Mongolian Air Force

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Mongolian Air Force
Монгол Улсын Агаарын Довтолгооноос Хамгаалах Цэргийн Хүчин
Active 1992 – present
Country  Mongolia
Branch Mongolian Armed Forces
Type Air Force
Role Reconnaissance, close air support
Size 800 personnel[1]
Engagements Battles of Khalkhin Gol
Soviet–Japanese border conflicts
Soviet invasion of Manchuria
Battle of Baitag Bogd
Insignia
Roundel Soyombo yellow.svg

Mongolian Air Force is the aerial warfare service branch of the Mongolian Armed Forces.

History[edit]

Roundel used in 1949-1992

On May 25, 1925 a Junkers F.13 entered service as the first aircraft in Mongolian civil and military aviation.[2] By 1935 Soviet aircraft were based in the country. In May 1937 the air force was renamed the Mongolian People's Republic Air Corps. During 1939–1945 the Soviets delivered Polikarpov I-15s, Polikarpov I-16s, Yak-9s and Ilyushin Il-2s. By 1966 the first SA-2 SAM units entered service, and the air force was renamed the Air Force of the Mongolian People's Republic. The MiG-15UTI and MiG-17 the first combat jet aircraft in the Mongolian inventory, entered service in 1970 and by the mid-1970s was joined by MiG-21s, Mi-8s and Ka-26s.

Zhugderdemidiyn Gurragcha, the first Mongolian to fly into space, was born on 5 December 1947, in the Gurvan-Bulak settlement of Bulgan Province, into the family of a cattle-breeder. He graduated from a military school of aircraft technicians in the Soviet Union. In 1972 he was enrolled at the Zhukovsky Air Force Academy. After graduating from the Academy, he worked as an aircraft equipment engineer in an air squadron of the Mongolian People's Army. In 1978, Jugderdemidiyn Gurragchaa started training at Gagarin cosmonauts' training center and completed a course of training under the Intercosmos program. His flight with Vladimir Dzhanibekov on Soyuz 39 as a Research Cosmonaut, launched 22 March 1981, lasted 7 days, 20 hours, 42 minutes, 3 seconds. He was later Deputy Chief of central board of defense, Chief of a scientific institute in Ulan Bator; and eventually Mongolian Sectretary of Defence.

The Civil Air Transport Administration, responsible for Mongolian Airlines (MIAT), was thought to be affiliated with the air force. All airline pilots had military ranks, and they flew Soviet-built transport aircraft on crop dusting, forest and steppe fire patrol, and air ambulance missions. They also provided mail and passenger service on 38,400 kilometers of domestic routes as well as on international routes to Irkutsk and Beijing, the latter inaugurated in 1986.

After the end of the Cold War and the advent of the Democratic Revolution, the air force was effectively grounded due to a lack of fuel and spare parts. However, the government has been trying to revive the air force since 2001. The current Armed Forces maintains an Air Forces Defense Command (Агаарын довтолгооноос хамгаалах цэргийн командлал), under the command of the General Staff. The country has the goal of developing a full air force in the future.[3]

Due to a complete lack of resources, as of 2006 Mongolia did not anticipate being able to reform its flying Air Force in the foreseeable future. However, as air defense is part of the Air Force, the US was pursuing specific training line items in this field as well as air-related fields that may support peacekeeping deployments and operations (For example, slots to the US Army ADA officer basic course, tarmac security, and cargo loadplanning).

Overview[edit]

Mongolia uses S-75 Dvina missiles like these which are on display at the Military History museum in Sofia Bulgaria

Russia's 2008 decision to provide to Mongolia around $120 million worth of conventional weapons and other military equipment, including MI-24 attack helicopters and possibly two MiG-29 fighter jets, has drawn renewed attention to the bilateral relationship. Although the terms of the deal were not initially clear, it would be a combination of grant aid and low-interest loans.[4]

In 2011, the Ministry of Defense announced that they would buy MiG-29s from Russia by the end of the year.[5]

In 2007 – 2011 all of MiG-21s are "Reduced".[6][7][8]

In October 2012 the Ministry of Defense "Returned" Airbus A310-300 to MIAT Mongolian Airlines.[9]

In 2013 Mongolian Air Force is looking at buying three C-130J transport airplanes, manufactured by Lockheed Martin.[10]

In 2014 Mongolian Air Force is looking at buying Yak-130 advanced trainers from Russia[11]

Markings[edit]

The Mongolian Air Force's marking is yellow bordered red 5 point star bearing a yellow soyombo. The top of the soyombo in the Air Force marking is not a flame, but a yellow 5-pointed star and two eyes and center line are not yellow but black.[4]

Air Defense Forces[edit]

Mongolian soldier, with an SA-18 MANPADS at the Pacific Alaskan Range Complex on July 16th during Red Flag-Alaska 07-3.

