List of dates predicted for apocalyptic events
This is a list of predicted dates for events made by notable individuals or groups that would result in the extinction of humanity, a massive or total collapse of civilization, the destruction of the planet or even the entire universe.
This list distinguishes between two kinds of predictions, each listed in its own section: those associated with religion and those done by scientists.
Most predictions are related to Abrahamic religions, with numerous predictions standing for or similar to the eschatological events described on their scriptures. Christian predictions typically refer to events like the Rapture, Great Tribulation, Last Judgment, and the Second Coming of Christ.
|66–70||Simon bar Giora, Jewish Essenes||The Jewish Essene sect of ascetics saw the Jewish revolt against the Romans in 66–70 in Judea as the final end-time battle which would bring about the arrival of the Messiah. By the authority of Simon, coins were minted declaring the redemption of Israel.|||
|365||Hilary of Poitiers||This early French bishop announced the end of the world would happen during this year.|||
|375–400||Martin of Tours||This French bishop stated that the world would end before 400 AD, writing, "There is no doubt that the Antichrist has already been born. Firmly established already in his early years, he will, after reaching maturity, achieve supreme power."|||
|500||Hippolytus of Rome, Sextus Julius Africanus, Irenaeus||All three predicted Jesus would return in this year with one of the predictions being based on the dimensions of Noah's ark.|||
|793 Apr 6||Beatus of Liébana||This Spanish monk prophesied the second coming of Christ and the end of the world on that day in front of a large crowd of people.|||
|800||Sextus Julius Africanus||This Christian historian revised the date of doomsday to the year 800.|||
|799–806||Gregory of Tours||This French bishop calculated the end would occur between the years 799 and 806.|||
|848||Thiota||Declared that the world would end during this year.|||
|992–995||Various Christians||Good Friday coincided with the Feast of the Annunciation; this had long been believed to be the event that would bring forth the Antichrist, and thus the end-times, within 3 years.|||
|1000 Jan 1||Pope Sylvester II||The Millennium Apocalypse at the end of the Christian Millennium. Various Christian clerics predicted the end of the world on this date, including Pope Sylvester II. Riots occurred in Europe and pilgrims headed east to Jerusalem.|||
|1033||Various Christians||Following the failure of the January 1, 1000 prediction, some theorists proposed that the end would occur 1000 years after Jesus' death, instead of his birth.|||
|1200–1260||Joachim of Fiore||This Italian mystic determined that the Millennium would begin between the years 1200 and 1260.|||
|1284||Pope Innocent III||Pope Innocent III (d. 1216) predicted that the world would end 666 years after the rise of Islam.|||
|Joachimites||After his 1260 prediction failed, the followers of Joachim of Fiore rescheduled the end of the world to 1290 and then again to 1335.|||
|1346–1351||Various Europeans||The black plague spreading across Europe was interpreted by many as the sign of the end of times.|||
|1370||Jean de Roquetaillade||The Antichrist was to come in 1366 and the Millennium would begin either in 1368 or 1370.|||
|1378||Arnaldus de Villa Nova||This Joachite wrote that the Antichrist was to come during this year.|||
|1504||Sandro Botticelli||Believed he was living during the Tribulation, and that the Millennium would begin in three and a half years from 1500. Wrote into his painting The Mystical Nativity that the Devil was loose and would soon be chained.|||
|1524 Feb 1||London astrologers||A group of astrologers in London predicted the world would end by a flood starting in London, based on calculations made the previous June. 20,000 Londoners left their homes and headed for higher ground in anticipation.|||
|1524 Feb 20||Johannes Stöffler||A planetary alignment in Pisces was seen by this astrologer as a sign of the Millennium.|||
|1524–1526||Thomas Müntzer||1525 would mark the beginning of the Millennium, according to this Anabaptist. His followers were killed by cannon fire in an uneven battle with government troops. He died under torture and was beheaded.|||
|1528 May 27||Hans Hut||This German Anabaptist predicted the end would occur on this date.|||
|1528||Johannes Stöffler||Revised date from Stöffler after his 1524 prediction failed to come true.|||
|1533 Oct 19||Michael Stifel||This mathematician calculated that Judgement Day would begin at 8:00am on this day.|||
|1533||Melchior Hoffman||This Anabaptist prophet predicted Christ's Second Coming to take place this year in Strasbourg. He claimed that 144,000 people would be saved, while the rest of the world would be consumed by fire.|||
|1534 Apr 5||Jan Matthys||Predicted that the Apocalypse would take place on this day and only the city of Münster would be spared.|||
|1555||Pierre d'Ailly||Around the year 1400, this French theologian wrote that 6845 years of human history had already passed, and the end of the world would be in the 7000th year.|||
|1585||Michael Servetus||In his book The Restoration of Christianity, the Spanish born reformer claimed that the Devil's reign in this world had started in 325 AD, at the Council of Nicea, and would last for 1260 years, thus ending in 1585.|||
|1588||Regiomontanus||Predicted the end of the world during this year.|||
|1600||Martin Luther||Predicted the end of the world would occur no later than 1600.|||
|1624 Feb 1||London astrologers||The same astrologers who predicted the deluge of February 1, 1524 recalculated the date to February 1, 1624 after their first prophecy failed.|||
|1648||Sabbatai Zevi||Using the kabbalah, this rabbi from Smyrna, Turkey, proclaimed that the Messiah would come during that year.|||
|1651||Unknown author from Lübeck, Germany||The apocalypse maps tell of an Antichrist, the rise of Islam and other events following Judgement Day that was predicted to occur in 1651.|||
|1654||Helisaeus Roeslin||This physician made a prediction that the world would end this year based on a nova that occurred in 1572.|||
|1656||Christopher Columbus||In his Book of Prophecies (1501), Columbus predicted that the world would end during this year.|||
|1655–1657||Fifth Monarchists||This group of radical Christians predicted that the final apocalyptic battle and the destruction of the Antichrist were to take place between 1655 and 1657.|||
|1658||Christopher Columbus||Columbus claimed that the world was created in 5343 BC, and would last 7000 years. Assuming no year zero, that means the end would come in 1658.|||
|1660||Joseph Mede||Mede claimed that the Antichrist had appeared in 456, and the end would come in 1660.|||
|1666||Sabbatai Zevi||Following his failed prediction of 1648, Zevi recalculated the end of the Earth for this year.|||
|Fifth Monarchists||The presence of 666 in the date, the death of 100,000 Londoners to bubonic plague, and the Great Fire of London led to superstitious fears of the end of the world from some Christians.|||
|1673||William Aspinwall||This Fifth Monarchist claimed the Millennium would begin by this year.|||
|1688||John Napier||This mathematician calculated the end of the world would be this year based on calculations from the Book of Revelation.|||
|1689||Pierre Jurieu||This prophet predicted that Judgement Day would occur this year.|||
|1694||John Mason||This Anglican priest predicted the Millennium would begin by this year.|||
|Johann Heinrich Alsted||Predicted the Millennium would begin by this year.|||
