Corona, Queens

Coordinates: 40°44′06″N 73°51′54″W / 40.735°N 73.865°W / 40.735; -73.865
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The intersection of Corona Avenue, 108th Street, and 52nd Avenue
The intersection of Corona Avenue, 108th Street, and 52nd Avenue
Location within New York City
Coordinates: 40°44′06″N 73°51′54″W / 40.735°N 73.865°W / 40.735; -73.865
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CityNew York City
Community DistrictQueens 3,[1] Queens 4[2]
Named forCrown Building Company
 • Total109,695
 Includes North Corona and South Corona
 • Hispanic73.6%
 • Asian10.0%
 • Black9.5%
 • White5.3%
 • Other/Multiracial1.6%
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Code
Area codes718, 347, 929, and 917

Corona is a neighborhood in the borough of Queens in New York City. It borders Flushing and Flushing Meadows–Corona Park to the east, Jackson Heights to the west, Forest Hills and Rego Park to the south, Elmhurst to the southwest, and East Elmhurst to the north. Corona's main thoroughfares include Corona Avenue, Roosevelt Avenue, Northern Boulevard, Junction Boulevard, and 108th Street.

Corona has a multicultural population with a Latino majority, and is the site of historic African-American and Italian-American communities. After World War II, the majority of the neighborhood's residents were mostly Italian, German, Irish and of other European ancestries. Corona also has a significant Chinese population.[5]

Corona is mostly part of Queens Community District 4.[2] The section north of Roosevelt Avenue, known as North Corona, is the northern section of Corona and is in Community District 3.[1] Corona is patrolled by the 110th and 115th Precincts of the New York City Police Department.[6]


The area was originally known as West Flushing, but various theories have arisen for its etymology. One theory is that it was renamed by music producer Benjamin W. Hitchcock, a developer who renamed the area in 1872 and sold off land for residential development.[7] Another theory is that real estate developer Thomas Waite Howard, who became the first postmaster in 1872,[8] petitioned to have the post office name changed to Corona in 1870, suggesting that it was the "crown of Queens County."[9] A third theory is that the name Corona derives from the crown used as an emblem by the Crown Building Company, which is said to have developed the area. The Italian immigrants who moved into the new housing stock referred to the neighborhood by the Italian or Spanish word for "crown", or corona.

Corona was a late-19th-century residential development in the northeastern corner of the old Town of Newtown. Real estate speculators from New York started the community in 1854, the same year that the New York and Flushing Railroad began service to the area largely to serve a newly opened race course. It was at the Fashion Race Course in 1858 that the first games of baseball to charge admission took place.[7] The games, which took place between the All Stars of Brooklyn and the All Stars of New York, are commonly believed to be the first all-star baseball games and in essence the birthplace of professional baseball. A trophy baseball from this tournament sold in 2005 for nearly $500,000.[10][11]

During the second half of the 1940s through the 1960s, many legendary African-American musicians, civil rights leaders and athletes moved to the neighborhood.[7] In the last half of the 20th century, Corona saw dramatic ethnic successions. In the 1950s, what was predominantly an Italian-American and African-American neighborhood began to give way to an influx of Dominicans. In the late 1990s, Corona saw a new wave of immigrants from Latin America. The area north of Roosevelt Avenue contained the heart of the historic African-American community. The intersection of 108th Street and Corona Avenue is the historic center of the Italian-American community, sometimes referred to as Corona Heights. The majority Hispanic community now consists of Dominicans, Colombians, Ecuadorians, Salvadorans, Guatemalans, Bolivians, Peruvians, Mexicans, Venezuelans, and Chileans. There are also Asian Americans (Chinese, Indians, Koreans, Filipinos, and Japanese) as well as Italian Americans and African Americans.[citation needed]


Brazilian Adventist Church

Dorie Miller Residential Cooperative, built in 1952, comprises six buildings, containing 300 apartments, with 1,300 rooms in total. The cooperative is named after Doris "Dorie" Miller, a U.S. Naval hero at Pearl Harbor and the first African-American recipient of the Navy Cross.[12] Among its original residents were jazz greats Nat Adderley & Jimmy Heath; Kenneth and Corien Drew, publishers of Queens' first African-American newspaper, The Corona East Elmhurst News, Thelma E. Harris founder of Aburi Press and prominent Queens Judge Henry A. Slaughter. Corona was also the childhood home of Marie Maynard Daly, the first African-American woman to earn a Ph.D. in chemistry.