Soviet strategic defense was the responsibility of the PVO Strany (Anti-air Defense of the Country). In addition to the forces directly assigned to it, during the Cold War the Soviet PVO Strany could call on the services of the air defense elements of the Soviet general purpose forces. Moreover, each of the Eastern European countries of the Warsaw Pact had a separate national system equipped almost exclusively with Soviet materiel and organized in much the same manner as an Air Defense District [ADD]. For all practical purposes these systems constituted an extension of the Soviet system. During the mid-1960s the USSR assisted the People’s Republic of Mongolia in setting up an air defense system, which also was closely coordinated with the PVO.

Today, in time of peace and war, the air defense forces are to safeguard the inviolability of air the frontiers of the country and to defend its economic and administrative centers and other vitally important regions from enemy attack.

Aircraft[edit]

Current inventory[edit]

Type Origin Class Role Introduced In service Total Notes
Sukhoi Su-27 Russia Jet Fighter 4 [12] [13]
Antonov An-26 Soviet Union Propeller Transport 3 [14]
Mil Mi-24 Soviet Union Helicopter Attack 10 Mi-24D/P.[15][16]
Mil Mi-8 Soviet Union Helicopter Transport 4 5 Mi-8T/MT[17][15][14][18]
Mil Mi-171 Russia Helicopter Transport 2 Mi-171E[19][20]

Air Defense[edit]

Type Origin Role In service Notes
SAM
S-75 Dvina[15] Soviet Union SAM System
Pechora-2M Russia SAM System 2 launchers[15]
9K31 Strela-1[21] Soviet Union mobile SAM System
9K32 Strela-2 Soviet Union MANPADS 250[20] Between 1971-1983 received 1250[15]
Air Defence Artillery
ZSU-23-4[22][23] Soviet Union mobile anti-aircraft
ZPU-4/23-2/S-60 Soviet Union anti-aircraft 150[20]
61-K[24] Soviet Union air-defense

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Military Balance 2013
  2. ^ Scramble.nl (2001). "Mongolian Air Force". Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  3. ^ "Б.БАЯРМАГНАЙ: ЗЭВСЭГТ ХҮЧНИЙГ ГЭРЭЛТЭЙ, ГЭГЭЭТЭЙ ИРЭЭДҮЙ ХҮЛЭЭЖ БАЙНА". 2011-11-07. Retrieved 2012-03-13. 
  4. ^ a b Mongolia Air Force. globalsecurity.org. Retrieved on 2013-10-12.
  5. ^ news.mn (2011-07-15). "Монголын нисэх хүчин МиГ-29 сөнөөгчөөр зэвсэглэнэ". Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  6. ^ http://articles.washingtonpost.com/2013-04-12/world/38474183_1_ulan-bator-mongolian-officials-mongolia-s
  7. ^ http://www.mongolnews.mn/i/21470
  8. ^ shuud.mn : Монголын цэргийнхэн Хойд Солонгосыг “зэвсэглэсэн үү”. shuud.mn. Retrieved on 2013-04-16.
  9. ^ mod.gov - АЭРОБУС ОНГОЦЫГ БУЦААЖ ӨГНӨ. mod.gov.mn. Retrieved on 2013-4-08.
  10. ^ eurasianet - Mongolia Planning To Buy U.S. Military Airplanes. eurasianet.org. Retrieved on 2013-4-08.
  11. ^ http://english.news.mn/content/179199.shtml
  12. ^ http://asiarussia.ru/news/12661/
  13. ^ http://asiarussia.ru/news/12645/
  14. ^ a b "World Air Forces 2015 pg. 23". Flightglobal Insight. 2015. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  15. ^ a b c d e Trade Registers. Armstrade.sipri.org. Retrieved on 2012-12-18.
  16. ^ "World Air Forces 2013". flightglobal insight. Retrieved 16 February 2015. 
  17. ^ http://www.eurasianet.org/node/66752
  18. ^ 1 crashed during night training, see http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2015-12/24/c_134947603.htm
  19. ^ http://www.eurasianet.org/node/66752
  20. ^ a b c The Military Balance 2012. — P. 267.
  21. ^ http://www.armyrecognition.com/russia_russian_missile_system_vehicle_uk/sa-9_gaskin_9k31_strela-1_ground_to_air_missile_system_technical_data_sheet_specifications.html
  22. ^ ZSU-23-4 (Shilka) - Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun - History, Specs and Pictures - Military Tanks, Vehicles and Artillery
  23. ^ МОНГОЛ УЛСЫН ТӨЛӨӨ ЗҮТГЭЕ! : МУ-ын Зэвсэгт хүчин (хувийн зургууд)
  24. ^ МОНГОЛ УЛСЫН ТӨЛӨӨ ЗҮТГЭЕ! : МУ-ын Зэвсэгт хүчин (хувийн зургууд)