|Johann Jacob Zimmermann||Believed that Jesus would return and the world would end this year.|||
|1697||Cotton Mather||This Puritan minister predicted the world would end this year. After the prediction failed, he revised the date of the End two more times.|||
|1700||John Napier||After his 1688 prediction failed to come true, Napier revised his end of the world prediction to this year.|||
|Henry Archer||In his 1642 work, The Personall Reigne of Christ Upon Earth, Archer predicted the second coming of Jesus would occur in approximately this year.|||
|1705–1708||Camisards||Camisard prophets predicted the end of the world would occur in either 1705, 1706 or 1708.|||
|1716||Cotton Mather||Revised prediction from Mather after his 1697 prediction failed to come true.|||
|1719 Apr 5||Jacob Bernoulli||This mathematician predicted a comet would destroy the Earth on this day.|||
|1700–1734||Nicholas of Cusa||This Cardinal predicted the end would occur between 1700 and 1734.|||
|1736 Oct 16||William Whiston||Whiston predicted a comet colliding with the Earth this year.|||
|1736||Cotton Mather||Mather's third and final prediction for the end of the world.|||
|1757||Emanuel Swedenborg||Swedenborg claimed that the Last Judgement occurred in the spiritual world this year.|||
|1780 May 19||Connecticut General Assembly members, New Englanders||The sky turning dark during the day was interpreted as a sign of the end times. The primary cause of the event is believed to have been a combination of smoke from forest fires, a thick fog, and cloud cover.|||
|1789||Pierre d'Ailly||The year 1789 would bring the coming of the Antichrist, according to this 14th-century Cardinal.|||
|Shakers||Predicted the world would end in both the years 1792 and 1794.|||
|1795 Nov 19||Nathaniel Brassey Halhed||While campaigning for Richard Brothers' release, Halhead proclaimed that the world would end on this day.|||
|1793–1795||Richard Brothers||This retired sailor stated the Millennium would begin between the years 1793 and 1795. He was eventually committed to an insane asylum.|||
|1805||Christopher Love||This Presbyterian minister predicted the destruction of the world by earthquake in 1805, followed by an age of everlasting peace when God would be known by all.|||
|1806||Mary Bateman||In Leeds, England in 1806 a hen began laying eggs on which the phrase "Christ is coming" was written. Eventually it was discovered to be a hoax. The owner, Mary Bateman, had written on the eggs in a corrosive ink so as to etch the eggs, and reinserted the eggs back into the hen's oviduct.|||
|1814 Oct 19||Joanna Southcott||This 64-year-old self-described prophet claimed she was pregnant with the Christ child, and that he would be born on Oct 19, 1814. She died later that year having not delivered a child, and an autopsy proved she had not been pregnant.|||
|1836||Johann Albrecht Bengel||In the 1730s he proclaimed that, based on a careful study of the prophecies of the Bible, Judgment Day would come in 1836, with the Pope as the anti-Christ and the Freemasons representing the "false prophet" of Revelations.|||
|1836||John Wesley||Wesley, the founder of the Methodist Church, foresaw the Millennium beginning this year. He wrote that Revelation 12:14 referred to the years 1058–1836, "when Christ should come".|||
|1843 Apr 28
1843 Dec 31
|Millerites||Although it was not officially endorsed by their leadership, many Millerites expected the Second Coming to occur on April 28 or at the end of 1843.|||
|1843||Harriet Livermore||The first of two years this preacher predicted the world would end.|||
|1844 Mar 21||William Miller||Miller predicted Christ would return on this day.|||
|1844 Oct 22||Millerites||After Christ did not return on March 21, 1844, the Millerites then revised William Miller's prediction to October 22, 1844, claiming to have miscalculated Scripture. The realization that the predictions were incorrect resulted in the Great Disappointment.|||
|1847 Aug 7||George Rapp||Rapp, the founder of the Harmony Society, preached that Jesus would return in his lifetime, even as he lay dying on August 7, 1847.|||
|1847||Harriet Livermore||The second prediction of the end of the world from this preacher.|||
|1853–1856||Various||Many people[who?] thought the Crimean War was the Battle of Armageddon.|||
|1862||John Cumming||This Scottish clergyman stated it was 6000 years since Creation in 1862, and that the world would end.|||
|Joseph Morris||An English convert to Mormonism, Morris had revelations to gather his followers and wait for the Second Coming, through successive prophesied days.|||
|1863||John Wroe||The founder of the Christian Israelite Church calculated that the Millennium would begin this year.|||
|1873||Jonas Wendell||In 1870, Wendell published his views in the booklet entitled The Present Truth, or Meat in Due Season concluding that the Second Advent was sure to occur in 1873.|||
|1874||Charles Taze Russell||Predicted the return of Jesus to occur in 1874, and after this date reinterpreted the prediction to say that Jesus had indeed returned in invisible form.|||
|1875-1925||Wilford Woodruff||Apostle of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, "[...] the Lord has not revealed to man the day or the hour, but he has revealed the generation [...] It is my faith that hundreds and thousands of the children that have been given to us will be alive in the flesh when Christ comes in the clouds of heaven in power and great glory." Historical life expectancy for Americans in 1875 was 50 years.|||
|1881||Mother Shipton (attrib.)||This 15th-century prophet was quoted as saying "The world to an end shall come, In eighteen hundred and eighty one" in a book published in 1862. In 1873 it was revealed to be a forgery; however, this did not stop some people from expecting the end.|||
|1890||Wovoka||The founder of the Ghost Dance movement predicted in 1889 that the Millennium would occur in 1890.|||
|1901||Catholic Apostolic Church||This church, founded in 1831, claimed that Jesus would return by the time the last of its 12 founding members died. The last member died in 1901.|||
|1910||Camille Flammarion||Flammarion predicted that the 1910 appearance of Halley's Comet "would impregnate that atmosphere and possibly snuff out all life on the planet", but not the planet itself. "Comet pills" were sold to protect against toxic gases.|||
|1892–1911||Charles Piazzi Smyth||This pyramidologist concluded from his research on the dimensions of the Great Pyramid of Giza that the Second Coming would occur somewhere between the years 1892 and 1911.|||
|1914||Charles Taze Russell||"...the battle of the great day of God Almighty… The date of the close of that "battle" is definitely marked in Scripture as October 1914. It is already in progress, its beginning dating from October, 1874."|||
|1915||John Chilembwe||This Baptist educator and leader of a rebellion in the British protectorate of Nyasaland predicted the Millennium would begin this year.|||
|1918||International Bible Students Association||"Christendom shall be cut off and glorification of the Little Flock (The Church) in the Spring of 1918 A. D."|||
|1920||International Bible Students Association||In 1918, Christendom would go down as a system to oblivion and be succeeded by revolutionary governments. God would "destroy the churches wholesale and the church members by the millions." Church members would "perish by the sword of war, revolution and anarchy." The dead would lie unburied. In 1920 all earthly governments would disappear, with worldwide anarchy prevailing.|||
|1925 Feb 13||Margaret Rowen||According to this Seventh-Day Adventist, the angel Gabriel appeared before her in a vision and told her that the world would end at midnight on this date.|||
