Rogers Park, Chicago

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Rogers Park
Community area
Community Area 01 – Rogers Park
Rogers Park, (Chicago, Illinois)
Rogers Park, (Chicago, Illinois)
Streetmap
Streetmap
Location within the city of Chicago
Location within the city of Chicago
Coordinates: 42°0.6′N 87°40.2′W / 42.0100°N 87.6700°W / 42.0100; -87.6700Coordinates: 42°0.6′N 87°40.2′W / 42.0100°N 87.6700°W / 42.0100; -87.6700
CountryUnited States
StateIllinois
CountyCook
CityChicago
Neighborhoods
Area
 • Total1.85 sq mi (4.79 km2)
Population (2015[1])
 • Total54,402
 • Density29,000/sq mi (11,000/km2)
Demographics 2015[1]
 • White41.85%
 • Black24.48%
 • Hispanic24.14%
 • Asian6.44%
 • Other3.08%
Educational Attainment 2015[1]
 • High School Diploma or Higher84.2%
 • Bachelor's Degree or Higher41.9%
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Codes60626, 60645
Median Household income[1]$37,223
Source: U.S. Census, Record Information Services

Rogers Park is one of the 77 Chicago community areas on the far north side of Chicago, Cook County, Illinois and is also the name of the Chicago neighborhood[2][3] that constitutes most of the community area. Rogers Park is located nine miles north of the Cook County Courthouse in downtown Chicago. It is bounded by the city of Evanston along Juneway Terrace and Howard Street to the north, Ridge Boulevard to the west, Devon Avenue and the Edgewater neighborhood to the south, and Lake Michigan to the east. The neighborhood just to the west, West Ridge, was part of Rogers Park until the 1890s.

History[edit]

Native American roots[edit]

The Rogers Park area was developed on what once was the convergence of two Native American trails, now known as Rogers Avenue and Ridge Boulevard, predating modern metropolitan Chicago. The Pottawatomi and various other regional tribes often settled in Rogers Park from season to season. The name of Indian Boundary Park west of Rogers Park reflects this history as does Pottawattomie Park near Clark Street and Rogers Avenue.

Settlers[edit]

In 1809, the Karthauser Inn was established as stagecoach stop and tavern.[4] One of the original settlers (1836) of the area was Phillip Rogers, who operated a toll gate beside his home at what is now Ridge and Lunt Avenues and often traded and worked with the local tribes.

During the period 1844 to 1850 arriving settlers started farms along a ridge in the western portion of Rogers Park, avoiding the often flooded lowlands to the east. In 1870 Rogers' son-in-law, Patrick I. Touhy, sold 100 acres to land speculators, including John Farwell, Luther Greenleaf, Stephen Lunt, Charles Morse, and George Estes; all of whom contributed names to streets in the area.[4] With an additional purchase of 125 acres in 1873 these speculators together with Touhy formed the Rogers Park Building and Land Company. Also in 1873, the Chicago & Northwestern Railway completed a service line through the area and constructed a station at Greenleaf Ave. The population was 200 and a Post Office was opened in July 1873. Five years later, the voters agree to incorporate as a village under the name of Rogers Park.[4]

Becoming part of Chicago[edit]

On April 29, 1878 Rogers Park was incorporated as a village of Illinois governed by six trustees. In 1885, the Chicago, Evanston & Lake Superior Railroad, a predecessor of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad, built a combination freight and commuter line through eastern Rogers Park on the present "L" right-of-way with a stop at Morse Avenue. By 1893, the population was 3500, the North Shore Electric Railroad expanded its service into the area, and the village of Rogers Park was annexed to Chicago.[5]

The Rogers Park Women's Club opened the first library in 1894. In that year, the Great Fire of Rogers Park destroyed the business district.[4]

Neighborhood growth[edit]

By 1904 the population had grown to 7,500. The NorthWestern elevated line was extended from Wilson (4600N) to Howard Street (7600N). St. Ignatius College moved to the lakefront in 1912, and changed its name to Loyola University in 1915. Successive generations brought about vast cultural changes to the former village. By 1930 the population was 57,094 making Rogers Park one of Chicago's most densely populated areas. Chicagoans began to move to new planned communities in the north suburbs by the 1930s, which ushered in the migration of German, English, Irish, and Jewish families to Rogers Park. With the devastation in Europe following World War II, many additional immigrants found their way to Chicago and the Rogers Park neighborhood. A growing and vibrant Hispanic community has grown along Clark Street since 2000.

