Cheboygan County, Michigan

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Cheboygan County, Michigan
Poe Reef Light.JPG
Seal of Cheboygan County, Michigan
Seal
Map of Michigan highlighting Cheboygan County
Location in the U.S. state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded 1840[1]
Seat Cheboygan
Largest city Cheboygan
Area
 • Total 885 sq mi (2,292 km2)
 • Land 715 sq mi (1,852 km2)
 • Water 170 sq mi (440 km2), 19%
Population
 • (2010) 26,512
 • Density 37/sq mi (14/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.cheboygancounty.net

Cheboygan County (/ʃɛˈbɔɪɡən/ shi-BOY-gən)[2] is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 26,152.[3] The county seat is Cheboygan.[4] The county boundaries were set off in 1840 and county government organized in 1853.[1]

Etymology of the name Cheboygan[edit]

The name of the county shares the same origin as that of the Cheboygan River, although the precise meaning is no longer known. It may have come from an Ojibwe word zhaabonigan, meaning "sewing needle". Alternatively, the origin may have been Chabwegan, meaning "a place of ore".[5] It has also been described as "a Native American word first applied to the river.[1] See List of Michigan county name etymologies. "Cheboygan" is pronounced the same as "Sheboygan" (a city in Wisconsin).[2]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 885 square miles (2,290 km2), of which 715 square miles (1,850 km2) is land and 170 square miles (440 km2) (19%) is water.[6] The county is considered to be part of Northern Michigan.

This 1876 map shows Cheboygan County between Emmet County and Presque Isle County.
This 1876 map shows Cheboygan County between Emmet County and Presque Isle County.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Highways[edit]

Cheboygan County-designated highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 517
1870 2,196 324.8%
1880 6,524 197.1%
1890 11,986 83.7%
1900 15,516 29.5%
1910 17,872 15.2%
1920 13,991 −21.7%
1930 11,502 −17.8%
1940 13,644 18.6%
1950 13,731 0.6%
1960 14,550 6.0%
1970 16,573 13.9%
1980 20,649 24.6%
1990 21,398 3.6%
2000 26,448 23.6%
2010 26,152 −1.1%
Est. 2016 25,401 [7] −2.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[3]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 26,448 people, 10,835 households, and 7,573 families residing in the county. The population density was 37 people per square mile (14/km²). There were 16,583 housing units at an average density of 23 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.80% White, 0.25% Black or African American, 2.55% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, and 2.05% from two or more races. 0.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 21.4% were of German, 10.4% English, 10.0% French, 9.5% Polish, 9.2% American and 8.9% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 97.7% spoke English as their first language.

There were 10,835 households out of which 28.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.00% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.10% were non-families. 25.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.70% under the age of 18, 6.20% from 18 to 24, 25.80% from 25 to 44, 26.30% from 45 to 64, and 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 98.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,417, and the median income for a family was $38,390. Males had a median income of $30,054 versus $20,682 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,088. About 8.70% of families and 12.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.90% of those under age 18 and 7.10% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 63.5% 8,683 31.5% 4,302 5.0% 687
2012 54.6% 7,286 43.7% 5,831 1.8% 233
2008 49.8% 6,920 48.3% 6,720 1.9% 261
2004 56.2% 7,798 42.8% 5,941 1.1% 148
2000 54.0% 6,815 43.5% 5,484 2.5% 318
1996 39.2% 4,244 46.3% 5,018 14.5% 1,571
1992 35.6% 3,864 41.0% 4,459 23.4% 2,541
1988 57.5% 5,395 42.0% 3,943 0.5% 42
1984 64.0% 6,053 35.5% 3,358 0.4% 41
1980 52.5% 5,221 39.6% 3,938 8.0% 795
1976 55.1% 4,894 43.7% 3,880 1.2% 104
1972 59.1% 4,529 39.0% 2,985 1.9% 148
1968 49.6% 3,422 41.2% 2,840 9.2% 637
1964 36.7% 2,342 63.1% 4,028 0.2% 11
1960 56.2% 3,817 43.8% 2,977 0.0% 2
1956 69.6% 4,379 30.3% 1,910 0.1% 7
1952 69.5% 4,385 30.1% 1,900 0.4% 24
1948 62.3% 3,184 36.1% 1,842 1.6% 83
1944 57.5% 2,943 41.9% 2,141 0.6% 32
1940 55.9% 3,646 43.8% 2,856 0.3% 21
1936 43.0% 2,584 50.2% 3,016 6.8% 409
1932 39.7% 2,309 59.0% 3,431 1.2% 71
1928 60.3% 2,743 39.2% 1,784 0.4% 19
1924 64.2% 2,683 23.8% 994 12.1% 505
1920 63.5% 2,472 32.9% 1,281 3.7% 142
1916 51.2% 1,576 45.1% 1,389 3.7% 115
1912 27.7% 896 30.3% 981 42.0% 1,359
1908 58.9% 2,053 34.6% 1,205 6.5% 225
1904 70.1% 2,572 26.7% 979 3.2% 118
1900 59.1% 2,092 39.5% 1,398 1.4% 51
1896 48.8% 1,576 50.1% 1,617 1.2% 37
1892 44.3% 1,094 49.5% 1,224 6.2% 153
1888 45.7% 1,110 50.9% 1,237 3.5% 84
1884 45.3% 777 52.3% 897 2.3% 40

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Elected officials[edit]

(information as of November 2008)

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Villages[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Cheboygan County had another township called Maple Grove Township which became part of Forest Township in 1942.

Historical markers[edit]

Jail and Sheriff's Residence, now the Cheboygan County Historical Museum Complex

There are eight recognized Michigan historical markers in the county:[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Bibliography on Cheboygan County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 19, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Merriam-Webster's Geographical Dictionary (3rd ed.). Merriam-Webster. 1997. p. 237. ISBN 9780877795469. Che•boy•gan \shi-'bȯi-gən\. 
  3. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ Michigan County names per the Michigan government. Archived July 28, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  14. ^ "Michigan Historical Markers". michmarkers.com. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°29′N 84°30′W / 45.48°N 84.50°W / 45.48; -84.50