Greater Grand Crossing, Chicago

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Greater Grand Crossing
Community Area 69 - Greater Grand Crossing
Lem's Bar-B-Q restaurant on Grand Crossing's 75th Street business district.
Lem's Bar-B-Q restaurant on Grand Crossing's 75th Street business district.
Location within the city of Chicago
Location within the city of Chicago
Coordinates: 41°45.6′N 87°36.6′W / 41.7600°N 87.6100°W / 41.7600; -87.6100Coordinates: 41°45.6′N 87°36.6′W / 41.7600°N 87.6100°W / 41.7600; -87.6100
CountryUnited States
StateIllinois
CountyCook
CityChicago
Neighborhoods
List
  • Grand Crossing
  • Greater Grand Crossing
  • Park Manor
  • Winneconna Parkway
Area
 • Total3.56 sq mi (9.22 km2)
Population
 (2015)[1]
 • Total32,346
 • Density9,100/sq mi (3,500/km2)
Demographics (2015)[1]
 • Black96.07%
 • White1.44%
 • Hispanic1.11%
 • Asian0.01%
 • Other1.36%
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Codes
parts of 60619, 60620, 60621 and 60637
Median income$26,515[1]
Source: U.S. Census, Record Information Services

Greater Grand Crossing is one of the 77 community areas of Chicago, Illinois. It is located on the city's South Side.

History[edit]

1902 view of crossing, before grade separation
1912 view of crossing, after grade separation

Etymology[edit]

The name "Grand Crossing" comes from an 1853 right-of-way feud between the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway and the Illinois Central Railroad that led to a frog war and a crash that killed 18 people. The crash was the result of Roswell B. Mason (later to serve as mayor of Chicago) illegally constructing railroad tracks, on behalf of the Illinois Central, across another railroad company's tracks. Due to the lack of safety at the crossing, trains made complete stops here and therefore industry developed around the area to cater to the railroad workers.

Nineteenth century[edit]

The area was developed by Paul Cornell, the developer of what is now Hyde Park, Chicago, throughout the 1870s. Grade separation did not occur at the rail crossing until 1912.[2] Greater Grand Crossing was historically a railroad suburb made up of five, independently developed, older ethnic neighborhoods. The Grand Crossing and Brookline neighborhoods were predominantly made up of German immigrant craftsmen, farmers and factory workers; Essex had residents of English, Irish and Scottish immigrants who worked for the railroads; Brookdale was settled mostly by Chicago-born residents employed in the building trades and by the railroads; and Park Manor, the last of these smaller neighborhoods to develop, had residents who were predominantly of east-coast Yankee stock.[3]

Twentieth century[edit]

At the start of the twentieth century, portions of Greater Grand Crossing like other neighborhoods in Chicago made the transition from open space and farmland to bungalow neighborhood.[4]

Demographics[edit]

By the 1930s, the railroad workers residing in the neighborhood were joined by Swedes and Italians. Throughout the next two decades, African Americans began moving into the neighborhood from the overcrowded Black Belt and that's when Grand Crossing's White residents began to move out of the neighborhood. During the 1950s, the Black population of the neighborhood rose from 6% to 86%.

According to data from the 2014-2018 American Community Survey compiled by the Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning, there were 30,805 people and 12,230 households in Greater Grand Crossing. The racial makeup of the area was 1.1% White, 96.2% African American, and 1.5% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.[5]

In the area, the population was spread out, with 32.4% under the age of 19, 17.6% from 20 to 34, 18.6% from 35 to 49, 19.5% from 50 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.2 years compared to 34.3 years.[5]

Transportation[edit]

The CTA's Red Line provides 24/7 service to Grand Crossing at the 69th Street and 79th Street stations. Additionally, the Metra Electric line provides commuter rail service at the 75th Street station at the intersection of East 75th Street and South Chicago Avenue; the railroad crossing that gave the neighborhood its name.