|1926||Spencer Perceval||Son of the former Prime Minister of Britain and one of the 12 Apostles of the Catholic Apostolic Church. He believed that the world was growing nearer and nearer to the Apocalypse due to what he viewed as the rampant immorality of the times in Europe.|||
|1935 Sep||Wilbur Glenn Voliva||This evangelist announced that "the world is going to go 'puff' and disappear" in September 1935.|||
|1936||Herbert W. Armstrong||The founder of the Worldwide Church of God told members of his church that the Rapture was to take place in 1936, and that only they would be saved. After the prophecy failed, he changed the date three more times.|||
|1941||Jehovah's Witnesses||A prediction of the end from the Jehovah's Witnesses, a group which branched from the Bible Student movement.|||
|1943||Herbert W. Armstrong||The first of three revised dates from Armstrong after his 1936 prediction failed to come true.|||
|1947||John Ballou Newbrough||The author of Oahspe: A New Bible foresaw the destruction of all nations and the beginning of post-apocalyptic anarchy in this year.|||
|1954 Dec 21||Dorothy Martin||The world was to be destroyed by terrible flooding on this date, claimed this leader of a UFO cult called Brotherhood of the Seven Rays. The fallout of the group after the prediction failed was the basis for the 1956 book When Prophecy Fails.|||
|1959 Apr 22||Florence Houteff||The 2nd Prophet of the Branch Davidians predicted the apocalypse foretold in the Book of Revelation would proceed on this date. The failure of the prophecy led to the split of the sect into several subsects, the most prominent led by Benjamin and Lois Roden.|||
|1962 Feb 4||Jeane Dixon, various Indian astrologers||Dixon predicted a planetary alignment on this day was to bring destruction to the world. Mass prayer meetings were held in India.|||
|1967 Aug 20||George Van Tassel||This day would mark the beginning of the third woe of the Apocalypse, during which the southeastern US would be destroyed by a Soviet nuclear attack, according to this UFO prophet, who claimed to have channeled an alien named Ashtar.|||
|1967||Jim Jones||The founder of the People's Temple stated he had visions that a nuclear holocaust was to take place in 1967.|||
|1969 Aug 9||George Williams||The founder of the Church of the Firstborn predicted the Second Coming of Christ would occur on this day.|||
|1969||Charles Manson||Manson predicted that an apocalyptic race war would occur in 1969.|||
|1972||Herbert W. Armstrong||The second of three revised dates from Armstrong after his 1936 and 1943 predictions failed to come true.|||
|1974 Jan||David Berg||Berg, the leader of Children of God, predicted that there would be a colossal doomsday event heralded by Comet Kohoutek.|||
|1975||Herbert W. Armstrong||Armstrong's fourth and final prediction.|||
|Jehovah's Witnesses||From 1966 on, Jehovah's Witnesses published articles which stated that the fall of 1975 would be 6000 years since man's creation, and suggested that Armageddon could be finished by then.|||
|1976||Brahma Kumaris||The Brahma Kumaris founder, Lekhraj Kirpalani, has made a number of predictions of a global Armageddon which the religion believes it will inspire, internally calling it "Destruction". During Destruction, Brahma Kumari leaders teach the world will be purified, all of the rest of humanity killed by nuclear or civil wars and natural disasters which will include the sinking of all other continents except India.|||
|1977||John Wroe||The founder of the Christian Israelite Church predicted this year for Armageddon to occur.|||
|William M. Branham||This Christian minister predicted the Rapture would occur no later than the year 1977.|||
|1980||Leland Jensen||In 1978 Jensen predicted that there would be a nuclear disaster in 1980, followed by two decades of conflict, culminating in God's Kingdom being established on Earth.|||
|1981||Chuck Smith||The founder of Calvary Chapel predicted the generation of 1948 would be the last generation, and that the world would end by 1981. Smith identified that he "could be wrong" but continued to say in the same sentence that his prediction was "a deep conviction in my heart, and all my plans are predicated upon that belief."|||
|1982 Apr–Jun||Tara Centers||Full-page ads in many newspapers April 24–25, 1982, stated that "The Christ is Now Here!" and that he would make himself known "within the next two months".|||
|1982 Mar 10||John Gribbin, Stephen Plagemann||Predicted in their 1974 book The Jupiter Effect that combined gravitational forces of aligned planets would create a number of catastrophes, including a great earthquake on the San Andreas Fault.|||
|1982 Jun 21||Benjamin Creme||Creme took out an ad in the Los Angeles Times stating that the Second Coming would occur in June 1982 with the Maitreya announcing it on worldwide television.|||
|1982||Pat Robertson||In late 1976 on his 700 Club TV programme, Robertson predicted that the end of the world would come in this year.|||
|1985||Lester Sumrall||This minister predicted the end in this year, even writing a book about it entitled I Predict 1985.|||
|1986 Apr 29||Leland Jensen||Jensen predicted that Halley's Comet would be pulled into Earth's orbit on April 29, 1986, causing widespread destruction.|||
|1987 Aug 17||José Argüelles||Argüelles claimed that Armageddon would take place unless 144,000 people gathered in certain places across the world in order to "resonate in harmony" on this day.|||
|1988 Sep 11–13, Oct 3||Edgar C. Whisenant||Whisenant predicted in his book 88 Reasons Why the Rapture Could Be in 1988 that the Rapture of the Christian Church would occur between September 11–13, 1988. After his September predictions failed to come true, Whisenant revised his prediction date to October 3.|||
|1989 Sep 30||Edgar C. Whisenant||After all his 1988 predictions failed to come true, Whisenant revised his prediction date to this day.|||
|1990 Apr 23||Elizabeth Clare Prophet||Prophet predicted a nuclear war would start on this day, with the world ending 12 years later, leading her followers to stockpile a shelter with supplies and weapons. Later, after Prophet's prediction did not come to pass, she was diagnosed with epilepsy and Alzheimer's disease.|||
|1991 Sep 9||Menachem Mendel Schneerson||This Russian-born rabbi called for the Messiah to come by the start of the Jewish New Year.|||
|1991||Louis Farrakhan||The leader of the Nation of Islam declared that the Gulf War would be the "War of Armageddon which is the final war."|||
|1992 Sep 28||Rollen Stewart||This born-again Christian predicted the Rapture would take place on this day.|||
|1992 Oct 28||Lee Jang Rim
(이장림 or 李長林)
|Lee, the leader of the Dami Mission church, predicted the rapture would occur on this day.|||
|1993||David Berg||Berg predicted the tribulation would start in 1989 and that the Second Coming would take place in 1993.|||
|1994 May 2||Neal Chase||This Bahá'í sect leader predicted that New York would be destroyed by a nuclear bomb on March 23, 1994, and the Battle of Armageddon would take place 40 days later.|||
|1994 Sep 6/29, Oct 2||Harold Camping||Camping predicted the Rapture would occur on September 6, 1994. When it failed to occur he revised the date to September 29 and then to October 2.|||
|1995 Mar 31||Harold Camping||Camping's fourth predicted date for the end. This would be Camping's last prediction until 2011.|||
|1996 Dec 17||Sheldan Nidle||Californian psychic Sheldan Nidle predicted that the world would end on this date, with the arrival of 16 million space ships and a host of angels.|||