For decades, most of the neighborhood has been within the 49th Ward of the city of Chicago (the terms are sometimes used interchangeably), but that was a misconception. The ward covered much of Edgewater and went as far south as Hollywood in the 1960s, while the 50th Ward extended east to Ashland Avenue (in some areas as late as 1990). But, because of redistricting, a part of Rogers Park is now within the 40th Ward, and the 49th Ward now encompasses part of West Rogers Park.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
193057,094
194060,5656.1%
195062,2522.8%
196056,888−8.6%
197060,7596.8%
198055,525−8.6%
199060,3788.7%
200063,4845.1%
201054,991−13.4%
Est. 201554,402−1.1%

Rogers Park has a higher rate of residents with Master's, Professional, and Doctorate degrees than the state average.[6] In addition, the rate of residents that work for non-profit institutions is almost twice as high as the state average.[6]

As of 2015 41.9% of residents were white, 24.5% were black, 24.1% were Hispanic or Latino, and 6.4% were Asian. It was the Chicago neighborhood in which the racial plurality had the smallest percentage, indicating the highest level of racial diversity.[7]

Economy and culture[edit]

The dominant educational institution in Rogers Park is Loyola University Chicago, located in the southeast corner of the neighborhood. Historic places of interest include Madonna Della Strada Chapel, the mother church of the Jesuit Province of Chicago (one of the largest Jesuit provinces). The neighborhood continues to be home to many Jesuit religious-order institutions. However, modern Rogers Park contains many different religious institutions.

The presence of its diverse array of students and academics from Loyola University Chicago and Northwestern University, just a few miles to the north, has historically lent Rogers Park a high degree of liberalism and tolerance. The community also has a high Internet presence.[8] In 2007, the Web site outside.in named Rogers Park one of the country's "bloggiest neighborhoods."[9]

Rogers Park has over 130 restaurants[10] and has been ranked "very walkable" by Walk Score.[11] Rogers Park is also home to the Glenwood Sunday Market,[12] a farmers market, a program of the Rogers Park Business Alliance, devoted to providing local, sustainable foods that are also organic whenever possible. The Chicago Comedy Film Festival calls Rogers Park home and is held annually at The New 400 Theaters. The international film festival brings over 500 filmmakers, actors and agents to the neighborhood from around the world.

A plethora of beaches line the shores of Lake Michigan through much of the neighborhood. The Artists of the Wall festival at the Lake Michigan shoreline at Farwell Avenue pier (Hartigan Park on Albion Avenue on the streetmap above) has been held for over twenty years, the longest event of its kind in Chicago's history.[13]

Crime and policing[edit]

In 1993, Chicago's 24th Police District, which includes Rogers Park and the adjacent Chicago neighborhood of West Ridge, was selected as one of five police districts to pilot a new concept for Chicago law enforcement called Chicago Alternative Policing Strategy ("CAPS"). A merger of police and community efforts was implemented, which resulted in a noticeable effect on crime statistics. Weekly beat meetings (planning and strategy sessions) were held across the 24th Police District. All of Chicago's police districts put the strategy into practice by 1996.[14] Index crimes in the 24th police district fell by about half between 1996 and 2009.[15] According to an e-mail from 49th Ward Alderman Joe Moore, between January 1, 2013 and February 26, 2013, the 24th Police District was the only police district in Chicago in which no one was shot. In that same eight week period, the 24th District reported fewer crimes than all but one of Chicago's 22 police districts.[16]

Schools, libraries, and museum[edit]

Chicago Public Library, Rogers Park Branch

Chicago Public Schools operates zoned schools serving the community:[17]

  • Zoned K-8 schools include: Gale Elementary Community Academy, Eugene Field Elementary School (including New Field), Joyce Kilmer Elementary School, George B. Swift Elementary Specialty School, George B. Armstrong School of International Studies, and Jordan Community Elementary School.[18]
  • Roger C. Sullivan High School serves most of Rogers Park while a small section is zoned to Senn High School[19]

Other CPS schools:

Charter schools:

Private schools:

  • Northside Catholic Academy Elementary School
  • Northside Catholic Academy Middle School (formerly St. Margaret Mary Catholic Elementary School)
  • Chicago Waldorf School

Colleges and universities:

Libraries

Lastly, Rogers Park is also home to the Leather Archives and Museum, "dedicated to the compilation, preservation, and maintenance of leather, kink, and fetish lifestyles. [The] museum galleries serve to present educational and historical material to an adult audience."[20]

Transportation[edit]

North Sheridan corridor by Loyola University

Rogers Park is served by several different modes of public transportation. Rapid Transit is provided by the Chicago Transit Authority (CTA) in the form of the Chicago "L". The CTA also operates several bus routes in the area. A commuter rail service is provided by Metra. Rogers Park is served by three "L" lines - the Red, Yellow and Purple lines. There are four Red Line stations: Howard, Jarvis, Morse, and Loyola.[21] The Yellow Line and the Purple Line connect at Howard Station, offering service westward to Skokie and north to Evanston, respectively. The Howard Street "L" station, the northernmost Chicago Transit Authority rail stop in the city, experienced major renovation from 2006 to 2009 and is now a major transportation terminal for the northern Chicago region. Several bus routes allow travel to Chicago's Downtown, called the Loop, as well as the city's suburban areas. They consist of the 22 Clark, 96 Lunt, 97 Skokie, 147 Outer Drive Express, 151 Sheridan, 155 Devon, and 201 Central/Ridge. The Metra commuter Rogers Park station, at the intersection of Lunt and Ravenswood Avenues, is centrally located in the Rogers Park neighborhood. Rogers Park is one of the Metra system's most heavily used stops.

