 sq mi (1,186 km2)|
|• Water||185 sq mi (479 km2), 29%|
|• Density||243/sq mi (94/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Charles County is a county located in the southern central portion of the U.S. state of Maryland. As of the 2010 census, the population was 146,551. The county seat is La Plata. The county was named for Charles Calvert (1637–1715), third Baron Baltimore.
Charles County is included in the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area.
- 1 History
- 2 Law and government
- 3 Geography
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Education
- 7 Communities
- 8 Notable people
- 9 Sports
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
The county has a number of properties on the National Register of Historic Places. Among which, are the distinguished Green Park and the historical Pleasant Hill, home of the Green and Spalding Families.
Hunters Brooke Arson
On December 4, 2004, an arson took place in the development of Hunters Brooke which is located a few miles southeast of Indian Head. It later became the largest residential arson in the history of the state of Maryland.
Law and government
Board of Commissioners
Charles County is governed by county commissioners, the traditional form of county government in Maryland. There are five commissioners. As of 2015[update], they are:
|President||Peter F. Murphy||Democratic||At-Large|
|Vice-President||Ken Robinson||Democratic||District 1|
|Commissioner||Amanda M. Stewart, M.Ed.||Democratic||District 3|
|Commissioner||Debra M. Davis, Esq.||Democratic||District 2|
|Commissioner||Bobby Rucci||Democratic||District 4|
Charles County is entirely located within the 5th Congressional District, which also includes Calvert, St. Marys, and parts of Anne Arundel and Prince George's counties. The current representative is Democratic House Minority Whip Steny H. Hoyer.
- U.S. Route 301
- Maryland Route 5
- Maryland Route 6
- Maryland Route 210
- Maryland Route 224
- Maryland Route 228
- Maryland Route 925
National protected area
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2000, there were 120,546 people, 41,668 households, and 32,292 families residing in the county. The population density was 262 people per square mile (101/km²). There were 43,903 housing units at an average density of 95 per square mile (37/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 68.51% White, 26.06% Black or African American, 0.75% Native American, 1.82% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.72% from other races, and 2.08% from two or more races. 2.26% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 11.6% were of German, 10.8% Irish, 10.2% English, 9.3% American and 5.3% Italian ancestry.
There were 41,668 households out of which 41.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.00% were married couples living together, 14.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.50% were non-families. 17.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.21.
In the county the population was spread out with 28.70% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 33.20% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 7.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 95.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $62,199, and the median income for a family was $67,602 (these figures had risen to $80,573 and $89,358 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $43,371 versus $34,231 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,285. About 3.70% of families and 5.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.70% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over.
As of 2010 the county population's racial makeup was 48.38% Non-Hispanic whites, 40.96% blacks, 0.65% Native Americans, 2.98% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islanders, 0.17% Non-Hispanics of some other race, 3.20% Non-Hispanics reporting more than one race and 4.27% Hispanic.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 146,551 people, 51,214 households, and 38,614 families residing in the county. The population density was 320.2 inhabitants per square mile (123.6/km2). There were 54,963 housing units at an average density of 120.1 per square mile (46.4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 50.3% white, 41.0% black or African American, 3.0% Asian, 0.7% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.3% from other races, and 3.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.3% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 12.6% were German, 10.8% were Irish, 8.7% were English, 6.3% were American, and 5.1% were Italian.
Of the 51,214 households, 41.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 16.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.6% were non-families, and 19.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.24. The median age was 37.4 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $88,825 and the median income for a family was $98,560. Males had a median income of $62,210 versus $52,477 for females. The per capita income for the county was $35,780. About 3.7% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.8% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.