|1997 Mar 26||Marshall Applewhite||Applewhite, leader of the Heaven's Gate cult, claimed that a spacecraft was trailing the Comet Hale-Bopp and argued that suicide was "the only way to evacuate this Earth" so that the cult members' souls could board the supposed craft and be taken to another "level of existence above human". Applewhite and 38 of his followers committed mass suicide.|||
|1997 Aug 10||Aggai||The 1st-century bishop of Edessa predicted this date to be the birth date of the Antichrist and the end of the universe.|||
|1997 Oct 23||James Ussher||This 17th-century Irish archbishop predicted this date to be 6000 years since Creation, and therefore the end of the world.|||
|1998 Mar 31||Chen Tao
|Hon-Ming Chen, leader of the Taiwanese cult God's Salvation Church, or Chen Tao – "The True Way" – claimed that God would come to Earth in a flying saucer at 10:00 am on this date. Moreover, God would have the same physical appearance as Chen himself. Chen chose to base his cult in Garland, Texas, because he thought it sounded like "God's Land." On March 25, God was to appear on Channel 18 on every TV set in the US.|||
|1999 Jul||Nostradamus||A quatrain by Nostradamus which stated the "King of Terror" would come from the sky in "1999 and seven months" was frequently interpreted as a prediction of doomsday in July 1999.|||
|1999 Aug 18||The Amazing Criswell||The predicted date of the end of the world, according to this psychic well known for predictions.|||
|1999 Sep 11||Philip Berg||Berg, dean of the worldwide Kabbalah Centre, stated that on this date "a ball of fire will descend, destroying almost all of mankind, all vegetation, all forms of life."|||
|1999||Charles Berlitz||This linguist predicted the end would occur in this year. He did not predict how it would occur, stating that it might involve nuclear devastation, asteroid impact, pole shift or other Earth changes.|||
|Hon-Ming Chen||The leader of the cult Chen Tao preached that a nuclear holocaust would destroy Europe and Asia in 1999.|||
|James Gordon Lindsay||This preacher predicted the great tribulation would begin before the year 2000.|||
|Timothy Dwight IV||This President of Yale University foresaw Christ's Millennium starting by 2000.|||
|Nazim Al-Haqqani||Predicted that the Last Judgment would occur before the year 2000.|||
|2000 Jan 1||Various||During and before 1999 there was widespread predictions of a Y2K computer bug that would crash many computers on midnight of December 31, 1999 and cause malfunctions leading to major catastrophes worldwide, and that society would cease to function.|||
|Credonia Mwerinde, Joseph Kibweteere||An estimated 778 followers of this Ugandan religious movement perished in a devastating fire and a series of poisonings and killings that were either a group suicide or an orchestrated mass murder by group leaders after their predictions of the apocalypse failed to come about.|||
|Jerry Falwell||Falwell foresaw God pouring out his judgement on the world on this day.|||
|Tim LaHaye, Jerry B. Jenkins||These Christian authors stated that the Y2K bug would trigger global economic chaos, which the Antichrist would use to rise to power. As the date approached, however, they changed their minds.|||
|2000 Apr 6||James Harmston||The leader of the True and Living Church of Jesus Christ of Saints of the Last Days predicted the Second Coming of Christ would occur on this day.|||
|2000 May 5||Nuwaubian Nation||This movement claimed that the planetary lineup would cause a "star holocaust," pulling the planets toward the sun on this day.|||
|2000||Peter Olivi||This 13th-century theologian wrote that the Antichrist would come to power between the years 1300 and 1340, and the Last Judgement would take place around the year 2000.|||
|Isaac Newton||Newton predicted that Christ's Millennium would begin in the year 2000 in his book Observations upon the Prophecies of Daniel, and the Apocalypse of St. John.|||
|Ruth Montgomery||This self-described Christian psychic predicted the Earth's axis would shift and the Antichrist would reveal himself in this year.|||
|Edgar Cayce||This psychic predicted the Second Coming would occur this year.|||
|Sun Myung Moon||The founder of the Unification Church predicted the Kingdom of Heaven would be established in this year.|||
|Ed Dobson||This pastor predicted the end would occur in his book The End: Why Jesus Could Return by A.D. 2000.|||
|Lester Sumrall||This minister predicted the end in his book I Predict 2000.|||
|Jonathan Edwards||This 18th-century preacher predicted that Christ's thousand-year reign would begin in this year.|||
|2001||Tynnetta Muhammad||This columnist for the Nation of Islam predicted the end would occur in this year.|||
|2003 May 27||Nancy Lieder||Lieder originally predicted the date for the Nibiru collision as May 2003. According to her website, aliens in the Zeta Reticuli star system told her through messages via a brain implant of a planet which would enter our solar system and cause a pole shift on Earth that would destroy most of humanity.|||
|2003 Oct 30–Nov 29||Aum Shinrikyo||This Japanese cult predicted the world would be destroyed by a nuclear war between October 30 and November 29, 2003.|||
|2006 Sep 12||House of Yahweh||Yisrayl Hawkins, pastor and overseer of The House of Yahweh, predicted in their February 2006 newsletter that a nuclear war would begin on September 12, 2006.|||
|2007 Apr 29||Pat Robertson||In his 1990 book The New Millennium, Robertson suggests this date as the day of Earth's destruction.|||
|2010||Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn||This order predicted the world would end during this year.|||
|2011 May 21||Harold Camping||Camping predicted that the Rapture and devastating earthquakes would occur on May 21, 2011 with God taking approximately 3% of the world's population into Heaven, and that the end of the world would occur five months later on October 21.|||
|2011 Sep 29||Ronald Weinland||Ronald Weinland stated Jesus Christ would return on this day. He prophesied nuclear explosions in U.S. port cities by July 2008 as the blowing of the Second Trumpet of Revelation. After his prophecy failed to come true he changed the date for the return of Jesus Christ to May 27, 2012.|||
|2011 Oct 21||Harold Camping||When his original prediction failed to come about, Camping revised his prediction and said that on May 21, a "Spiritual Judgment" took place, and that both the physical Rapture and the end of the world would occur on October 21, 2011.|||
|2011 Aug–Oct||Various||There were fears amongst the public that Comet Elenin travelling almost directly between Earth and the Sun would cause disturbances to the Earth's crust, causing massive earthquakes and tidal waves. Others predicted that Elenin would collide with Earth on October 16. Scientists tried to calm fears by stating that none of these events were possible.|||
|2012 May 27||Ronald Weinland||Ronald Weinland stated that Jesus Christ would return and the world would end on this day.|||
|2012 Jun 30||José Luis de Jesús||José Luis de Jesús predicted that the world's governments and economies would fail on this day, and that he and his followers would undergo a transformation that would allow them to fly and walk through walls.|||
|2012 Dec 21||Various||The 2012 phenomenon predicted the world would end at the end of the 13th b'ak'tun. The Earth would be destroyed by an asteroid, Nibiru, or some other interplanetary object; an alien invasion; or a supernova. Mayanist scholars stated that no extant classic Maya accounts forecasted impending doom, and that the idea that the Long Count calendar ends in 2012 misrepresented Maya history and culture. Scientists from NASA, along with expert archeologists, stated that none of those events were possible.|||
