|Community Area 44 - Chatham|
|• Total||2.92 sq mi (7.56 km2)|
|• Density||11,000/sq mi (4,200/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
60619, parts of 60620
|Area code(s)||773, 872|
|Median household income||$32,222|
|Source: U.S. Census, Record Information Services|
Chatham is one of the 77 community areas of the city of Chicago, Illinois. It is located on the city's South Side. It includes the neighborhoods of Chatham-Avalon, Chatham Club, Chesterfield, East Chatham, West Chatham and the northern portion of West Chesterfield. Its residents are predominantly African American, and it is home to former Senator Roland Burris. Housing many city employees and other officials, Chatham has been a central area for Chicago's middle-class African Americans since the late 1950s.
Neighborhoods and sub-areas
Historically, the Chatham community area consisted of three neighborhoods; Avalon Highlands, Chesterfield, and Chatham Fields. The community area also contains two districts listed on the National Register of Historic Places. In addition to two residential historic districts, Chatham is also the location of the Four Nineteen Building, a building which demonstrates the domestic style of gas station architecture, in which stations were designed to resemble small houses.
Garden Homes Historic District
The Garden Homes Historic District is a residential district bound by South Wabash Avenue to the west, East 87th Street to the north, South Indiana Avenue to the east, and East 89th Street to the south. The district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on February 28, 2005.
West Chatham Bungalow Historic District
The West Chatham Bungalow Historic District is a residential district bound by South Perry Avenue to the east, West 82nd Street to the south, South Stewart Avenue to the west, and West 79th Street to the north. The district includes 283 Chicago bungalows built between 1913 and 1930 along with a smaller number of other residential buildings. The district was added to the National Register of Historic Places on April 19, 2010.
In the 1990 census, Chatham was found to be 1.0% White, 98.7% Black, 0.5% Hispanic, 0.1% Asian and 0.3% other.
In the 2000 census, Chatham was found to be 0.32% White, 98.0% Black, 0.59% Hispanic, 0.06% Asian and 1.00% other. The median income was $37,809.
The CTA Red Line stations at 79th street and 87th street are in the Chatham community area. The Metra Electric District, which provides daily service between downtown Chicago at Millennium Station and the southern destinations of University Park and Blue Island, runs along the eastern border of Chatham and has stops at the 79th Street station, the 83rd Street station, and the 87th Street station.
The Chatham community area has supported the Democratic Party in the past two presidential elections. In the 2016 presidential election, the Chatham cast 14,075 votes for Hillary Clinton and cast 230 votes for Donald Trump (96.91% to 1.58%). In the 2012 presidential election, Chatham cast 16,696 votes for Barack Obama and cast 93 votes for Mitt Romney (99.27% to 0.55%).
- Ernie Banks (1931–2015), professional baseball player for the Chicago Cubs between 1953 and 1971. Banks resided at West 82nd Street and South Rhodes Avenue during his time in Chicago.
- Chance the Rapper (born 1993), rapper, record producer, activist, and actor. He was raised in West Chatham.
- Taylor Bennett (born 1996), rapper, singer, and songwriter. He was raised in West Chatham.
- Keni Burke (born 1953), singer, songwriter, record producer, and multi-instrumentalist. He and his siblings, who made up the Five Stairsteps, were childhood residents of Chatham.
- Roland Burris (born 1937), U.S. Senator from Illinois from 2009 to 2010. He is a resident of Chatham.
- Charles Chew (1922–1986), member of the Illinois Senate from 1967 to his death in 1986. He resided at 8156 S Champlain Ave. during his political career.
- Thomas A. Dorsey (1899–1993), composer recognized as the Father of Gospel Music.
- John P. Fardy (1922–1945), Corporal in the United States Marine Corps and recipient of the Medal of Honor. He was raised in Chatham at 8144 South Calumet Avenue.
- Mahalia Jackson (1911–1972), gospel singer. She lived at 8358 South Indiana Avenue from 1956 until her death in 1972.
- R. Eugene Pincham (1925–2008), attorney, civil rights activist, and Judge of the Illinois Appellate Court. He was a resident of Chatham.