According to the County's 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers by number of employees in the county are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees||Percentage of Total County Employment|
|1||Charles County Board of Education||3,430||4.35%|
|2||Indian Head Naval Surface Warfare Center||3,404||4.49%|
|3||Charles County Government||1,638||2.16%|
|4||Civista Medical Center||850||1.12%|
|5||College of Southern Maryland||819||1.08%|
|7||The Facchina Group of Companies||550||0.73%|
|11||Southern Maryland Electric Cooperative||386||0.51%|
|12||Genesis Health Care||312||0.41%|
|13||Bloomin' Brands (formerly OSI Restaurant Partners)||300||0.40%|
|14||Charles County Nursing Home||255||0.34%|
Colleges and universities
The Census Bureau recognizes the following census-designated places in the county:
- Chuck Brown (1936–2012), the godfather of go-go, lived in Waldorf
- Gustavus Richard Brown, physician to George Washington
- George Cary (1811–1850), born near Allens Fresh in Charles County, United States Congressman from Georgia
- Barnes Compton, US Congressman
- James Craik, Physician General during the American Revolution, physician to George Washington
- Danny Gatton (1945–1994), legendary guitarist, lived in Newburg
- John Hanson, American Revolutionary War statesman
- Josiah Henson (1789–1883), former slave and author
- Matthew Henson, co-discoverer of the North Pole; born near Nanjemoy
- Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, American Revolutionary War statesman
- Larry Johnson, running back for the Washington Redskins; from Pomfret
- Jane Herbert Wilkinson Long (1798–1880), considered to be the "Mother of Texas"
- Shawn Lemon, professional football player; grew up in Waldorf
- Joel and Benji Madden from the band Good Charlotte; grew up in Waldorf
- Christina Milian, musician, lived in Waldorf
- Samuel Alexander Mudd (1833–1883), born in Charles County, the doctor implicated and imprisoned for aiding John Wilkes Booth in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln
- James Neale (1615–1684), born London, England, immigrated 1634, founded Wollaston Manor plantation and Cobb Island
- Captain Raphael Semmes of the Confederate ship Alabama, born near Nanjemoy
- General William Smallwood, American Revolutionary War statesman
- Randy Starks, defensive tackle for the Miami Dolphins; from Waldorf
- Robert Stethem, noted terror hijacking victim, grew up in Pinefield, Waldorf
- Benjamin Stoddert (1751–1813), first United States Secretary of the Navy
- Thomas Stone, American Revolutionary War statesman
|Southern Maryland Blue Crabs||ALPB, Baseball||Regency Furniture Stadium||2008||0|
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 24, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "The Counties of Maryland" 630. The Archives of Maryland Online: 122–124. Retrieved November 16, 2007.
- Maryland Geological Survey (1911). "Prince George's County". The Johns Hopkins Press: 21–22. Retrieved November 16, 2007.
- Maryland Geological Survey (1906). "Maryland Geological Survey: General Reports". The Johns Hopkins Press: 474–477. Retrieved April 5, 2008.
- Staff (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- United States Attorney for the District of Maryland (March 1, 2006). "Violent Crime Program 2005 Annual Report" (PDF). United States Department of Justice. Retrieved August 2, 2010.
- Courson, Paul; Joanthan Wild (December 21, 2004). "Two more arrested in Maryland fires". Washington, Dc: CNN. p. 1. Retrieved August 2, 2010.
- Witte, Brian (January 3, 2005). "Maryland Hunts for Motives Behind State's Largest Residential Arson". Insurance Journal. Retrieved August 2, 2010.
- Hancock, David (Dec 18, 2004). "3 More Charged In Maryland Arson". LA PLATA, Md: CBS NEWS. p. 1. Retrieved August 2, 2010.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 12, 2014.
- This oddity of political geography happens in other places in Maryland.
- "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 12, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 12, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 12, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 12, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-22.
- "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-22.
- "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-22.
- "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-22.
- "Charles County, Maryland Comprehensive Annual Financial Report For the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2013" (PDF). archive.org / charlescountymd.gov. Charles County Government. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 12, 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
- "Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896". Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.
- Official website
- Charles County at the Wayback Machine (archived June 1, 2012)
||Fairfax County, Virginia||Prince George's County|
|Stafford County, Virginia and Prince William County, Virginia||Calvert County|
|King George County, Virginia||St. Mary's County and Westmoreland County, Virginia|