|2013 Aug 23||Grigori Rasputin||Rasputin prophesied a storm would take place on this day where fire would destroy most life on land and Jesus Christ would come back to Earth to comfort those in distress.|||
|2014 Apr – 2015 Sep||John Hagee and Mark Biltz||The so-called Blood Moon Prophecy, first predicted by Mark Blitz in 2008 and then by John Hagee in 2014. These Christian ministers claimed that the tetrad in 2014 and 2015 may allegedly represent prophecies given in the Bible relating to the second coming of Jesus Christ.|||
|2017 Sep 23||David Meade||Author, scientist, and conspiracy theorist David Meade predicted that an unseen planet, Nibiru (or sometimes Planet X), would become visible in the Earth's sky and that said planet would then "soon" destroy the Earth and Armageddon would take place during this date.|||
|2020||Jeane Dixon||This American psychic claimed that Armageddon would take place in 2020, and Jesus will return to defeat the unholy trinity of the Antichrist, Satan, and the False prophet between 2020 and 2037. She had also previously predicted the world would end on February 4, 1962.|||
|2021||F. Kenton Beshore||This American pastor bases his prediction on the prior suggestion that Jesus would return in 1988, i.e., within one Biblical generation (40 years) of the founding of Israel in 1948. Beshore argues that the prediction was correct, but that the definition of a Biblical generation was incorrect and was actually 70–80 years, placing the Second Coming of Jesus between 2018 and 2028 and the Rapture by 2021 at the latest.|||
|2026||Messiah Foundation International||Members predict that the world will end in 2026, when an asteroid would collide with Earth in accordance with Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi's predictions in The Religion of God. The chances are only 1 out of 300,000.|||
|2060||Isaac Newton||In an unpublished manuscript, Newton gave a date of 2060 which was falsely reported as a date for the end of days. He was against date setting. Rather, he gave it as a date before which it could not happen. He later revised this date to 2016.|||
|2129||Said Nursî||According to abjad interpretation of a hadith, this Sunni Muslim theologian who wrote the Risale-i Nur Collection, which expects the end in 2129.|||
|2239||Talmud, Orthodox Judaism||According to an opinion about the Talmud in mainstream Orthodox Judaism, the Messiah will come within 6000 years of the creation of Adam, and the world may be destroyed 1000 years later. This would put the beginning of the period of desolation in the year 2239 CE and the end of the period of desolation in the year 3239 CE.|||
|2280||Rashad Khalifa||According to this Egyptian-American biochemist's research on the Quran, the world will end during that year.|||
Various scientists and scientific groups from around the world have theorised estimated dates for possible natural events which would potentially endanger life or existence on Earth, with the earliest predicted date being approximately 300,000 years from now.
|Estimated years from now||Claimant(s)||Description||Ref.|
|300,000||Peter Tuthill||WR 104 will be expected to explode in a supernova. It has been suggested that it may produce a gamma ray burst that could pose a threat to life on Earth should its poles be aligned 12° or lower towards Earth. The star's axis of rotation will have yet to be determined with certainty.|||
|500,000||Nick Bostrom||Earth will have likely been hit by an asteroid of roughly 1 km in diameter during this period, assuming it cannot be averted. Bostrom writes "In order to cause the extinction of human life, the impacting body would probably have to be greater than 1 km in diameter (and probably 3 - 10 km)".|||
|1 million||The Geological Society||Earth will likely have undergone a supervolcanic eruption large enough to erupt 3,200 km3 of magma, an event comparable to the Toba supereruption 75,000 years ago.|||
|100 million||Stephen A. Nelson||Earth will have likely been hit by an asteroid about 10–15 km in diameter (comparable in size to the one that triggered the K–Pg extinction which killed dinosaurs 66 million years ago), assuming it cannot be averted.|||
|500 million||James Kasting||The level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere will drop dramatically, making Earth uninhabitable.|||
|500–600 million||Anne Minard||Estimated time until a gamma ray burst, or massive, hyperenergetic supernova, occurs within 6,500 light-years of Earth; close enough for its rays to affect Earth's ozone layer and potentially trigger a mass extinction, assuming the hypothesis is correct that a previous such explosion triggered the Ordovician–Silurian extinction event. However, the supernova would have to be precisely oriented relative to Earth to have any negative effect.|||
|1–5 billion||Various||The estimated end of the Sun's current phase of development, after which it will swell into a red giant, either swallowing Earth or at least completely scorching it, will occur around five billion years from now. However, as the Sun grows gradually hotter (over millions of years), Earth may become too hot for life as early as one billion years from now.||
|1.3 billion||Various||It is estimated that all eukaryotic life will die out due to carbon dioxide starvation. Only prokaryotes will remain.|||
|3.3 billion||Jeanna Bryner||One percent chance that Jupiter's gravity may make Mercury's orbit so eccentric as to collide with Venus, sending the inner Solar System into chaos and potentially leading to a planetary collision with Earth. Other possible scenarios include Mercury colliding with the Sun, being ejected from the Solar System, or colliding with Earth.|||
|7.59 billion||David Powell||Earth and the Moon will be most likely destroyed by falling into the Sun, just before the Sun reaches the tip of its red giant phase and its maximum radius of 256 times the present day value. Before the final collision, the Moon possibly spirals below Earth's Roche limit, breaking into a ring of debris, most of which falls to Earth's surface.|||
|22 billion||Various||The end of the Universe in the Big Rip scenario, assuming a model of dark energy with w = −1.5. Observations of galaxy cluster speeds by the Chandra X-ray Observatory suggest that the true value of w is ~-0.991, meaning the Big Rip will not occur.|||
|10 duotrigintillion||Various||The heat death of the universe is a scientific theory in which the universe will diminish to a state of no thermodynamic free energy and therefore will no longer sustain directed motion or life.|||
- William Cran; Ben Loeterman (November 22, 1998). "Apocalypse". Frontline. Public Broadcasting Service. Archived from the original on January 13, 2013. Retrieved August 6, 2017.
- Evans, Craig A. (2006). "Messianic Hopes and Messianic Figures in Late Antiquity". Journal of Greco-Roman Christianity and Judaism. 3: 9–40.
- Boyett 2005, p. 30.
- Lazarus 2008, p. 237.
- Abanes 1998, p. 119.
- Boyett 2005, p. 31.
- Strandberg 2003, p. 35.
- Kyle 1998, p. 37.
- Weber 1999, p. 48.
- Abanes 1998, p. 337.
- Randi 1993, p. 236.
- Boyett 2005, p. 32.
- Strandberg 2003, pp. 35–36.
- Strandberg 2003, p. 36.
- Kyle 1998, p. 48.
- McIver 1999, p. 58.
- Boyett 2005, p. 33.
- Byrne 2008, p. 67.
- Weber 1999, p. 55.
- McIver 1999, p. 62.
- Weber 1999, p. 60.
- Durant 1953, p. 139.
- Randi 1993, pp. 236–237.
- Ashe 2001, p. 79.
- Gould 1998, p. 48.
- Weber 1999, p. 67.
- Randi 1993, p. 238.
- McIver 1999, p. 88.
- Kyle 1998, p. 59.
- Abanes 1998, p. 338.
- McIver 1999, p. 72.
- Servetus 1553.
- Randi 1993, p. 239.
- Weber 1999, p. 66.