Politics[edit]

The Greater Grand Crossing community area has supported the Democratic Party in the past two presidential elections. In the 2016 presidential election, the Greater Grand Crossing cast 12,647 votes for Hillary Clinton and cast 233 votes for Donald Trump (96.68% to 1.78%). Despite Clinton's 94.60% margin of victory, it was only her 16th best finish in the City of Chicago.[6] In the 2012 presidential election, Greater Grand Crossing cast 15,408 votes for Barack Obama and cast 89 votes for Mitt Romney (99.23% to 0.57%). Despite Obama's 98.66% margin of victory, it was only his 11th best finish in the City of Chicago.[7]

Notable people[edit]

Features[edit]

The Oak Woods Cemetery, established in 1854, is located in Greater Grand Crossing.

Since 2006, Artist Theaster Gates has redeveloped several buildings in Grand Crossing as art and community centers.[15]

The community has since been redeveloped in slow progression and will be an historic landmark for future generations.

References[edit]

  • Paral, Rob. "Chicago Community Areas Historical Data". Archived from the original on March 18, 2013. Retrieved August 29, 2012.
  • Profile: Greater Grand Crossing by Jeanette Almada Chicago Tribune (October 7, 1998)
  1. ^ a b c "Community Data Snapshot - Greater Grand Crossing" (PDF). cmap.illinois.gov. MetroPulse. Retrieved November 29, 2017.
  2. ^ "Greater Grand Crossing". Encyclopedia of Chicago. Chicago Historical Society/Newberry Library. Retrieved December 8, 2018.
  3. ^ Perry, Susan; Crawford, Matt (November 1, 2007). Goeken, Brian; Tatum, Terry (eds.). "Landmark Designation Report for the Chatham-Greater Grand Crossing Commercial District" (PDF). Commission on Chicago Landmarks. Retrieved December 4, 2020.
  4. ^ Bluestone, Daniel; Billet, Roysin; Harlan, Gabrielle; Ramsey, Emily. "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: South Park Manor Historic District" (PDF). Illinois Historic Preservation Division. Retrieved December 6, 2020.[dead link]
  5. ^ a b "Community Demographic Snapshot: Greater Grand Crossing" (PDF). Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning. September 6, 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 26, 2020. Retrieved March 19, 2017.
  6. ^ Ali, Tanveer (November 9, 2016). "How Every Chicago Neighborhood Voted In The 2016 Presidential Election". DNAInfo. Archived from the original on September 24, 2019. Retrieved October 4, 2019.
  7. ^ Ali, Tanveer (November 9, 2012). "How Every Chicago Neighborhood Voted In The 2012 Presidential Election". DNAInfo. Archived from the original on February 3, 2019. Retrieved October 4, 2019.
  8. ^ Gee, Andre (November 9, 2020). "King Von's Untimely Death Is Another Call For Radical Change". Uproxx. Retrieved December 4, 2020.
  9. ^ Beale, Anthony (February 10, 2010). "Ordinance 2010-189: Designation of Buildings Associated With Chicago Black Renaissance Literary Movement as Chicago Landmarks" (PDF). Journal of Proceedings. Chicago, Illinois: Chicago City Council. p. 84566. Retrieved December 4, 2020.
  10. ^ Koziarz, Jay (April 10, 2019). "Al Capone's South Side family home sells for $116K above asking price". Curbed. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
  11. ^ Robert Cooley Interview; Avila Chicago; 2007; Text: Cooley notes that he lived at 74th & Vernon, as well as 76th & Langley; accessed December 2015
  12. ^ Ihejirika, Maudlyne (December 1, 2020). "From Englewood to the Vatican: Reminiscing with family of new Cardinal Wilton Gregory". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved December 2, 2020.
  13. ^ a b Main, Frank (October 31, 2014). "The most dangerous block in Chicago". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on November 2, 2014. Retrieved November 3, 2014.(dead link)
  14. ^ 1970s business card
  15. ^ Can artists save Grand Crossing?

External links[edit]