The Louis Armstrong House attracts visitors to the neighborhood and preserves the legacy of musician Louis Armstrong, one of Corona's most prominent historical residents.[7] It was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1976.[13]

Lemon Ice King in Corona

The Lemon Ice King of Corona, an ices shop, is located at 52nd Avenue, Corona Avenue, and 108th Street. Founded in 1944 by Peter Benfaremo, it is a neighborhood point of interest.[14][15][16] The shop attracts international tourists due to having been featured in the opening credits of the TV show The King of Queens.[15]

Corona used to have three kettle ponds. One of them, Linden Pond, was located a block south of 103rd Street–Corona Plaza station and was the centerpiece of Park of the Americas, located near the original center of Corona.[17]: 142  The pond had become a public health hazard by the early 20th century,[18] and was renovated in 1912;[19] it was removed altogether when the park was renovated in 1947.[17]: 142 [20] The second was Shady Lake, located at what is now the intersection of 53rd Avenue, Corona Avenue, and 108th Street. The pond, originally used to harvest ice, was drained in the 20th century;[17]: 143  the Lemon Ice King of Corona and William F. Moore Park are now located near the site.[21] A third, Backus Lake at 98th Street and 31st Avenue, was also considered a nuisance by the 1900s,[22][23] and was drained in 1917.[24]

Corona Plaza[edit]

Corona Plaza, located at Roosevelt Avenue and National Street, was previously an underutilized lot and truck route that was transformed over the course of several years into a pedestrian plaza for community programming and inclusive living. In the latter half of the 20th century, the area that is now Corona Plaza was a lot that connected the street to a row of mainly immigrant-owned businesses. The neighborhood of Corona had an overflow of immigrants who struggled to find employment which exacerbated illegal trading, much of which would occur through the use of trucks that could park in this unofficial lot. By the early 21st century, Corona Plaza was gradually given more attention and became a community space for the ethnically diverse population of Corona.[25]

In 2005, the nearby Queens Museum began applying for permits to temporarily close off the streets that allowed vehicle access to the plaza and hosted public events (typically art based) that the residents of the community could attend.[26] Seeing the lot's future potential, the Queens Museum partnered with the Queens Economic Development Corporation (QEDC) to develop plans to reuse the space.[25] The partners saw this as an opportunity for grassroots, art-led engagement that would unite residents. The two groups' individual intentions both contributed to the creation of the permanent plaza: the QEDC supports developing local businesses while the Queens Museum creates a stronger presence in the neighborhood for its arts programs,[25]

The space was first transformed in 2012 as a temporary plaza with chairs and tables that prohibited through traffic. It was later made permanent by the Department of Design and Construction, which filled in the lot with concrete, added built-in seating and a performance space, new pedestrian lighting, and plants to reinforce the liveliness. Later added was a drinking fountain, WalkNYC wayfinding signs, bike racks to serve commuters, an automatic pay toilet, and more furniture.[27] Maintenance and technical assistance (including daily cleaning) services for the plaza are funded by the New York City Department of Transportation (NYCDOT),[28] which has also partnered with the Queens Museum to bring programming to the newly transformed space. The plaza was fully implemented in early 2018 at a cost of around $5.6 million.[28] Corona Plaza is recognized by urban planning circles as a project that has created a new community space.


According to the 2010 census, the total population of Corona was about 110,000.[29] Corona is overwhelmingly Hispanic with all other demographics (Asian, non-Hispanic black, and non-Hispanic white) being definitively below the borough average.[30]

Corona is divided into two neighborhood tabulation areas, Corona (south of Roosevelt Avenue) and North Corona (north of Roosevelt Avenue), which collectively comprise the population of the greater neighborhood.[31]


Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of Corona south of Roosevelt Avenue was 57,658, a change of 5,576 (9.7%) from the 52,082 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 462.74 acres (187.26 ha), the neighborhood had a population density of 124.6 inhabitants per acre (79,700/sq mi; 30,800/km2).[4]

The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 8.4% (4,851) White, 13.6% (7,845) Black, 0.2% (130) Native American, 12.7% (7,346) Asian, 0% (9) Pacific Islander, 0.5% (280) from other races, and 1.3% (723) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 63.3% (36,474) of the population.[3]

The entirety of Community Board 4, which comprises Corona and Elmhurst, had 135,972 inhabitants as of NYC Health's 2018 Community Health Profile, with an average life expectancy of 85.4 years.[32]: 2, 20  This is higher than the median life expectancy of 81.2 for all New York City neighborhoods.[33]: 53 (PDF p. 84) [34] Most inhabitants are middle-aged adults and youth: 17% are between the ages of 0–17, 39% between 25 and 44, and 24% between 45 and 64. The ratio of college-aged and elderly residents was lower, at 8% and 12%, respectively.[32]: 2 