- Martin, Sean (May 14, 2016). "Apocalyptic medieval map of Hell predicted Islam will conquer Europe". Daily Express. Archived from the original on August 6, 2017. Retrieved August 6, 2017.
- "These 15th-Century Maps Show How the Apocalypse Will Go Down". National Geographic. November 15, 2016. Archived from the original on May 14, 2016. Retrieved August 6, 2017.
- Randi 1993, p. 240.
- McGovern 1992, p. 17.
- Stackhouse 1997, p. 50.
- Kyle 1998, p. 67.
- McIver 1999, p. 77.
- McIver 1999, p. 147.
- Strandberg 2003, pp. 36–37.
- Schwartz 1995, p. 87.
- Abanes 1998, p. 209.
- Weber 1999, p. 92.
- Kyle 1998, p. 70.
- Kyle 1998, p. 72.
- Kyle 1998, p. 66.
- Cohen 1999, pp. 19–20.
- Brady, 1983 & pages182–183.
- McIver 1999, p. 73.
- Hegel 2014, p. 246.
- Swedenborg 1758.
- Spinks 2006, p. 114.
- Campanella, Thomas J. (2007). "'Mark Well the Gloom': Shedding Light on the Great Dark Day of 1780". Environmental History. 12 (1): 35–38. doi:10.1093/envhis/12.1.35. ISSN 1084-5453. Archived from the original on February 27, 2011.
- Weber 1999, p. 59.
- McIver 1999, p. 310.
- Schwartz 1995, p. 101.
- Strandberg 2003, p. 37.
- Radford, Benjamin (November 4, 2009). "10 Failed Doomsday Predictions". Live Science. Archived from the original on August 6, 2017. Retrieved August 6, 2017.
- Skinner 1994, p. 109.
- Ehrman 2005, p. 110.
- McIver 1999, p. 269.
- Festinger 1956, p. 16.
- McIver 1999, p. 699.
- Festinger 1956, p. 17.
- Strandberg 2003, p. 38.
- Cohen 1999, p. 23.
- McIver 1999, p. 437.
- Abanes 1998, p. 283.
- Howard, G.M. (1976). "Men, Motives, and Misunderstandings: A New Look at the Morrisite War of 1862". Utah Historical Quarterly. 44 (2).
- Wendell 1870.
- Neusner 2009, p. 242.
- Stone 2000, p. 56.
- Woodruff, Wilford (June 27, 1875). "June 27, 1875, Journal of Discourse, vol. 18". Little Children Are Innocent, and All Will Be Saved—God, a Personage of Tabernacle—The Life of the Savior, a Life of Suffering—Second Coming of Christ. p. 37. Retrieved Oct 16, 2016.
- Randi 1993, p. 243.
- Gould 1998, p. 69.
- Boyer 1994, p. 87.
- "Ten Notable Apocalypses That (Obviously) Didn't Happen". Smithsonian. November 12, 2009. Archived from the original on August 6, 2017. Retrieved August 6, 2017.
- Cohen 1999, p. 94.
- "View from the Tower. Things to Come—and the Present European Situation" (Reprint). Zion's Watch Tower. Xiii (2): 23. January 15, 1892.
- Penton 1997, p. 398.
- Franz 2002, pp. 206–211.
- Abanes 1998, p. 45.
- Wilson 2007, p. 14.
- Abanes 1998, p. 287.
- Shaw 1996, p. 99.
- Shaw 1996, p. 72.
- Heard 2000, pp. 46–48.
- Waco: The Rules of Engagement (Film). September 19, 1997.
- Abanes 1998, p. 340.
- "Priests Leading Thousand in Prayer Meetings in India". Edmonton Journal. February 3, 1962. p. 1."Masses Pray As India Sees "Augur of Doom" In Planets". Toledo Blade. February 4, 1962. p. 5.
- Alnor 1999, p. 145.
- Weber 1999, p. 214.
- Robbins 1998, p. 77.
- Boyett 2005, p. 52.
- Darling 2012, p. xiv.
- "Life Everlasting in Freedom of the Sons of God" (PDF). Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of New York. 1966: 29–35.
- Wallace 2007, p. 112.
- Babinski 1995, p. 277.
- Stone 2000, p. 269.
- Smith 1980.
- Arellano, Gustavo (May 7, 2011). "Remembering When Chuck Smith Predicted the End Times–And They Didn't Happen". OC Weekly. Archived from the original on August 9, 2017. Retrieved August 9, 2017.
- Strandberg 2003, p. 39.
- Abanes 1998, p. 62.
- Grosso 1995, p. 7.
- Restall 2013, p. 121.
- Abanes 1998, p. 99.
- Robbins 1998, pp. 73, 76.
- Kyle 1998, p. 156.
- Abanes 1998, p. 93.
- Boyett 2005, p. 61.
- Snow 2003, pp. 70, 79, 108, 111.
- Strandberg 2003, p. 40.
- Abanes 1998, p. 307.
- Adams 1999, p. 18–20.
- Watanabe, Teresa (October 29, 1992). "No Doomsday Rapture for S. Korea Sect". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on May 26, 2012. Retrieved August 6, 2017.
- Kyle 1998, p. 145.
- Robbins 1998, p. 79.
- Abanes 1998, p. 95.
- Camping 1992, pp. 26–531.
- Jones, Ian; Young, Andy (May 23, 2011). "Apocalypse… not just yet". MSN. Archived from the original on July 13, 2012. Retrieved May 23, 2011.
- "Mass suicide involved sedatives, vodka and careful planning". CNN. March 27, 1997. Archived from the original on May 26, 2012. Retrieved August 6, 2017.
- Gould 1998, p. 72.
- Gould 1998, p. 68.
- Strandberg 2003, p. 43.
- Lorie 2002, p. 17.
- Abanes 1998, p. 43.
- Strandberg 2003, p. 44.
- Kyle 1998, p. 194.
- Wessinger 2000, p. 5.
- Abanes 1998, p. 280.
- Kyle 1998, p. 81.
- Vadillo 2011, pp. 450-451.
- Fisher, Ian (Apr 3, 2000). "Uganda Survivor Tells of Questions When World Didn't End". The New York Times.
- Twesigye 2010, p. 21.
- Kellner, Mark A (January 11, 1999). "The Coming Secular Apocalypse". Christianity Today. Archived from the original on May 26, 2012. Retrieved August 6, 2017.
- Rosin, Hanna (December 27, 1999). "The Apocalypse Is Still Coming—Later". The Washington Post. p. A01.
- McIver 1999, p. 249.
- Alnor 1999, p. 121.
- Weber 1999, p. 54.
- Schwartz 1995, p. 96.
- Kyle 1998, pp. 156, 195.
- Hanna 1998, p. 219.
- Kyle 1998, p. 148.
- Dobson 1997.
- Abanes 1998, pp. 99, 341.
- Weber 1999, p. 171.
- Weber 1999, p. 213.
- George Johnson (March 28, 1997). "Comets Breed Fear, Fascination and websites". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 26, 2017. Retrieved August 6, 2017.
- Alnor 1999, p. 98.
- "Kenyan joy as world fails to end". BBC News. September 12, 2006. Archived from the original on August 7, 2017. Retrieved August 7, 2017.