- Welton Taylor (1919–2012), microbiologist, inventor and civil rights activist. He and his wife were the first Black couple to move to Chatham.
- Michael Wilbon, sports columnist for The Washington Post and host, commentator and analyst for ESPN.
- Brandon Breaux, multi-disciplinary artist
- Simeon Career Academy
- Jimmie Thompson High School
- Arthur R Ashe Elementary School
- Arthur Dixon Elementary School
- James E McDade Elementary Classical School
- Jane A Neil Elementary School
- John T Pirie Fine Arts & Academic Center ES
- Martha Ruggles Elementary School
- Oliver S Westcott Elementary School
- Ted Lenart Regional Gifted Center
- "Community Data Snapshot - Chatham" (PDF). cmap.illinois.gov. MetroPulse. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
- "Chatham". www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
- Goeken, Brian, ed. (November 1, 2007). "Landmark Designation Report: Chatham-Greater Grand Crossing Commercial District" (PDF). Commission on Chicago Landmark. City of Chicago Department of Planning and Development. Retrieved December 6, 2019.
- Guarino, Jean (July 1, 2004). "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Garden Homes Historic District" (PDF). Illinois Historic Preservation Agency. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 22, 2016. Retrieved April 10, 2016.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
- Bruni, Carla (August 19, 2009). "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: West Chatham Bungalow Historic District" (PDF). Illinois Historic Preservation Division. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 21, 2019. Retrieved October 21, 2019.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. November 2, 2013.
- Encyclopedia of Chicago, "Chatham", Available online at http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/232.html, Cited September 29, 2009
- U.S. Census, Record Information Services.
- Lane, Laura (January 19, 2014). "Map: South Shore Line, Metra Electric Line". The Times of Northwest Indiana. Archived from the original on June 11, 2020. Retrieved June 11, 2020.
- Ali, Tanveer (November 9, 2016). "How Every Chicago Neighborhood Voted In The 2016 Presidential Election". DNAInfo. Archived from the original on September 24, 2019. Retrieved October 4, 2019.
- Ali, Tanveer (November 9, 2012). "How Every Chicago Neighborhood Voted In The 2012 Presidential Election". DNAInfo. Archived from the original on February 3, 2019. Retrieved October 4, 2019.
- Lutton, Linda; Fan, Andrew; Loury, Alden (June 3, 2020). "Where Banks Don't Lend". WBEZ. Archived from the original on June 3, 2020. Retrieved September 13, 2021.
- Obaro, Tomi (December 4, 2015). "Why Chance The Rapper Doesn't Talk About Rahm Emanuel Publicly". Chicago Magazine. Archived from the original on December 16, 2015. Retrieved December 16, 2015.
- O'Donnell, Maureen (August 28, 2020). "Clarence Burke Sr., ex-Chicago detective who managed his kids, The Five Stairsteps, dead at 90". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved August 28, 2020.
- Burris, Roland (April 18, 2011). "Roland Burris: No Regrets on Accepting Senate Seat from Blagojevich" (Interview). Interviewed by Carol Felsenthal. Chicago: Chicago. Retrieved December 5, 2019.
- Illinois Blue Book 1971-1972 page 155
- "Corporal John Peter Fardy, USMC". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. History Division, United States Marine Corps. Archived from the original on September 26, 2005. Retrieved April 6, 2006.
- Staff Report (August 8, 1948). "20 Streets in New City To Be Named for Men in War II". Chicago Tribune – via ProQuest.
- "List of Chicago Tribute Markers 1997–2002". City of Chicago Department of Cultural Affairs. Retrieved December 5, 2019.
- Jensen, Trevor; Mills, Steven (April 4, 2008). "R. Eugene Pincham: 1925 - 2008". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 10, 2020.
- James Janega (April 13, 2008). "R. Eugene Pincham remembered for contributions to law, community". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved June 23, 2017.
- Allen, Erin (August 28, 2015). "Inspired By a Soldier's Story". Library of Congress. Retrieved April 8, 2021.
- Michael Wilbon Chicago, May 2020
- http://www.cps.edu/Schools/Find_a_school/Pages/Findaschool.aspx | Chicago Public Schools' Search