Antrim County, Michigan

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Antrim County
Antrim County Courthouse
Antrim County Courthouse
Map of Michigan highlighting Antrim County
Location within the U.S. state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 45°01′N 85°11′W / 45.01°N 85.18°W / 45.01; -85.18
Country United States
State Michigan
Founded1840 (authorized)
1863 (organized)[1]
Named forCounty Antrim
SeatBellaire
Largest villageElk Rapids
Area
 • Total602 sq mi (1,560 km2)
 • Land476 sq mi (1,230 km2)
 • Water126 sq mi (330 km2)  21%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total23,431
 • Density50/sq mi (20/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district1st

Antrim County is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2020 Census, the population was 23,431.[2] The county seat is Bellaire.[3] The name is taken from County Antrim in Northern Ireland.

YMCA Camp Hayo-Went-Ha, the oldest American summer camp that sits on its original site, occupies about one square mile on the shore of Torch Lake in Central Lake Township. Boys first attended Hayo-Went-Ha (variant of Hiawatha) in 1904.

History[edit]

A detail from A New Map of Michigan with its Canals, Roads & Distances (1842) by Henry Schenck Tanner, showing Antrim County during the period when it was named Meegisee County, its name from 1840 to 1843.[4] The name is misspelled as "Negissee" on the map. Several nearby counties are also shown with names that would later be changed.

The county was formed in 1840 as Meegisee County.[4] Meegisee (meaning "eagle"), was the name of a Chippewa chief who signed the 1821 Treaty of Chicago and the 1826 Treaty of Mississinewas.

It was renamed Antrim County in 1843,[4] one of the Irish names given to five renamed Michigan counties at that time, supposedly in deference to the increasing number of settlers of Irish heritage in Michigan at that time. In the text of the 1843 legislative act, the name was misspelled as "Antim".[1]

Separate county government was organized in 1863.[1][5] The county seat was originally located in Elk Rapids, but was moved to Bellaire in 1904 after 25 years of litigation.[6] In 1950 its population was 10,721.[7]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 602 square miles (1,560 km2), of which 476 square miles (1,230 km2) is land and 126 square miles (330 km2) (21%) is water.[8]

The county is considered to be part of Northern Michigan. Glaciers shaped the area, creating a unique regional ecosystem. A large portion of the area is Grayling outwash plain, which consists of broad outwash plain including sandy ice-disintegration ridges; jack pine barrens, some white pine-red pine forest, and northern hardwood forest. Large lakes were created by glacial action.[9]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

  • Antrim County Airport - county-owned public-use airport, northeast of Bellaire, for general aviation. One paved runway. No airline service.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860179
18701,9851,008.9%
18805,237163.8%
189010,41398.8%
190016,56859.1%
191015,692−5.3%
192011,543−26.4%
19309,979−13.5%
194010,9649.9%
195010,721−2.2%
196010,373−3.2%
197012,61221.6%
198016,19428.4%
199018,18512.3%
200023,11027.1%
201023,5802.0%
202023,431−0.6%
US Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2018[2]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 23,580 people, 9,890 households, and 6,925 families in the county. The population density was 49 people per square mile (19/km2). There were 17,824 housing units at an average density of 37 per square mile (45/km2). 96.8% of the population were White, 1.0% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% Black or African American, 0.4% of some other race and 1.4% of two or more races. 1.7% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 20.2% were of German, 13.4% English, 8.9% Irish, 6.9% French, French Canadian or Cajun, 6.9% Polish and 6.4% American ancestry.

There were 9,222 households, out of which 26% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.78.

The county population contained 21.10% under the age of 18, 6.30% from 19 to 24, 3.9% from 25 to 44, 31.1% from 45 to 64, and 22.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 99.80 males.

Government[edit]

Antrim County has been reliably Republican since its organization. Since 1884 its voters have selected the Republican Party nominee in 94% (33 of 35) of the national elections through 2020.

United States presidential election results for Antrim County, Michigan[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 9,748 61.03% 5,960 37.32% 264 1.65%
2016 8,469 61.97% 4,448 32.55% 750 5.49%
2012 7,917 60.00% 5,107 38.70% 171 1.30%
2008 7,506 54.19% 6,079 43.89% 267 1.93%
2004 8,379 61.52% 5,072 37.24% 168 1.23%
2000 6,780 58.92% 4,329 37.62% 398 3.46%
1996 4,630 45.85% 4,226 41.85% 1,242 12.30%
1992 3,984 39.88% 3,431 34.34% 2,576 25.78%
1988 5,231 61.95% 3,159 37.41% 54 0.64%
1984 5,726 69.18% 2,507 30.29% 44 0.53%
1980 4,706 56.26% 2,909 34.78% 749 8.96%
1976 4,369 58.11% 3,032 40.33% 117 1.56%
1972 4,068 64.77% 2,000 31.84% 213 3.39%
1968 3,002 59.23% 1,690 33.35% 376 7.42%
1964 2,172 44.66% 2,684 55.19% 7 0.14%
1960 3,398 67.26% 1,647 32.60% 7 0.14%
1956 3,623 72.34% 1,376 27.48% 9 0.18%
1952 3,533 76.50% 1,046 22.65% 39 0.84%
1948 2,588 67.24% 1,129 29.33% 132 3.43%
1944 2,626 67.66% 1,206 31.07% 49 1.26%
1940 3,027 66.48% 1,497 32.88% 29 0.64%
1936 2,391 51.89% 2,032 44.10% 185 4.01%
1932 2,308 55.51% 1,686 40.55% 164 3.94%
1928 2,756 84.46% 484 14.83% 23 0.70%
1924 2,246 76.79% 371 12.68% 308 10.53%
1920 2,260 77.53% 518 17.77% 137 4.70%
1916 1,336 53.91% 932 37.61% 210 8.47%
1912 603 24.22% 450 18.07% 1,437 57.71%
1908 2,020 73.21% 574 20.80% 165 5.98%
1904 2,608 82.90% 436 13.86% 102 3.24%
1900 2,575 74.90% 729 21.20% 134 3.90%
1896 1,886 58.05% 1,228 37.80% 135 4.16%
1892 1,140 52.17% 814 37.25% 231 10.57%
1888 1,305 56.74% 881 38.30% 114 4.96%
1884 1,066 58.44% 721 39.53% 37 2.03%


Antrim County operates the County jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, records deeds, mortgages, and vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget and has limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions – police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance etc. – are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Elected officials[edit]

(information as of September 2018)[15]

Communities[edit]

U.S. Census data map showing local municipal boundaries within Antrim County. The small red sections denote territory of the Grand Traverse Indian Reservation.

Villages[edit]

Civil townships[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Indian reservations[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

  • Antrim City – former lumber company town on Lake Michigan
  • Chestonia – in Jordan Township; former site of railroad depot and post office

Education[edit]

School districts include:[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Bibliography on Antrim County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 19, 2013.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ a b c Newberry Library. "Michigan: Individual County Chronologies". Atlas of County Historical Boundaries. Retrieved November 4, 2016.
  5. ^ "History of Antrim County". Antrim County. Archived from the original on July 23, 2014. Retrieved September 28, 2014.
  6. ^ Historic marker in front of Bellaire courthouse
  7. ^ Columbia Lippincott Gazetter, 1952, p. 80
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  9. ^ "NPWRC: Regional Landscape". usgs.gov.
  10. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  14. ^ US Election Atlas
  15. ^ Antrim County website - Directory
  16. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Antrim County, MI" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 22, 2022. - Text list

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°01′N 85°11′W / 45.01°N 85.18°W / 45.01; -85.18