- Abanes 1998, p. 138.
- Shaw 1996, p. 223.
- "Harold Camping: Doomsday Prophet Wrong Again". ABC News. October 22, 2011. Archived from the original on July 7, 2012. Retrieved August 6, 2011.
- Ronald Weinland. "Moving Forward Rapidly, February 7, 2008". Ronald Weinland. Archived from the original on May 9, 2008. Retrieved May 5, 2008.Ronald Weinland. "New Truth, June 18, 2008". Ronald Weinland. Archived from the original on December 5, 2008. Retrieved May 5, 2008.Ronald Weinland. "1260 Days, December 13, 2008". Ronald Weinland. Archived from the original on December 17, 2008. Retrieved Dec 17, 2008.
- Atkinson, Nancy (July 20, 2011). "Worried About Comet Elenin? FAQs from Ian Musgrave". Universe Today. Archived from the original on May 26, 2012. Retrieved August 7, 2017.
- Kissick, Peter (May 26, 2012). "Eurovision 2012: a sign of the apocalypse?". The Phonograph. Archived from the original on January 14, 2013. Retrieved June 6, 2012.
- Cotroneo, Christian (May 2, 2012). "Jose Luis De Jesus Miranda: End Of The World Is Nigh (Again)". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on January 15, 2013. Retrieved August 7, 2017.
- G. Jeffrey MacDonald (March 27, 2007). "Does Maya calendar predict 2012 apocalypse?". USA Today. Archived from the original on May 23, 2017. Retrieved August 6, 2017.
- David Webster (25 September 2007). "The Uses and Abuses of the Ancient Maya" (PDF). The Emergence of the Modern World Conference, Otzenhausen, Germany: Penn State University. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 November 2009. Retrieved 14 October 2009.
- "Grigory Rasputin predicted end of the world on August 23, 2013". Pravda.ru. August 23, 2013. Archived from the original on August 7, 2017. Retrieved August 6, 2017.
- Snyder, Christopher (October 16, 2013). "Is the cosmos telling us the end is near?". Fox News. Archived from the original on December 8, 2013. Retrieved August 6, 2017.
- "Biblical prophecy claims the world would end on Sept. 23, Christian numerologists claim". Fox News. September 15, 2017. Retrieved September 17, 2017.
- Dixon 1971, pp. 170–172.
- Anderson, Troy (December 6, 2012). "Bible Scholar Predicts New date of Christ's Second Coming". Charisma. Archived from the original on January 19, 2013. Retrieved August 6, 2017.
- Gohar Shahi 2012, p. 36.
- Isaac Newton and Apocalypse Now: a response to Tom Harpur’s “Newton’s strange bedfellows” Stephen D. Snobelen
- Rev. F.A. Cox “Outlines of Lectures on the Book of Daniel” London: Westley and Davis (1833) 2nd Edition Page 152
- Jonathan Edwards ”History of Redemption” New York: T. and J. Swords (1793) page 431: "The Beginning of the reign of Antichrist.] The best interpreters (as Mr. Fleming, Sir I. Newton, Mr. Lowman, Dr. Doddridge, Bp. Newton, and Mr. Reader) are pretty well agreed that this reign is to be dated from about A. D. 756, when the Pope began to be a temporal power, (that is, in prophetic language, a beast) by assuming temporal dominion; 1260 years from this period will bring us to about A. D. 2000, and about the 6000th year of the world, which agrees with a tradition at least as ancient as the epistle ascribed to the apostle Barnabas (f 15.] which says, that "in six thousand years shall all things be accomplished."
- "Sir Isaac Newton's Daniel and the Apocalypse (1733)". The Public Domain Review. Archived from the original on April 30, 2015. Retrieved August 6, 2017.
- Whelan, Brian (December 21, 2012). "No sign of apocalypse as Mayan prediction falls flat". Channel 4. Archived from the original on August 6, 2017. Retrieved August 6, 2017.
- Eliyahu Berkowitz, Adam (August 17, 2015). "200-Year-Old "Messiah Clock" Sets Last Possible Date for Final Redemption – and the Timing Will Surprise You!". Breaking Israel News. Archived from the original on August 6, 2017. Retrieved August 6, 2017.
- Khalifa 2010, p. xiv.
- Tuthill, Peter; Monnier, John; Lawrance, Nicholas; Danchi, William; Owocki, Stan; Gayley, Kenneth (2008). "The Prototype Colliding-Wind Pinwheel WR 104". The Astrophysical Journal. 675 (1): 698–710. arXiv: . Bibcode:2008ApJ...675..698T. doi:10.1086/527286.
- Bostrom, Nick (March 2002). "Existential Risks: Analyzing Human Extinction Scenarios and Related Hazards". Journal of Evolution and Technology. 9 (1). Retrieved 10 September 2012.
- "Super-eruptions: Global effects and future threats". Geological Society of London. Retrieved August 6, 2017.
- Nelson, Stephen A. "Meteorites, Impacts, and Mass Extinction". Tulane University. Archived from the original on August 6, 2017. Retrieved August 6, 2017.
- Carrington, D. (February 21, 2000). "Date set for desert Earth". BBC News. Archived from the original on July 10, 2012. Retrieved August 6, 2017.
- Minard, Anne (2009). "Gamma-Ray Burst Caused Mass Extinction?". National Geographic. Archived from the original on July 5, 2015. Retrieved August 6, 2017.
- Schröder, K.-P.; Smith, R.C. (2008). "Distant future of the Sun and Earth revisited". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 386 (1): 155. arXiv: . Bibcode:2008MNRAS.386..155S. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13022.x.
- Palmer, J. (2008). "Hope dims that Earth will survive Sun's death". New Scientist. Archived from the original on August 6, 2017. Retrieved August 6, 2017.
- Franck, S.; Bounama, C.; Von Bloh, W. (November 2005). "Causes and timing of future biosphere extinction" (PDF). Biogeosciences Discussions. 2 (6): 1665–1679. Bibcode:2005BGD.....2.1665F. doi:10.5194/bgd-2-1665-2005. Retrieved 19 October 2011.
- "Study: Earth May Collide With Another Planet". Fox News. 11 June 2009. Retrieved 8 September 2011.
- Powell, David (January 22, 2007). "Earth's Moon Destined to Disintegrate". Space.com. Tech Media Network. Archived from the original on December 7, 2013. Retrieved August 6, 2017.
- Vikhlinin, A.; Kravtsov, A.V.; Burenin, R.A.; et al. (2009). "Chandra Cluster Cosmology Project III: Cosmological Parameter Constraints". The Astrophysical Journal. Astrophysical Journal. 692 (2): 1060–1074. arXiv: . Bibcode:2009ApJ...692.1060V. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/692/2/1060.
- Brush 1996, p. 77.
- Abanes, Richard (1998). End-Time Visions. New York: Four Walls Eight Windows. ISBN 978-1568581040.
- Adams, Cecil (February 16, 1999). Triumph of the Straight Dope. New York: Ballantine Books. ISBN 978-0345420084.
- Alnor, William M. (1998). Ufo Cults and the New Millennium. Baker Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0801057915.
- Ashe, Gregory (2001). Encyclopedia of Prophecy. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1576070796.