The neighborhood is also taking measures to improve bicycle and pedestrian travel. Participatory budgeting, community meetings, and task force efforts led to an extensive neighborhood greenway project to improve bicycle infrastructure. A combination of buffered bike lanes, raised crosswalks, traffic circles, curb extensions, and more have helped connect residents to the neighborhood's most popular destinations (Loyola University, CTA Red Line Stations, Schools, etc.) via bike.[22][23]

Aldermen[edit]

Rogers Park lies mainly within the 49th and 50th Wards, with small areas in the 40th Ward.

Ward Name Elected Political Party
40th Ward Patrick J. O'Connor 1983 Democrat
49th Ward Joe Moore 1991 Democrat
50th Ward Debra Silverstein 2011 Democrat

In popular culture[edit]

Grammy-nominated Irish-American fiddler and composer Liz Carroll lived for a time in Rogers Park, and Rogers Park street names are referenced in the titles of her compositions the Morse Avenue reel, included on the Cherish the Ladies debut recording Irish Women Musicians in America on Schanachie, and The Greenleaf Strathsprey, included on the eponymous Liz Carroll on Green Linnet; both tunes are collected in her 2010 book Collected.[24]

Rogers Park, an indie drama released in 2018, is set in the neighborhood and prominently features Pratt Beach.[25]

Notable people[edit]

The Emil Bach House (1915), designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1979.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Community Data Snapshot Rogers Park" (PDF). Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  2. ^ "Chicago Neighborhood Map". Retrieved December 4, 2008.
  3. ^ "Chicago Neighborhood Maps and Neighborhood Guides". 2008. Retrieved December 4, 2008.
  4. ^ a b c d Zangs, Mary (2014). The Chicago 77: a community area handbook. Charleston, SC 29403: The History Press. pp. 12–15. ISBN 978-1-62619-612-4.
  5. ^ Patricia Mooney-Melvin. "Rogers Park". The Electronic Encyclopedia of Chicago. Chicago Historical Society. Retrieved December 15, 2008.
  6. ^ a b "60626 Zip Code (Chicago, Illinois) Profile - homes, apartments, schools, population, income, averages, housing, demographics, location, statistics, sex offenders, residents and real estate info". city-data.com. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  7. ^ McClelland, Edward (2013-05-06). "White Flight, By The Numbers". NBC Chicago. Retrieved 2017-01-10.
  8. ^ Morton, Bill. "Rogers Park in 1000 Words". Rogers Park in 1000 Words.
  9. ^ "Inside America's Top 10 Bloggiest Neighborhoods". outside.in. 2007. Retrieved December 4, 2008.
  10. ^ "Restaurants in Chicago matching '60626' - Urbanspoon/Zomato". Zomato. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  11. ^ "Rogers Park Chicago Apartments for Rent and Rentals - Walk Score". Walk Score. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  12. ^ "Glenwood Sunday Market". glenwoodsundaymarket.org.
  13. ^ Woodard, Ben. "Reported". DNAinfo. Archived from the original on June 8, 2013. Retrieved 6/10/2013. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  14. ^ "Residents Help Put CAPS on Crime // City's Community Policing Program Makes Difference". highbeam.com. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  15. ^ Adams, Cecil (2009-05-19). "Is Rogers Park really the hellhole people say?". Retrieved 2013-03-06.
  16. ^ Woodard, Benjamin (February 27, 2013). "Low Crime, No Shootings 'Show Promising Trend,' North Side Alderman Says". Archived from the original on March 1, 2013. Retrieved March 6, 2013.
  17. ^ "Rogers Park." City of Chicago. Retrieved on January 11, 2017. Compare this map to CPS zoning maps.
  18. ^ "Elem North" (). Chicago Public Schools. 2013. Retrieved on September 30, 2016.
  19. ^ "HS North/Near North." Chicago Public Schools. 2013. Retrieved on September 30, 2016.
  20. ^ "Home page of the Leather Archives and Museum". www.leatherarchives.org. Retrieved 2018-03-27.
  21. ^ RTA Trip Planner http://tripsweb.rtachicago.com/
  22. ^ "Biking in Rogers Park". Ward 49. Retrieved 2018-11-02.
  23. ^ "49th Ward Neighborhood Greenway" (PDF).
  24. ^ Carroll, Liz (2010). Collected. ISBN 978-0-615-37814-5.
  25. ^ https://www.rogerebert.com/reviews/rogers-park-2018
  26. ^ Neighborhoods Within Neighborhoods
  27. ^ Myers, Linnet (July 2, 1986). "Grisly Find Made Sister `Hysterical`". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved October 12, 2010. External link in |work= (help)
  28. ^ "The Believer - Interview with Tina Fey". The Believer. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  29. ^ "Chicago Man Named Shimer College Head". Chicago Tribune. 1970-06-04. p. A9.
  30. ^ "About Fritz Pollard". brown.edu. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
  31. ^ McCutcheon, Michael; Barone, Chuck (2013). 2014 Almanac of American Politics. The University of Chicago Press.
  32. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 25, 2017. Retrieved September 25, 2017.

External links[edit]