West Garfield Park, Chicago

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West Garfield Park
Community area
Community Area 26 - West Garfield Park
Location within the city of Chicago
Location within the city of Chicago
Coordinates: 41°52.8′N 87°43.8′W / 41.8800°N 87.7300°W / 41.8800; -87.7300Coordinates: 41°52.8′N 87°43.8′W / 41.8800°N 87.7300°W / 41.8800; -87.7300
Country United States
State Illinois
County Cook
City Chicago
Neighborhoods
Area
 • Total 1.28 sq mi (3.32 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 18,001
 • Density 14,000/sq mi (5,400/km2)
Demographics 2010[1]
 • White 0.74%
 • Black 96.19%
 • Hispanic 1.93%
 • Asian 0.04%
 • Other 1.09%
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP Codes parts of 60624
Median household income $23,033[2]
Source: U.S. Census, Record Information Services

West Garfield Park located on the West Side of Chicago, Illinois, is one of 77 officially designated Chicago community areas.[3] It is situated directly west of Garfield Park (Chicago).

Neighborhood boundaries[edit]

The boundaries of West Garfield Park are NORTH: W. Kinzie St. EAST: Hamlin Blvd/ S. Independence Blvd. SOUTH: W. Taylor St. from S. Independence Blvd to S. Kildare Ave., S. Kildare Ave. from W. Taylor St. to W. 5th Ave, W. 5th Ave. from S. Kildare Ave. to S. Kolmar Ave. WEST: S. Kolmar Ave from W. 5th Ave. to W. Jackson Blvd., W. Jackson Blvd. from S. Kolmar Ave. to S. Kenton Ave., S. Kenton Ave. from W. Jackson Blvd. to W. Madison St., W. Madison St. from S. Kenton Ave. to N. Kenton Ave., N. Kenton Ave. to W. Kinzie St. [4]

K-Town[edit]

K-Town is a nickname for an area in North Lawndale, and West Garfield Park. Although these long streets extend beyond the bounds of North Lawndale, and West Garfield Park, published sources identify the name K-Town as referring specifically to an area of North Lawndale, and West Garfield Park, i.e. the area through which these streets pass. between Pulaski Road and Cicero Avenue in which the names of many north-south avenues begin with the letter K (Keystone, Karlov, Kedvale, Keeler, Kenneth, Kilbourn, Kildare, Kolin, Kolmar, Komensky, Kostner, Kilpatrick, Kenton, Knox, and Keating). The pattern is a historical relic of a 1913 street-naming proposal, by which streets were to be systematically named according to their distance from the Illinois-Indiana border; K, the eleventh letter, was to be assigned to streets within the eleventh mile, counting west from the state line. The eleventh mile is the easternmost area in which the plan was widely implemented, as many neighborhoods to the east were already developed and had street names in place. The portion of K-Town bounded by W. Kinzie St, W. Cermak Rd, S. Kostner Ave, and S. Pulaski Rd was listed as a historic district on the National Register of Historic Places on September 9, 2010.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The United States Postal Service operates the Mary Alice Henry Post Office at 4222 West Madison Street.[5]

Bethel New Life, Inc. is a main community service provider to the area.[6]

Transportation[edit]

Two of Chicago Transit Authority's train lines, the Blue Line and the Green Line, service this neighborhood. The Green Line has an elevated station at Pulaski Road and Lake Street, and the Blue Line has a station in the median of the Eisenhower Expressway, also at Pulaski.

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 50,014
1940 48,447 −3.1%
1950 48,443 0.0%
1960 45,661 −5.7%
1970 48,459 6.1%
1980 33,865 −30.1%
1990 24,095 −28.8%
2000 23,019 −4.5%
2010 18,001 −21.8%
[7]

Crime[edit]

The neighborhood's 21 murders in 2014 occurred at a rate of 116 per 100,000, the highest in Chicago. In a city that sees 2,000 shootings per annum, they occur in West Garfield Park at a rate of 411 per 100,000. Commentators attribute the high crime rate to the number of guns, the lack of police interest or resources, and the loss of accountability which powerful gangs had provided in earlier decades.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Paral, Rob. "Chicago Demographics Data". Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  2. ^ Paral, Rob. "Chicago Census Data". Retrieved 7 October 2012. 
  3. ^ http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/404.html
  4. ^ http://yochicago.com/chicago-neighborhoods/West-Garfield-Park
  5. ^ "Post Office Location - MARY ALICE HENRY". United States Postal Service. Retrieved April 17, 2009. 
  6. ^ "Bethel New Life -". bethelnewlife.org. Retrieved 9 September 2015. 
  7. ^ Paral, Rob. "Chicago Community Areas Historical Data". Retrieved 2 September 2012. 
  8. ^ http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2015/10/08/america-s-mass-shooting-capital-is-chicago.html

External links[edit]