As of 2017, the median household income in Community Board 4 was $51,992.[35] In 2018, an estimated 27% of Corona and Elmhurst residents lived in poverty, compared to 19% in all of Queens and 20% in all of New York City. One in fourteen residents (7%) were unemployed, compared to 8% in Queens and 9% in New York City. Rent burden, or the percentage of residents who have difficulty paying their rent, is 62% in Corona and Elmhurst, higher than the boroughwide and citywide rates of 53% and 51%, respectively. Based on this calculation, as of 2018, Corona and Elmhurst are considered to be high-income relative to the rest of the city and not gentrifying.[32]: 7 

As according to the 2020 census data from New York City Department of City Planning, Corona had 51,500 Hispanic residents, there were between 10,000 and 19,999 Asian residents, and 5,000 to 9,000 Black residents, meanwhile the White residents were less than 5000.[36][37]

North Corona[edit]

Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of North Corona was 52,037, a change of 4,881 (9.4%) from the 47,156 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 413.24 acres (167.23 ha), the neighborhood had a population density of 125.9 inhabitants per acre (80,600/sq mi; 31,100/km2).[4]

The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 1.8% (929) White, 4.9% (2,566) African American, 0.1% (67) Native American, 6.9% (3,597) Asian, 0% (5) Pacific Islander, 0.7% (351) from other races, and 0.5% (259) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 85.1% (44,263) of the population.[3]

The 2020 census data from New York City Department of City Planning showed North Corona having between 30,000 and 39,999 Hispanic residents, meanwhile each the White, Black, and Asian residents were all each less than 5,000 residents.[38][37]

Police and crime[edit]

Corona is patrolled by the 110th and 115th Precincts of the New York City Police Department (NYPD), located at 94-41 43rd Avenue and 92-15 Northern Boulevard, respectively.[6] The 110th Precinct ranked 15th safest out of 69 patrol areas for per-capita crime in 2010.[39] As of 2018, with a non-fatal assault rate of 34 per 100,000 people, Corona's rate of violent crimes per capita is less than that of the city as a whole. The incarceration rate of 227 per 100,000 people is lower than that of the city as a whole.[32]: 8 

The 110th Precinct has a lower crime rate than in the 1990s, with crimes across all categories having decreased by 83.2% between 1990 and 2020. The precinct reported four murders, 29 rapes, 270 robberies, 359 felony assaults, 196 burglaries, 485 grand larcenies, and 138 grand larcenies auto in 2020.[40]

Fire safety[edit]

Engine Co. 289/Ladder Co. 138

Corona is served by two New York City Fire Department (FDNY) fire stations:[41]

  • Engine Co. 324/Satellite 4/Division 14 – 108-01 Horace Harding Expressway[42]
  • Engine Co. 289/Ladder Co. 138 – 97-28 43rd Avenue[43]


As of 2018, preterm births are less common in Corona and Elmhurst than in other places citywide, but births to teenage mothers are more common. In Corona and Elmhurst, there were 83 preterm births per 1,000 live births (compared to 87 per 1,000 citywide), and 25.8 births to teenage mothers per 1,000 live births (compared to 19.3 per 1,000 citywide).[32]: 11  Corona and Elmhurst have a high population of residents who are uninsured. In 2018, this population of uninsured residents was estimated to be 25%, which is higher than the citywide rate of 12%.[32]: 14 

The concentration of fine particulate matter, the deadliest type of air pollutant, in Corona and Elmhurst is 0.0077 milligrams per cubic metre (7.7×10−9 oz/cu ft), slightly higher than the city average.[32]: 9  Fifteen percent of Corona and Elmhurst residents are smokers, which is equal to the city average of 14% of residents being smokers.[32]: 13  In Corona and Elmhurst, 20% of residents are obese, 9% are diabetic, and 23% have high blood pressure—compared to the citywide averages of 20%, 14%, and 24%, respectively.[32]: 16  In addition, 24% of children are obese, compared to the citywide average of 20%.[32]: 12 

Eighty-eight percent of residents eat some fruits and vegetables every day, which is about the same as the city's average of 87%. In 2018, 68% of residents described their health as "good," "very good," or "excellent," lower than the city's average of 78%.[32]: 13  For every supermarket in Corona and Elmhurst, there are 16 bodegas.[32]: 10 

The Elmhurst Hospital Center is located in Elmhurst.[44]


In 2020, the neighborhoods of Corona, East Elmhurst, Elmhurst, and Jackson Heights were most affected by the COVID-19 pandemic in New York City.[45] As of August 10, these communities, with a cumulative 303,494 residents, had recorded 12,954 COVID-19 cases and 1,178 deaths.[46] COVID-19 cases in ZIP Codes 11368 and 11369 were the highest of any ZIP Code in New York City.[47]

