Crna Trava

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Crna Trava

Црна Трава
View on Crna Trava
View on Crna Trava
Location of the municipality of Crna Trava within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Crna Trava within Serbia
Coordinates: 42°48′36.53″N 22°17′56.43″E / 42.8101472°N 22.2990083°E / 42.8101472; 22.2990083Coordinates: 42°48′36.53″N 22°17′56.43″E / 42.8101472°N 22.2990083°E / 42.8101472; 22.2990083
Country Serbia
RegionSouthern and Eastern Serbia
DistrictJablanica
Settlements25
Government
 • MayorSlavoljub Blagojević (PSS)
Area
 • Village12.23 km2 (4.72 sq mi)
 • Municipality312 km2 (120 sq mi)
Elevation
964 m (3,163 ft)
Population
(2011 census)[2]
 • Town
452
 • Town density37/km2 (96/sq mi)
 • Municipality
1,661
 • Municipality density5.3/km2 (14/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
16215
Area code+381(0)16
Car platesLE
Websitewww.opstinacrnatrava.org.rs

Crna Trava (Serbian Cyrillic: Црна Трава, Serbian pronunciation: [t͡sr̩̂ːnaː trǎːʋa]) is a village and municipality located in the Jablanica District of southern Serbia. According to 2011 census, the population of the village is 434 inhabitants, while population of the municipality is 1,663. This is the smallest by population and poorest municipality in Serbia.[3]

Name[edit]

The name of the village in Serbian translates to Black Grass. The origin of the name dates back to 1389, when Battle of Kosovo took place. A Serbian reserve army unit, composed of Serbian archers and cavaliers, decided to take a rest on a grass field Vilin Lug ("Fairy Grove") while travelling to the battlefield. [4] Since the flowers and other herbs covering the field were highly poisonous, the soldiers became intoxicated, thereby they did not wake up on time for the battle. Realizing that fact, they cursed the grass that poisoned them, branding it "black" grass.

History[edit]

Illyrian tribes inhabited the area in the 5th century BC. Romans occupied the region in the 2nd century BC and exploited the ores in the vicinity, mining for gold, iron and clay. The region of Crna Trava especially developed during the reign of King Milutin in the 13th and 14th century. The original Church of Saint Nicholas was built in that period, so as the important Crna Trava Monastery. During the reign of Ottoman sultan Suleiman the Magnificent, the monastery was a metochion of Hagia Sophia and Crna Trava had certain benefits from that, as the region was considered a waqf so it wasn't directly ruled by the Turks as the others regions were. The monastery doesn't exist for a loing time and it is not known to whom it was dedicated. It is speculated that it was located near the Čuka hill, below the Crni Vrh peak.[4]

Settlements[edit]

Aside from the village of Crna Trava, the municipality contains the following villages:

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194813,614—    
195312,902−1.07%
196112,319−0.58%
19719,672−2.39%
19816,366−4.10%
19913,789−5.06%
20022,563−3.49%
20111,663−4.69%
Source: [5]

Crna Trava, along with the rest of Vlasina region, suffers from heavy depopulation, chiefly for economic reasons. The municipality had a population of 13,614 in 1948 and 1,339 in 2016.[6] The settlement had a population of 2,798 in 1921 and 434 in 2011.

Though achieving a municipal status already in 1876 and being famous for its construction workers, Crna Trava gained a notoriety of being the most depopulated part of Serbia for decades. It is estimated that in 2017 there are 30,000 people originating from Crna Trava who today live in the capital of Serbia, Belgrade.[4]

Ethnic groups[edit]

The ethnic composition of the municipality:

Ethnic group Population
Serbs 1,641
Bulgarians 5
Gorani 3
Russians 2
Others 12
Total 1,663

Tourism[edit]

Tourism is not developed, even though Crna Trava is only 10 km (6.2 mi) away from the Lake Vlasina. The average altitude of the surrounding area is 1,300 m (4,300 ft) and combined with the climate, produces a clean, fresh air and the growth of the still wild grown strawberries, raspberries and blueberries so as mushrooms and herbal plants.[4]

Church of Saint Nicholas[edit]

The Church of Saint Nicholas was originally built during the reign of King Milutin, c. 1300, but was destroyed later. The new church was built on its foundations in 1635. It had no service held from 1942 to 2012. On the day of Saint Procopius of Scythopolis, on 21 July, an annual regional festivity is held at the church.[4]

Crnotravka monument[edit]

Crna Trava is famous for its construction workers. For decades they travelled through Serbia and Yugoslavia, worked on the construction sites and the male variant of the demonym, Crnotravac, became a synonym for a good builder. Many companies bare that name, even though they are not located in Crna Trava. In order to mark the devotion of their wives, who stayed at home and took care of children and households, a monument was erected. Work of Sava Halugin, officially named Zahvalnost ("gratitude"), it is colloquially often referred to as Crnotravka, the female demonym. The monument is located at the confluence of the Čemerčica river into the Vlasina, in front of the "Vilin Lug" hotel, and was dedicated on 4 July 1983.[7]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-10-22. Retrieved 2010-10-18.
  4. ^ a b c d e Slavica Stuparušić (13 August 2017), "Duga kao vesnik obnove Manastirišta", Politika-Magazin No. 1037 (in Serbian), pp. 22–24
  5. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
  6. ^ Serbia - Administrative division: districts and municipalities
  7. ^ Danilo Kocić (7–8 April 2018). "Spomenik Crnotravki" [Monument to the woman of Crna Trava]. Politika (in Serbian). p. 14.

External links[edit]