Antrim County, Michigan

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Antrim County, Michigan
Antrim County Courthouse.jpg
Antrim County Courthouse
Map of Michigan highlighting Antrim County
Location within the U.S. state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location within the U.S.
Founded1840 (authorized)
1863 (organized)[1]
Named forCounty Antrim
SeatBellaire
Largest villageElk Rapids
Area
 • Total602 sq mi (1,559 km2)
 • Land476 sq mi (1,233 km2)
 • Water126 sq mi (326 km2), 21%
Population
 • (2010)23,580
 • Density50/sq mi (20/km2)
Congressional district1st
Time zoneEastern

Antrim County is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 23,580.[2] The county seat is Bellaire.[3] The name is taken from County Antrim in Northern Ireland.

YMCA Camp Hayo-Went-Ha, the oldest American summer camp that sits on its original site, occupies about one square mile on the shore of Torch Lake in Central Lake Township. Boys first attended Hayo-Went-Ha (variant of Hiawatha) in 1904.

History[edit]

A detail from A New Map of Michigan with its Canals, Roads & Distances (1842) by Henry Schenck Tanner, showing Antrim County during the period when it was named Meegisee County, its name from 1840 to 1843.[4] The name is misspelled as "Negissee" on the map. Several nearby counties are also shown with names that would later be changed.

The county was formed in 1840 as Meegisee County.[4] Meegisee (meaning "eagle"), was the name of a Chippewa chief who signed the 1821 Treaty of Chicago and the 1826 Treaty of Mississinewas.

It was renamed Antrim County in 1843,[4] one of the Irish or Scots Irish names given to five renamed Michigan counties at that time, supposedly in deference to the increasing number of settlers of Irish and Scots Irish heritage in Michigan at that time. In the text of the 1843 legislative act, the name was misspelled as "Antim".[1]

Separate county government was organized in 1863.[1][5] The county seat was originally located in Elk Rapids, but was moved to Bellaire in 1904 after 25 years of litigation.[6] In 1950 its population was 10,721.[7]

Geography[edit]

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 602 square miles (1,560 km2), of which 476 square miles (1,230 km2) is land and 126 square miles (330 km2) (21%) is water.[8]

The county is considered to be part of Northern Michigan. Glaciers shaped the area, creating a unique regional ecosystem. A large portion of the area is Grayling outwash plain, which consists of broad outwash plain including sandy ice-disintegration ridges; jack pine barrens, some white pine-red pine forest, and northern hardwood forest. Large lakes were created by glacial action.[9]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

  • Antrim County Airport - county-owned public-use airport, northeast of Bellaire, for general aviation. One paved runway. No airline service.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860179
18701,9851,008.9%
18805,237163.8%
189010,41398.8%
190016,56859.1%
191015,692−5.3%
192011,543−26.4%
19309,979−13.5%
194010,9649.9%
195010,721−2.2%
196010,373−3.2%
197012,61221.6%
198016,19428.4%
199018,18512.3%
200023,11027.1%
201023,5802.0%
Est. 201623,144[10]−1.8%
US Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2013[2]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 23,580 people, 9,890 households, and 6,925 families in the county. The population density was 49 people per square mile (19/km²). There were 17,824 housing units at an average density of 37 per square mile (45/km²). 96.8% of the population were White, 1.0% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% Black or African American, 0.4% of some other race and 1.4% of two or more races. 1.7% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 20.2% were of German, 13.4% English, 8.9% Irish, 6.9% French, French Canadian or Cajun, 6.9% Polish and 6.4% American ancestry.

There were 9,222 households out of which 26% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.78.

The county population contained 21.10% under the age of 18, 6.30% from 19 to 24, 3.9% from 25 to 44, 31.1% from 45 to 64, and 22.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 99.80 males.

Government[edit]

Antrim County has been reliably Republican since its organization. Since 1884 its voters have selected the Republican Party nominee in 94% (32 of 34) of the national elections through 2016.

Presidential election results
Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 62.0% 8,469 32.6% 4,448 5.5% 750
2012 60.0% 7,917 38.7% 5,107 1.3% 171
2008 54.2% 7,506 43.9% 6,079 1.9% 267
2004 61.5% 8,379 37.2% 5,072 1.2% 168
2000 58.9% 6,780 37.6% 4,329 3.5% 398
1996 45.9% 4,630 41.9% 4,226 12.3% 1,242
1992 39.9% 3,984 34.3% 3,431 25.8% 2,576
1988 62.0% 5,231 37.4% 3,159 0.6% 54
1984 69.2% 5,726 30.3% 2,507 0.5% 44
1980 56.3% 4,706 34.8% 2,909 9.0% 749
1976 58.1% 4,369 40.3% 3,032 1.6% 117
1972 64.8% 4,068 31.8% 2,000 3.4% 213
1968 59.2% 3,002 33.4% 1,690 7.4% 376
1964 44.7% 2,172 55.2% 2,684 0.1% 7
1960 67.3% 3,398 32.6% 1,647 0.1% 7
1956 72.3% 3,623 27.5% 1,376 0.2% 9
1952 76.5% 3,533 22.7% 1,046 0.8% 39
1948 67.2% 2,588 29.3% 1,129 3.4% 132
1944 67.7% 2,626 31.1% 1,206 1.3% 49
1940 66.5% 3,027 32.9% 1,497 0.6% 29
1936 51.9% 2,391 44.1% 2,032 4.0% 185
1932 55.5% 2,308 40.6% 1,686 3.9% 164
1928 84.5% 2,756 14.8% 484 0.7% 23
1924 76.8% 2,246 12.7% 371 10.5% 308
1920 77.5% 2,260 17.8% 518 4.7% 137
1916 53.9% 1,336 37.6% 932 8.5% 210
1912 24.2% 603 18.1% 450 57.7% 1,437
1908 73.2% 2,020 20.8% 574 6.0% 165
1904 82.9% 2,608 13.9% 436 3.2% 102
1900 74.9% 2,575 21.2% 729 3.9% 134
1896 58.1% 1,886 37.8% 1,228 4.2% 135
1892 52.2% 1,140 37.3% 814 10.6% 231
1888 56.7% 1,305 38.3% 881 5.0% 114
1884 58.4% 1,066 39.5% 721 2.0% 37

Antrim County operates the County jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, records deeds, mortgages, and vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget and has limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions – police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance etc. – are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Elected officials[edit]

(information as of September 2018)[16]

Communities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Census-Designated Places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Indian reservations[edit]

Locations of the Grand Traverse Indian Reservation in Antrim County

Ghost towns[edit]

  • Antrim City – former lumber company town on Lake Michigan
  • Chestonia – in Jordan Township; former site of railroad depot and post office

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Bibliography on Antrim County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 19, 2013.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Retrieved August 26, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ a b c Newberry Library. "Michigan: Individual County Chronologies". Atlas of County Historical Boundaries. Retrieved November 4, 2016.
  5. ^ "History of Antrim County". Antrim County. Retrieved September 28, 2014.
  6. ^ Historic marker in front of Bellaire courthouse
  7. ^ Columbia Lippincott Gazetter, 1952, p. 80
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  9. ^ "NPWRC: Regional Landscape". usgs.gov.
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  11. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  15. ^ US Election Atlas
  16. ^ Antrim County website - Directory

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°01′N 85°11′W / 45.01°N 85.18°W / 45.01; -85.18