Earl of Cromer
|Earl of Cromer|
Arms: Quarterly: 1st & 4th, Azure, a Fess Or, in chief a Bear’s Head proper, muzzled and ringed Gold (Baring); 2nd & 3rd, Gules, a Cross-Pattée fitchée Or, between three fish haurient Argent, within an orle of eight Cross-Crosslets Or. Crest: A Mullet Erminois, between two wings Argent. Supporters: Dexter: a Bear proper, muzzled Gold, gorged with a Collar chequy Argent and Azure, Sinister: a Bear proper, muzzled Gold, gorged with a Collar gemel Azure, both and charged on the shoulder with an Escallop Or.
|Creation date||8 August 1901|
|Peerage||Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|First holder||Evelyn Baring, 1st Earl of Cromer|
|Present holder||Evelyn Baring, 4th Earl of Cromer|
|Heir apparent||Alexander Baring, Viscount Errington|
|Remainder to||the 1st Earl's heirs male of the body|
|Subsidiary titles||Viscount Cromer
|Armorial motto||PROBITATE ET LABORE
(By probity and industry)
Earl of Cromer is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, held by members of the Baring family, of German descent. It was created for Evelyn Baring, 1st Viscount Cromer, long time British Consul-General in Egypt. He had already been created Baron Cromer, of Cromer in the County of Norfolk, in 1892, Viscount Cromer, of Cromer in the County of Norfolk, in 1899, and was made Viscount Errington, of Hexham in the County of Northumberland, and Earl of Cromer, in the County of Norfolk, on 8 August 1901. These titles are also in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. A member of the influential Baring banking family, Lord Cromer was the son of Henry Baring, third son of Sir Francis Baring, 1st Baronet. He was succeeded by his son, the second Earl, a diplomat and civil servant. His son, the third Earl, was also a diplomat and served as British Ambassador to the United States between 1971 and 1974. In 2010 the titles are held by the latter's son, the fourth Earl, who succeeded in 1991. As a descendant of Sir Francis Baring, 1st Baronet, he is also in remainder to this title, which is (as of 2009) held by his kinsman the Baron Northbrook.
Evelyn Baring, 1st Baron Howick of Glendale, was the third son of the first Earl.
Earls of Cromer (1901)
- Evelyn Baring, 1st Earl of Cromer (1841–1917)
- Rowland Thomas Baring, 2nd Earl of Cromer (1877–1953)
- George Rowland Stanley Baring, 3rd Earl of Cromer (1918–1991)
- Evelyn Rowland Esmond Baring, 4th Earl of Cromer (b. 1946)
The heir apparent is the present holder's son Alexander Rowland Harmsworth Baring, Viscount Errington (b. 1994)
Line of Succession
- Alexander Rowland Harmsworth Baring, Viscount Errington (born 1994), only son of the 4th Earl
- Hon. Vivian John Rowland Baring (born 1950), second son of 3rd Earl, brother of the 4th Earl
- Rowley Mark Thomas Baring (born 1977), eldest son of 2
- Henry Windham Rowland Baring (born 2017), only son of 3
- Thomas Patrick Vivian Baring (born 1979), second son of 2
- Ludovic John Baring (born 2010), eldest son of 5
- Patrick Windham Baring (born 2012), second son of 5
The line of succession then continues with descendants of the younger sons of the 1st Earl.
- "Baring". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). 1911.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Evelyn Rowland Esmond Baring, 4th Earl of Cromer