Post office and ZIP Code[edit]

Corona is covered by ZIP Code 11368.[48] The United States Post Office operates two post offices in Corona: the Corona A Station at 103-28 Roosevelt Avenue[49] and the Elmhurst Station at 59-01 Junction Boulevard.[50]


Our Lady of Sorrows, 37th Avenue

There are many churches representing diverse denominations. Antioch Baptist Church at 103rd Street and Northern Boulevard is a prominent African American congregation dating to 1936 with a membership of 700.[51] Saint Leo Catholic Church, established in 1903 in what was once Sycamore Avenue and Elm Street, is a Roman Catholic church located at 104 Street and 49th Avenue in South Corona.[52] In North Corona there is Our Lady of Sorrows Roman Catholic Church at 104th Street and 37th Avenue was built in 1899 largely out of red brick with a nearby convent of the same period.[53] Today it conducts most of its masses in Spanish[54] and attracts large weekend crowds. On January 4, 2015, the church burned; it was rebuilt in 2017. The Congregation Tifereth Israel was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2002.[13]


Corona and Elmhurst generally have a lower ratio of college-educated residents than the rest of the city as of 2018. While 28% of residents age 25 and older have a college education or higher, 30% have less than a high school education and 42% are high school graduates or have some college education. By contrast, 39% of Queens residents and 43% of city residents have a college education or higher.[32]: 6  The percentage of Corona and Elmhurst students excelling in math rose from 36% in 2000 to 66% in 2011, and reading achievement rose from 42% to 49% during the same time period.[55]

Corona and Elmhurst's rate of elementary school student absenteeism is less than the rest of New York City. In Corona and Elmhurst, 11% of elementary school students missed twenty or more days per school year, lower than the citywide average of 20%.[33]: 24 (PDF p. 55) [32]: 6  Additionally, 81% of high school students in Corona and Elmhurst graduate on time, more than the citywide average of 75%.[32]: 6 


PS 92 Harry T Stewart Sr

The following public elementary schools are located in Corona and serves grades K–5 unless otherwise indicated:[56]

  • PS 14 Fairview[57]
  • PS 16 the Nancy Debenedittis School[58]
  • PS 19 Marino Jeantet[59]
  • PS 28 Thomas Emanuel Early Childhood Center (grades PK–2)[60]
  • PS 92 Harry T Stewart Sr (grades PK–5)[61]
  • PS 143 Louis Armstrong[62]
  • Pioneer Academy

The following public middle and high schools are located in Corona:[56]

  • IS 61 Leonardo da Vinci (grades 6–8)[63]
  • High School for Arts and Business (grades 9–12)
  • Corona Arts & Sciences Academy (grades 6–8)


The Queens Public Library contains three branches in Corona:

  • The Corona branch, located at 38-23 104th Street[64]
  • The Langston Hughes branch, located at 100-01 Northern Boulevard[65]
  • The LeFrak City branch, located at 98-30 57th Avenue[66]

Black Heritage Reference Center of Queens County[edit]

Corona also houses one of the most extensive collections of African-American art and literature in the Langston Hughes Community Library and Cultural Center, which serves Queens with reference and circulating collections, totaling approximately 30,000 volumes of materials written about or relating to black culture. The Black Heritage Reference Center of Queens County includes books, periodicals, theses and dissertations, VHS videos, cassettes and CDs, photographs, posters, prints, paintings, and sculpture. Cultural arts programs are scheduled through the center. Meeting space is available to community organizations by application. Special features of the Center include:[67]

  • The Schomburg Clippings File, an extensive microfiche collection of periodicals, magazine clippings, typescripts, broadsides, pamphlets, programs, book reviews, menus and ephemera of all kinds.
  • The UMI Thesis and Dissertation Collection consists of more than 1,000 volumes of doctoral and master dissertations concerning the African and African-American diasporas.
  • The Adele Cohen Music Collection contains most of America's foremost black publications on microfilm. The papers cover 15 states beginning in 1893, and are updated each year with current issues.
  • The Black Heritage Video Collection documents the history and culture of Africans and African-Americans on tape, and in all subject areas including literature, biography, social science, fine arts.


The New York City Subway's IRT Flushing Line (7 and <7>​ trains) runs through the neighborhood with stops at Mets–Willets Point, 111th Street, 103rd Street–Corona Plaza, and Junction Boulevard.[68] The Q23, Q38, Q48, Q58, Q66, Q72 and Q88 buses also serve the neighborhood.[69]

Notable residents[edit]

Notable current and former residents of Corona include:

In popular culture[edit]

See also[edit]


Other articles:


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