- Babinski, Edward T. (1995). Leaving the Fold. Amherst, New York: Prometheus Books.
- Boyer, Paul (January 1, 1994). When Time Shall Be No More: Prophecy Belief in Modern American Culture. Belknap Press. ISBN 978-0674951297.
- Boyett, Jason (2005). Pocket Guide to the Apocalypse: The Official Field Manual for the End of the World. Relevant Media Group. ISBN 978-0-9760357-1-8.
- Brady, David (1983). The Contribution of British Writers Between 1560 and 1830 to the Interpretation of Revelation 13.16-18. Mohr Siebeck. ISBN 9783161444975.
- Brush, Stephen G. (1996). A History of Modern Planetary Physics: Nebulous Earth. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0521441711.
- Byrne, Joseph Patrick (2008). Encyclopedia of Pestilence, Pandemics, and Plagues, Volume 1. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 9780313341014.
- Camping, Harold (1992). 1994?. Vantage Press. ISBN 978-0533103683.
- Cohen, Daniel (1999). Prophets of Doom. Brookfield, Connecticut: The Millbrook Press, Inc. ISBN 978-0761313175.
- Darling, David; Schulze-Makuch, Dirk (2012). Megacatastrophes!: Nine Strange Ways The World Could End. OneWorld Publications. ISBN 978-1780740270.
- Dobson, Ed (1997). The End: Why Jesus Could Return by A. D. 2000. Zondervan. ISBN 978-0310213734.
- Dixon, Jeane (1971). The Call to Glory. New York: Bantam Books. ASIN B001KUT0PU.
- Durant, Will (1953). The Renaissance. The Story of Civilization. 5. New York: Simon and Schuster. ASIN B000HMTXTK.
- Ehrman, Bart D. (2005). Misquoting Jesus: The Story Behind Who Changed the Bible and Why. San Francisco: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-073817-4.
- Festinger, Leon (January 1, 1956). When Prophecy Fails: A Social and Psychological Study of A Modern Group that Predicted the Destruction of the World. Harper-Torchbooks. ISBN 978-0061311321.
- Franz, Raymond (May 1, 2002). Crisis of Conscience. Commentary Press. ISBN 978-0914675235.
- Gohar Shahi, Riaz Ahmed (2012). The Religion of God. p. 36. ISBN 978-1-45254-908-8.
- Gould, Stephen Jay (1998). Questioning the Millennium. New York: Vintage/Ebury. ISBN 978-0099765813.
- Grosso, Michael (1995). Millennium Myth: Love and Death at the End of Time. Wheaton IL: Quest Books. ISBN 0835607348.
- Hanna, Nick (1998). The Millennium: A Rough Guide to the Year 2000. London: Rough Guides. ISBN 978-0965784016.
- Heard, Alex (January 4, 2000). Apocalypse Pretty Soon: Travels In End-Time America. Main Street Books. pp. 46–48. ISBN 978-0385498524.
- Hegel, G. W. F. (2014). Hegel's Philosophy of Nature: Volume II. Routledge. ISBN 978-1317852506.
- Khalifa, Rashad (2010). Quran - The Final Testament: Authorized English Version of the Original. Rashad Khalifa. ISBN 978-0557680139.
- Kyle, Richard (1998). The Last Days are Here Again. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Books. ISBN 978-0801058097.
- Lazarus, William P; Sullivan, Mark (2008). Comparative Religion for Dummies. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-470-23065-7.
- Lorie, Peter (2002). Nostradamus 2003-2025: A History of the Future. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 978-0743457750.
- McGovern, James R. (1992). The World of Columbus. Mercer University Press. ISBN 978-0865544147.
- McIver, Tom (1999). The End of the World: An Annotated Bibliography. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarlane & Co. ISBN 978-0786407088.
- Neusner, Jacob (2009). World Religions in America: An Introduction. Westminster John Knox. ISBN 978-1611640472.
- Penton, James (1997). Apocalypse Delayed: The Story of Jehovah's Witnesses. University of Toronto Press. ISBN 978-0802079732.
- Russell, C.T. (1917). The Finished Mystery (Studies in the Scriptures). International Bible Students Association. ASIN B0008BYWE6.
- Randi, James (1993). The Mask of Nostradamus. Prometheus Books. ISBN 978-0879758301.
- Restall, Matthew; Solari, Amara (2011). 2012 and the End of the World: The Western Roots of the Maya Apocalypse. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-1442206090. Retrieved January 8, 2013.
- Robbins, Thomas (1998). Millennium, Messiahs, and Mayhem: Contemporary Apocalyptic Movements. Taylor & Francis. ASIN B008UYVE12.
- Schwartz, Hillel (1995). Century's End: An Orientation Manual Toward the Year 2000. New York: Doubleday. ISBN 978-0385479813.
- Servetus, Michael (1553). The Restoration of Christianity. Baltasar Arnoullet.
- Shaw, Eva (1996). Eve of Destruction: Prophecies, Theories and Preparations for the End of the World. Ralph Lowe. ISBN 978-1565654310.
- Skinner, Stephen (1994). Millennium Prophecies. Stamford, Connecticut: Longmeadow Press. ISBN 978-0760707395.
- Smith, Chuck (1980). End times: A Report on Future Survival. The Word For Today. ISBN 978-0936728056.
- Snow, Robert L. (2003). Deadly Cults: The Crimes of True Believers. Praeger/Greenwood. ISBN 0-275-98052-9.
- Spinks, Brian D. (2006). Reformation and Modern Rituals and Theologies of Baptism: From Luther to Contemporary Practices. Ashgate Publishing. ISBN 978-0754656975.
- Stackhouse, Reginald (1997). The End of the World?: A New Look at an Old Belief. Paulist Press. ISBN 978-0809137275.
- Stone, Jon R. (2000). Expecting Armageddon: Essential Reading in Failed Prophecy. Routledge. ISBN 978-0415923316.
- Strandberg, Todd; James, Terry (2003). Are You Rapture Ready?. New York City: Dutton. ISBN 978-0525947370.
- Swedenborg, Emanuel (1758). The Last Judgment and Babylon Destroyed. All the Predictions in the Apocalypse are at This Day Fulfilled.
- Twesigye, Emmanuel K. (2010). Religion, Politics and Cults in East Africa: God's Warriors and Mary's Saints. Peter Lang Publishing, Inc. ISBN 978-1433111129.
- Vadillo, Umar Ibrahim (2011). The Esoteric Deviation in Islam. Madinah Press. pp. 450–451. ISBN 978-0620305693.
- Wallace, John (January 1, 2007). The Brahma Kumaris as a Reflexive Tradition: Responding to late Modernity. Motilal Banarsidass. ISBN 978-8120829558.
- Weber, Eugen (1999). Apocalypses. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0674003958.
- Wendell, Jonas (1870). The Present Truth, or Meat in Due Season (PDF). ASIN B00088QPWQ.
- Wessinger, Catherine (2000). Millennialism, Persecution, and Violence: Historical Cases. Syracuse University Press. ISBN 978-0815628095.
- Wilson, Ben (2007). Decency & Disorder: 1789-1837. London: Faber and Faber. ISBN 978-0571224692.